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scalemore about scale

scale


  12  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Micrometer  \Mi*crom"e*ter\,  n.  [Micro-  +  -meter:  cf  F. 
  microm[`e]tre.] 
  An  instrument,  used  with  a  telescope  or  microscope,  for 
  measuring  minute  distances,  or  the  apparent  diameters  of 
  objects  which  subtend  minute  angles.  The  measurement  given 
  directly  is  that  of  the  image  of  the  object  formed  at  the 
  focus  of  the  object  glass. 
 
  {Circular,  or  Ring},  {micrometer},  a  metallic  ring  fixed  in 
  the  focus  of  the  object  glass  of  a  telescope,  and  used  to 
  determine  differences  of  right  ascension  and  declination 
  between  stars  by  observations  of  the  times  at  which  the 
  stars  cross  the  inner  or  outer  periphery  of  the  ring. 
 
  {Double  image  micrometer},  a  micrometer  in  which  two  images 
  of  an  object  are  formed  in  the  field,  usually  by  the  two 
  halves  of  a  bisected  lens  which  are  movable  along  their 
  line  of  section  by  a  screw,  and  distances  are  determined 
  by  the  number  of  screw  revolutions  necessary  to  bring  the 
  points  to  be  measured  into  optical  coincidence.  When  the 
  two  images  are  formed  by  a  bisected  object  glass,  it  is 
  called  a  divided-object-glass  micrometer,  and  when  the 
  instrument  is  large  and  equatorially  mounted,  it  is  known 
  as  a  heliometer. 
 
  {Double  refraction  micrometer},  a  species  of  double  image 
  micrometer,  in  which  the  two  images  are  formed  by  the 
  double  refraction  of  rock  crystal. 
 
  {Filar,  or  Bifilar},  {micrometer}.  See  under  {Bifilar}. 
 
  {Micrometer}  {caliper  or  gauge}  (Mech.),  a  caliper  or  gauge 
  with  a  micrometer  screw,  for  measuring  dimensions  with 
  great  accuracy. 
 
  {Micrometer  head},  the  head  of  a  micrometer  screw. 
 
  {Micrometer  microscope},  a  compound  microscope  combined  with 
  a  filar  micrometer,  used  chiefly  for  reading  and 
  subdividing  the  divisions  of  large  astronomical  and 
  geodetical  instruments. 
 
  {Micrometer  screw},  a  screw  with  a  graduated  head  used  in 
  some  forms  of  micrometers. 
 
  {Position  micrometer}.  See  under  {Position}. 
 
  {Scale},  or  {Linear},  {micrometer},  a  minute  and  very 
  delicately  graduated  scale  of  equal  parts  used  in  the 
  field  of  a  telescope  or  microscope,  for  measuring 
  distances  by  direct  comparison. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Scale  \Scale\,  v.  t. 
  1.  To  strip  or  clear  of  scale  or  scales;  as  to  scale  a  fish; 
  to  scale  the  inside  of  a  boiler. 
 
  2.  To  take  off  in  thin  layers  or  scales,  as  tartar  from  the 
  teeth;  to  pare  off  as  a  surface.  ``If  all  the  mountains 
  were  scaled,  and  the  earth  made  even.''  --T.  Burnet. 
 
  3.  To  scatter;  to  spread.  [Scot.  &  Prov.  Eng.] 
 
  4.  (Gun.)  To  clean,  as  the  inside  of  a  cannon,  by  the 
  explosion  of  a  small  quantity  of  powder.  --Totten. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Scale  \Scale\  (sk[=a]l),  n.  [AS.  sc[=a]le;  perhaps  influenced  by 
  the  kindred  Icel.  sk[=a]l  balance,  dish,  akin  also  to  D. 
  schaal  a  scale,  bowl,  shell,  G.  schale,  OHG.  sc[=a]la,  Dan. 
  skaal  drinking  cup,  bowl,  dish,  and  perh.  to  E.  scale  of  a 
  fish.  Cf  {Scale}  of  a  fish,  {Skull}  the  brain  case.] 
  1.  The  dish  of  a  balance;  hence  the  balance  itself  an 
  instrument  or  machine  for  weighing;  as  to  turn  the  scale; 
  --  chiefly  used  in  the  plural  when  applied  to  the  whole 
  instrument  or  apparatus  for  weighing.  Also  used 
  figuratively. 
 
  Long  time  in  even  scale  The  battle  hung.  --Milton. 
 
  The  scales  are  turned;  her  kindness  weighs  no  more 
  Now  than  my  vows.  --Waller. 
 
  2.  pl  (Astron.)  The  sign  or  constellation  Libra. 
 
  {Platform  scale}.  See  under  {Platform}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Scale  \Scale\,  v.  i. 
  1.  To  separate  and  come  off  in  thin  layers  or  lamin[ae];  as 
  some  sandstone  scales  by  exposure. 
 
  Those  that  cast  their  shell  are  the  lobster  and 
  crab;  the  old  skins  are  found  but  the  old  shells 
  never  so  it  is  likely  that  they  scale  off  --Bacon. 
 
  2.  To  separate;  to  scatter.  [Scot.  &  Prov.  Eng.] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Scale  \Scale\,  n.  [L.  scalae,  pl.,  scala  staircase,  ladder;  akin 
  to  scandere  to  climb.  See  {Scan};  cf  {Escalade}.] 
  1.  A  ladder;  a  series  of  steps;  a  means  of  ascending.  [Obs.] 
 
  2.  Hence  anything  graduated,  especially  when  employed  as  a 
  measure  or  rule  or  marked  by  lines  at  regular  intervals. 
  Specifically: 
  a  A  mathematical  instrument,  consisting  of  a  slip  of 
  wood,  ivory,  or  metal,  with  one  or  more  sets  of  spaces 
  graduated  and  numbered  on  its  surface,  for  measuring 
  or  laying  off  distances,  etc.,  as  in  drawing, 
  plotting,  and  the  like  See  {Gunter's  scale}. 
  b  A  series  of  spaces  marked  by  lines,  and  representing 
  proportionately  larger  distances;  as  a  scale  of 
  miles,  yards,  feet,  etc.,  for  a  map  or  plan 
  c  A  basis  for  a  numeral  system;  as  the  decimal  scale; 
  the  binary  scale,  etc 
  d  (Mus.)  The  graduated  series  of  all  the  tones, 
  ascending  or  descending,  from  the  keynote  to  its 
  octave;  --  called  also  the  {gamut}.  It  may  be  repeated 
  through  any  number  of  octaves.  See  {Chromatic  scale}, 
  {Diatonic  scale},  {Major  scale},  and  {Minor  scale}, 
  under  {Chromatic},  {Diatonic},  {Major},  and  {Minor}. 
 
  3.  Gradation;  succession  of  ascending  and  descending  steps 
  and  degrees;  progressive  series;  scheme  of  comparative 
  rank  or  order  as  a  scale  of  being 
 
  There  is  a  certain  scale  of  duties  .  .  .  which  for 
  want  of  studying  in  right  order  all  the  world  is  in 
  confusion.  --Milton. 
 
  4.  Relative  dimensions,  without  difference  in  proportion  of 
  parts  size  or  degree  of  the  parts  or  components  in  any 
  complex  thing  compared  with  other  like  things 
  especially,  the  relative  proportion  of  the  linear 
  dimensions  of  the  parts  of  a  drawing,  map,  model,  etc.,  to 
  the  dimensions  of  the  corresponding  parts  of  the  object 
  that  is  represented;  as  a  map  on  a  scale  of  an  inch  to  a 
  mile. 
 
  {Scale  of  chords},  a  graduated  scale  on  which  are  given  the 
  lengths  of  the  chords  of  arcs  from  0[deg]  to  90[deg]  in  a 
  circle  of  given  radius,  --  used  in  measuring  given  angles 
  and  in  plotting  angles  of  given  numbers  of  degrees. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Scale  \Scale\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Scaled};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Scaling}.] 
  To  weigh  or  measure  according  to  a  scale;  to  measure;  also 
  to  grade  or  vary  according  to  a  scale  or  system. 
 
  Scaling  his  present  bearing  with  his  past.  --Shak. 
 
  {To}  {scale,  or  scale  down},  {a  debt,  wages,  etc.},  to  reduce 
  a  debt,  etc.,  according  to  a  fixed  ratio  or  scale.  [U.S.] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Scale  \Scale\,  n.  [Cf.  AS  scealu  scalu,  a  shell,  parings;  akin 
  to  D.  schaal  G.  schale,  OHG.  scala,  Dan.  &  Sw  skal  a  shell, 
  Dan.  ski[ae]l  a  fish  scale,  Goth.  skalja  tile,  and  E.  shale, 
  shell,  and  perhaps  also  to  scale  of  a  balance;  but  perhaps 
  rather  fr  OF  escale,  escaile  F.  ['e]caille  scale  of  a 
  fish,  and  ['e]cale  shell  of  beans,  pease,  eggs,  nuts,  of 
  German  origin,  and  akin  to  Goth.  skalja  G.  schale.  See 
  {Shale}.] 
  1.  (Anat.)  One  of  the  small  thin,  membranous,  bony  or  horny 
  pieces  which  form  the  covering  of  many  fishes  and 
  reptiles,  and  some  mammals,  belonging  to  the  dermal  part 
  of  the  skeleton,  or  dermoskeleton.  See  {Cycloid}, 
  {Ctenoid},  and  {Ganoid}. 
 
  Fish  that  with  their  fins  and  shining  scales,  Glide 
  under  the  green  wave.  --Milton. 
 
  2.  Hence  any  layer  or  leaf  of  metal  or  other  material, 
  resembling  in  size  and  thinness  the  scale  of  a  fish;  as  a 
  scale  of  iron,  of  bone,  etc 
 
  3.  (Zo["o]l.)  One  of  the  small  scalelike  structures  covering 
  parts  of  some  invertebrates,  as  those  on  the  wings  of 
  Lepidoptera  and  on  the  body  of  Thysanura;  the  elytra  of 
  certain  annelids.  See  {Lepidoptera}. 
 
  4.  (Zo["o]l.)  A  scale  insect.  (See  below.) 
 
  5.  (Bot.)  A  small  appendage  like  a  rudimentary  leaf, 
  resembling  the  scales  of  a  fish  in  form  and  often  in 
  arrangement;  as  the  scale  of  a  bud,  of  a  pine  cone,  and 
  the  like  The  name  is  also  given  to  the  chaff  on  the  stems 
  of  ferns. 
 
  6.  The  thin  metallic  side  plate  of  the  handle  of  a 
  pocketknife.  See  Illust.  of  {Pocketknife}. 
 
  7.  An  incrustation  deposit  on  the  inside  of  a  vessel  in  which 
  water  is  heated,  as  a  steam  boiler. 
 
  8.  (Metal.)  The  thin  oxide  which  forms  on  the  surface  of  iron 
  forgings.  It  consists  essentially  of  the  magnetic  oxide, 
  {Fe3O4}.  Also  a  similar  coating  upon  other  metals. 
 
  {Covering  scale}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  hydrophyllium. 
 
  {Ganoid  scale}.  (Zo["o]l.)  See  under  {Ganoid}. 
 
  {Scale  armor}  (Mil.),  armor  made  of  small  metallic  scales 
  overlapping,  and  fastened  upon  leather  or  cloth. 
 
  {Scale  beetle}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  tiger  beetle. 
 
  {Scale  carp}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  carp  having  normal  scales. 
 
  {Scale  insect}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  one  of  numerous  species  of 
  small  hemipterous  insects  belonging  to  the  family 
  {Coccid[ae]},  in  which  the  females,  when  adult,  become 
  more  or  less  scalelike  in  form  They  are  found  upon  the 
  leaves  and  twigs  of  various  trees  and  shrubs,  and  often  do 
  great  damage  to  fruit  trees.  See  {Orange  scale},under 
  {Orange}. 
 
  {Scale  moss}  (Bot.),  any  leafy-stemmed  moss  of  the  order 
  {Hepatic[ae]};  --  so  called  from  the  small  imbricated 
  scalelike  leaves  of  most  of  the  species.  See  {Hepatica}, 
  2,  and  {Jungermannia}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Scale  \Scale\,  v.  t.  [Cf.  It  scalare,  fr  L.  scalae,  scala.  See 
  {Scale}  a  ladder.] 
  To  climb  by  a  ladder,  or  as  if  by  a  ladder;  to  ascend  by 
  steps  or  by  climbing;  to  clamber  up  as  to  scale  the  wall  of 
  a  fort. 
 
  Oft  have  I  scaled  the  craggy  oak.  --Spenser. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Scale  \Scale\,  v.  i. 
  To  lead  up  by  steps;  to  ascend.  [Obs.] 
 
  Satan  from  hence  now  on  the  lower  stair,  That  scaled 
  by  steps  of  gold  to  heaven-gate,  Looks  down  with 
  wonder.  --Milton. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sexagenary  \Sex*ag"e*na*ry\,  a.  [L.  sexagenarius  fr  sexageni 
  sixty  each  akin  to  sexaginta  sixty,  sex  six:  cf 
  sexag['e]naire.  See  {Six}.] 
  Pertaining  to  or  designating,  the  number  sixty;  poceeding  by 
  sixties;  sixty  years  old 
 
  {Sexagenary  arithmetic}.  See  under  {Sexagesimal}. 
 
  {Sexagenary},  or  {Sexagesimal},  {scale}  (Math.),  a  scale  of 
  numbers  in  which  the  modulus  is  sixty.  It  is  used  in 
  treating  the  divisions  of  the  circle. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Diminish  \Di*min"ish\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Diminished};  p.  pr 
  &  vb  n.  {Diminishing}.]  [Pref.  di-  (=  L.  dis-)  +  minish:  cf 
  L.  diminuere  F.  diminuer  OE  diminuen.  See  {Dis-},  and 
  {Minish}.] 
  1.  To  make  smaller  in  any  manner;  to  reduce  in  bulk  or 
  amount;  to  lessen;  --  opposed  to  {augment}  or  {increase}. 
 
  Not  diminish,  but  rather  increase,  the  debt. 
  --Barrow. 
 
  2.  To  lessen  the  authority  or  dignity  of  to  put  down  to 
  degrade;  to  abase;  to  weaken. 
 
  This  doth  nothing  diminish  their  opinion.  --Robynson 
  (More's 
  Utopia). 
 
  I  will  diminish  them  that  they  shall  no  more  rule 
  over  the  nations.  --Ezek.  xxix. 
  15. 
 
  O  thou  .  .  .  at  whose  sight  all  the  stars  Hide  their 
  diminished  heads.  --Milton. 
 
  3.  (Mus.)  To  make  smaller  by  a  half  step;  to  make  (an 
  interval)  less  than  minor;  as  a  diminished  seventh 
 
  4.  To  take  away  to  subtract. 
 
  Neither  shall  ye  diminish  aught  from  it  --Deut.  iv 
  2. 
 
  {Diminished  column},  one  whose  upper  diameter  is  less  than 
  the  lower. 
 
  {Diminished},  or  {Diminishing},  {scale},  a  scale  of  gradation 
  used  in  finding  the  different  points  for  drawing  the 
  spiral  curve  of  the  volute.  --Gwilt. 
 
  {Diminishing  rule}  (Arch.),  a  board  cut  with  a  concave  edge, 
  for  fixing  the  entasis  and  curvature  of  a  shaft. 
 
  {Diminishing  stile}  (Arch.),  a  stile  which  is  narrower  in  one 
  part  than  in  another,  as  in  many  glazed  doors. 
 
  Syn:  To  decrease;  lessen;  abate;  reduce;  contract;  curtail; 
  impair;  degrade.  See  {Decrease}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  scale 
  n  1:  an  ordered  reference  standard:  "judging  on  a  scale  of  1  to 
  10"  [syn:  {scale  of  measurement},  {graduated  table},  {ordered 
  series}] 
  2:  relative  magnitude;  "they  entertained  on  a  grand  scale" 
  3:  the  ratio  between  the  size  of  something  and  a  representation 
  of  it  "the  scale  of  the  map";  "the  scale  of  the  model" 
  4:  a  specialized  leaf  or  bract  that  protects  a  bud  or  catkin 
  [syn:  {scale  leaf}] 
  5:  a  thin  flake  of  dead  epidermis  shed  from  the  surface  of  the 
  skin  [syn:  {scurf}] 
  6:  a  series  of  notes  differing  in  pitch  according  to  a  specific 
  scheme  (usually  within  an  octave)  [syn:  {musical  scale}] 
  7:  an  instrument  for  weighing;  shows  amount  of  mass  [syn:  {weighing 
  machine}] 
  8:  an  indicator  having  a  graduated  sequence  of  marks 
  9:  a  metal  sheathing  of  uniform  thickness  (such  as  the  shield 
  attached  to  an  artillery  piece  to  protect  the  gunners) 
  [syn:  {plate},  {shell}] 
  10:  a  flattened  rigid  plate  forming  part  of  the  body  covering  of 
  many  animals 
  v  1:  measure  by  or  as  if  by  a  scale;  "This  bike  scales  only  25 
  pounds 
  2:  pattern,  make  regulate,  set  measure,  or  estimate  according 
  to  some  rate  or  standard 
  3:  take  by  attacking  with  scaling  ladders;  "The  troops  took  the 
  fort" 
  4:  reach  the  highest  point  of  "We  scaled  the  Mont  Blanc"  [syn: 
  {surmount}] 
  5:  climb  up  by  means  of  a  ladder 
  6:  remove  the  scales  from  "scale  fish"  [syn:  {descale}] 
  7:  measure  with  or  as  if  with  scales;  "scale  the  gold" 
  8:  size  or  measure  according  to  a  scale 




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