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serpentmore about serpent

serpent


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Serpent  \Ser"pent\,  n.  [F.,  fr  L.  serpens,  -entis  (sc.  bestia), 
  fr  serpens,  p.  pr  of  serpere  to  creep;  akin  to  Gr  ???, 
  Skr.  sarp,  and  perhaps  to  L.  repere,  E.  reptile.  Cf 
  {Herpes}.] 
  1.  (Zo["o]l.)  Any  reptile  of  the  order  Ophidia;  a  snake, 
  especially  a  large  snake.  See  Illust.  under  {Ophidia}. 
 
  Note:  The  serpents  are  mostly  long  and  slender,  and  move 
  partly  by  bending  the  body  into  undulations  or  folds 
  and  pressing  them  against  objects,  and  partly  by  using 
  the  free  edges  of  their  ventral  scales  to  cling  to 
  rough  surfaces.  Many  species  glide  swiftly  over  the 
  ground,  some  burrow  in  the  earth,  others  live  in  trees. 
  A  few  are  entirely  aquatic,  and  swim  rapidly.  See 
  {Ophidia},  and  {Fang}. 
 
  2.  Fig.:  A  subtle,  treacherous,  malicious  person. 
 
  3.  A  species  of  firework  having  a  serpentine  motion  as  it 
  passess  through  the  air  or  along  the  ground. 
 
  4.  (Astron.)  The  constellation  Serpens. 
 
  5.  (Mus.)  A  bass  wind  instrument,  of  a  loud  and  coarse  tone, 
  formerly  much  used  in  military  bands,  and  sometimes 
  introduced  into  the  orchestra;  --  so  called  from  its  form 
 
  {Pharaoh's  serpent}  (Chem.),  mercuric  sulphocyanate,  a 
  combustible  white  substance  which  in  burning  gives  off  a 
  poisonous  vapor  and  leaves  a  peculiar  brown  voluminous 
  residue  which  is  expelled  in  a  serpentine  from  It  is 
  employed  as  a  scientific  toy. 
 
  {Serpent  cucumber}  (Bot.),  the  long,  slender,  serpentine 
  fruit  of  the  cucurbitaceous  plant  {Trichosanthes 
  colubrina};  also  the  plant  itself 
 
  {Serpent  eage}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  one  of  several  species  of 
  raptorial  birds  of  the  genera  {Circa["e]tus}  and 
  {Spilornis},  which  prey  on  serpents.  They  inhabit  Africa, 
  Southern  Europe,  and  India.  The  European  serpent  eagle  is 
  {Circa["e]tus  Gallicus}. 
 
  {Serpent  eater}.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  a  The  secretary  bird. 
  b  An  Asiatic  antelope;  the  markhoor. 
 
  {Serpent  fish}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  fish  ({Cepola  rubescens})  with  a 
  long,  thin,  compressed  body,  and  a  band  of  red  running 
  lengthwise. 
 
  {Serpent  star}  (Zo["o]l.),  an  ophiuran;  a  brittle  star. 
 
  {Serpent's  tongue}  (Paleon.),  the  fossil  tooth  of  a  shark;  -- 
  so  called  from  its  resemblance  to  a  tongue  with  its  root. 
 
 
  {Serpent  withe}  (Bot.),  a  West  Indian  climbing  plant 
  ({Aristolochia  odoratissima}). 
 
  {Tree  serpent}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  species  of  African  serpents 
  belonging  to  the  family  {Dendrophid[ae]}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Serpent  \Ser"pent\,  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Serpented};  p.  pr  & 
  vb  n.  {Serpenting}.] 
  To  wind  like  a  serpent;  to  crook  about  to  meander.  [R.] 
  ``The  serpenting  of  the  Thames.''  --Evelyn. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Serpent  \Ser"pent\,  v.  t. 
  To  wind;  to  encircle.  [R.]  --Evelyn. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  serpent 
  n  1:  limbless  scaly  elongate  reptile;  some  are  venomous  [syn:  {snake}, 
  {ophidian}] 
  2:  a  firework  that  moves  in  serpentine  manner  when  ignited 
  3:  an  obsolete  bass  cornet;  resembles  a  snake 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Serpent 
  (Heb.  nahash;  Gr  ophis),  frequently  noticed  in  Scripture.  More 
  than  forty  species  are  found  in  Syria  and  Arabia.  The  poisonous 
  character  of  the  serpent  is  alluded  to  in  Jacob's  blessing  on 
  Dan  (Gen.  49:17;  see  Prov.  30:18,  19;  James  3:7;  Jer.  8:17). 
  (See  {ADDER}.) 
 
  This  word  is  used  symbolically  of  a  deadly,  subtle,  malicious 
  enemy  (Luke  10:19). 
 
  The  serpent  is  first  mentioned  in  connection  with  the  history 
  of  the  temptation  and  fall  of  our  first  parents  (Gen.  3).  It  has 
  been  well  remarked  regarding  this  temptation:  "A  real  serpent 
  was  the  agent  of  the  temptation,  as  is  plain  from  what  is  said 
  of  the  natural  characteristic  of  the  serpent  in  the  first  verse 
  of  the  chapter  (3:1),  and  from  the  curse  pronounced  upon  the 
  animal  itself  But  that  Satan  was  the  actual  tempter,  and  that 
  he  used  the  serpent  merely  as  his  instrument,  is  evident  (1) 
  from  the  nature  of  the  transaction;  for  although  the  serpent  may 
  be  the  most  subtle  of  all  the  beasts  of  the  field,  yet  he  has 
  not  the  high  intellectual  faculties  which  the  tempter  here 
  displayed.  (2.)  In  the  New  Testament  it  is  both  directly 
  asserted  and  in  various  forms  assumed  that  Satan  seduced  our 
  first  parents  into  sin  (John  8:44;  Rom.  16:20;  2  Cor.  11:3,  14; 
  Rev.  12:9;  20:2)."  Hodge's  System.  Theol.,  ii  127. 
 




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