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statutemore about statute


  5  definitions  found 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Retroactive  \Re`tro*act"ive\,  a.  [Cf.  F.  r['e]troactif.] 
  Fitted  or  designed  to  retroact;  operating  by  returned  action 
  affecting  what  is  past;  retrospective.  --Beddoes. 
  {Retroactive  law}  or  {statute}  (Law),  one  which  operates  to 
  make  criminal  or  punishable,  or  in  any  way  expressly  to 
  affect,  acts  done  prior  to  the  passing  of  the  law. 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Statute  \Stat"ute\,  n.  [F.  statut,  LL  statutum  from  L. 
  statutus  p.  p.  of  statuere  to  set  station,  ordain,  fr 
  status  position,  station,  fr  stare,  statum,  to  stand  See 
  {Stand},  and  cf  {Constitute},  {Destitute}.] 
  1.  An  act  of  the  legislature  of  a  state  or  country, 
  declaring,  commanding,  or  prohibiting  something  a 
  positive  law;  the  written  will  of  the  legislature 
  expressed  with  all  the  requisite  forms  of  legislation;  -- 
  used  in  distinction  fraom  {common  law}.  See  {Common  law}, 
  under  {Common},  a.  --Bouvier. 
  Note:  Statute  is  commonly  applied  to  the  acts  of  a 
  legislative  body  consisting  of  representatives.  In 
  monarchies,  legislature  laws  of  the  sovereign  are 
  called  edicts,  decrees,  ordinances,  rescripts,  etc  In 
  works  on  international  law  and  in  the  Roman  law,  the 
  term  is  used  as  embracing  all  laws  imposed  by  competent 
  authority.  Statutes  in  this  sense  are  divided  into 
  statutes  real,  statutes  personal,  and  statutes  mixed; 
  statutes  real  applying  to  immovables;  statutes  personal 
  to  movables;  and  statutes  mixed  to  both  classes  of 
  2.  An  act  of  a  corporation  or  of  its  founder,  intended  as  a 
  permanent  rule  or  law;  as  the  statutes  of  a  university. 
  3.  An  assemblage  of  farming  servants  (held  possibly  by 
  statute)  for  the  purpose  of  being  hired;  --  called  also 
  {statute  fair}.  [Eng.]  Cf  3d  {Mop},  2.  --Halliwell. 
  {Statute  book},  a  record  of  laws  or  legislative  acts 
  {Statute  cap},  a  kind  of  woolen  cap;  --  so  called  because 
  enjoined  to  be  worn  by  a  statute,  dated  in  1571,  in  behalf 
  of  the  trade  of  cappers.  [Obs.]  --Halliwell. 
  {Statute  fair}.  See  {Statute},  n.,  3,  above. 
  {Statute  labor},  a  definite  amount  of  labor  required  for  the 
  public  service  in  making  roads,  bridges,  etc.,  as  in 
  certain  English  colonies. 
  {Statute  merchant}  (Eng.  Law),  a  bond  of  record  pursuant  to 
  the  stat.  13  Edw.  I.,  acknowledged  in  form  prescribed,  on 
  which  if  not  paid  at  the  day  an  execution  might  be 
  awarded  against  the  body,  lands,  and  goods  of  the  debtor, 
  and  the  obligee  might  hold  the  lands  until  out  of  the 
  rents  and  profits  of  them  the  debt  was  satisfied;  -- 
  called  also  a  {pocket  judgment}.  It  is  now  fallen  into 
  disuse.  --Tomlins.  --Bouvier. 
  {Statute  mile}.  See  under  {Mile}. 
  {Statute  of  limitations}  (Law),  a  statute  assigned  a  certain 
  time,  after  which  rights  can  not  be  enforced  by  action 
  {Statute  staple},  a  bond  of  record  acknowledged  before  the 
  mayor  of  the  staple,  by  virtue  of  which  the  creditor  may 
  on  nonpayment,  forthwith  have  execution  against  the  body, 
  lands,  and  goods  of  the  debtor,  as  in  the  statute 
  merchant.  It  is  now  disused.  --Blackstone. 
  Syn:  Act  regulation;  edict;  decree.  See  {Law}. 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  3.  Not  invested  with  or  engaged  in  public  office  or 
  employment;  as  a  private  citizen;  private  life.  --Shak. 
  A  private  person  may  arrest  a  felon.  --Blackstone. 
  4.  Not  publicly  known  not  open  secret;  as  a  private 
  negotiation;  a  private  understanding. 
  5.  Having  secret  or  private  knowledge;  privy.  [Obs.] 
  {Private  act}  or  {statute},  a  statute  exclusively  for  the 
  settlement  of  private  and  personal  interests,  of  which 
  courts  do  not  take  judicial  notice;  --  opposed  to  a 
  general  law,  which  operates  on  the  whole  community 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
  Public  \Pub"lic\,  a.  [L.  publicus,  poblicus  fr  populus  people: 
  cf  F.  public.  See  {People}.] 
  1.  Of  or  pertaining  to  the  people;  belonging  to  the  people; 
  relating  to  or  affecting,  a  nation,  state,  or  community; 
  --  opposed  to  {private};  as  the  public  treasury. 
  To  the  public  good  Private  respects  must  yield. 
  He  [Alexander  Hamilton]  touched  the  dead  corpse  of 
  the  public  credit,  and  it  sprung  upon  its  feet.  --D. 
  2.  Open  to  the  knowledge  or  view  of  all  general;  common; 
  notorious;  as  public  report;  public  scandal. 
  Joseph,  .  .  .  not  willing  to  make  her  a  public 
  example,  was  minded  to  put  her  away  privily.  --Matt. 
  i.  19. 
  3.  Open  to  common  or  general  use  as  a  public  road;  a  public 
  house.  ``The  public  street.''  --Shak. 
  {Public  act}  or  {statute}  (Law),  an  act  or  statute  affecting 
  matters  of  public  concern.  Of  such  statutes  the  courts 
  take  judicial  notice. 
  {Public  credit}.  See  under  {Credit}. 
  {Public  funds}.  See  {Fund},  3. 
  {Public  house},  an  inn,  or  house  of  entertainment. 
  {Public  law}. 
  a  See  {International  law},  under  {International}. 
  b  A  public  act  or  statute. 
  {Public  nuisance}.  (Law)  See  under  {Nuisance}. 
  {Public  orator}.  (Eng.  Universities)  See  {Orator},  3. 
  {Public  stores},  military  and  naval  stores,  equipments,  etc 
  {Public  works},  all  fixed  works  built  by  civil  engineers  for 
  public  use  as  railways,  docks,  canals,  etc.;  but 
  strictly,  military  and  civil  engineering  works  constructed 
  at  the  public  cost. 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
  adj  :  enacted  by  a  legislative  body;  "statute  law";  "codified 
  written  laws"  [syn:  {codified},  {statute(p)}] 
  n  :  an  act  passed  by  a  legislative  body  [syn:  {legislative  act}] 

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