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meridianmore about meridian

meridian


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Meridian  \Me*rid"i*an\,  a.  [F.  m['e]ridien,  L.  meridianus 
  pertaining  to  noon,  fr  meridies  noon,  midday,  for  older 
  medidies  medius  mid,  middle  +  dies  day  See  {Mid},  and 
  {Diurnal}.] 
  1.  Being  at  or  pertaining  to  midday;  belonging  to  or 
  passing  through  the  highest  point  attained  by  the  sun  in 
  his  diurnal  course.  ``Meridian  hour.''  --Milton. 
 
  Tables  .  .  .  to  find  the  altitude  meridian. 
  --Chaucer. 
 
  2.  Pertaining  to  the  highest  point  or  culmination;  as 
  meridian  splendor. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Meridian  \Me*rid"i*an\,  n.  [F.  m['e]ridien.  See  {Meridian},  a.] 
  1.  Midday;  noon. 
 
  2.  Hence:  The  highest  point,  as  of  success,  prosperity,  or 
  the  like  culmination. 
 
  I  have  touched  the  highest  point  of  all  my 
  greatness,  And  from  that  full  meridian  of  my  glory  I 
  haste  now  to  my  setting.  --Shak. 
 
  3.  (Astron.)  A  great  circle  of  the  sphere  passing  through  the 
  poles  of  the  heavens  and  the  zenith  of  a  given  place  It 
  is  crossed  by  the  sun  at  midday. 
 
  4.  (Geog.)  A  great  circle  on  the  surface  of  the  earth, 
  passing  through  the  poles  and  any  given  place  also  the 
  half  of  such  a  circle  included  between  the  poles. 
 
  Note:  The  planes  of  the  geographical  and  astronomical 
  meridians  coincide.  Meridians,  on  a  map  or  globe,  are 
  lines  drawn  at  certain  intervals  due  north  and  south, 
  or  in  the  direction  of  the  poles. 
 
  {Calculated  for},  or  {fitted  to},  or  {adapted  to},  {the 
  meridian  of},  suited  to  the  local  circumstances, 
  capabilities,  or  special  requirements  of 
 
  All  other  knowledge  merely  serves  the  concerns  of 
  this  life,  and  is  fitted  to  the  meridian  thereof. 
  --Sir  M.  Hale. 
 
  {First  meridian},  the  meridian  from  which  longitudes  are 
  reckoned.  The  meridian  of  Greenwich  is  the  one  commonly 
  employed  in  calculations  of  longitude  by  geographers,  and 
  in  actual  practice,  although  in  various  countries  other 
  and  different  meridians,  chiefly  those  which  pass  through 
  the  capitals  of  the  countries,  are  occasionally  used  as 
  in  France,  the  meridian  of  Paris;  in  the  United  States, 
  the  meridian  of  Washington,  etc 
 
  {Guide  meridian}  (Public  Land  Survey),  a  line  marked  by 
  monuments,  running  North  and  South  through  a  section  of 
  country  between  other  more  carefully  established  meridians 
  called  principal  meridians,  used  for  reference  in 
  surveying.  [U.S.] 
 
  {Magnetic  meridian},  a  great  circle,  passing  through  the 
  zenith  and  coinciding  in  direction  with  the  magnetic 
  needle,  or  a  line  on  the  earth's  surface  having  the  same 
  direction. 
 
  {Meridian  circle}  (Astron.),  an  instrument  consisting  of  a 
  telescope  attached  to  a  large  graduated  circle  and  so 
  mounted  that  the  telescope  revolves  like  the  transit 
  instrument  in  a  meridian  plane.  By  it  the  right  ascension 
  and  the  declination  of  a  star  may  be  measured  in  a  single 
  observation. 
 
  {Meridian  instrument}  (Astron.),  any  astronomical  instrument 
  having  a  telescope  that  rotates  in  a  meridian  plane. 
 
  {Meridian  of  a  globe},  or  {Brass  meridian},  a  graduated 
  circular  ring  of  brass,  in  which  the  artificial  globe  is 
  suspended  and  revolves. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  meridian 
  adj  :  of  or  happening  at  noon;  "meridian  hour" 
  n  :  an  imaginary  great  circle  on  the  surface  of  the  earth 
  passing  through  the  north  and  south  poles  at  right  angles 
  to  the  equator;  "all  points  on  the  same  meridian  have  the 
  same  longitude"  [syn:  {longitude},  {line  of  longitude}] 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Meridian,  CA 
  Zip  code(s):  95957 
  Meridian,  GA 
  Zip  code(s):  31319 
  Meridian,  ID  (city,  FIPS  52120) 
  Location:  43.61113  N,  116.39968  W 
  Population  (1990):  9596  (3746  housing  units) 
  Area:  18.1  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  83642 
  Meridian,  MS  (city,  FIPS  46640) 
  Location:  32.38087  N,  88.71250  W 
  Population  (1990):  41036  (17740  housing  units) 
  Area:  92.3  sq  km  (land),  0.6  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  39301,  39305,  39307 
  Meridian,  NY  (village,  FIPS  46646) 
  Location:  43.16346  N,  76.53538  W 
  Population  (1990):  351  (120  housing  units) 
  Area:  1.8  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Meridian,  OK  (CDP,  FIPS  47810) 
  Location:  34.42710  N,  97.97779  W 
  Population  (1990):  1471  (609  housing  units) 
  Area:  20.7  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Meridian,  OK  (town,  FIPS  47800) 
  Location:  35.84349  N,  97.24631  W 
  Population  (1990):  45  (32  housing  units) 
  Area:  0.6  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  73058 
  Meridian,  PA  (CDP,  FIPS  48728) 
  Location:  40.85435  N,  79.95658  W 
  Population  (1990):  3473  (1287  housing  units) 
  Area:  7.3  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Meridian,  TX  (city,  FIPS  47760) 
  Location:  31.92395  N,  97.64723  W 
  Population  (1990):  1390  (620  housing  units) 
  Area:  5.4  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  76665 




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