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shallmore about shall

shall


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Shall  \Shall\,  v.  i.  &  auxiliary.  [imp.  {Should}.]  [OE.  shal, 
  schal,  imp.  sholde,  scholde  AS  scal,  sceal,  I  am  obliged, 
  imp.  scolde,  sceolde  inf.  sculan  akin  to  OS  skulan,  pres. 
  skal,  imp.  skolda  D.  zullen,  pres.  zal,  imp.  zoude,  zou, 
  OHG.  solan,  scolan,  pres.  scal,  sol.  imp.  scolta  solta,  G. 
  sollen,  pres.  soll,  imp.  sollte,  Icel.  skulu,  pres.  skal, 
  imp.  skyldi  SW  skola,  pres.  skall,  imp.  skulle,  Dan. 
  skulle,  pres.  skal,  imp.  skulde,  Goth.  skulan,  pres.  skal, 
  imp.  skulda,  and  to  AS  scyld  guilt,  G.  schuld  guilt,  fault, 
  debt,  and  perhaps  to  L.  scelus  crime.] 
 
  Note:  [Shall  is  defective,  having  no  infinitive,  imperative, 
  or  participle.] 
  1.  To  owe;  to  be  under  obligation  for  [Obs.]  ``By  the  faith 
  I  shall  to  God''  --Court  of  Love. 
 
  2.  To  be  obliged;  must  [Obs.]  ``Me  athinketh  [I  am  sorry] 
  that  I  shall  rehearse  it  her.''  --Chaucer. 
 
  3.  As  an  auxiliary,  shall  indicates  a  duty  or  necessity  whose 
  obligation  is  derived  from  the  person  speaking;  as  you 
  shall  go  he  shall  go  that  is  I  order  or  promise  your 
  going.  It  thus  ordinarily  expresses,  in  the  second  and 
  third  persons,  a  command,  a  threat,  or  a  promise.  If  the 
  auxillary  be  emphasized,  the  command  is  made  more 
  imperative,  the  promise  or  that  more  positive  and  sure  It 
  is  also  employed  in  the  language  of  prophecy;  as  ``the 
  day  shall  come  when  .  .  .,  ''  since  a  promise  or  threat 
  and  an  authoritative  prophecy  nearly  coincide  in 
  significance.  In  shall  with  the  first  person,  the 
  necessity  of  the  action  is  sometimes  implied  as  residing 
  elsewhere  than  in  the  speaker;  as  I  shall  suffer;  we 
  shall  see  and  there  is  always  a  less  distinct  and 
  positive  assertion  of  his  volition  than  is  indicated  by 
  will  ``I  shall  go''  implies  nearly  a  simple  futurity; 
  more  exactly,  a  foretelling  or  an  expectation  of  my  going, 
  in  which  naturally  enough,  a  certain  degree  of  plan  or 
  intention  may  be  included;  emphasize  the  shall,  and  the 
  event  is  described  as  certain  to  occur,  and  the  expression 
  approximates  in  meaning  to  our  emphatic  ``I  will  go.''  In 
  a  question,  the  relation  of  speaker  and  source  of 
  obligation  is  of  course  transferred  to  the  person 
  addressed;  as  ``Shall  you  go?''  (answer,  ``I  shall  go''); 
  ``Shall  he  go?''  i.  e.,  ``Do  you  require  or  promise  his 
  going?''  (answer,  ``He  shall  go''.)  The  same  relation  is 
  transferred  to  either  second  or  third  person  in  such 
  phrases  as  ``You  say  or  think,  you  shall  go;''  ``He  says, 
  or  thinks,  he  shall  go.''  After  a  conditional  conjunction 
  (as  if  whether)  shall  is  used  in  all  persons  to  express 
  futurity  simply;  as  if  I,  you  or  he  shall  say  they  are 
  right  Should  is  everywhere  used  in  the  same  connection 
  and  the  same  senses  as  shall,  as  its  imperfect.  It  also 
  expresses  duty  or  moral  obligation;  as  he  should  do  it 
  whether  he  will  or  not  In  the  early  English,  and  hence  in 
  our  English  Bible,  shall  is  the  auxiliary  mainly  used  in 
  all  the  persons,  to  express  simple  futurity.  (Cf.  {Will}, 
  v.  t.)  Shall  may  be  used  elliptically;  thus  with  an 
  adverb  or  other  word  expressive  of  motion  go  may  be 
  omitted.  ``He  to  England  shall  along  with  you.''  --Shak. 
 
  Note:  Shall  and  will  are  often  confounded  by  inaccurate 
  speakers  and  writers.  Say:  I  shall  be  glad  to  see  you 
  Shall  I  do  this?  Shall  I  help  you?  (not  Will  I  do 
  this?)  See  {Will}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  shall 
  v  :  be  going  to  indicates  futurity  [syn:  {will}] 




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