browse words by letter
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z

saltmore about salt


  13  definitions  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Salt  \Salt\,  n.  [AS.  sealt;  akin  to  OS  &  OFries  salt,  D.  zout, 
  G.  salz,  Icel.,  Sw.,  &  Dan.  salt,  L.  sal,  Gr  ?,  Russ.  sole, 
  Ir  &  Gael.  salann  W.  halen,  of  unknown  origin.  Cf  {Sal}, 
  {Salad},  {Salary},  {Saline},  {Sauce},  {Sausage}.] 
  1.  The  chloride  of  sodium,  a  substance  used  for  seasoning 
  food,  for  the  preservation  of  meat,  etc  It  is  found 
  native  in  the  earth,  and  is  also  produced,  by  evaporation 
  and  crystallization,  from  sea  water  and  other  water 
  impregnated  with  saline  particles. 
  2.  Hence  flavor;  taste;  savor;  smack;  seasoning. 
  Though  we  are  justices  and  doctors  and  churchmen  .  . 
  .  we  have  some  salt  of  our  youth  in  us  --Shak. 
  3.  Hence  also  piquancy;  wit;  sense  as  Attic  salt. 
  4.  A  dish  for  salt  at  table;  a  saltcellar. 
  I  out  and  bought  some  things  among  others  a  dozen 
  of  silver  salts.  --Pepys. 
  5.  A  sailor;  --  usually  qualified  by  old  [Colloq.] 
  Around  the  door  are  generally  to  be  seen,  laughing 
  and  gossiping,  clusters  of  old  salts.  --Hawthorne. 
  6.  (Chem.)  The  neutral  compound  formed  by  the  union  of  an 
  acid  and  a  base;  thus  sulphuric  acid  and  iron  form  the 
  salt  sulphate  of  iron  or  green  vitriol. 
  Note:  Except  in  case  of  ammonium  salts,  accurately  speaking, 
  it  is  the  acid  radical  which  unites  with  the  base  or 
  basic  radical,  with  the  elimination  of  hydrogen,  of 
  water,  or  of  analogous  compounds  as  side  products.  In 
  the  case  of  diacid  and  triacid  bases,  and  of  dibasic 
  and  tribasic  acids,  the  mutual  neutralization  may  vary 
  in  degree,  producing  respectively  basic,  neutral,  or 
  acid  salts.  See  Phrases  below. 
  7.  Fig.:  That  which  preserves  from  corruption  or  error;  that 
  which  purifies;  a  corrective;  an  antiseptic;  also  an 
  allowance  or  deduction;  as  his  statements  must  be  taken 
  with  a  grain  of  salt. 
  Ye  are  the  salt  of  the  earth.  --Matt.  v.  13. 
  8.  pl  Any  mineral  salt  used  as  an  aperient  or  cathartic, 
  especially  Epsom  salts,  Rochelle  salt,  or  Glauber's  salt. 
  9.  pl  Marshes  flooded  by  the  tide.  [Prov.  Eng.] 
  {Above  the  salt},  {Below  the  salt},  phrases  which  have 
  survived  the  old  custom,  in  the  houses  of  people  of  rank, 
  of  placing  a  large  saltcellar  near  the  middle  of  a  long 
  table,  the  places  above  which  were  assigned  to  the  guests 
  of  distinction,  and  those  below  to  dependents,  inferiors, 
  and  poor  relations.  See  {Saltfoot}. 
  His  fashion  is  not  to  take  knowledge  of  him  that  is 
  beneath  him  in  clothes.  He  never  drinks  below  the 
  salt.  --B.  Jonson 
  {Acid  salt}  (Chem.) 
  a  A  salt  derived  from  an  acid  which  has  several 
  replaceable  hydrogen  atoms  which  are  only  partially 
  exchanged  for  metallic  atoms  or  basic  radicals;  as 
  acid  potassium  sulphate  is  an  acid  salt. 
  b  A  salt,  whatever  its  constitution,  which  merely  gives 
  an  acid  reaction;  thus  copper  sulphate,  which  is 
  composed  of  a  strong  acid  united  with  a  weak  base,  is 
  an  acid  salt  in  this  sense  though  theoretically  it  is 
  a  neutral  salt. 
  {Alkaline  salt}  (Chem.),  a  salt  which  gives  an  alkaline 
  reaction,  as  sodium  carbonate. 
  {Amphid  salt}  (Old  Chem.),  a  salt  of  the  oxy  type  formerly 
  regarded  as  composed  of  two  oxides,  an  acid  and  a  basic 
  oxide.  [Obsolescent] 
  {Basic  salt}  (Chem.) 
  a  A  salt  which  contains  more  of  the  basic  constituent 
  than  is  required  to  neutralize  the  acid. 
  b  An  alkaline  salt. 
  {Binary  salt}  (Chem.),  a  salt  of  the  oxy  type  conveniently 
  regarded  as  composed  of  two  ingredients  (analogously  to  a 
  haloid  salt),  viz.,  a  metal  and  an  acid  radical. 
  {Double  salt}  (Chem.),  a  salt  regarded  as  formed  by  the  union 
  of  two  distinct  salts,  as  common  alum,  potassium  aluminium 
  sulphate.  See  under  {Double}. 
  {Epsom  salts}.  See  in  the  Vocabulary. 
  {Essential  salt}  (Old  Chem.),  a  salt  obtained  by 
  crystallizing  plant  juices. 
  {Ethereal  salt}.  (Chem.)  See  under  {Ethereal}. 
  {Glauber's  salt}  or  {salts}.  See  in  Vocabulary. 
  {Haloid  salt}  (Chem.),  a  simple  salt  of  a  halogen  acid,  as 
  sodium  chloride. 
  {Microcosmic  salt}.  (Chem.).  See  under  {Microcosmic}. 
  {Neutral  salt}.  (Chem.) 
  a  A  salt  in  which  the  acid  and  base  (in  theory) 
  neutralize  each  other 
  b  A  salt  which  gives  a  neutral  reaction. 
  {Oxy  salt}  (Chem.),  a  salt  derived  from  an  oxygen  acid. 
  {Per  salt}  (Old  Chem.),  a  salt  supposed  to  be  derived  from  a 
  peroxide  base  or  analogous  compound.  [Obs.] 
  {Permanent  salt},  a  salt  which  undergoes  no  change  on 
  exposure  to  the  air. 
  {Proto  salt}  (Chem.),  a  salt  derived  from  a  protoxide  base  or 
  analogous  compound. 
  {Rochelle  salt}.  See  under  {Rochelle}. 
  {Salt  of  amber}  (Old  Chem.),  succinic  acid. 
  {Salt  of  colcothar}  (Old  Chem.),  green  vitriol,  or  sulphate 
  of  iron. 
  {Salt  of  hartshorn}.  (Old  Chem.) 
  a  Sal  ammoniac,  or  ammonium  chloride. 
  b  Ammonium  carbonate.  Cf  {Spirit  of  hartshorn},  under 
  {Salt  of  lemons}.  (Chem.)  See  {Salt  of  sorrel},  below. 
  {Salt  of  Saturn}  (Old  Chem.),  sugar  of  lead;  lead  acetate;  -- 
  the  alchemical  name  of  lead  being  Saturn. 
  {Salt  of  Seignette}.  Same  as  {Rochelle  salt}. 
  {Salt  of  soda}  (Old  Chem.),  sodium  carbonate. 
  {Salt  of  sorrel}  (Old  Chem.),  acid  potassium  oxalate,  or 
  potassium  quadroxalate  used  as  a  solvent  for  ink  stains; 
  --  so  called  because  found  in  the  sorrel,  or  Oxalis.  Also 
  sometimes  inaccurately  called  {salt  of  lemon}. 
  {Salt  of  tartar}  (Old  Chem.),  potassium  carbonate;  --  so 
  called  because  formerly  made  by  heating  cream  of  tartar, 
  or  potassium  tartrate.  [Obs.] 
  {Salt  of  Venus}  (Old  Chem.),  blue  vitriol;  copper  sulphate; 
  --  the  alchemical  name  of  copper  being  Venus. 
  {Salt  of  wisdom}.  See  {Alembroth}. 
  {Sedative  salt}  (Old  Med.  Chem.),  boric  acid. 
  {Sesqui  salt}  (Chem.),  a  salt  derived  from  a  sesquioxide  base 
  or  analogous  compound. 
  {Spirit  of  salt}.  (Chem.)  See  under  {Spirit}. 
  {Sulpho  salt}  (Chem.),  a  salt  analogous  to  an  oxy  salt,  but 
  containing  sulphur  in  place  of  oxygen. 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Salt  \Salt\,  a.  [Compar.  {Salter};  superl.  {Saltest}.]  [AS. 
  sealt,  salt.  See  {Salt},  n.] 
  1.  Of  or  relating  to  salt;  abounding  in  or  containing,  salt; 
  prepared  or  preserved  with  or  tasting  of  salt;  salted; 
  as  salt  beef;  salt  water.  ``Salt  tears.''  --Chaucer. 
  2.  Overflowed  with  or  growing  in  salt  water;  as  a  salt 
  marsh;  salt  grass. 
  3.  Fig.:  Bitter;  sharp;  pungent. 
  I  have  a  salt  and  sorry  rheum  offends  me  --Shak. 
  4.  Fig.:  Salacious;  lecherous;  lustful.  --Shak. 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Salt  \Salt\,  v.  i. 
  To  deposit  salt  as  a  saline  solution;  as  the  brine  begins  to 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Salt  \Salt\,  n.  [L.  saltus  fr  salire  to  leap.] 
  The  act  of  leaping  or  jumping;  a  leap.  [Obs.]  --B.  Jonson 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Salt  \Salt\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Salted};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  1.  To  sprinkle,  impregnate,  or  season  with  salt;  to  preserve 
  with  salt  or  in  brine;  to  supply  with  salt;  as  to  salt 
  fish,  beef,  or  pork;  to  salt  cattle. 
  2.  To  fill  with  salt  between  the  timbers  and  planks,  as  a 
  ship,  for  the  preservation  of  the  timber. 
  {To  salt  a  mine},  to  artfully  deposit  minerals  in  a  mine  in 
  order  to  deceive  purchasers  regarding  its  value.  [Cant] 
  {To  salt  away},  {To  salt  down},  to  prepare  with  or  pack  in 
  salt  for  preserving,  as  meat,  eggs,  etc.;  hence 
  colloquially,  to  save,  lay  up  or  invest  sagely,  as  money. 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Epsom  salts  \Ep"som  salts`\  or  salt  \salt`\  (Med.) 
  Sulphate  of  magnesia  having  cathartic  qualities;  -- 
  originally  prepared  by  boiling  down  the  mineral  waters  at 
  Epsom,  England,  --  whence  the  name  afterwards  prepared  from 
  sea  water;  but  now  from  certain  minerals,  as  from  siliceous 
  hydrate  of  magnesia. 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
  adj  1:  containing  or  filled  with  salt;  "salt  water"  [ant:  {fresh}] 
  2:  (rare;  of  speech)  painful;  bitter;  "salt  scorn"- 
  Shakespeare;  "a  salt  apology" 
  3:  one  of  the  four  basic  taste  sensations;  like  the  taste  of 
  sea  water  [syn:  {salty}] 
  4:  (used  especially  of  meats)  preserved  in  salt  [syn:  {salt(a)}, 
  {salted},  {salt-cured}] 
  n  1:  a  compound  formed  by  replacing  hydrogen  in  an  acid  by  a 
  metal  (or  a  radical  that  acts  like  a  metal) 
  2:  white  crystalline  form  of  especially  sodium  chloride  used  to 
  season  and  preserve  food  [syn:  {table  salt},  {common  salt}] 
  3:  negotiations  between  the  US  and  the  USSR  opened  in  1969  in 
  Helsinki  designed  to  limit  both  countries'  stock  of 
  nuclear  weapons  [syn:  {Strategic  Arms  Limitation  Talks},  {SALT}] 
  4:  the  taste  experience  when  salt  is  taken  into  the  mouth  [syn: 
  {saltiness},  {salinity}] 
  v  1:  add  salt  to 
  2:  preserve  with  salt,  as  of  meats 
  From  Jargon  File  (4.2.3,  23  NOV  2000)  [jargon]: 
  salt  n.  A  tiny  bit  of  near-random  data  inserted  where  too  much 
  regularity  would  be  undesirable;  a  data  {frob}  (sense  1).  For  example, 
  the  Unix  crypt(3)  man  page  mentions  that  "the  salt  string  is  used  to 
  perturb  the  DES  algorithm  in  one  of  4096  different  ways." 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
  1.  Symbolic  Assembly  Language  Trainer.  Assembly-like  language 
  implemented  in  BASIC  by  Kevin  Stock,  now  at  Encore  in  France. 
  2.  Sam  And  Lincoln  Threaded  language.  A  threaded  extensible 
  variant  of  BASIC.  "SALT",  S.D.  Fenster  et  al  BYTE  (Jun  1985) 
  [{Jargon  File}] 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
  A  tiny  bit  of  near-random  data  inserted  where  too  much 
  regularity  would  be  undesirable;  a  data  {frob}  (sense  1).  For 
  example,  the  Unix  crypt(3)  manual  page  mentions  that  "the  salt 
  string  is  used  to  perturb  the  DES  algorithm  in  one  of  4096 
  different  ways." 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
  used  to  season  food  (Job  6:6),  and  mixed  with  the  fodder  of 
  cattle  (Isa.  30:24,  "clean;"  in  marg.  of  R.V.  "salted").  All 
  meat-offerings  were  seasoned  with  salt  (Lev.  2:13).  To  eat  salt 
  with  one  is  to  partake  of  his  hospitality,  to  derive  subsistence 
  from  him  and  hence  he  who  did  so  was  bound  to  look  after  his 
  host's  interests  (Ezra  4:14,  "We  have  maintenance  from  the 
  king's  palace;"  A.V.  marg.,  "We  are  salted  with  the  salt  of  the 
  palace;"  R.V.,  "We  eat  the  salt  of  the  palace"). 
  A  "covenant  of  salt"  (Num.  18:19;  2  Chr.  13:5)  was  a  covenant 
  of  perpetual  obligation.  New-born  children  were  rubbed  with  salt 
  (Ezek.  16:4).  Disciples  are  likened  unto  salt,  with  reference  to 
  its  cleansing  and  preserving  uses  (Matt.  5:13).  When  Abimelech 
  took  the  city  of  Shechem,  he  sowed  the  place  with  salt,  that  it 
  might  always  remain  a  barren  soil  (Judg.  9:45).  Sir  Lyon 
  Playfair  argues,  on  scientific  grounds,  that  under  the  generic 
  name  of  "salt,"  in  certain  passages,  we  are  to  understand 
  petroleum  or  its  residue  asphalt.  Thus  in  Gen.  19:26  he  would 
  read  "pillar  of  asphalt;"  and  in  Matt.  5:13,  instead  of  "salt," 
  "petroleum,"  which  loses  its  essence  by  exposure,  as  salt  does 
  not  and  becomes  asphalt,  with  which  pavements  were  made 
  The  Jebel  Usdum  to  the  south  of  the  Dead  Sea,  is  a  mountain 
  of  rock  salt  about  7  miles  long  and  from  2  to  3  miles  wide  and 
  some  hundreds  of  feet  high. 
  From  V.E.R.A.  --  Virtual  Entity  of  Relevant  Acronyms  13  March  2001  [vera]: 
  Script  Application  Language  for  Telix 
  From  V.E.R.A.  --  Virtual  Entity  of  Relevant  Acronyms  13  March  2001  [vera]: 
  Suse  Advanced  Linux  Technology  (Suse,  Linux) 

more about salt