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reasoningmore about reasoning


  3  definitions  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Reasoning  \Rea"son*ing\,  n. 
  1.  The  act  or  process  of  adducing  a  reason  or  reasons;  manner 
  of  presenting  one's  reasons. 
  2.  That  which  is  offered  in  argument;  proofs  or  reasons  when 
  arranged  and  developed;  course  of  argument. 
  His  reasoning  was  sufficiently  profound.  --Macaulay. 
  Syn:  Argumentation;  argument. 
  Usage:  {Reasoning},  {Argumentation}.  Few  words  are  more 
  interchanged  than  these  and  yet  technically,  there 
  is  a  difference  between  them  Reasoning  is  the  broader 
  term,  including  both  deduction  and  induction. 
  Argumentation  denotes  simply  the  former,  and  descends 
  from  the  whole  to  some  included  part  while  reasoning 
  embraces  also  the  latter,  and  ascends  from  a  part  to  a 
  whole.  See  {Induction}.  Reasoning  is  occupied  with 
  ideas  and  their  relations;  argumentation  has  to  do 
  with  the  forms  of  logic.  A  thesis  is  set  down:  you 
  attack,  I  defend  it  you  insist,  I  prove;  you 
  distinguish,  I  destroy  your  distinctions;  my  replies 
  balance  or  overturn  your  objections.  Such  is 
  argumentation.  It  supposes  that  there  are  two  sides, 
  and  that  both  agree  to  the  same  rules  Reasoning,  on 
  the  other  hand,  is  often  a  natural  process,  by  which 
  we  form  from  the  general  analogy  of  nature,  or 
  special  presumptions  in  the  case,  conclusions  which 
  have  greater  or  less  degrees  of  force,  and  which  may 
  be  strengthened  or  weakened  by  subsequent  experience. 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Reason  \Rea"son\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Reasoned};  p.  pr  &  vb 
  n.  {Reasoning}.]  [Cf.  F.  raisonner.  See  {Reason},  n.] 
  1.  To  exercise  the  rational  faculty;  to  deduce  inferences 
  from  premises;  to  perform  the  process  of  deduction  or  of 
  induction;  to  ratiocinate;  to  reach  conclusions  by  a 
  systematic  comparison  of  facts. 
  2.  Hence:  To  carry  on  a  process  of  deduction  or  of  induction, 
  in  order  to  convince  or  to  confute;  to  formulate  and  set 
  forth  propositions  and  the  inferences  from  them  to  argue. 
  Stand  still  that  I  may  reason  with  you  before  the 
  Lord,  of  all  the  righteous  acts  of  the  Lord.  --1 
  Sam.  xii.  7. 
  3.  To  converse;  to  compare  opinions.  --Shak. 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
  adj  :  endowed  with  the  capacity  to  reason  [syn:  {intelligent},  {reasoning(a)}, 
  n  :  thinking  that  is  coherent  and  logical  [syn:  {logical 
  thinking},  {abstract  thought}] 

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