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lispmore about lisp

lisp


  9  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Lisp  \Lisp\,  v.  t. 
  1.  To  pronounce  with  a  lisp. 
 
  2.  To  utter  with  imperfect  articulation;  to  express  with 
  words  pronounced  imperfectly  or  indistinctly,  as  a  child 
  speaks;  hence  to  express  by  the  use  of  simple,  childlike 
  language. 
 
  To  speak  unto  them  after  their  own  capacity,  and  to 
  lisp  the  words  unto  them  according  as  the  babes  and 
  children  of  that  age  might  sound  them  again 
  --Tyndale. 
 
  3.  To  speak  with  reserve  or  concealment;  to  utter  timidly  or 
  confidentially;  as  to  lisp  treason. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Lisp  \Lisp\  (l[i^]sp),  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Lisped}  (l[i^]spt); 
  p.  pr  &  vb  n.  {Lisping}.]  [OE.  lispen,  lipsen,  AS  wlisp 
  stammering,  lisping;  akin  to  D.  &  OHG.  lispen  to  lisp,  G. 
  lispeln  Sw  l["a]spa,  Dan.  lespe.] 
  1.  To  pronounce  the  sibilant  letter  s  imperfectly;  to  give  s 
  and  z  the  sound  of  th  --  a  defect  common  among  children. 
 
  2.  To  speak  with  imperfect  articulation;  to  mispronounce,  as 
  a  child  learning  to  talk. 
 
  As  yet  a  child,  nor  yet  a  fool  to  fame,  I  lisped  in 
  numbers,  for  the  numbers  came  --Pope. 
 
  3.  To  speak  hesitatingly  with  a  low  voice,  as  if  afraid. 
 
  Lest  when  my  lisping,  guilty  tongue  should  halt. 
  --Drayton. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Lisp  \Lisp\,  n. 
  The  habit  or  act  of  lisping.  See  {Lisp},  v.  i.,  1. 
 
  I  overheard  her  answer,  with  a  very  pretty  lisp,  ``O! 
  Strephon  you  are  a  dangerous  creature.''  --Tatler. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  lisp 
  n  1:  a  speech  defect  that  involves  pronouncing  s  like  voiceless 
  th  and  z  like  voiced  th 
  2:  a  flexible  procedure-oriented  programing  language  that 
  manipulates  symbols  in  the  form  of  lists  [syn:  {LISP},  {list-processing 
  language}] 
  v  :  speak  with  a  lisp 
 
  From  Jargon  File  (4.2.3,  23  NOV  2000)  [jargon]: 
 
  LISP  n.  [from  `LISt  Processing  language',  but  mythically  from 
  `Lots  of  Irritating  Superfluous  Parentheses']  AI's  mother  tongue, 
  a  language  based  on  the  ideas  of  a  variable-length  lists  and  trees 
  as  fundamental  data  types,  and  b  the  interpretation  of  code  as  data 
  and  vice-versa.  Invented  by  John  McCarthy  at  MIT  in  the  late  1950s, 
  it  is  actually  older  than  any  other  {HLL}  still  in  use  except  FORTRAN. 
  Accordingly,  it  has  undergone  considerable  adaptive  radiation  over  the 
  years;  modern  variants  are  quite  different  in  detail  from  the  original 
  LISP  1.5.  The  dominant  HLL  among  hackers  until  the  early  1980s,  LISP 
  now  shares  the  throne  with  {C}.  Its  partisans  claim  it  is  the  only 
  language  that  is  truly  beautiful.  See  {languages  of  choice}. 
 
  All  LISP  functions  and  programs  are  expressions  that  return 
  values;  this  together  with  the  high  memory  utilization  of  LISPs, 
  gave  rise  to  Alan  Perlis's  famous  quip  (itself  a  take  on  an  Oscar  Wilde 
  quote)  that  "LISP  programmers  know  the  value  of  everything  and  the  cost 
  of  nothing". 
 
  One  significant  application  for  LISP  has  been  as  a  proof  by  example 
  that  most  newer  languages,  such  as  {COBOL}  and  {Ada},  are  full  of 
  unnecessary  {crock}s.  When  the  {Right  Thing}  has  already  been  done  once, 
  there  is  no  justification  for  {bogosity}  in  newer  languages. 
 
 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  *LISP 
 
  (StarLISP)  A  {data-parallel}  extension  of  {Common  LISP}  for 
  the  {Connection  Machine},  uses  "{pvars}". 
 
  {A  *LISP  simulator 
  (ftp://think.com/public/starsim-f19-sharfile)}. 
 
  E-mail:  , 
  . 
 
  [Cliff  Lasser,  Jeff  Mincy,  J.P.  Massar,  Thinking  Machines 
  Corporation  "The  Essential  *LISP  Manual",  TM  Corp  1986]. 
 
  [{Jargon  File}] 
 
 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  Lisp 
 
    LISt  Processing  language. 
 
  (Or  mythically  "Lots  of  Irritating  Superfluous  Parentheses"). 
  {Artificial  Intelligence}'s  mother  tongue,  a  symbolic, 
  {functional},  {recursive}  language  based  on  the  ideas  of 
  {lambda-calculus},  variable-length  lists  and  trees  as 
  fundamental  data  types  and  the  interpretation  of  code  as  data 
  and  vice-versa. 
 
  Data  objects  in  Lisp  are  lists  and  {atom}s.  Lists  may  contain 
  lists  and  atoms.  Atoms  are  either  numbers  or  symbols. 
  Programs  in  Lisp  are  themselves  lists  of  symbols  which  can  be 
  treated  as  data.  Most  implementations  of  Lisp  allow  functions 
  with  {side-effect}s  but  there  is  a  core  of  Lisp  which  is 
  {purely  functional}. 
 
  All  Lisp  functions  and  programs  are  expressions  that  return 
  values;  this  together  with  the  high  memory  use  of  Lisp,  gave 
  rise  to  {Alan  Perlis}'s  famous  quip  (itself  a  take  on  an  Oscar 
  Wilde  quote)  that  "Lisp  programmers  know  the  value  of 
  everything  and  the  cost  of  nothing". 
 
  The  original  version  was  {LISP  1},  invented  by  {John  McCarthy} 
    at  {MIT}  in  the  late  1950s.  Lisp  is 
  actually  older  than  any  other  {high  level  language}  still  in 
  use  except  {Fortran}.  Accordingly,  it  has  undergone 
  considerable  change  over  the  years.  Modern  variants  are  quite 
  different  in  detail.  The  dominant  {HLL}  among  hackers  until 
  the  early  1980s,  Lisp  now  shares  the  throne  with  {C}.  See 
  {languages  of  choice}. 
 
  One  significant  application  for  Lisp  has  been  as  a  proof  by 
  example  that  most  newer  languages,  such  as  {COBOL}  and  {Ada}, 
  are  full  of  unnecessary  {crock}s.  When  the  {Right  Thing}  has 
  already  been  done  once,  there  is  no  justification  for 
  {bogosity}  in  newer  languages. 
 
  See  also  {Association  of  Lisp  Users},  {Common  Lisp},  {Franz 
  Lisp},  {MacLisp},  {Portable  Standard  Lisp},  {Interlisp}, 
  {Scheme},  {ELisp},  {Kamin's  interpreters}. 
 
  [{Jargon  File}] 
 
  (1995-04-16) 
 
 
 
  From  V.E.R.A.  --  Virtual  Entity  of  Relevant  Acronyms  13  March  2001  [vera]: 
 
  LISP 
  LISt  Processor  (LISP) 
 
 
 
  From  V.E.R.A.  --  Virtual  Entity  of  Relevant  Acronyms  13  March  2001  [vera]: 
 
  LISP 
  Lots  of  Isolated  Silly  Parentheses  (LISP,  slang) 
 
 




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