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dextrose

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dextrose


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Dextrose  \Dex"trose`\,  n.  [See  {Dexter}.]  (Chem.) 
  A  sirupy,  or  white  crystalline,  variety  of  sugar,  {C6H12O6} 
  (so  called  from  turning  the  plane  of  polarization  to  the 
  right),  occurring  in  many  ripe  fruits.  Dextrose  and  levulose 
  are  obtained  by  the  inversion  of  cane  sugar  or  sucrose,  and 
  hence  called  invert  sugar.  Dextrose  is  chiefly  obtained  by 
  the  action  of  heat  and  acids  on  starch,  and  hence  called  also 
  {starch  sugar}.  It  is  also  formed  from  starchy  food  by  the 
  action  of  the  amylolytic  ferments  of  saliva  and  pancreatic 
  juice. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Glucose  \Glu"cose`\,  n.  [Gr.  ?  sweet.  Cf  {Glycerin}.] 
  1.  A  variety  of  sugar  occurring  in  nature  very  abundantly,  as 
  in  ripe  grapes,  and  in  honey,  and  produced  in  great 
  quantities  from  starch,  etc.,  by  the  action  of  heat  and 
  acids.  It  is  only  about  half  as  sweet  as  cane  sugar. 
  Called  also  {dextrose},  {grape  sugar},  {diabetic  sugar}, 
  and  {starch  sugar}.  See  {Dextrose}. 
 
  2.  (Chem.)  Any  one  of  a  large  class  of  sugars,  isometric  with 
  glucose  proper,  and  including  levulose,  galactose,  etc 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  dextrose 
  n  :  an  isomer  of  glucose  that  is  found  in  honey  and  sweet  fruits 
  [syn:  {dextroglucose},  {grape  sugar}] 




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