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mauritiusmore about mauritius


  2  definitions  found 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
  n  1:  a  parliamentary  state  on  the  island  of  Mauritius  [syn:  {Mauritius}] 
  2:  an  island  in  the  Indian  Ocean  [syn:  {Mauritius}] 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
  Location:  Southern  Africa,  island  in  the  Indian  Ocean,  east  of 
  Map  references:  World 
  total  area:  1,860  sq  km 
  land  area:  1,850  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  less  than  10.5  times  the  size  of 
  Washington,  DC 
  note:  includes  Agalega  Islands,  Cargados  Carajos  Shoals  (Saint 
  Brandon),  and  Rodrigues 
  Land  boundaries:  0  km 
  Coastline:  177  km 
  Maritime  claims: 
  continental  shelf:  200  nm  or  to  the  edge  of  the  continental  margin 
  exclusive  economic  zone:  200  nm 
  territorial  sea:  12  nm 
  International  disputes:  claims  UK-administered  Chagos  Archipelago, 
  which  includes  the  island  of  Diego  Garcia  in  UK-administered  British 
  Indian  Ocean  Territory;  claims  French-administered  Tromelin  Island 
  Climate:  tropical,  modified  by  southeast  trade  winds;  warm,  dry  winter 
  (May  to  November);  hot,  wet,  humid  summer  (November  to  May) 
  Terrain:  small  coastal  plain  rising  to  discontinuous  mountains 
  encircling  central  plateau 
  Natural  resources:  arable  land,  fish 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  54% 
  permanent  crops:  4% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  4% 
  forest  and  woodland:  31% 
  other:  7% 
  Irrigated  land:  170  sq  km  (1989  est.) 
  current  issues:  water  pollution 
  natural  hazards:  cyclones  (November  to  April);  almost  completely 
  surrounded  by  reefs  that  may  pose  maritime  hazards 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Biodiversity,  Climate  Change, 
  Endangered  Species,  Environmental  Modification,  Hazardous  Wastes,  Law 
  of  the  Sea,  Marine  Life  Conservation,  Nuclear  Test  Ban,  Ozone  Layer 
  Population:  1,127,068  (July  1995  est.) 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  28%  (female  152,892;  male  158,891) 
  15-64  years:  66%  (female  376,049;  male  372,910) 
  65  years  and  over:  6%  (female  39,088;  male  27,238)  (July  1995  est.) 
  Population  growth  rate:  0.89%  (1995  est.) 
  Birth  rate:  18.91  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
  Death  rate:  6.38  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
  Net  migration  rate:  -3.64  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  17.8  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  70.84  years 
  male:  66.9  years 
  female:  74.95  years  (1995  est.) 
  Total  fertility  rate:  2.2  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
  noun:  Mauritian(s) 
  adjective:  Mauritian 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Indo-Mauritian  68%,  Creole  27%,  Sino-Mauritian  3%, 
  Franco-Mauritian  2% 
  Religions:  Hindu  52%,  Christian  28.3%  (Roman  Catholic  26%,  Protestant 
  2.3%),  Muslim  16.6%,  other  3.1% 
  Languages:  English  (official),  Creole,  French,  Hindi,  Urdu,  Hakka, 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1990) 
  total  population:  80% 
  male:  85% 
  female:  75% 
  Labor  force:  335,000 
  by  occupation:  government  services  29%,  agriculture  and  fishing  27%, 
  manufacturing  22%,  other  22% 
  conventional  long  form:  Republic  of  Mauritius 
  conventional  short  form:  Mauritius 
  Digraph:  MP 
  Type:  parliamentary  democracy 
  Capital:  Port  Louis 
  Administrative  divisions:  9  districts  and  3  dependencies*;  Agalega 
  Islands*,  Black  River,  Cargados  Carajos*,  Flacq,  Grand  Port,  Moka, 
  Pamplemousses  Plaines  Wilhems  Port  Louis,  Riviere  du  Rempart, 
  Rodrigues*,  Savanne 
  Independence:  12  March  1968  (from  UK) 
  National  holiday:  Independence  Day  12  March  (1968) 
  Constitution:  12  March  1968;  amended  12  March  1992 
  Legal  system:  based  on  French  civil  law  system  with  elements  of 
  English  common  law  in  certain  areas 
  Suffrage:  18  years  of  age;  universal 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state:  President  Cassam  UTEEM  (since  1  July  1992);  Vice 
  President  Rabindranath  GHURBURRON  (since  1  July  1992) 
  head  of  government:  Prime  Minister  Sir  Anerood  JUGNAUTH  (since  12  June 
  1982);  Deputy  Prime  Minister  Prem  NABABSING  (since  26  September  1990) 
  cabinet:  Council  of  Ministers;  appointed  by  the  president  on 
  recommendation  of  the  prime  minister 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  Legislative  Assembly:  elections  last  held  on  15  September  1991  (next 
  to  be  held  by  15  September  1996);  results  -  MSM/MMM  53%,  MLP/PMSD  38%; 
  seats  -  (66  total)  MSM/MMM  alliance  59  (MSM  29,  MMM  26,  OPR  2,  MTD  2), 
  MLP/PMSD  4  (MLP  3,  PMSD  1);  note  -  the  Supreme  Court  denied  the 
  assignment  of  3  seats  to  the  MSM 
  Judicial  branch:  Supreme  Court 
  Political  parties  and  leaders: 
  government  coalition:  Militant  Socialist  Movement  (MSM),  A.  JUGNAUTH 
  Mauritian  Militant  Resurgence  (RMM),  Prem  NABABSING  (less  10 
  legislators  under  the  leadership  of  Paul  BERENGER  now  voting  with  the 
  opposition);  Mauritian  Social  Democratic  Party  (PMSD),  X.  DUVAL; 
  Organization  of  the  People  of  Rodrigues  (OPR),  Louis  Serge  CLAIR; 
  Democratic  Labor  Movement  (MTD),  Anil  BAICHOO 
  opposition:  Mauritian  Labor  Party  (MLP),  Navin  RAMGOOLMAN 
  MMM-Berenger  Faction,  Paul  BERENGER  Socialist  Workers  Front,  Sylvio 
  Other  political  or  pressure  groups:  various  labor  unions 
  Member  of:  ACCT,  ACP,  AfDB  C,  CCC,  ECA,  FAO,  G-77,  GATT,  IAEA,  IBRD, 
  INTELSAT,  INTERPOL,  IOC,  ISO  (correspondent),  ITU,  NAM,  OAU,  PCA,  UN 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Anund  Priyay  NEEWOOR 
  chancery:  Suite  441,  4301  Connecticut  Avenue  NW  Washington,  DC  20008 
  telephone:  [1]  (202)  244-1491,  1492 
  FAX:  [1]  (202)  966-0983 
  US  diplomatic  representation: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Leslie  M.  ALEXANDER 
  embassy:  4th  Floor,  Rogers  House,  John  Kennedy  Street,  Port  Louis 
  mailing  address:  use  embassy  street  address 
  telephone:  [230]  208-9763  through  9767 
  FAX:  [230]  208-9534 
  Flag:  four  equal  horizontal  bands  of  red  (top),  blue,  yellow,  and 
  Overview:  Since  independence  in  1968,  Mauritius  has  developed  from  a 
  low  income,  agriculturally  based  economy  to  middle  income  diversified 
  economy  with  growing  industrial  and  tourist  sectors.  For  most  of  the 
  period  annual  growth  has  been  of  the  order  of  5%  to  6%.  This 
  remarkable  achievement  has  been  reflected  in  increased  life 
  expectancy,  lowered  infant  mortality,  and  a  much  improved 
  infrastructure.  Sugarcane  is  grown  on  about  90%  of  the  cultivated  land 
  area  and  accounts  for  40%  of  export  earnings.  The  government's 
  development  strategy  centers  on  industrialization  (with  a  view  to 
  modernization  and  to  exports),  agricultural  diversification,  and 
  tourism.  Economic  performance  in  1991-93  continued  strong  with  solid 
  real  growth  and  low  unemployment. 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $9.3  billion  (1993 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  4.7%  (1993  est.) 
  National  product  per  capita:  $8,600  (1994  est.) 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  9.4%  (1993  est.) 
  Unemployment  rate:  2.4%  (1991  est.) 
  revenues:  $653  million 
  expenditures:  $567  million,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $143 
  million  (FY92/93  est.) 
  Exports:  $1.32  billion  (f.o.b.,  1993  est.) 
  commodities:  textiles  44%,  sugar  40%,  light  manufactures  10% 
  partners:  EC  and  US  have  preferential  treatment,  EC  77%,  US  15% 
  Imports:  $1.7  billion  (f.o.b.,  1993  est.) 
  commodities:  manufactured  goods  50%,  capital  equipment  17%,  foodstuffs 
  13%,  petroleum  products  8%,  chemicals  7% 
  partners:  EC  US  South  Africa,  Japan 
  External  debt:  $996.8  million  (1993  est.) 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  5.8%  (1992);  accounts  for  25%  of 
  capacity:  340,000  kW 
  production:  920  million  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  777  kWh  (1993) 
  Industries:  food  processing  (largely  sugar  milling),  textiles,  wearing 
  apparel,  chemicals,  metal  products,  transport  equipment,  nonelectrical 
  machinery,  tourism 
  Agriculture:  accounts  for  10%  of  GDP;  about  90%  of  cultivated  land  in 
  sugarcane;  other  products  -  tea,  corn,  potatoes,  bananas,  pulses, 
  cattle,  goats,  fish;  net  food  importer,  especially  rice  and  fish 
  Illicit  drugs:  illicit  producer  of  cannabis  for  the  international  drug 
  trade  heroin  consumption  and  transshipment  are  growing  problems 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  US  commitments,  including  Ex-Im  (FY70-89),  $76  million; 
  Western  (non-US)  countries  (1970-89),  $709  million;  Communist 
  countries  (1970-89),  $54  million 
  Currency:  1  Mauritian  rupee  (MauR)  =  100  cents 
  Exchange  rates:  Mauritian  rupees  (MauRs)  per  US$1  -  17.755  (January 
  1995),  17.960  (1994),  17.648  (1993),  15.563  (1992),  15.652  (1991), 
  14.839  (1990) 
  Fiscal  year:  1  July  -  30  June 
  Railroads:  0  km 
  total:  1,800  km 
  paved:  1,640  km 
  unpaved:  earth  160  km 
  Ports:  Port  Louis 
  Merchant  marine: 
  total:  16  ships  (1,000  GRT  or  over)  totaling  191,703  GRT/297,347  DWT 
  ships  by  type:  bulk  5,  cargo  8,  liquefied  gas  tanker  1,  oil  tanker  1, 
  passenger-cargo  1 
  total:  5 
  with  paved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  2 
  with  unpaved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  1 
  Telephone  system:  over  48,000  telephones;  small  system  with  good 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  utilizes  primarily  microwave  radio  relay 
  international:  1  INTELSAT  (Indian  Ocean)  earth  station;  new  microwave 
  link  to  Reunion;  high-frequency  radio  links  to  several  countries 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  2,  FM  0,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
  broadcast  stations:  4 
  televisions:  NA 
  Mauritius:Defense  Forces 
  Branches:  National  Police  Force  (includes  the  paramilitary  Special 
  Mobile  Force  or  SMF,  Special  Support  Units  or  SSU,  and  National  Coast 
  Manpower  availability:  males  age  15-49  321,947;  males  fit  for  military 
  service  163,904  (1995  est.) 
  Defense  expenditures:  exchange  rate  conversion  -  $11.2  million,  0.4% 
  of  GDP  (FY92/93) 

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