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paulmore about paul

paul


  7  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Paul  \Paul\,  n. 
  See  {Pawl}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Paul  \Paul\,  n. 
  An  Italian  silver  coin.  See  {Paolo}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Pawl  \Pawl\,  n.  [W.  pawl  a  pole,  a  stake.  Cf  {Pole}  a  stake.] 
  (Mach.) 
  A  pivoted  tongue,  or  sliding  bolt,  on  one  part  of  a  machine, 
  adapted  to  fall  into  notches,  or  interdental  spaces,  on 
  another  part  as  a  ratchet  wheel,  in  such  a  manner  as  to 
  permit  motion  in  one  direction  and  prevent  it  in  the  reverse, 
  as  in  a  windlass;  a  catch,  click  or  detent.  See  Illust.  of 
  {Ratchet  Wheel}.  [Written  also  {paul},  or  {pall}.] 
 
  {Pawl  bitt}  (Naut.),  a  heavy  timber,  set  abaft  the  windlass, 
  to  receive  the  strain  of  the  pawls. 
 
  {Pawl  rim}  or  {ring}  (Naut.),  a  stationary  metallic  ring 
  surrounding  the  base  of  a  capstan,  having  notches  for  the 
  pawls  to  catch  in 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Paul 
  n  :  a  Christian  missionary  to  the  Gentiles;  author  of  several 
  Epistles  in  the  New  Testament;  even  though  Paul  was  not 
  present  at  the  Last  Supper  he  is  considered  an  apostle 
  [syn:  {Paul},  {Apostle  Paul},  {Paul  the  Apostle},  {Apostle 
  of  the  Gentiles},  {Saul},  {Saul  of  Tarsus}] 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Paul,  ID  (city,  FIPS  61210) 
  Location:  42.60644  N,  113.78239  W 
  Population  (1990):  901  (361  housing  units) 
  Area:  0.8  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  83347 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Paul 
  =Saul  (q.v.)  was  born  about  the  same  time  as  our  Lord.  His 
  circumcision-name  was  Saul,  and  probably  the  name  Paul  was  also 
  given  to  him  in  infancy  "for  use  in  the  Gentile  world,"  as 
  Saul"  would  be  his  Hebrew  home-name.  He  was  a  native  of  Tarsus, 
  the  capital  of  Cilicia,  a  Roman  province  in  the  south-east  of 
  Asia  Minor.  That  city  stood  on  the  banks  of  the  river  Cydnus 
  which  was  navigable  thus  far  hence  it  became  a  centre  of 
  extensive  commercial  traffic  with  many  countries  along  the 
  shores  of  the  Mediterranean,  as  well  as  with  the  countries  of 
  central  Asia  Minor.  It  thus  became  a  city  distinguished  for  the 
  wealth  of  its  inhabitants. 
 
  Tarsus  was  also  the  seat  of  a  famous  university,  higher  in 
  reputation  even  than  the  universities  of  Athens  and  Alexandria, 
  the  only  others  that  then  existed.  Here  Saul  was  born,  and  here 
  he  spent  his  youth,  doubtless  enjoying  the  best  education  his 
  native  city  could  afford.  His  father  was  of  the  straitest  sect 
  of  the  Jews,  a  Pharisee,  of  the  tribe  of  Benjamin,  of  pure  and 
  unmixed  Jewish  blood  (Acts  23:6;  Phil.  3:5).  We  learn  nothing 
  regarding  his  mother;  but  there  is  reason  to  conclude  that  she 
  was  a  pious  woman,  and  that  like-minded  with  her  husband,  she 
  exercised  all  a  mother  influence  in  moulding  the  character  of 
  her  son,  so  that  he  could  afterwards  speak  of  himself  as  being 
  from  his  youth  up  "touching  the  righteousness  which  is  in  the 
  law,  blameless"  (Phil.  3:6). 
 
  We  read  of  his  sister  and  his  sister's  son  (Acts  23:16),  and 
  of  other  relatives  (Rom.  16:7,  11,  12).  Though  a  Jew,  his  father 
  was  a  Roman  citizen.  How  he  obtained  this  privilege  we  are  not 
  informed.  "It  might  be  bought,  or  won  by  distinguished  service 
  to  the  state,  or  acquired  in  several  other  ways;  at  all  events, 
  his  son  was  freeborn.  It  was  a  valuable  privilege,  and  one  that 
  was  to  prove  of  great  use  to  Paul,  although  not  in  the  way  in 
  which  his  father  might  have  been  expected  to  desire  him  to  make 
  use  of  it."  Perhaps  the  most  natural  career  for  the  youth  to 
  follow  was  that  of  a  merchant.  "But  it  was  decided  that...he 
  should  go  to  college  and  become  a  rabbi,  that  is  a  minister,  a 
  teacher,  and  a  lawyer  all  in  one." 
 
  According  to  Jewish  custom,  however,  he  learned  a  trade  before 
  entering  on  the  more  direct  preparation  for  the  sacred 
  profession.  The  trade  he  acquired  was  the  making  of  tents  from 
  goats'  hair  cloth,  a  trade  which  was  one  of  the  commonest  in 
  Tarsus. 
 
  His  preliminary  education  having  been  completed,  Saul  was 
  sent,  when  about  thirteen  years  of  age  probably,  to  the  great 
  Jewish  school  of  sacred  learning  at  Jerusalem  as  a  student  of 
  the  law.  Here  he  became  a  pupil  of  the  celebrated  rabbi 
  Gamaliel,  and  here  he  spent  many  years  in  an  elaborate  study  of 
  the  Scriptures  and  of  the  many  questions  concerning  them  with 
  which  the  rabbis  exercised  themselves.  During  these  years  of 
  diligent  study  he  lived  "in  all  good  conscience,"  unstained  by 
  the  vices  of  that  great  city. 
 
  After  the  period  of  his  student-life  expired,  he  probably  left 
  Jerusalem  for  Tarsus,  where  he  may  have  been  engaged  in 
  connection  with  some  synagogue  for  some  years.  But  we  find  him 
  back  again  at  Jerusalem  very  soon  after  the  death  of  our  Lord. 
  Here  he  now  learned  the  particulars  regarding  the  crucifixion, 
  and  the  rise  of  the  new  sect  of  the  "Nazarenes." 
 
  For  some  two  years  after  Pentecost,  Christianity  was  quietly 
  spreading  its  influence  in  Jerusalem.  At  length  Stephen,  one  of 
  the  seven  deacons,  gave  forth  more  public  and  aggressive 
  testimony  that  Jesus  was  the  Messiah,  and  this  led  to  much 
  excitement  among  the  Jews  and  much  disputation  in  their 
  synagogues.  Persecution  arose  against  Stephen  and  the  followers 
  of  Christ  generally,  in  which  Saul  of  Tarsus  took  a  prominent 
  part  He  was  at  this  time  probably  a  member  of  the  great 
  Sanhedrin,  and  became  the  active  leader  in  the  furious 
  persecution  by  which  the  rulers  then  sought  to  exterminate 
  Christianity. 
 
  But  the  object  of  this  persecution  also  failed.  "They  that 
  were  scattered  abroad  went  everywhere  preaching  the  word."  The 
  anger  of  the  persecutor  was  thereby  kindled  into  a  fiercer 
  flame.  Hearing  that  fugitives  had  taken  refuge  in  Damascus,  he 
  obtained  from  the  chief  priest  letters  authorizing  him  to 
  proceed  thither  on  his  persecuting  career.  This  was  a  long 
  journey  of  about  130  miles,  which  would  occupy  perhaps  six  days, 
  during  which  with  his  few  attendants,  he  steadily  went  onward, 
  "breathing  out  threatenings  and  slaughter."  But  the  crisis  of 
  his  life  was  at  hand.  He  had  reached  the  last  stage  of  his 
  journey,  and  was  within  sight  of  Damascus.  As  he  and  his 
  companions  rode  on  suddenly  at  mid-day  a  brilliant  light  shone 
  round  them  and  Saul  was  laid  prostrate  in  terror  on  the  ground, 
  a  voice  sounding  in  his  ears,  "Saul,  Saul,  why  persecutest  thou 
  me?"  The  risen  Saviour  was  there  clothed  in  the  vesture  of  his 
  glorified  humanity.  In  answer  to  the  anxious  inquiry  of  the 
  stricken  persecutor,  "Who  art  thou,  Lord?"  he  said  "I  am  Jesus 
  whom  thou  persecutest"  (Acts  9:5;  22:8;  26:15). 
 
  This  was  the  moment  of  his  conversion,  the  most  solemn  in  all 
  his  life.  Blinded  by  the  dazzling  light  (Acts  9:8),  his 
  companions  led  him  into  the  city,  where  absorbed  in  deep 
  thought  for  three  days,  he  neither  ate  nor  drank  (9:11). 
  Ananias,  a  disciple  living  in  Damascus,  was  informed  by  a  vision 
  of  the  change  that  had  happened  to  Saul,  and  was  sent  to  him  to 
  open  his  eyes  and  admit  him  by  baptism  into  the  Christian  church 
  (9:11-16).  The  whole  purpose  of  his  life  was  now  permanently 
  changed. 
 
  Immediately  after  his  conversion  he  retired  into  the  solitudes 
  of  Arabia  (Gal.  1:17),  perhaps  of  "Sinai  in  Arabia,"  for  the 
  purpose,  probably,  of  devout  study  and  meditation  on  the 
  marvellous  revelation  that  had  been  made  to  him  "A  veil  of 
  thick  darkness  hangs  over  this  visit  to  Arabia.  Of  the  scenes 
  among  which  he  moved  of  the  thoughts  and  occupations  which 
  engaged  him  while  there  of  all  the  circumstances  of  a  crisis 
  which  must  have  shaped  the  whole  tenor  of  his  after-life, 
  absolutely  nothing  is  known  'Immediately,'  says  St  Paul,  'I 
  went  away  into  Arabia.'  The  historian  passes  over  the  incident 
  [comp.  Acts  9:23  and  1  Kings  11:38,  39].  It  is  a  mysterious 
  pause,  a  moment  of  suspense,  in  the  apostle's  history,  a 
  breathless  calm,  which  ushers  in  the  tumultuous  storm  of  his 
  active  missionary  life."  Coming  back  after  three  years,  to 
  Damascus,  he  began  to  preach  the  gospel  "boldly  in  the  name  of 
  Jesus"  (Acts  9:27),  but  was  soon  obliged  to  flee  (9:25;  2  Cor. 
  11:33)  from  the  Jews  and  betake  himself  to  Jerusalem.  Here  he 
  tarried  for  three  weeks,  but  was  again  forced  to  flee  (Acts 
  9:28,  29)  from  persecution.  He  now  returned  to  his  native  Tarsus 
  (Gal.  1:21),  where  for  probably  about  three  years,  we  lose 
  sight  of  him  The  time  had  not  yet  come  for  his  entering  on  his 
  great  life-work  of  preaching  the  gospel  to  the  Gentiles. 
 
  At  length  the  city  of  Antioch,  the  capital  of  Syria,  became 
  the  scene  of  great  Christian  activity.  There  the  gospel  gained  a 
  firm  footing,  and  the  cause  of  Christ  prospered.  Barnabas 
  (q.v.),  who  had  been  sent  from  Jerusalem  to  superintend  the  work 
  at  Antioch,  found  it  too  much  for  him  and  remembering  Saul,  he 
  set  out  to  Tarsus  to  seek  for  him  He  readily  responded  to  the 
  call  thus  addressed  to  him  and  came  down  to  Antioch,  which  for 
  "a  whole  year"  became  the  scene  of  his  labours,  which  were 
  crowned  with  great  success.  The  disciples  now  for  the  first 
  time,  were  called  Christians"  (Acts  11:26). 
 
  The  church  at  Antioch  now  proposed  to  send  out  missionaries  to 
  the  Gentiles,  and  Saul  and  Barnabas,  with  John  Mark  as  their 
  attendant,  were  chosen  for  this  work  This  was  a  great  epoch  in 
  the  history  of  the  church.  Now  the  disciples  began  to  give 
  effect  to  the  Master's  command:  "Go  ye  into  all  the  world,  and 
  preach  the  gospel  to  every  creature." 
 
  The  three  missionaries  went  forth  on  the  first  missionary 
  tour.  They  sailed  from  Seleucia,  the  seaport  of  Antioch,  across 
  to  Cyprus,  some  80  miles  to  the  south-west.  Here  at  Paphos, 
  Sergius  Paulus,  the  Roman  proconsul,  was  converted,  and  now  Saul 
  took  the  lead,  and  was  ever  afterwards  called  Paul.  The 
  missionaries  now  crossed  to  the  mainland,  and  then  proceeded  6 
  or  7  miles  up  the  river  Cestrus  to  Perga  (Acts  13:13),  where 
  John  Mark  deserted  the  work  and  returned  to  Jerusalem.  The  two 
  then  proceeded  about  100  miles  inland,  passing  through 
  Pamphylia,  Pisidia,  and  Lycaonia.  The  towns  mentioned  in  this 
  tour  are  the  Pisidian  Antioch,  where  Paul  delivered  his  first 
  address  of  which  we  have  any  record  (13:16-51;  comp.  10:30-43), 
  Iconium,  Lystra,  and  Derbe.  They  returned  by  the  same  route  to 
  see  and  encourage  the  converts  they  had  made  and  ordain  elders 
  in  every  city  to  watch  over  the  churches  which  had  been 
  gathered.  From  Perga  they  sailed  direct  for  Antioch,  from  which 
  they  had  set  out 
 
  After  remaining  "a  long  time",  probably  till  A.D.  50  or  51,  in 
  Antioch,  a  great  controversy  broke  out  in  the  church  there 
  regarding  the  relation  of  the  Gentiles  to  the  Mosaic  law.  For 
  the  purpose  of  obtaining  a  settlement  of  this  question,  Paul  and 
  Barnabas  were  sent  as  deputies  to  consult  the  church  at 
  Jerusalem.  The  council  or  synod  which  was  there  held  (Acts  15) 
  decided  against  the  Judaizing  party;  and  the  deputies, 
  accompanied  by  Judas  and  Silas,  returned  to  Antioch,  bringing 
  with  them  the  decree  of  the  council. 
 
  After  a  short  rest  at  Antioch,  Paul  said  to  Barnabas:  "Let  us 
  go  again  and  visit  our  brethren  in  every  city  where  we  have 
  preached  the  word  of  the  Lord,  and  see  how  they  do."  Mark 
  proposed  again  to  accompany  them  but  Paul  refused  to  allow  him 
  to  go  Barnabas  was  resolved  to  take  Mark,  and  thus  he  and  Paul 
  had  a  sharp  contention.  They  separated,  and  never  again  met. 
  Paul,  however,  afterwards  speaks  with  honour  of  Barnabas,  and 
  sends  for  Mark  to  come  to  him  at  Rome  (Col.  4:10;  2  Tim.  4:11). 
 
  Paul  took  with  him  Silas,  instead  of  Barnabas,  and  began  his 
  second  missionary  journey  about  A.D.  51.  This  time  he  went  by 
  land,  revisiting  the  churches  he  had  already  founded  in  Asia. 
  But  he  longed  to  enter  into  "regions  beyond,"  and  still  went 
  forward  through  Phrygia  and  Galatia  (16:6).  Contrary  to  his 
  intention,  he  was  constrained  to  linger  in  Galatia  (q.v.),  on 
  account  of  some  bodily  affliction  (Gal.  4:13,  14).  Bithynia,  a 
  populous  province  on  the  shore  of  the  Black  Sea,  lay  now  before 
  him  and  he  wished  to  enter  it  but  the  way  was  shut,  the  Spirit 
  in  some  manner  guiding  him  in  another  direction,  till  he  came 
  down  to  the  shores  of  the  AEgean  and  arrived  at  Troas,  on  the 
  north-western  coast  of  Asia  Minor  (Acts  16:8).  Of  this  long 
  journey  from  Antioch  to  Troas  we  have  no  account  except  some 
  references  to  it  in  his  Epistle  to  the  Galatians  (4:13). 
 
  As  he  waited  at  Troas  for  indications  of  the  will  of  God  as  to 
  his  future  movements,  he  saw,  in  the  vision  of  the  night,  a  man 
  from  the  opposite  shores  of  Macedonia  standing  before  him  and 
  heard  him  cry,  "Come  over  and  help  us"  (Acts  16:9).  Paul 
  recognized  in  this  vision  a  message  from  the  Lord,  and  the  very 
  next  day  set  sail  across  the  Hellespont,  which  separated  him 
  from  Europe,  and  carried  the  tidings  of  the  gospel  into  the 
  Western  world.  In  Macedonia,  churches  were  planted  in  Philippi, 
  Thessalonica,  and  Berea.  Leaving  this  province,  Paul  passed  into 
  Achaia,  "the  paradise  of  genius  and  renown."  He  reached  Athens, 
  but  quitted  it  after  probably,  a  brief  sojourn  (17:17-31).  The 
  Athenians  had  received  him  with  cold  disdain,  and  he  never 
  visited  that  city  again  He  passed  over  to  Corinth,  the  seat  of 
  the  Roman  government  of  Achaia,  and  remained  there  a  year  and  a 
  half,  labouring  with  much  success.  While  at  Corinth,  he  wrote 
  his  two  epistles  to  the  church  of  Thessalonica,  his  earliest 
  apostolic  letters,  and  then  sailed  for  Syria,  that  he  might  be 
  in  time  to  keep  the  feast  of  Pentecost  at  Jerusalem.  He  was 
  accompanied  by  Aquila  and  Priscilla,  whom  he  left  at  Ephesus,  at 
  which  he  touched,  after  a  voyage  of  thirteen  or  fifteen  days.  He 
  landed  at  Caesarea,  and  went  up  to  Jerusalem,  and  having 
  "saluted  the  church"  there  and  kept  the  feast,  he  left  for 
  Antioch,  where  he  abode  "some  time"  (Acts  18:20-23). 
 
  He  then  began  his  third  missionary  tour.  He  journeyed  by  land 
  in  the  "upper  coasts"  (the  more  eastern  parts)  of  Asia  Minor, 
  and  at  length  made  his  way  to  Ephesus,  where  he  tarried  for  no 
  less  than  three  years,  engaged  in  ceaseless  Christian  labour. 
  "This  city  was  at  the  time  the  Liverpool  of  the  Mediterranean. 
  It  possessed  a  splendid  harbour,  in  which  was  concentrated  the 
  traffic  of  the  sea  which  was  then  the  highway  of  the  nations; 
  and  as  Liverpool  has  behind  her  the  great  towns  of  Lancashire, 
  so  had  Ephesus  behind  and  around  her  such  cities  as  those 
  mentioned  along  with  her  in  the  epistles  to  the  churches  in  the 
  book  of  Revelation,  Smyrna,  Pergamos,  Thyatira,  Sardis, 
  Philadelphia,  and  Laodicea.  It  was  a  city  of  vast  wealth,  and  it 
  was  given  over  to  every  kind  of  pleasure,  the  fame  of  its 
  theatres  and  race-course  being  world-wide"  (Stalker's  Life  of 
  St  Paul).  Here  a  "great  door  and  effectual"  was  opened  to  the 
  apostle.  His  fellow-labourers  aided  him  in  his  work  carrying 
  the  gospel  to  Colosse  and  Laodicea  and  other  places  which  they 
  could  reach. 
 
  Very  shortly  before  his  departure  from  Ephesus,  the  apostle 
  wrote  his  First  Epistle  to  the  Corinthians  (q.v.).  The 
  silversmiths,  whose  traffic  in  the  little  images  which  they  made 
  was  in  danger  (see  {DEMETRIUS}),  organized  a  riot 
  against  Paul,  and  he  left  the  city,  and  proceeded  to  Troas  (2 
  Cor.  2:12),  whence  after  some  time  he  went  to  meet  Titus  in 
  Macedonia.  Here  in  consequence  of  the  report  Titus  brought  from 
  Corinth,  he  wrote  his  second  epistle  to  that  church.  Having 
  spent  probably  most  of  the  summer  and  autumn  in  Macedonia, 
  visiting  the  churches  there  specially  the  churches  of  Philippi, 
  Thessalonica,  and  Berea,  probably  penetrating  into  the  interior, 
  to  the  shores  of  the  Adriatic  (Rom.  15:19),  he  then  came  into 
  Greece,  where  he  abode  three  month,  spending  probably  the 
  greater  part  of  this  time  in  Corinth  (Acts  20:2).  During  his 
  stay  in  this  city  he  wrote  his  Epistle  to  the  Galatians,  and 
  also  the  great  Epistle  to  the  Romans.  At  the  end  of  the  three 
  months  he  left  Achaia  for  Macedonia,  thence  crossed  into  Asia 
  Minor,  and  touching  at  Miletus,  there  addressed  the  Ephesian 
  presbyters,  whom  he  had  sent  for  to  meet  him  (Acts  20:17),  and 
  then  sailed  for  Tyre,  finally  reaching  Jerusalem,  probably  in 
  the  spring  of  A.D.  58. 
 
  While  at  Jerusalem,  at  the  feast  of  Pentecost,  he  was  almost 
  murdered  by  a  Jewish  mob  in  the  temple.  (See  TEMPLE,  HEROD'S 
  T0003611.)  Rescued  from  their  violence  by  the  Roman  commandant, 
  he  was  conveyed  as  a  prisoner  to  Caesarea,  where  from  various 
  causes,  he  was  detained  a  prisoner  for  two  years  in  Herod's 
  praetorium  (Acts  23:35).  "Paul  was  not  kept  in  close 
  confinement;  he  had  at  least  the  range  of  the  barracks  in  which 
  he  was  detained.  There  we  can  imagine  him  pacing  the  ramparts  on 
  the  edge  of  the  Mediterranean,  and  gazing  wistfully  across  the 
  blue  waters  in  the  direction  of  Macedonia,  Achaia,  and  Ephesus, 
  where  his  spiritual  children  were  pining  for  him  or  perhaps 
  encountering  dangers  in  which  they  sorely  needed  his  presence. 
  It  was  a  mysterious  providence  which  thus  arrested  his  energies 
  and  condemned  the  ardent  worker  to  inactivity;  yet  we  can  now 
  see  the  reason  for  it  Paul  was  needing  rest.  After  twenty  years 
  of  incessant  evangelization,  he  required  leisure  to  garner  the 
  harvest  of  experience...During  these  two  years  he  wrote  nothing; 
  it  was  a  time  of  internal  mental  activity  and  silent  progress" 
  (Stalker's  Life  of  St  Paul). 
 
  At  the  end  of  these  two  years  Felix  (q.v.)  was  succeeded  in 
  the  governorship  of  Palestine  by  Porcius  Festus,  before  whom  the 
  apostle  was  again  heard.  But  judging  it  right  at  this  crisis  to 
  claim  the  privilege  of  a  Roman  citizen,  he  appealed  to  the 
  emperor  (Acts  25:11).  Such  an  appeal  could  not  be  disregarded, 
  and  Paul  was  at  once  sent  on  to  Rome  under  the  charge  of  one 
  Julius,  a  centurion  of  the  "Augustan  cohort."  After  a  long  and 
  perilous  voyage,  he  at  length  reached  the  imperial  city  in  the 
  early  spring,  probably,  of  A.D.  61.  Here  he  was  permitted  to 
  occupy  his  own  hired  house,  under  constant  military  custody. 
  This  privilege  was  accorded  to  him  no  doubt,  because  he  was  a 
  Roman  citizen,  and  as  such  could  not  be  put  into  prison  without 
  a  trial.  The  soldiers  who  kept  guard  over  Paul  were  of  course 
  changed  at  frequent  intervals,  and  thus  he  had  the  opportunity 
  of  preaching  the  gospel  to  many  of  them  during  these  "two  whole 
  years,"  and  with  the  blessed  result  of  spreading  among  the 
  imperial  guards,  and  even  in  Caesar's  household,  an  interest  in 
  the  truth  (Phil.  1:13).  His  rooms  were  resorted  to  by  many 
  anxious  inquirers,  both  Jews  and  Gentiles  (Acts  28:23,  30,  31), 
  and  thus  his  imprisonment  "turned  rather  to  the  furtherance  of 
  the  gospel,"  and  his  "hired  house"  became  the  centre  of  a 
  gracious  influence  which  spread  over  the  whole  city.  According 
  to  a  Jewish  tradition,  it  was  situated  on  the  borders  of  the 
  modern  Ghetto,  which  has  been  the  Jewish  quarters  in  Rome  from 
  the  time  of  Pompey  to  the  present  day  During  this  period  the 
  apostle  wrote  his  epistles  to  the  Colossians  Ephesians 
  Philippians,  and  to  Philemon,  and  probably  also  to  the  Hebrews. 
 
  This  first  imprisonment  came  at  length  to  a  close  Paul  having 
  been  acquitted,  probably  because  no  witnesses  appeared  against 
  him  Once  more  he  set  out  on  his  missionary  labours,  probably 
  visiting  western  and  eastern  Europe  and  Asia  Minor.  During  this 
  period  of  freedom  he  wrote  his  First  Epistle  to  Timothy  and  his 
  Epistle  to  Titus.  The  year  of  his  release  was  signalized  by  the 
  burning  of  Rome,  which  Nero  saw  fit  to  attribute  to  the 
  Christians.  A  fierce  persecution  now  broke  out  against  the 
  Christians.  Paul  was  siezed,  and  once  more  conveyed  to  Rome  a 
  prisoner.  During  this  imprisonment  he  probably  wrote  the  Second 
  Epistle  to  Timothy,  the  last  he  ever  wrote.  "There  can  be  little 
  doubt  that  he  appered  again  at  Nero's  bar,  and  this  time  the 
  charge  did  not  break  down  In  all  history  there  is  not  a  more 
  startling  illustration  of  the  irony  of  human  life  than  this 
  scene  of  Paul  at  the  bar  of  Nero.  On  the  judgment-seat,  clad  in 
  the  imperial  purple,  sat  a  man  who  in  a  bad  world,  had  attained 
  the  eminence  of  being  the  very  worst  and  meanest  being  in  it  a 
  man  stained  with  every  crime,  a  man  whose  whole  being  was  so 
  steeped  in  every  nameable  and  unnameable  vice,  that  body  and 
  soul  of  him  were  as  some  one  said  at  the  time,  nothing  but  a 
  compound  of  mud  and  blood;  and  in  the  prisoner's  dock  stood  the 
  best  man  the  world  possessed,  his  hair  whitened  with  labours  for 
  the  good  of  men  and  the  glory  of  God.  The  trial  ended:  Paul  was 
  condemned,  and  delivered  over  to  the  executioner.  He  was  led  out 
  of  the  city,  with  a  crowd  of  the  lowest  rabble  at  his  heels.  The 
  fatal  spot  was  reached;  he  knelt  beside  the  block;  the 
  headsman's  axe  gleamed  in  the  sun  and  fell;  and  the  head  of  the 
  apostle  of  the  world  rolled  down  in  the  dust"  (probably  A.D. 
  66),  four  years  before  the  fall  of  Jerusalem. 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Paul,  small  little 
 




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