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reservemore about reserve

reserve


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Reserve  \Re*serve"\,  n. 
  1.  (Finance) 
  a  That  part  of  the  assets  of  a  bank  or  other  financial 
  institution  specially  kept  in  cash  in  a  more  or  less 
  liquid  form  as  a  reasonable  provision  for  meeting  all 
  demands  which  may  be  made  upon  it  specif.: 
  b  (Banking)  Usually,  the  uninvested  cash  kept  on  hand 
  for  this  purpose,  called  the  {real  reserve}.  In  Great 
  Britain  the  ultimate  real  reserve  is  the  gold  kept  on 
  hand  in  the  Bank  of  England,  largely  represented  by 
  the  notes  in  hand  in  its  own  banking  department;  and 
  any  balance  which  a  bank  has  with  the  Bank  of  England 
  is  a  part  of  its  reserve.  In  the  United  States  the 
  reserve  of  a  national  bank  consists  of  the  amount  of 
  lawful  money  it  holds  on  hand  against  deposits,  which 
  is  required  by  law  to  be  not  less  than  15  per  cent 
  (--U.  S.  Rev.  Stat.  secs.  5191,  5192),  three  fifths  of 
  which  the  banks  not  in  a  reserve  city  (which  see)  may 
  keep  deposited  as  balances  in  national  banks  that  are 
  in  reserve  cities  (--U.  S.  Rev.  Stat.  sec.  5192). 
  c  (Life  Insurance)  The  amount  of  funds  or  assets 
  necessary  for  a  company  to  have  at  any  given  time  to 
  enable  it  with  interest  and  premiums  paid  as  they 
  shall  accure,  to  meet  all  claims  on  the  insurance  then 
  in  force  as  they  would  mature  according  to  the 
  particular  mortality  table  accepted.  The  reserve  is 
  always  reckoned  as  a  liability,  and  is  calculated  on 
  net  premiums.  It  is  theoretically  the  difference 
  between  the  present  value  of  the  total  insurance  and 
  the  present  value  of  the  future  premiums  on  the 
  insurance.  The  reserve,  being  an  amount  for  which 
  another  company  could  theoretically,  afford  to  take 
  over  the  insurance,  is  sometimes  called  the 
 
  {reinsurance  fund}  or  the 
 
  {self-insurance  fund}.  For  the  first  year  upon  any  policy  the 
  net  premium  is  called  the 
 
  {initial  reserve},  and  the  balance  left  at  the  end  of  the 
  year  including  interest  is  the 
 
  {terminal  reserve}.  For  subsequent  years  the  initial  reserve 
  is  the  net  premium,  if  any  plus  the  terminal  reserve  of 
  the  previous  year.  The  portion  of  the  reserve  to  be 
  absorbed  from  the  initial  reserve  in  any  year  in  payment 
  of  losses  is  sometimes  called  the 
 
  {insurance  reserve},  and  the  terminal  reserve  is  then  called 
  the 
 
  {investment  reserve}. 
 
  2.  In  exhibitions,  a  distinction  which  indicates  that  the 
  recipient  will  get  a  prize  if  another  should  be 
  disqualified. 
 
  3.  (Calico  Printing)  A  resist. 
 
  4.  A  preparation  used  on  an  object  being  electroplated  to  fix 
  the  limits  of  the  deposit. 
 
  5.  See  {Army  organization},  above. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Reserve  \Re*serve"\  (r?-z?rv"),  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Reserved}. 
  (z?rvd");p.  pr  &  vb  n.  {Reserving}.]  [F.  r['e]server,  L. 
  reservare  reservatum  pref.  re-  re-  +  servare  to  keep  See 
  {Serve}.] 
  1.  To  keep  back  to  retain;  not  to  deliver,  make  over  or 
  disclose.  ``I  have  reserved  to  myself  nothing.''  --Shak. 
 
  2.  Hence  to  keep  in  store  for  future  or  special  use  to 
  withhold  from  present  use  for  another  purpose  or  time;  to 
  keep  to  retain.  --Gen.  xxvii.  35. 
 
  Hast  thou  seen  the  treasures  of  the  hail,  which  I 
  have  reserved  against  the  time  of  trouble?  --Job 
  xxxviii 
  22,23. 
 
  Reserve  your  kind  looks  and  language  for  private 
  hours.  --Swift. 
 
  3.  To  make  an  exception  of  to  except.  [R.] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Reserve  \Re*serve"\,  n.  [F.  r['e]serve.] 
  1.  The  act  of  reserving,  or  keeping  back  reservation. 
 
  However  any  one  may  concur  in  the  general  scheme,  it 
  is  still  with  certain  reserves  and  deviations. 
  --Addison. 
 
  2.  That  which  is  reserved,  or  kept  back  as  for  future  use 
 
  The  virgins,  besides  the  oil  in  their  lamps,  carried 
  likewise  a  reserve  in  some  other  vessel  for  a 
  continual  supply.  --Tillotson. 
 
  3.  That  which  is  excepted;  exception. 
 
  Each  has  some  darling  lust,  which  pleads  for  a 
  reserve.  --Rogers. 
 
  4.  Restraint  of  freedom  in  words  or  actions;  backwardness; 
  caution  in  personal  behavior. 
 
  My  soul,  surprised,  and  from  her  sex  disjoined,  Left 
  all  reserve,  and  all  the  sex,  behind.  --Prior. 
 
  The  clergyman's  shy  and  sensitive  reserve  had  balked 
  this  scheme.  --Hawthorne. 
 
  5.  A  tract  of  land  reserved,  or  set  apart,  for  a  particular 
  purpose;  as  the  Connecticut  Reserve  in  Ohio,  originally 
  set  apart  for  the  school  fund  of  Connecticut;  the  Clergy 
  Reserves  in  Canada,  for  the  support  of  the  clergy. 
 
  6.  (Mil.)  A  body  of  troops  in  the  rear  of  an  army  drawn  up 
  for  battle,  reserved  to  support  the  other  lines  as 
  occasion  may  require;  a  force  or  body  of  troops  kept  for 
  an  exigency. 
 
  7.  (Banking)  Funds  kept  on  hand  to  meet  liabilities. 
 
  {In  reserve},  in  keeping  for  other  or  future  use  in  store; 
  as  he  has  large  quantities  of  wheat  in  reserve;  he  has 
  evidence  or  arguments  in  reserve. 
 
  {Reserve  air}.  (Physiol.)  Same  as  {Supplemental  air},  under 
  {Supplemental}. 
 
  Syn:  Reservation;  retention;  limitation;  backwardness; 
  reservedness;  coldness;  restraint;  shyness;  coyness; 
  modesty. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  reserve 
  adj  1:  not  engaged  in  military  action  [syn:  {inactive},  {reserve(a)}] 
  2:  kept  in  reserve  especially  for  emergency  use  "a  reserve 
  supply  of  food";  "a  spare  tire";  "spare  parts"  [syn:  {reserve(a)}, 
  {spare}] 
  n  1:  formality  and  propriety  of  manner  [syn:  {modesty}] 
  2:  something  kept  back  or  saved  for  future  use  or  a  special 
  purpose  [syn:  {backlog},  {stockpile}] 
  3:  an  athlete  who  plays  only  when  another  member  of  the  team 
  drops  out  [syn:  {substitute}] 
  4:  a  district  that  is  reserved  for  particular  purpose  [syn:  {reservation}] 
  5:  armed  forces  that  are  not  on  active  duty  but  can  be  called 
  in  an  emergency  [syn:  {military  reserve}] 
  6:  the  trait  of  being  uncommunicative;  not  volunteering 
  anything  more  than  necessary  [syn:  {reticence},  {taciturnity}] 
  v  1:  hold  back  or  set  aside,  esp.  for  future  use  or  contingency: 
  reserve:  they  held  back  their  applause  in  anticipation. 
  2:  give  or  assign  a  share  of  money  or  time  to  a  particular 
  person  or  cause  "I  will  earmark  this  money  for  your 
  research"  [syn:  {allow},  {appropriate},  {earmark},  {set 
  aside}] 
  3:  hold  on  to  [syn:  {retain},  {hold}] 
  4:  obtain  or  arrange  in  advance:  "We  managed  to  reserve  a  table 
  at  Maxim's" 
  5:  arrange  for  and  reserve  in  advance;  "reserve  a  seat  on  a 
  flight";  "We  booked  tickets  to  the  show";  "please  hold  a 
  table  at  Maxim's"  [syn:  {hold},  {book}] 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Reserve,  KS  (city,  FIPS  59050) 
  Location:  39.97729  N,  95.56543  W 
  Population  (1990):  108  (74  housing  units) 
  Area:  0.3  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  66434 
  Reserve,  LA  (CDP,  FIPS  64310) 
  Location:  30.07544  N,  90.56056  W 
  Population  (1990):  8847  (3325  housing  units) 
  Area:  48.2  sq  km  (land),  3.1  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  70084 
  Reserve,  MT 
  Zip  code(s):  59258 
  Reserve,  NM  (village,  FIPS  62620) 
  Location:  33.70844  N,  108.76117  W 
  Population  (1990):  319  (160  housing  units) 
  Area:  1.4  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  87830 
  Reserve,  WI  (CDP,  FIPS  67050) 
  Location:  45.82834  N,  91.36012  W 
  Population  (1990):  371  (227  housing  units) 
  Area:  136.9  sq  km  (land),  1.8  sq  km  (water) 




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