browse words by letter
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z

spongemore about sponge

sponge


  7  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sponge  \Sponge\,  n.  [OF.  esponge,  F.  ['e]ponge,  L.  spongia,  Gr 
  ?,  ?.  Cf  {Fungus},  {Spunk}.]  [Formerly  written  also 
  {spunge}.] 
  1.  (Zo["o]l.)  Any  one  of  numerous  species  of  Spongi[ae],  or 
  Porifera.  See  Illust.  and  Note  under  {Spongi[ae]}. 
 
  2.  The  elastic  fibrous  skeleton  of  many  species  of  horny 
  Spongi[ae]  (keratosa),  used  for  many  purposes,  especially 
  the  varieties  of  the  genus  {Spongia}.  The  most  valuable 
  sponges  are  found  in  the  Mediterranean  and  the  Red  Sea, 
  and  on  the  coasts  of  Florida  and  the  West  Indies. 
 
  3.  Fig.:  One  who  lives  upon  others  a  pertinaceous  and 
  indolent  dependent;  a  parasite;  a  sponger. 
 
  4.  Any  spongelike  substance.  Specifically: 
  a  Dough  before  it  is  kneaded  and  formed  into  loaves,  and 
  after  it  is  converted  into  a  light,  spongy  mass  by  the 
  agency  of  the  yeast  or  leaven. 
  b  Iron  from  the  puddling  furnace,  in  a  pasty  condition. 
  c  Iron  ore,  in  masses,  reduced  but  not  melted  or  worked 
 
  5.  (Gun.)  A  mop  for  cleaning  the  bore  of  a  cannon  after  a 
  discharge.  It  consists  of  a  cylinder  of  wood,  covered  with 
  sheepskin  with  the  wool  on  or  cloth  with  a  heavy  looped 
  nap,  and  having  a  handle,  or  staff. 
 
  6.  (Far.)  The  extremity,  or  point,  of  a  horseshoe,  answering 
  to  the  heel. 
 
  {Bath  sponge},  any  one  of  several  varieties  of  coarse 
  commercial  sponges,  especially  {Spongia  equina}. 
 
  {Cup  sponge},  a  toilet  sponge  growing  in  a  cup-shaped  form 
 
 
  {Glass  sponge}.  See  {Glass-sponge},  in  the  Vocabulary. 
 
  {Glove  sponge},  a  variety  of  commercial  sponge  ({Spongia 
  officinalis},  variety  {tubulufera}),  having  very  fine 
  fibers,  native  of  Florida,  and  the  West  Indies. 
 
  {Grass  sponge},  any  one  of  several  varieties  of  coarse 
  commercial  sponges  having  the  surface  irregularly  tufted, 
  as  {Spongia  graminea},  and  {S.  equina},  variety 
  {cerebriformis},  of  Florida  and  the  West  Indies. 
 
  {Horse  sponge},  a  coarse  commercial  sponge,  especially 
  {Spongia  equina}. 
 
  {Platinum  sponge}.  (Chem.)  See  under  {Platinum}. 
 
  {Pyrotechnical  sponge},  a  substance  made  of  mushrooms  or 
  fungi,  which  are  boiled  in  water,  dried,  and  beaten,  then 
  put  in  a  strong  lye  prepared  with  saltpeter,  and  again 
  dried  in  an  oven.  This  makes  the  black  match,  or  tinder, 
  brought  from  Germany. 
 
  {Sheep's-wool  sponge},  a  fine  and  durable  commercial  sponge 
  ({Spongia  equina},  variety  {gossypina})  found  in  Florida 
  and  the  West  Indies.  The  surface  is  covered  with  larger 
  and  smaller  tufts,  having  the  oscula  between  them 
 
  {Sponge  cake},  a  kind  of  sweet  cake  which  is  light  and 
  spongy. 
 
  {Sponge  lead},  or  {Spongy  lead}  (Chem.),  metallic  lead 
  brought  to  a  spongy  form  by  reduction  of  lead  salts,  or  by 
  compressing  finely  divided  lead;  --  used  in  secondary 
  batteries  and  otherwise. 
 
  {Sponge  tree}  (Bot.),  a  tropical  leguminous  tree  ({Acacia 
  Farnesiana}),  with  deliciously  fragrant  flowers,  which  are 
  used  in  perfumery. 
 
  {Toilet  sponge},  a  very  fine  and  superior  variety  of 
  Mediterranean  sponge  ({Spongia  officinalis},  variety 
  {Mediterranea});  --  called  also  {turkish  sponge}. 
 
  {To  set  a  sponge}  (Cookery),  to  leaven  a  small  mass  of  flour, 
  to  be  used  in  leavening  a  larger  quantity. 
 
  {To  throw  up  the  sponge},  to  give  up  a  contest;  to 
  acknowledge  defeat;  --  from  a  custom  of  the  prize  ring, 
  the  person  employed  to  sponge  a  pugilist  between  rounds 
  throwing  his  sponge  in  the  air  in  token  of  defeat.  [Cant 
  or  Slang]  ``He  was  too  brave  a  man  to  throw  up  the  sponge 
  to  fate.''  --Lowell. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sponge  \Sponge\,  v.  i. 
  1.  To  suck  in  or  imbile,  as  a  sponge. 
 
  2.  Fig.:  To  gain  by  mean  arts,  by  intrusion,  or  hanging  on 
  as  an  idler  sponges  on  his  neighbor.  --E.  Eggleston. 
 
  The  fly  is  an  intruder,  and  a  common  smell-feast, 
  that  sponges  upon  other  people's  trenchers. 
  --L'Estrange. 
 
  3.  To  be  converted,  as  dough,  into  a  light,  spongy  mass  by 
  the  agency  of  yeast,  or  leaven. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sponge  \Sponge\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Sponged};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Sponging}.] 
  1.  To  cleanse  or  wipe  with  a  sponge;  as  to  sponge  a  slate  or 
  a  cannon;  to  wet  with  a  sponge;  as  to  sponge  cloth. 
 
  2.  To  wipe  out  with  a  sponge,  as  letters  or  writing;  to 
  efface;  to  destroy  all  trace  of  --Hooker. 
 
  3.  Fig.:  To  deprive  of  something  by  imposition.  ``How  came 
  such  multitudes  of  our  nation  .  .  .  to  be  sponged  of  their 
  plate  and  their  money?''  --South. 
 
  4.  Fig.:  To  get  by  imposition  or  mean  arts  without  cost;  as 
  to  sponge  a  breakfast.  --Swift. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  sponge 
  n  1:  a  porous  mass  of  interlacing  fibers  the  forms  the  internal 
  skeleton  of  various  marine  animals  and  usable  to  absorb 
  water  or  any  porous  rubber  or  cellulose  product 
  similarly  used 
  2:  a  follower  who  hangs  around  in  hope  of  gain  or  advantage 
  [syn:  {leech},  {minion},  {parasite}] 
  3:  primitive  multicellular  marine  animal  whose  porous  body  is 
  supported  by  a  fibrous  skeletal  framework;  usually  occurs 
  in  sessile  colonies  [syn:  {poriferan},  {parazoan}] 
  v  1:  wipe  with  a  sponge,  so  as  to  clean  or  moisten 
  2:  ask  for  and  get  free  be  a  parasite  [syn:  {mooch},  {bum},  {cadge}, 
  {grub}] 
  3:  erase  with  a  sponge;  as  of  words  on  a  blackboard 
  4:  soak  up  with  a  sponge 
  5:  gather  sponges,  in  the  ocean 
 
  From  Jargon  File  (4.2.3,  23  NOV  2000)  [jargon]: 
 
  sponge  n.  [Unix]  A  special  case  of  a  {filter}  that  reads  its 
  entire  input  before  writing  any  output;  the  canonical  example  is  a 
  sort  utility.  Unlike  most  filters,  a  sponge  can  conveniently  overwrite 
  the  input  file  with  the  output  data  stream.  If  a  file  system  has 
  versioning  (as  ITS  did  and  VMS  does  now)  the  sponge/filter  distinction 
  loses  its  usefulness,  because  directing  filter  output  would  just  write 
  a  new  version.  See  also  {slurp}. 
 
 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  sponge 
 
  A  special  case  of  a  {Unix}  {filter}  that  reads  its  entire 
  input  before  writing  any  output;  the  canonical  example  is  a 
  sort  utility.  Unlike  most  filters,  a  sponge  can  conveniently 
  overwrite  the  input  file  with  the  output  data  stream.  If  a 
  file  system  has  {file  versioning}  (as  {ITS}  did  and  {VMS}  does 
  now)  the  sponge/filter  distinction  loses  its  usefulness, 
  because  directing  filter  output  would  just  write  a  new 
  version. 
 
  See  also  {slurp}. 
 
  [{Jargon  File}] 
 
  (1995-01-18) 
 
 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Sponge 
  occurs  only  in  the  narrative  of  the  crucifixion  (Matt.  27:48; 
  Mark  15:36;  John  19:29).  It  is  ranked  as  a  zoophyte.  It  is  found 
  attached  to  rocks  at  the  bottom  of  the  sea. 
 




more about sponge