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liechtensteinmore about liechtenstein

liechtenstein


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Liechtenstein 
  n  :  a  small  principality  (constitutional  monarchy)  in  central 
  Europe  located  in  the  Alps  between  Austria  and 
  Switzerland  [syn:  {Liechtenstein}] 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Liechtenstein 
 
  Liechtenstein:Geography 
 
  Location:  Central  Europe,  between  Austria  and  Switzerland 
 
  Map  references:  Europe 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  160  sq  km 
  land  area:  160  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  about  0.9  times  the  size  of  Washington,  DC 
 
  Land  boundaries:  total  78  km  Austria  37  km  Switzerland  41  km 
 
  Coastline:  0  km  (landlocked) 
 
  Maritime  claims:  none;  landlocked 
 
  International  disputes:  claims  1,600  square  kilometers  of  Czech 
  territory  confiscated  from  its  royal  family  in  1918;  the  Czech 
  Republic  insists  that  restitution  does  not  go  back  before  February 
  1948,  when  the  Communists  seized  power 
 
  Climate:  continental;  cold,  cloudy  winters  with  frequent  snow  or  rain; 
  cool  to  moderately  warm,  cloudy,  humid  summers 
 
  Terrain:  mostly  mountainous  (Alps)  with  Rhine  Valley  in  western  third 
 
  Natural  resources:  hydroelectric  potential 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  25% 
  permanent  crops:  0% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  38% 
  forest  and  woodland:  19% 
  other:  18% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  NA  sq  km 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  NA 
  natural  hazards:  NA 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Air  Pollution,  Air 
  Pollution-Nitrogen  Oxides,  Air  Pollution-Sulphur  85,  Air 
  Pollution-Volatile  Organic  Compounds,  Climate  Change,  Endangered 
  Species,  Hazardous  Wastes,  Ozone  Layer  Protection,  Wetlands;  signed, 
  but  not  ratified  -  Air  Pollution-Sulphur  94,  Biodiversity,  Law  of  the 
  Sea 
 
  Note:  landlocked;  variety  of  microclimatic  variations  based  on 
  elevation 
 
  Liechtenstein:People 
 
  Population:  30,654  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  19%  (female  2,897;  male  2,974) 
  15-64  years:  71%  (female  10,853;  male  10,777) 
  65  years  and  over:  10%  (female  1,930;  male  1,223)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  1.2%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  12.95  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  6.56  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  5.58  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  5.3  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  77.52  years 
  male:  73.86  years 
  female:  81.17  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  1.47  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Liechtensteiner(s) 
  adjective:  Liechtenstein 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Alemannic  95%,  Italian  and  other  5% 
 
  Religions:  Roman  Catholic  87.3%,  Protestant  8.3%,  unknown  1.6%,  other 
  2.8%  (1988) 
 
  Languages:  German  (official),  Alemannic  dialect 
 
  Literacy:  age  10  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1981) 
  total  population:  100% 
  male:  100% 
  female:  100% 
 
  Labor  force:  19,905  of  which  11,933  are  foreigners;  6,885  commute  from 
  Austria  and  Switzerland  to  work  each  day 
  by  occupation:  industry,  trade  and  building  53.2%,  services  45%, 
  agriculture,  fishing,  forestry,  and  horticulture  1.8%  (1990) 
 
  Liechtenstein:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  Principality  of  Liechtenstein 
  conventional  short  form:  Liechtenstein 
  local  long  form:  Furstentum  Liechtenstein 
  local  short  form:  Liechtenstein 
 
  Digraph:  LS 
 
  Type:  hereditary  constitutional  monarchy 
 
  Capital:  Vaduz 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  11  communes  (gemeinden,  singular  - 
  gemeinde);  Balzers  Eschen,  Gamprin  Mauren  Planken,  Ruggell  Schaan 
  Schellenberg  Triesen  Triesenberg  Vaduz 
 
  Independence:  23  January  1719  (Imperial  Principality  of  Liechtenstein 
  established) 
 
  National  holiday:  Assumption  Day  15  August 
 
  Constitution:  5  October  1921 
 
  Legal  system:  local  civil  and  penal  codes;  accepts  compulsory  ICJ 
  jurisdiction,  with  reservations 
 
  Suffrage:  18  years  of  age;  universal 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state:  Prince  Hans  ADAM  II  (since  13  November  1989;  assumed 
  executive  powers  26  August  1984);  Heir  Apparent  Prince  ALOIS  von  und 
  zu  Liechtenstein  (born  11  June  1968) 
  head  of  government:  Mario  FRICK  (since  15  December  1993);  Deputy  Head 
  of  Government  Dr  Thomas  BUECHEL  (since  15  December  1993) 
  cabinet:  Cabinet;  elected  by  the  Diet;  confirmed  by  the  sovereign 
 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  Diet  (Landtag):  elections  last  held  on  24  October  1993  (next  to  be 
  held  by  March  1997);  results  -  VU  50.1%,  FBP  41.3%,  FL  8.5%;  seats  - 
  (25  total)  VU  13,  FBP  11,  FL  1 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Supreme  Court  (Oberster  Gerichtshof)  for  criminal 
  cases,  Superior  Court  Obergericht  for  civil  cases 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  Fatherland  Union  (VU),  Dr  Oswald 
  KRANTZ  Progressive  Citizens'  Party  (FBP),  Otmar  HASLER;  The  Free  List 
  FL 
 
  Member  of:  CE  EBRD,  ECE,  EFTA,  GATT,  IAEA,  ICRM,  IFRCS  INTELSAT, 
  INTERPOL,  IOC,  ITU,  OSCE,  UN  UNCTAD  UPU,  WCL,  WIPO 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US:  in  routine  diplomatic  matters, 
  Liechtenstein  is  represented  in  the  US  by  the  Swiss  Embassy 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation:  the  US  has  no  diplomatic  or  consular 
  mission  in  Liechtenstein,  but  the  US  Consul  General  at  Zurich 
  (Switzerland)  has  consular  accreditation  at  Vaduz 
 
  Flag:  two  equal  horizontal  bands  of  blue  top  and  red  with  a  gold 
  crown  on  the  hoist  side  of  the  blue  band 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  Despite  its  small  size  and  limited  natural  resources, 
  Liechtenstein  has  developed  into  a  prosperous,  highly  industrialized, 
  free-enterprise  economy  with  a  vital  service  sector  and  living 
  standards  on  par  with  its  large  European  neighbors.  Low  business  taxes 
  -  the  maximum  tax  rate  is  20%  -  and  easy  incorporation  rules  have 
  induced  about  25,000  holding  or  so-called  letter  box  companies  to 
  establish  nominal  offices  in  Liechtenstein,  providing  30%  of  state 
  revenues.  The  country  participates  in  a  customs  union  with  Switzerland 
  and  uses  the  Swiss  franc  as  its  national  currency.  Liechtenstein  plans 
  to  join  the  European  Economic  Area  (an  organization  serving  as  a 
  bridge  between  EFTA  and  EU)  in  1995. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $630  million  (1990 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  NA% 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $22,300  (1990  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  5.4%  (1990) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  1.5%  (1994) 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $259  million 
  expenditures:  $292  million,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $NA 
  (1990  est.) 
 
  Exports:  $NA 
  commodities:  small  specialty  machinery,  dental  products,  stamps, 
  hardware,  pottery 
  partners:  EC  countries  42.7%,  EFTA  countries  20.9%  (Switzerland 
  15.4%),  other  36.4%  (1990) 
 
  Imports:  $NA 
  commodities:  machinery,  metal  goods,  textiles,  foodstuffs,  motor 
  vehicles 
  partners:  NA 
 
  External  debt:  $NA 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  NA% 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  23,000  kW 
  production:  150  million  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  5,230  kWh  (1992) 
 
  Industries:  electronics,  metal  manufacturing,  textiles,  ceramics, 
  pharmaceuticals,  food  products,  precision  instruments,  tourism 
 
  Agriculture:  livestock,  vegetables,  corn,  wheat,  potatoes,  grapes 
 
  Economic  aid:  none 
 
  Currency:  1  Swiss  franc,  franken,  or  franco  (SwF)  =  100  centimes, 
  rappen,  or  centesimi 
 
  Exchange  rates:  Swiss  francs,  franken,  or  franchi  (SwF)  per  US$1  - 
  1.2880  (January  1995),  1.3677  (1994),  1.4776  (1993),  1.4062  (1992), 
  1.4340  (1991),  1.3892  (1990) 
 
  Fiscal  year:  calendar  year 
 
  Liechtenstein:Transportation 
 
  Railroads: 
  total:  18.5  km  note  -  owned,  operated,  and  included  in  statistics  of 
  Austrian  Federal  Railways 
  standard  gauge:  18.5  km  1.435-m  gauge  (electrified) 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  322.93  km 
  paved:  322.93  km 
 
  Ports:  none 
 
  Airports:  none 
 
  Liechtenstein:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  25,400  telephones;  limited,  but  sufficient  automatic 
  telephone  system 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  NA 
  international:  linked  to  Swiss  networks  by  cable  and  radio  relay 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  NA  FM  NA  shortwave  NA 
  radios:  NA 
  note:  linked  to  Swiss  networks 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  NA 
  televisions:  NA 
  note:  linked  to  Swiss  networks 
 
  Liechtenstein:Defense  Forces 
 
  Note:  defense  is  responsibility  of  Switzerland 
 
 
 




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