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philippinesmore about philippines

philippines


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Philippines 
  n  1:  a  republic  on  the  Philippine  Islands  [syn:  {Philippines},  {Republic 
  of  the  Philippines}] 
  2:  an  archipelago  in  the  southwestern  Pacific  including  some 
  7000  islands  [syn:  {Philippines},  {Philippine  Islands}] 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Philippines 
 
  Philippines:Geography 
 
  Location:  Southeastern  Asia,  archipelago  between  the  Philippine  Sea 
  and  the  South  China  Sea,  east  of  Vietnam 
 
  Map  references:  Southeast  Asia 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  300,000  sq  km 
  land  area:  298,170  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  larger  than  Arizona 
 
  Land  boundaries:  0  km 
 
  Coastline:  36,289  km 
 
  Maritime  claims:  measured  from  claimed  archipelagic  baselines 
  continental  shelf:  to  depth  of  exploitation 
  exclusive  economic  zone:  200  nm 
  territorial  sea:  irregular  polygon  extending  up  to  100  nm  from 
  coastline  as  defined  by  1898  treaty;  since  late  1970s  has  also  claimed 
  polygonal-shaped  area  in  South  China  Sea  up  to  285  nm  in  breadth 
 
  International  disputes:  involved  in  a  complex  dispute  over  the  Spratly 
  Islands  with  China,  Malaysia,  Taiwan,  Vietnam,  and  possibly  Brunei; 
  claims  Malaysian  state  of  Sabah 
 
  Climate:  tropical  marine;  northeast  monsoon  (November  to  April); 
  southwest  monsoon  (May  to  October) 
 
  Terrain:  mostly  mountains  with  narrow  to  extensive  coastal  lowlands 
 
  Natural  resources:  timber,  petroleum,  nickel,  cobalt,  silver,  gold, 
  salt,  copper 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  26% 
  permanent  crops:  11% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  4% 
  forest  and  woodland:  40% 
  other:  19% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  16,200  sq  km  (1989  est.) 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  uncontrolled  deforestation  in  watershed  areas;  soil 
  erosion;  air  and  water  pollution  in  Manila;  increasing  pollution  of 
  coastal  mangrove  swamps  which  are  important  fish  breeding  grounds 
  natural  hazards:  astride  typhoon  belt,  usually  affected  by  15  and 
  struck  by  five  to  six  cyclonic  storms  per  year;  landslides,  active 
  volcanoes,  destructive  earthquakes,  tsunamis 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Biodiversity,  Climate  Change, 
  Endangered  Species,  Hazardous  Wastes,  Law  of  the  Sea,  Marine  Dumping, 
  Nuclear  Test  Ban,  Ozone  Layer  Protection,  Tropical  Timber  83,  Wetlands 
 
  Philippines:People 
 
  Population:  73,265,584  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  38%  (female  13,841,552;  male  14,214,234) 
  15-64  years:  58%  (female  21,603,818;  male  20,923,307) 
  65  years  and  over:  4%  (female  1,425,706;  male  1,256,967)  (July  1995 
  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  2.23%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  30.42  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  6.97  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  -1.14  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  49.6  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  65.65  years 
  male:  63.16  years 
  female:  68.25  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  3.81  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Filipino(s) 
  adjective:  Philippine 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Christian  Malay  91.5%,  Muslim  Malay  4%,  Chinese 
  1.5%,  other  3% 
 
  Religions:  Roman  Catholic  83%,  Protestant  9%,  Muslim  5%,  Buddhist  and 
  other  3% 
 
  Languages:  Pilipino  (official;  based  on  Tagalog),  English  (official) 
 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1990) 
  total  population:  94% 
  male:  94% 
  female:  93% 
 
  Labor  force:  24.12  million 
  by  occupation:  agriculture  46%,  industry  and  commerce  16%,  services 
  18.5%,  government  10%,  other  9.5%  (1989) 
 
  Philippines:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  Republic  of  the  Philippines 
  conventional  short  form:  Philippines 
  local  long  form:  Republika  ng  Pilipinas 
  local  short  form:  Pilipinas 
 
  Digraph:  RP 
 
  Type:  republic 
 
  Capital:  Manila 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  72  provinces  and  61  chartered  cities*;  Abra, 
  Agusan  del  Norte,  Agusan  del  Sur,  Aklan,  Albay,  Angeles*,  Antique, 
  Aurora,  Bacolod*,  Bago*,  Baguio*,  Bais*,  Basilan,  Basilan  City*, 
  Bataan,  Batanes  Batangas  Batangas  City*,  Benguet  Bohol,  Bukidnon 
  Bulacan  Butuan*,  Cabanatuan*,  Cadiz*,  Cagayan  Cagayan  de  Oro*, 
  Calbayog*,  Caloocan*,  Camarines  Norte,  Camarines  Sur,  Camiguin 
  Canlaon*,  Capiz,  Catanduanes  Cavite,  Cavite  City*,  Cebu,  Cebu  City*, 
  Cotabato*,  Dagupan*,  Danao*,  Dapitan*,  Davao  City*  Davao  Davao  del 
  Sur,  Davao  Oriental,  Dipolog*,  Dumaguete*,  Eastern  Samar,  General 
  Santos*,  Gingoog*,  Ifugao  Iligan*,  Ilocos  Norte,  Ilocos  Sur,  Iloilo 
  Iloilo  City*,  Iriga*,  Isabela,  Kalinga-Apayao,  La  Carlota*,  Laguna, 
  Lanao  del  Norte,  Lanao  del  Sur,  Laoag*,  Lapu-Lapu*,  La  Union, 
  Legaspi*,  Leyte,  Lipa*,  Lucena*,  Maguindanao  Mandaue*,  Manila*, 
  Marawi*,  Marinduque  Masbate  Mindoro  Occidental,  Mindoro  Oriental, 
  Misamis  Occidental,  Misamis  Oriental,  Mountain,  Naga*,  Negros 
  Occidental,  Negros  Oriental,  North  Cotabato  Northern  Samar,  Nueva 
  Ecija  Nueva  Vizcaya  Olongapo*,  Ormoc*,  Oroquieta*,  Ozamis*, 
  Pagadian*,  Palawan  Palayan*,  Pampanga  Pangasinan  Pasay*,  Puerto 
  Princesa*,  Quezon  Quezon  City*,  Quirino  Rizal,  Romblon  Roxas*, 
  Samar,  San  Carlos*  (in  Negros  Occidental),  San  Carlos*  (in 
  Pangasinan),  San  Jose*,  San  Pablo*,  Silay*,  Siquijor  Sorsogon  South 
  Cotabato  Southern  Leyte,  Sultan  Kudarat  Sulu,  Surigao*,  Surigao  del 
  Norte,  Surigao  del  Sur,  Tacloban*,  Tagaytay*,  Tagbilaran*,  Tangub*, 
  Tarlac,  Tawitawi  Toledo*,  Trece  Martires*,  Zambales  Zamboanga*, 
  Zamboanga  del  Norte,  Zamboanga  del  Sur 
 
  Independence:  4  July  1946  (from  US) 
 
  National  holiday:  Independence  Day  12  June  (1898)  (from  Spain) 
 
  Constitution:  2  February  1987,  effective  11  February  1987 
 
  Legal  system:  based  on  Spanish  and  Anglo-American  law;  accepts 
  compulsory  ICJ  jurisdiction,  with  reservations 
 
  Suffrage:  15  years  of  age;  universal 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state  and  head  of  government:  President  Fidel  Valdes  RAMOS 
  (since  30  June  1992);  Vice  President  Joseph  Ejercito  ESTRADA  (since  30 
  June  1992);  election  last  held  11  May  1992  (next  to  be  held  NA  May 
  1998);  results  -  Fidel  Valdes  RAMOS  won  23.6%  of  the  vote,  a  narrow 
  plurality 
  cabinet:  Executive  Secretary;  appointed  by  the  president  with  the 
  consent  of  the  Commission  of  Appointments 
 
  Legislative  branch:  bicameral  Congress  Kongreso 
  Senate  (Senado):  elections  last  held  11  May  1992  (next  to  be  held  NA 
  May  1995);  results  -  LDP  66%,  NPC  20%,  Lakas/NUCD  8%,  Liberal  6%; 
  seats  -  (24  total)  LDP  15,  NPC  5,  Lakas/NUCD  2,  Liberal  1,  independent 
  1 
  House  of  Representatives  (Kapulungan  Ng  Mga  Kinatawan):  elections  last 
  held  11  May  1992  (next  to  be  held  NA  May  1995);  results  -  LDP  43.5%; 
  Lakas/NUCD  25%,  NPC  23.5%,  Liberal  5%,  KBL  3%;  seats  -  (200  total)  LDP 
  87,  NPC  45,  Lakas/NUCD  41,  Liberal  15,  NP  6,  KBL  3,  independents  3 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Supreme  Court 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  Democratic  Filipino  Struggle  (Laban  ng 
  Demokratikong  Pilipinas  LDP),  Edgardo  ESPIRITU  People  Power-National 
  Union  of  Christian  Democrats  (Lakas  ng  Edsa,  NUCD  and  Partido  Lakas 
  Tao,  Lakas/NUCD);  Fidel  V.  RAMOS,  President  of  the  Republic,  Raul 
  MANGLAPUS  Jose  DE  VENECIA,  secretary  general;  Nationalist  People's 
  Coalition  (NPC),  Eduardo  COJUANGCO  Liberal  Party,  Jovito  SALONGA; 
  People's  Reform  Party  (PRP),  Miriam  DEFENSOR-SANTIAGO;  New  Society 
  Movement  (Kilusan  Bagong  Lipunan  KBL),  Imelda  MARCOS;  Nacionalista 
  Party  (NP),  Salvador  H.  LAUREL,  president 
 
  Member  of:  APEC,  AsDB  ASEAN,  CCC,  CP  ESCAP,  FAO,  G-24,  G-77,  GATT, 
  IAEA,  IBRD,  ICAO,  ICFTU  ICRM,  IDA,  IFAD,  IFC,  IFRCS  ILO,  IMF,  IMO, 
  INMARSAT  INTELSAT,  INTERPOL,  IOC,  IOM,  ISO,  ITU,  NAM,  UN  UNCTAD 
  UNESCO,  UNHCR  UNIDO  UNU,  UPU,  WCL,  WFTU  WHO  WIPO,  WMO,  WTO 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Raul  Chaves  RABE 
  chancery:  1600  Massachusetts  Avenue  NW  Washington,  DC  20036 
  telephone:  [1]  (202)  467-9300 
  FAX:  [1]  (202)  328-7614 
  consulate(s)  general:  Agana  (Guam),  Chicago,  Honolulu,  Houston,  Los 
  Angeles,  New  York,  San  Francisco,  and  Seattle 
  consulate(s):  San  Diego  and  San  Jose  (Saipan) 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  John  D.  NEGROPONTE 
  embassy:  1201  Roxas  Boulevard,  Ermita  Manila  1000 
  mailing  address:  APO  AP  96440 
  telephone:  [63]  (2)  521-71-16 
  FAX:  [63]  (2)  522-43-61 
  consulate(s):  Cebu 
 
  Flag:  two  equal  horizontal  bands  of  blue  top  and  red  with  a  white 
  equilateral  triangle  based  on  the  hoist  side  in  the  center  of  the 
  triangle  is  a  yellow  sun  with  eight  primary  rays  (each  containing 
  three  individual  rays)  and  in  each  corner  of  the  triangle  is  a  small 
  yellow  five-pointed  star 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  Domestic  output  in  this  primarily  agricultural  economy 
  failed  to  grow  in  1992  and  rose  only  slightly  in  1993.  Drought  and 
  power  supply  problems  hampered  production,  while  inadequate  revenues 
  prevented  government  pump  priming.  Worker  remittances  helped  to 
  supplement  GDP.  A  marked  increase  in  capital  goods  imports, 
  particularly  power  generating  equipment,  telecommunications  equipment, 
  and  electronic  data  processors,  contributed  to  20%  annual  import 
  growth  in  1992-94.  Provided  the  government  can  cope  with  the 
  substantial  trade  deficit  and  meet  the  fiscal  targets  agreed  to  with 
  the  IMF,  the  Philippines  should  duplicate  the  strong  growth 
  performance  of  1994  in  1995-96. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $161.4  billion  (1994 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  4.3%  (1994  est.) 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $2,310  (1994  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  7.1%  (1994  est.) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  9%  (1994) 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $14  billion 
  expenditures:  $15.4  billion,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $NA 
  (FY94/95  est.) 
 
  Exports:  $13.4  billion  (f.o.b.,  1994) 
  commodities:  electronics,  textiles,  coconut  products,  copper,  fish 
  partners:  US  39%,  Japan  16%,  Germany  5%,  Hong  Kong  5%,  UK  4%  (1993) 
 
  Imports:  $21.3  billion  (f.o.b.,  1994) 
  commodities:  raw  materials  40%,  capital  goods  25%,  petroleum  products 
  10% 
  partners:  Japan  23%,  US  20%,  Taiwan  6%,  Singapore  5%,  South  Korea  5% 
  (1993) 
 
  External  debt:  $40  billion  (1994  est.) 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  1.4%  (1993);  accounts  for  28%  of 
  GDP 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  6,770,000  kW 
  production:  20.4  billion  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  278  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  textiles,  pharmaceuticals,  chemicals,  wood  products,  food 
  processing,  electronics  assembly,  petroleum  refining,  fishing 
 
  Agriculture:  accounts  for  22%  of  GDP  and  about  45%  of  labor  force; 
  major  crops  -  rice,  coconuts,  corn,  sugarcane,  bananas,  pineapples, 
  mangos;  animal  products  -  pork,  eggs,  beef;  net  exporter  of  farm 
  products;  fish  catch  of  2  million  metric  tons  annually 
 
  Illicit  drugs:  illicit  producer  of  cannabis  for  the  international  drug 
  trade  growers  are  producing  more  and  better  quality  cannabis  despite 
  government  eradication  efforts;  transit  point  for  Southwest  Asian 
  heroin  bound  for  the  US 
 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  US  commitments,  including  Ex-Im  (FY70-89),  $3.6  billion; 
  Western  (non-US)  countries,  ODA  and  OOF  bilateral  commitments 
  (1970-88),  $7.9  billion;  OPEC  bilateral  aid  (1979-89),  $5  million; 
  Communist  countries  (1975-89),  $123  million 
 
  Currency:  1  Philippine  peso  P  =  100  centavos 
 
  Exchange  rates:  Philippine  pesos  P  per  US$1  -  24.622  (January  1995), 
  26.417  (1994),  22.120  (1993),  25.512  (1992),  27.479  (1991),  24.311 
  (1990) 
 
  Fiscal  year:  calendar  year 
 
  Philippines:Transportation 
 
  Railroads: 
  total:  800  km  (est.);  note  -  including  about  390  km  in  Luzon 
  narrow  gauge:  800  km  1.067-m  gauge 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  160,700  km 
  paved:  29,000  km 
  unpaved:  131,700  km 
 
  Inland  waterways:  3,219  km  limited  to  shallow-draft  (less  than  1.5  m) 
  vessels 
 
  Pipelines:  petroleum  products  357  km 
 
  Ports:  Batangas  Cagayan  de  Oro,  Cebu,  Davao  Guimaras  Iligan, 
  Iloilo  Jolo,  Legaspi  Manila,  Masao,  Puerto  Princesa,  San  Fernando, 
  Subic  Bay,  Zamboanga 
 
  Merchant  marine: 
  total:  552  ships  (1,000  GRT  or  over)  totaling  8,748,083  GRT/14,373,730 
  DWT 
  ships  by  type:  bulk  237,  cargo  134,  chemical  tanker  4,  combination 
  bulk  10,  combination  ore/oil  1,  container  10,  liquefied  gas  tanker  6, 
  livestock  carrier  9,  oil  tanker  46,  passenger  1,  passenger-cargo  11, 
  refrigerated  cargo  24,  roll-on/roll-off  cargo  13,  short-sea  passenger 
  17,  vehicle  carrier  29 
  note:  a  flag  of  convenience  registry;  Japan  owns  13  ships,  Norway  2, 
  Switzerland  1,  Taiwan  1,  and  South  Korea  1 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  269 
  with  paved  runways  over  3,047  m:  2 
  with  paved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  7 
  with  paved  runways  1,524  to  2,437  m:  24 
  with  paved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  32 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  133 
  with  unpaved  runways  1,524  to  2,438  m:  4 
  with  unpaved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  67 
 
  Philippines:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  872,900  telephones;  good  international  radio  and 
  submarine  cable  services;  domestic  and  interisland  service  adequate 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  11  domestic  satellite  links 
  international:  submarine  cables  extended  to  Hong  Kong,  Guam, 
  Singapore,  Taiwan,  and  Japan;  3  INTELSAT  (1  Indian  Ocean  and  2  Pacific 
  Ocean)  earth  stations 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  267  (including  6  US),  FM  55,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  33  (including  4  US) 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Philippines:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches:  Army,  Navy  (includes  Coast  Guard  and  Marine  Corps),  Air 
  Force 
 
  Manpower  availability:  males  age  15-49  18,238,568;  males  fit  for 
  military  service  12,876,771;  males  reach  military  age  (20)  annually 
  752,622  (1995  est.) 
 
  Defense  expenditures:  exchange  rate  conversion  -  $731  million,  1.4%  of 
  GNP  (1992) 
 
 
 




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