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month


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Month  \Month\,  n.  [OE.  month,  moneth,  AS  m[=o]n?,  m[=o]na?; 
  akin  to  m[=o]na  moon,  and  to  D.  maand  month,  G.  monat,  OHG. 
  m[=a]n[=o]d,  Icel.  m[=a]nu?r,  m[=a]na?r,  Goth.  m[=e]n[=o]?s. 
  [root]272.  See  {Moon}.] 
  One  of  the  twelve  portions  into  which  the  year  is  divided; 
  the  twelfth  part  of  a  year,  corresponding  nearly  to  the 
  length  of  a  synodic  revolution  of  the  moon,  --  whence  the 
  name  In  popular  use  a  period  of  four  weeks  is  often  called 
  a  month. 
 
  Note:  In  the  common  law,  a  month  is  a  lunar  month,  or 
  twenty-eight  days,  unless  otherwise  expressed. 
  --Blackstone.  In  the  United  States  the  rule  of  the 
  common  law  is  generally  changed,  and  a  month  is 
  declared  to  mean  a  calendar  month.  --Cooley's 
  Blackstone. 
 
  {A  month  mind}. 
  a  A  strong  or  abnormal  desire.  [Obs.]  --Shak. 
  b  A  celebration  made  in  remembrance  of  a  deceased  person  a 
  month  after  death.  --Strype. 
 
  {Calendar  months},  the  months  as  adjusted  in  the  common  or 
  Gregorian  calendar;  April,  June,  September,  and  November, 
  containing  30  days,  and  the  rest  31,  except  February, 
  which  in  common  years,  has  28,  and  in  leap  years  29. 
 
  {Lunar  month},  the  period  of  one  revolution  of  the  moon, 
  particularly  a  synodical  revolution;  but  several  kinds  are 
  distinguished,  as  the  {synodical  month},  or  period  from 
  one  new  moon  to  the  next  in  mean  length  29  d.  12  h.  44  m. 
  2.87  s.;  the  {nodical  month},  or  time  of  revolution  from 
  one  node  to  the  same  again  in  length  27  d.  5  h.  5  m.  36 
  s.;  the  {sidereal},  or  time  of  revolution  from  a  star  to 
  the  same  again  equal  to  27  d.  7  h.  43  m.  11.5  s.;  the 
  {anomalistic},  or  time  of  revolution  from  perigee  to 
  perigee  again  in  length  27  d.  13  h.  18  m.  37.4  s.;  and 
  the  {tropical},  or  time  of  passing  from  any  point  of  the 
  ecliptic  to  the  same  again  equal  to  27  d.  7  h.  43  m.  4.7 
  s. 
 
  {Solar  month},  the  time  in  which  the  sun  passes  through  one 
  sign  of  the  zodiac,  in  mean  length  30  d.  10  h.  29  m.  4.1 
  s. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sidereal  \Si*de"re*al\,  a.  [L.  sidereus,  from  sidus,  sideris  a 
  constellation,  a  star.  Cf  {Sideral},  {Consider},  {Desire}.] 
  1.  Relating  to  the  stars;  starry;  astral;  as  sidereal 
  astronomy. 
 
  2.  (Astron.)  Measuring  by  the  apparent  motion  of  the  stars; 
  designated,  marked  out  or  accompanied,  by  a  return  to  the 
  same  position  in  respect  to  the  stars;  as  the  sidereal 
  revolution  of  a  planet;  a  sidereal  day 
 
  {Sidereal  clock},  {day},  {month},  {year}.  See  under  {Clock}, 
  {Day},  etc 
 
  {Sideral  time},  time  as  reckoned  by  sideral  days,  or  taking 
  the  sidereal  day  as  the  unit,  the  time  elapsed  since  a 
  transit  of  the  vernal  equinox,  reckoned  in  parts  of  a 
  sidereal  day  This  is  strictly,  apparent  sidereal  time, 
  mean  sidereal  time  being  reckoned  from  the  transit,  not  of 
  the  true,  but  of  the  mean  equinoctial  point. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  month 
  n  1:  one  of  the  twelve  divisions  of  the  calendar  year;  "he  paid 
  the  bill  last  month"  [syn:  {calendar  month}] 
  2:  a  time  unit  of  30  days;  "he  was  given  a  month  to  pay  the 
  bill" 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Month 
  Among  the  Egyptians  the  month  of  thirty  days  each  was  in  use 
  long  before  the  time  of  the  Exodus,  and  formed  the  basis  of 
  their  calculations.  From  the  time  of  the  institution  of  the 
  Mosaic  law  the  month  among  the  Jews  was  lunar.  The  cycle  of 
  religious  feasts  depended  on  the  moon.  The  commencement  of  a 
  month  was  determined  by  the  observation  of  the  new  moon.  The 
  number  of  months  in  the  year  was  usually  twelve  (1  Kings  4:7;  1 
  Chr.  27:1-15);  but  every  third  year  an  additional  month 
  (ve-Adar)  was  inserted,  so  as  to  make  the  months  coincide  with 
  the  seasons. 
 
  "The  Hebrews  and  Phoenicians  had  no  word  for  month  save 
  'moon,'  and  only  saved  their  calendar  from  becoming  vague  like 
  that  of  the  Moslems  by  the  interpolation  of  an  additional  month. 
  There  is  no  evidence  at  all  that  they  ever  used  a  true  solar 
  year  such  as  the  Egyptians  possessed.  The  latter  had  twelve 
  months  of  thirty  days  and  five  epagomenac  or  odd  days.", 
  Palestine  Quarterly,  January  1889. 
 




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