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strainmore about strain

strain


  6  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Strain  \Strain\,  n.  (Hort.) 
  A  cultural  subvariety  that  is  only  slightly  differentiated. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Strain  \Strain\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Strained};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Straining}.]  [OF.  estraindre  estreindre  F.  ['e]treindre, 
  L.  stringere  to  draw  or  bind  tight;  probably  akin  to  Gr  ?  a 
  halter,  ?  that  which  is  squeezwd  out  a  drop,  or  perhaps  to 
  E.  strike.  Cf  {Strangle},  {Strike},  {Constrain},  {District}, 
  {Strait},  a.  {Stress},  {Strict},  {Stringent}.] 
  1.  To  draw  with  force;  to  extend  with  great  effort;  to 
  stretch;  as  to  strain  a  rope;  to  strain  the  shrouds  of  a 
  ship;  to  strain  the  cords  of  a  musical  instrument.  ``To 
  strain  his  fetters  with  a  stricter  care.''  --Dryden. 
 
  2.  (Mech.)  To  act  upon  in  any  way  so  as  to  cause  change  of 
  form  or  volume,  as  forces  on  a  beam  to  bend  it 
 
  3.  To  exert  to  the  utmost;  to  ply  vigorously. 
 
  He  sweats,  Strains  his  young  nerves.  --Shak. 
 
  They  strain  their  warbling  throats  To  welcome  in  the 
  spring.  --Dryden. 
 
  4.  To  stretch  beyond  its  proper  limit;  to  do  violence  to  in 
  the  matter  of  intent  or  meaning;  as  to  strain  the  law  in 
  order  to  convict  an  accused  person. 
 
  There  can  be  no  other  meaning  in  this  expression, 
  however  some  may  pretend  to  strain  it  --Swift. 
 
  5.  To  injure  by  drawing,  stretching,  or  the  exertion  of 
  force;  as  the  gale  strained  the  timbers  of  the  ship. 
 
  6.  To  injure  in  the  muscles  or  joints  by  causing  to  make  too 
  strong  an  effort;  to  harm  by  overexertion;  to  sprain;  as 
  to  strain  a  horse  by  overloading;  to  strain  the  wrist;  to 
  strain  a  muscle. 
 
  Prudes  decayed  about  may  track,  Strain  their  necks 
  with  looking  back  --Swift. 
 
  7.  To  squeeze;  to  press  closely. 
 
  Evander  with  a  close  embrace  Strained  his  departing 
  friend.  --Dryden. 
 
  8.  To  make  uneasy  or  unnatural;  to  produce  with  apparent 
  effort;  to  force;  to  constrain. 
 
  He  talks  and  plays  with  Fatima,  but  his  mirth  Is 
  forced  and  strained.  --Denham. 
 
  The  quality  of  mercy  is  not  strained.  --Shak. 
 
  9.  To  urge  with  importunity;  to  press;  as  to  strain  a 
  petition  or  invitation. 
 
  Note,  if  your  lady  strain  his  entertainment.  --Shak. 
 
  10.  To  press,  or  cause  to  pass,  through  a  strainer,  as 
  through  a  screen,  a  cloth,  or  some  porous  substance;  to 
  purify,  or  separate  from  extraneous  or  solid  matter,  by 
  filtration;  to  filter;  as  to  strain  milk  through  cloth. 
 
  {To  strain  a  point},  to  make  a  special  effort;  especially,  to 
  do  a  degree  of  violence  to  some  principle  or  to  one's  own 
  feelings. 
 
  {To  strain  courtesy},  to  go  beyond  what  courtesy  requires;  to 
  insist  somewhat  too  much  upon  the  precedence  of  others  -- 
  often  used  ironically.  --Shak. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Strain  \Strain\,  n.  [See  {Strene}.] 
  1.  Race;  stock;  generation;  descent;  family. 
 
  He  is  of  a  noble  strain.  --Shak. 
 
  With  animals  and  plants  a  cross  between  different 
  varieties,  or  between  individuals  of  the  same 
  variety  but  of  another  strain,  gives  vigor  and 
  fertility  to  the  offspring.  --Darwin. 
 
  2.  Hereditary  character,  quality,  or  disposition. 
 
  Intemperance  and  lust  breed  diseases,  which 
  propogated,  spoil  the  strain  of  nation.  --Tillotson. 
 
  3.  Rank;  a  sort.  ``The  common  strain.''  --Dryden. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Strain  \Strain\  (str[=a]n),  v.  i. 
  1.  To  make  violent  efforts.  ``Straining  with  too  weak  a 
  wing.''  --Pope. 
 
  To  build  his  fortune  I  will  strain  a  little.  --Shak. 
 
  2.  To  percolate;  to  be  filtered;  as  water  straining  through 
  a  sandy  soil. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Strain  \Strain\,  n. 
  1.  The  act  of  straining,  or  the  state  of  being  strained. 
  Specifically: 
  a  A  violent  effort;  an  excessive  and  hurtful  exertion  or 
  tension,  as  of  the  muscles;  as  he  lifted  the  weight 
  with  a  strain;  the  strain  upon  a  ship's  rigging  in  a 
  gale;  also  the  hurt  or  injury  resulting;  a  sprain. 
 
  Whether  any  poet  of  our  country  since 
  Shakespeare  has  exerted  a  greater  variety  of 
  powers  with  less  strain  and  less  ostentation. 
  --Landor. 
 
  Credit  is  gained  by  custom,  and  seldom  recovers 
  a  strain.  --Sir  W. 
  Temple. 
  b  (Mech.  Physics)  A  change  of  form  or  dimensions  of  a 
  solid  or  liquid  mass,  produced  by  a  stress.  --Rankine. 
 
  2.  (Mus.)  A  portion  of  music  divided  off  by  a  double  bar;  a 
  complete  musical  period  or  sentence;  a  movement,  or  any 
  rounded  subdivision  of  a  movement. 
 
  Their  heavenly  harps  a  lower  strain  began.  --Dryden. 
 
  3.  Any  sustained  note  or  movement;  a  song;  a  distinct  portion 
  of  an  ode  or  other  poem;  also  the  pervading  note,  or 
  burden,  of  a  song,  poem,  oration,  book,  etc.;  theme; 
  motive;  manner;  style;  also  a  course  of  action  or 
  conduct;  as  he  spoke  in  a  noble  strain;  there  was  a 
  strain  of  woe  in  his  story;  a  strain  of  trickery  appears 
  in  his  career.  ``A  strain  of  gallantry.''  --Sir  W.  Scott. 
 
  Such  take  too  high  a  strain  at  first  --Bacon. 
 
  The  genius  and  strain  of  the  book  of  Proverbs. 
  --Tillotson. 
 
  It  [Pilgrim's  Progress]  seems  a  novelty,  and  yet 
  contains  Nothing  but  sound  and  honest  gospel 
  strains.  --Bunyan. 
 
  4.  Turn;  tendency;  inborn  disposition.  Cf  1st  {Strain}. 
 
  Because  heretics  have  a  strain  of  madness,  he 
  applied  her  with  some  corporal  chastisements. 
  --Hayward. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  strain 
  n  1:  (physics)  deformation  of  a  physical  body  under  the  action  of 
  applied  forces 
  2:  a  state  of  extreme  difficulty:  "he  presided  over  the  economy 
  during  the  period  of  the  greatest  stress  and  danger"- 
  R.J.Samuelson  [syn:  {stress}] 
  3:  a  succession  of  notes  forming  a  distinctive  sequence;  "she 
  was  humming  an  air  from  Beethoven"  [syn:  {tune},  {melody}, 
  {air},  {melodic  line},  {line},  {melodic  phrase}] 
  4:  nervousness  resulting  from  mental  stress;  "his 
  responsibilities  were  a  constant  strain";  "the  mental 
  strain  of  staying  alert  hour  after  hour  was  too  much  for 
  him"  [syn:  {mental  strain},  {nervous  strain}] 
  5:  a  special  kind  of  domesticated  animals  within  a  species;  "he 
  experimented  on  a  particular  breed  of  white  rats";  "he 
  created  a  new  variety  of  sheep"  [syn:  {breed},  {stock},  {variety}] 
  6:  (biology)  a  group  of  organisms  within  a  species  that  differ 
  in  trivial  ways  from  similar  groups;  "a  new  strain  of 
  microorganisms"  [syn:  {form},  {variant},  {var.}] 
  7:  a  lineage  or  race  of  people  [syn:  {breed}] 
  8:  injury  to  a  muscle  (often  caused  by  overuse);  results  in 
  swelling  and  pain 
  9:  pervading  note  of  an  utterance;  "I  could  follow  the  general 
  tenor  of  his  argument"  [syn:  {tenor}] 
  10:  an  effortful  attempt  to  attain  a  goal  [syn:  {striving},  {nisus}, 
  {pains}] 
  11:  an  intense  or  violent  exertion  [syn:  {straining},  {stress}] 
  12:  the  act  of  singing;  "with  a  shout  and  a  song  they  marched  up 
  to  the  gates"  [syn:  {song}] 
  v  1:  to  exert  much  effort  or  energy:  "straining  our  ears  to 
  hear."  [syn:  {strive},  {reach}] 
  2:  test  the  limits  of  "You  are  trying  my  patience!"  [syn:  {try}, 
  {stress}] 
  3:  use  to  the  utmost;  exert  vigorously  or  to  full  capacity;  "He 
  really  extended  himself  when  he  climbed  Kilimanjaro"; 
  "Don't  strain  your  mind  too  much"  [syn:  {extend}] 
  4:  separate  by  sifting,  as  of  flour;  also  used  for  information 
  [syn:  {sift},  {sieve}] 
  5:  make  tense  [syn:  {tense},  {tense  up}]  [ant:  {relax},  {relax}] 
  6:  stretch  or  force  to  the  limit;  "strain  the  rope"  [syn:  {tense}] 
  7:  remove  by  passing  through  a  filter;  "filter  out  the 
  impurities"  [syn:  {filter},  {filtrate},  {separate  out},  {filter 
  out}] 
  8:  rub  through  a  strainer  or  process  in  an  electric  blender; 
  "puree  the  vegetables  for  the  baby"  [syn:  {puree}] 
  9:  alter  the  shape  of  something  by  stress;  "His  body  was 
  deformed  by  leprosy"  [syn:  {deform},  {distort}] 




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