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malaysiamore about malaysia


  2  definitions  found 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
  n  :  a  country  in  southeastern  Asia  on  Borneo  and  the  Malay 
  Peninsula  [syn:  {Malaysia},  {Malaya}] 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
  Location:  Southeastern  Asia,  peninsula  and  northern  one-third  of  the 
  island  of  Borneo  bordering  the  Java  Sea  and  the  South  China  Sea,  south 
  of  Vietnam 
  Map  references:  Southeast  Asia 
  total  area:  329,750  sq  km 
  land  area:  328,550  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  larger  than  New  Mexico 
  Land  boundaries:  total  2,669  km  Brunei  381  km  Indonesia  1,782  km 
  Thailand  506  km 
  Coastline:  4,675  km  (Peninsular  Malaysia  2,068  km  East  Malaysia  2,607 
  Maritime  claims: 
  continental  shelf:  200-m  depth  or  to  depth  of  exploitation;  specified 
  boundary  in  the  South  China  Sea 
  exclusive  fishing  zone:  200  nm 
  exclusive  economic  zone:  200  nm 
  territorial  sea:  12  nm 
  International  disputes:  involved  in  a  complex  dispute  over  the  Spratly 
  Islands  with  China,  Philippines,  Taiwan,  Vietnam,  and  possibly  Brunei; 
  State  of  Sabah  claimed  by  the  Philippines;  Brunei  may  wish  to  purchase 
  the  Malaysian  salient  that  divides  Brunei  into  two  parts  two  islands 
  in  dispute  with  Singapore;  two  islands  in  dispute  with  Indonesia 
  Climate:  tropical;  annual  southwest  (April  to  October)  and  northeast 
  (October  to  February)  monsoons 
  Terrain:  coastal  plains  rising  to  hills  and  mountains 
  Natural  resources:  tin,  petroleum,  timber,  copper,  iron  ore,  natural 
  gas,  bauxite 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  3% 
  permanent  crops:  10% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  0% 
  forest  and  woodland:  63% 
  other:  24% 
  Irrigated  land:  3,420  sq  km  (1989  est.) 
  current  issues:  air  pollution  from  industrial  and  vehicular  emissions; 
  water  pollution  from  raw  sewage;  deforestation 
  natural  hazards:  flooding 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Biodiversity,  Climate  Change, 
  Endangered  Species,  Hazardous  Wastes,  Marine  Life  Conservation, 
  Nuclear  Test  Ban,  Ozone  Layer  Protection,  Tropical  Timber  83;  signed, 
  but  not  ratified  -  Law  of  the  Sea 
  Note:  strategic  location  along  Strait  of  Malacca  and  southern  South 
  China  Sea 
  Population:  19,723,587  (July  1995  est.) 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  37%  (female  3,559,434;  male  3,690,310) 
  15-64  years:  59%  (female  5,871,131;  male  5,844,568) 
  65  years  and  over:  4%  (female  423,539;  male  334,605)  (July  1995  est.) 
  Population  growth  rate:  2.24%  (1995  est.) 
  Birth  rate:  27.95  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
  Death  rate:  5.56  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
  Net  migration  rate:  0  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  24.7  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  69.48  years 
  male:  66.55  years 
  female:  72.56  years  (1995  est.) 
  Total  fertility  rate:  3.47  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
  noun:  Malaysian(s) 
  adjective:  Malaysian 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Malay  and  other  indigenous  59%,  Chinese  32%,  Indian 
  Peninsular  Malaysia:  Muslim  (Malays),  Buddhist  (Chinese),  Hindu 
  Sabah:  Muslim  38%,  Christian  17%,  other  45% 
  Sarawak:  tribal  religion  35%,  Buddhist  and  Confucianist  24%,  Muslim 
  20%,  Christian  16%,  other  5% 
  Peninsular  Malaysia:  Malay  (official),  English,  Chinese  dialects, 
  Sabah:  English,  Malay,  numerous  tribal  dialects,  Chinese  (Mandarin  and 
  Hakka  dialects  predominate) 
  Sarawak:  English,  Malay,  Mandarin,  numerous  tribal  languages  ***  No 
  data  for  this  item  *** 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1990  est.) 
  total  population:  78% 
  male:  86% 
  female:  70% 
  Labor  force:  7.627  million  (1993) 
  conventional  long  form:  none 
  conventional  short  form:  Malaysia 
  former:  Malayan  Union 
  Digraph:  MY 
  Type:  constitutional  monarchy 
  note:  Federation  of  Malaysia  formed  9  July  1963;  nominally  headed  by 
  the  paramount  ruler  (king)  and  a  bicameral  Parliament;  Peninsular 
  Malaysian  states  -  hereditary  rulers  in  all  but  Melaka,  where 
  governors  are  appointed  by  Malaysian  Pulau  Pinang  Government;  powers 
  of  state  governments  are  limited  by  federal  Constitution;  Sabah  - 
  self-governing  state,  holds  20  seats  in  House  of  Representatives,  with 
  foreign  affairs,  defense,  internal  security,  and  other  powers 
  delegated  to  federal  government;  Sarawak  -  self-governing  state,  holds 
  27  seats  in  House  of  Representatives,  with  foreign  affairs,  defense, 
  internal  security,  and  other  powers  delegated  to  federal  government 
  Capital:  Kuala  Lumpur 
  Administrative  divisions:  13  states  (negeri-negeri,  singular  -  negeri) 
  and  2  federal  territories*  (wilayah-wilayah  persekutuan  singular  - 
  wilayah  persekutuan);  Johor  Kedah,  Kelantan  Labuan*,  Melaka,  Negeri 
  Sembilan  Pahang,  Perak,  Perlis,  Pulau  Pinang,  Sabah,  Sarawak, 
  Selangor  Terengganu  Wilayah  Persekutuan* 
  Independence:  31  August  1957  (from  UK) 
  National  holiday:  National  Day  31  August  (1957) 
  Constitution:  31  August  1957,  amended  16  September  1963 
  Legal  system:  based  on  English  common  law;  judicial  review  of 
  legislative  acts  in  the  Supreme  Court  at  request  of  supreme  head  of 
  the  federation;  has  not  accepted  compulsory  ICJ  jurisdiction 
  Suffrage:  21  years  of  age;  universal 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state:  Paramount  Ruler  JA'AFAR  ibni  Abdul  Rahman  (since  26 
  April  1994);  Deputy  Paramount  Ruler  SALAHUDDIN  ibni  Hisammuddin  Alam 
  Shah  (since  26  April  1994) 
  head  of  government:  Prime  Minister  Dr  MAHATHIR  bin  Mohamad  (since  16 
  July  1981);  Deputy  Prime  Minister  ANWAR  bin  Ibrahim  (since  1  December 
  cabinet:  Cabinet;  appointed  by  the  Paramount  Ruler  from  members  of 
  Legislative  branch:  bicameral  Parliament  Parlimen 
  Senate  (Dewan  Negara):  consists  of  58  members,  32  appointed  by  the 
  paramount  ruler  and  26  elected  by  the  state  legislatures  (2  from  each 
  state)  for  six-year  terms;  elections  last  held  NA  (next  to  be  held 
  NA);  results  -  NA 
  House  of  Representatives  (Dewan  Rakyat):  consists  of  180  members, 
  elected  for  five-year  terms;  elections  last  held  21  October  1990  (next 
  to  be  held  by  December  1995);  results  -  National  Front  52%,  other  48%; 
  seats  -  (180  total)  National  Front  127,  DAP  20,  PAS  7,  independents  4, 
  other  22;  note  -  within  the  National  Front,  UMNO  won  71  seats  and  MCA 
  won  18  seats 
  Judicial  branch:  Supreme  Court 
  Political  parties  and  leaders: 
  Peninsular  Malaysia:  National  Front,  a  confederation  of  13  political 
  parties  dominated  by  United  Malays  National  Organization  Baru  (UMNO 
  Baru),  MAHATHIR  bin  Mohamad  Malaysian  Chinese  Association  (MCA),  LING 
  Liong  Sik;  Gerakan  Rakyat  Malaysia,  LIM  Keng  Yaik;  Malaysian  Indian 
  Congress  (MIC),  S.  Samy  VELLU 
  Sabah:  National  Front,  SALLEH  Said  Keruak  Sabah  Chief  Minister, 
  Sakaran  DANDAI,  head  of  Sabah  State;  United  Sabah  National  Organizaton 
  (USNO),  leader  NA 
  Sarawak:  coalition  Sarawak  National  Front  composed  of  the  Party  Pesaka 
  Bumiputra  Bersatu  (PBB),  Datuk  Patinggi  Amar  Haji  Abdul  TAIB  Mahmud 
  Sarawak  United  People's  Party  (SUPP),  Datuk  Amar  James  WONG  Soon  Kai; 
  Sarawak  National  Party  (SNAP),  Datuk  Amar  James  WONG;  Parti  Bansa 
  Dayak  Sarawak  (PBDS),  Datuk  Leo  MOGGIE;  major  opposition  parties  are 
  Democratic  Action  Party  (DAP),  LIM  Kit  Siang  and  Pan-Malaysian  Islamic 
  Party  (PAS),  Fadzil  NOOR 
  Member  of:  APEC,  AsDB  ASEAN,  C,  CCC,  CP  ESCAP,  FAO,  G-15,  G-77, 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Abdul  MAJID  bin  Mohamed 
  chancery:  2401  Massachusetts  Avenue  NW  Washington,  DC  20008 
  telephone:  [1]  (202)  328-2700 
  FAX:  [1]  (202)  483-7661 
  consulate(s)  general:  Los  Angeles  and  New  York 
  US  diplomatic  representation: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  John  S.  WOLF 
  embassy:  376  Jalan  Tun  Razak,  50400  Kuala  Lumpur 
  mailing  address:  P.  O.  Box  No  10035,  50700  Kuala  Lumpur;  APO  AP 
  telephone:  [60]  (3)  2489011 
  FAX:  [60]  (3)  2422207 
  Flag:  fourteen  equal  horizontal  stripes  of  red  top  alternating  with 
  white  (bottom);  there  is  a  blue  rectangle  in  the  upper  hoist-side 
  corner  bearing  a  yellow  crescent  and  a  yellow  fourteen-pointed  star; 
  the  crescent  and  the  star  are  traditional  symbols  of  Islam;  the  design 
  was  based  on  the  flag  of  the  US 
  Overview:  The  Malaysian  economy,  a  mixture  of  private  enterprise  and  a 
  soundly  managed  public  sector,  has  posted  a  remarkable  record  of  9% 
  average  annual  growth  in  1988-94.  The  official  growth  target  for  1995 
  is  8.5%.  This  growth  has  resulted  in  a  substantial  reduction  in 
  poverty  and  a  marked  rise  in  real  wages.  Manufactured  goods  exports 
  expanded  rapidly,  and  foreign  investors  continued  to  commit  large  sums 
  in  the  economy.  The  government  is  aware  of  the  inflationary  potential 
  of  this  rapid  development  and  is  closely  monitoring  fiscal  and 
  monetary  policies. 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $166.8  billion  (1994 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  8.7%  (1994) 
  National  product  per  capita:  $8,650  (1994  est.) 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  3.7%  (1994) 
  Unemployment  rate:  2.9%  (1994) 
  revenues:  $18.7  billion 
  expenditures:  $19.1  billion,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $4.8 
  billion  (1994) 
  Exports:  $56.6  billion  (f.o.b.,  1994) 
  commodities:  electronic  equipment,  petroleum  and  petroleum  products, 
  palm  oil,  wood  and  wood  products,  rubber,  textiles 
  partners:  Singapore  22%,  US  20%,  Japan  13%,  UK  4%,  Germany  4%, 
  Thailand  4%  (1993) 
  Imports:  $55.2  billion  (c.i.f.,  1994) 
  commodities:  machinery  and  equipment,  chemicals,  food,  petroleum 
  partners:  Japan  27%,  US  17%,  Singapore  15%,  Taiwan  5%,  Germany  4%,  UK 
  3%,  South  Korea  3%  (1993) 
  External  debt:  $35.5  billion  (1994  est.) 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  12%  (1994);  accounts  for  38%  of  GDP 
  (1993  est.) 
  capacity:  6,700,000  kW 
  production:  31  billion  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  1,528  kWh  (1993) 
  Peninsular  Malaysia:  rubber  and  oil  palm  processing  and  manufacturing, 
  light  manufacturing  industry,  electronics,  tin  mining  and  smelting, 
  logging  and  processing  timber 
  Sabah:  logging,  petroleum  production 
  Sarawak:  agriculture  processing,  petroleum  production  and  refining, 
  Agriculture:  accounts  for  16%  of  GDP  (1993  est.) 
  Peninsular  Malaysia:  natural  rubber,  palm  oil,  rice 
  Sabah:  mainly  subsistence,  but  also  rubber,  timber,  coconut,  rice 
  Sarawak:  rubber,  timber,  pepper;  deficit  of  rice  in  all  areas 
  Illicit  drugs:  transit  point  for  Golden  Triangle  heroin  going  to  the 
  US  Western  Europe,  and  the  Third  World  despite  severe  penalties  for 
  drug  trafficking;  increasing  indigenous  abuse  of  methamphetamine 
  Economic  aid: 
  recipient:  US  commitments,  including  Ex-Im  (FY70-84),  $170  million; 
  Western  (non-US)  countries,  ODA  and  OOF  bilateral  commitments 
  (1970-89),  $4.7  million;  OPEC  bilateral  aid  (1979-89),  $42  million 
  Currency:  1  ringgit  (M$)  =  100  sen 
  Exchange  rates:  ringgits  (M$)  per  US$1  -  2.5542  (January  1995),  2.6242 
  (1994),  2.5741  (1993),  2.5474  (1992),  2.7501  (1991),  1.7048  (1990) 
  Fiscal  year:  calendar  year 
  total:  1,801  km  (Peninsular  Malaysia  1,665  km  Sabah  136  km  Sarawak  0 
  narrow  gauge:  1,801  km  1.000-m  gauge  (Peninsular  Malaysia  1,665  km 
  Sabah  136  km) 
  total:  29,028  km  (Peninsular  Malaysia  23,602  km  Sabah  3,782  km 
  Sarawak  1,644  km) 
  paved:  NA  (Peninsular  Malaysia  19,354  km  mostly  bituminous  treated) 
  unpaved:  NA  (Peninsular  Malaysia  4,248  km) 
  Inland  waterways: 
  Peninsular  Malaysia:  3,209  km 
  Sabah:  1,569  km 
  Sarawak:  2,518  km 
  Pipelines:  crude  oil  1,307  km  natural  gas  379  km 
  Ports:  Kota  Kinabalu  Kuantan  Kuching,  Kudat,  Lahad  Datu,  Labuan, 
  Lumut,  Miri,  Pasir  Gudang  Penang  Port  Dickson,  Port  Kelang 
  Sandakan  Sibu,  Tanjong  Berhala  Tanjong  Kidurong  Tawau 
  Merchant  marine: 
  total:  213  ships  (1,000  GRT  or  over)  totaling  2,410,823  GRT/3,635,966 
  ships  by  type:  bulk  34,  cargo  73,  chemical  tanker  11,  container  27, 
  liquefied  gas  tanker  9,  livestock  carrier  1,  oil  tanker  50, 
  roll-on/roll-off  cargo  4,  short-sea  passenger  1,  vehicle  carrier  3 
  total:  115 
  with  paved  runways  over  3,047  m:  3 
  with  paved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  5 
  with  paved  runways  1,524  to  2,437  m:  11 
  with  paved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  6 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  82 
  with  unpaved  runways  1,524  to  2,438  m:  1 
  with  unpaved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  7 
  Telephone  system:  994,860  telephones  (1984);  international  service 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  good  intercity  service  provided  on  Peninsular  Malaysia 
  mainly  by  microwave  radio  relay;  adequate  intercity  microwave  radio 
  relay  network  between  Sabah  and  Sarawak  via  Brunei;  2  domestic 
  satellite  links 
  international:  submarine  cables  extend  to  India  and  Sarawak;  SEACOM 
  submarine  cable  links  to  Hong  Kong  and  Singapore;  satellite  earth 
  stations  -  2  INTELSAT  (1  Indian  Ocean  and  1  Pacific  Ocean) 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  28,  FM  3,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
  broadcast  stations:  33 
  televisions:  NA 
  Malaysia:Defense  Forces 
  Branches:  Malaysian  Army,  Royal  Malaysian  Navy,  Royal  Malaysian  Air 
  Force,  Royal  Malaysian  Police  Force,  Marine  Police,  Sarawak  Border 
  Manpower  availability:  males  age  15-49  5,041,003;  males  fit  for 
  military  service  3,058,445;  males  reach  military  age  (21)  annually 
  183,760  (1995  est.) 
  Defense  expenditures:  exchange  rate  conversion  -  $2.1  billion,  2.9%  of 
  GDP  (1994) 

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