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tabernaclemore about tabernacle

tabernacle


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Tabernacle  \Tab"er*na*cle\,  n.  [F.,  fr  L.  tabernaculum  dim.  of 
  taberna  nut.  See  {Tabern}.] 
  1.  A  slightly  built  or  temporary  habitation;  especially,  a 
  tent. 
 
  Dwelling  in  tabernacles  with  Isaac  and  Jacob.  --Heb. 
  xi  9. 
 
  Orange  trees  planted  in  the  ground,  and  secured  in 
  winter  with  a  wooden  tabernacle  and  stoves. 
  --Evelyn. 
 
  2.  (Jewish  Antiq.)  A  portable  structure  of  wooden  framework 
  covered  with  curtains,  which  was  carried  through  the 
  wilderness  in  the  Israelitish  exodus,  as  a  place  of 
  sacrifice  and  worship.  --Ex.  xxvi. 
 
  3.  Hence  the  Jewish  temple;  sometimes  any  other  place  for 
  worship.  --Acts  xv  16. 
 
  4.  Figuratively:  The  human  body,  as  the  temporary  abode  of 
  the  soul. 
 
  Shortly  I  must  put  off  this  my  tabernacle.  --2  Pet. 
  i.  14. 
 
  5.  Any  small  cell,  or  like  place  in  which  some  holy  or 
  precious  things  was  deposited  or  kept.  Specifically: 
  a  The  ornamental  receptacle  for  the  pyx,  or  for  the 
  consecrated  elements,  whether  a  part  of  a  building  or 
  movable. 
  b  A  niche  for  the  image  of  a  saint,  or  for  any  sacred 
  painting  or  sculpture. 
  c  Hence  a  work  of  art  of  sacred  subject,  having  a 
  partially  architectural  character,  as  a  solid  frame 
  resting  on  a  bracket,  or  the  like 
  d  A  tryptich  for  sacred  imagery. 
  e  A  seat  or  stall  in  a  choir,  with  its  canopy. 
 
  6.  (Naut.)  A  boxlike  step  for  a  mast  with  the  after  side 
  open  so  that  the  mast  can  be  lowered  to  pass  under 
  bridges,  etc 
 
  {Feast  of  Tabernacles}  (Jewish  Antiq.),  one  of  the  three 
  principal  festivals  of  the  Jews,  lasting  seven  days, 
  during  which  the  people  dwelt  in  booths  formed  of  the 
  boughs  of  trees,  in  commemoration  of  the  habitation  of 
  their  ancestors  in  similar  dwellings  during  their 
  pilgrimage  in  the  wilderness. 
 
  {Tabernacle  work},  rich  canopy  work  like  that  over  the  head 
  of  niches,  used  over  seats  or  stalls,  or  over  sepulchral 
  monuments.  --Oxf.  Gloss. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Tabernacle  \Tab"er*na*cle\,  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Tabernacled}; 
  p.  pr  &  vb  n.  {Tabernacling}.] 
  To  dwell  or  reside  for  a  time;  to  be  temporary  housed. 
 
  He  assumed  our  nature,  and  tabernacled  among  us  in  the 
  flesh.  --Dr.  J. 
  Scott. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Tabernacle 
  n  :  a  Jewish  place  of  worship  [syn:  {Tabernacle}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Tabernacle 
  (1.)  A  house  or  dwelling-place  (Job  5:24;  18:6,  etc.). 
 
  (2.)  A  portable  shrine  (comp.  Acts  19:24)  containing  the  image 
  of  Moloch  (Amos  5:26;  marg.  and  R.V.,  "Siccuth"). 
 
  (3.)  The  human  body  (2  Cor.  5:1,  4);  a  tent,  as  opposed  to  a 
  permanent  dwelling. 
 
  (4.)  The  sacred  tent  (Heb.  mishkan  "the  dwelling-place");  the 
  movable  tent-temple  which  Moses  erected  for  the  service  of  God, 
  according  to  the  pattern"  which  God  himself  showed  to  him  on 
  the  mount  (Ex.  25:9;  Heb.  8:5).  It  is  called  "the  tabernacle  of 
  the  congregation,"  rather  "of  meeting",  i.e.,  where  God  promised 
  to  meet  with  Israel  (Ex.  29:42);  the  "tabernacle  of  the 
  testimony"  (Ex.  38:21;  Num.  1:50),  which  does  not  however, 
  designate  the  whole  structure,  but  only  the  enclosure  which 
  contained  the  "ark  of  the  testimony"  (Ex.  25:16,  22;  Num.  9:15); 
  the  "tabernacle  of  witness"  (Num.  17:8);  the  "house  of  the  Lord" 
  (Deut.  23:18);  the  "temple  of  the  Lord"  (Josh.  6:24);  a 
  sanctuary"  (Ex.  25:8). 
 
  A  particular  account  of  the  materials  which  the  people 
  provided  for  the  erection  and  of  the  building  itself  is  recorded 
  in  Ex  25-40.  The  execution  of  the  plan  mysteriously  given  to 
  Moses  was  intrusted  to  Bezaleel  and  Aholiab,  who  were  specially 
  endowed  with  wisdom  and  artistic  skill,  probably  gained  in 
  Egypt,  for  this  purpose  (Ex.  35:30-35).  The  people  provided 
  materials  for  the  tabernacle  so  abundantly  that  Moses  was  under 
  the  necessity  of  restraining  them  (36:6).  These  stores,  from 
  which  they  so  liberally  contributed  for  this  purpose,  must  have 
  consisted  in  a  great  part  of  the  gifts  which  the  Egyptians  so 
  readily  bestowed  on  them  on  the  eve  of  the  Exodus  (12:35,  36). 
 
  The  tabernacle  was  a  rectangular  enclosure,  in  length  about  45 
  feet  (i.e.,  reckoning  a  cubit  at  18  inches)  and  in  breadth  and 
  height  about  15.  Its  two  sides  and  its  western  end  were  made  of 
  boards  of  acacia  wood,  placed  on  end  resting  in  sockets  of 
  brass,  the  eastern  end  being  left  open  (Ex.  26:22).  This 
  framework  was  covered  with  four  coverings,  the  first  of  linen, 
  in  which  figures  of  the  symbolic  cherubim  were  wrought  with 
  needlework  in  blue  and  purple  and  scarlet  threads,  and  probably 
  also  with  threads  of  gold  (Ex.  26:1-6;  36:8-13).  Above  this  was 
  a  second  covering  of  twelve  curtains  of  black  goats'-hair  cloth, 
  reaching  down  on  the  outside  almost  to  the  ground  (Ex.  26:7-11). 
  The  third  covering  was  of  rams'  skins  dyed  red,  and  the  fourth 
  was  of  badgers'  skins  (Heb.  tahash,  i.e.,  the  dugong,  a  species 
  of  seal),  Ex  25:5;  26:14;  35:7,  23;  36:19;  39:34. 
 
  Internally  it  was  divided  by  a  veil  into  two  chambers,  the 
  exterior  of  which  was  called  the  holy  place  also  "the 
  sanctuary"  (Heb.  9:2)  and  the  "first  tabernacle"  (6);  and  the 
  interior,  the  holy  of  holies,  "the  holy  place,"  "the  Holiest," 
  the  "second  tabernacle"  (Ex.  28:29;  Heb.  9:3,  7).  The  veil 
  separating  these  two  chambers  was  a  double  curtain  of  the  finest 
  workmanship,  which  was  never  passed  except  by  the  high  priest 
  once  a  year,  on  the  great  Day  of  Atonement.  The  holy  place  was 
  separated  from  the  outer  court  which  enclosed  the  tabernacle  by 
  a  curtain,  which  hung  over  the  six  pillars  which  stood  at  the 
  east  end  of  the  tabernacle,  and  by  which  it  was  entered. 
 
  The  order  as  well  as  the  typical  character  of  the  services  of 
  the  tabernacle  are  recorded  in  Heb.  9;  10:19-22. 
 
  The  holy  of  holies,  a  cube  of  10  cubits,  contained  the  "ark  of 
  the  testimony",  i.e.,  the  oblong  chest  containing  the  two  tables 
  of  stone,  the  pot  of  manna,  and  Aaron's  rod  that  budded. 
 
  The  holy  place  was  the  western  and  larger  chamber  of  the 
  tabernacle.  Here  were  placed  the  table  for  the  shewbread,  the 
  golden  candlestick,  and  the  golden  altar  of  incense. 
 
  Round  about  the  tabernacle  was  a  court,  enclosed  by  curtains 
  hung  upon  sixty  pillars  (Ex.  27:9-18).  This  court  was  150  feet 
  long  and  75  feet  broad.  Within  it  were  placed  the  altar  of  burnt 
  offering,  which  measured  7  1/2  feet  in  length  and  breadth  and  4 
  1/2  feet  high,  with  horns  at  the  four  corners,  and  the  laver  of 
  brass  (Ex.  30:18),  which  stood  between  the  altar  and  the 
  tabernacle. 
 
  The  whole  tabernacle  was  completed  in  seven  months.  On  the 
  first  day  of  the  first  month  of  the  second  year  after  the 
  Exodus,  it  was  formally  set  up  and  the  cloud  of  the  divine 
  presence  descended  on  it  (Ex.  39:22-43;  40:1-38).  It  cost  29 
  talents  730  shekels  of  gold,  100  talents  1,775  shekels  of 
  silver,  70  talents  2,400  shekels  of  brass  (Ex.  38:24-31). 
 
  The  tabernacle  was  so  constructed  that  it  could  easily  be 
  taken  down  and  conveyed  from  place  to  place  during  the 
  wanderings  in  the  wilderness.  The  first  encampment  of  the 
  Israelites  after  crossing  the  Jordan  was  at  Gilgal,  and  there 
  the  tabernacle  remained  for  seven  years  (Josh.  4:19).  It  was 
  afterwards  removed  to  Shiloh  (Josh.  18:1),  where  it  remained 
  during  the  time  of  the  Judges,  till  the  days  of  Eli,  when  the 
  ark,  having  been  carried  out  into  the  camp  when  the  Israelites 
  were  at  war  with  the  Philistines,  was  taken  by  the  enemy  (1  Sam. 
  4),  and  was  never  afterwards  restored  to  its  place  in  the 
  tabernacle.  The  old  tabernacle  erected  by  Moses  in  the 
  wilderness  was  transferred  to  Nob  (1  Sam.  21:1),  and  after  the 
  destruction  of  that  city  by  Saul  (22:9;  1  Chr.  16:39,  40),  to 
  Gibeon.  It  is  mentioned  for  the  last  time  in  1  Chr.  21:29.  A  new 
  tabernacle  was  erected  by  David  at  Jerusalem  (2  Sam.  6:17;  1 
  Chr.  16:1),  and  the  ark  was  brought  from  Perez-uzzah  and 
  deposited  in  it  (2  Sam.  6:8-17;  2  Chr.  1:4). 
 
  The  word  thus  rendered  ('ohel)  in  Ex  33:7  denotes  simply  a 
  tent,  probably  Moses'  own  tent,  for  the  tabernacle  was  not  yet 
  erected. 
 




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