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incumbent

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incumbent


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Incumbent  \In*cum"bent\,  a.  [L.  incumbens,  -entis,  p.  pr  of 
  incumbere  to  lie  down  upon  press  upon  pref.  in-  in  on  + 
  cumbere  (in  comp.);  akin  to  cubare  to  lie  down  See 
  {Incubate}.] 
  1.  Lying;  resting;  reclining;  recumbent;  superimposed; 
  superincumbent. 
 
  Two  incumbent  figures,  gracefully  leaning  upon  it 
  --Sir  H. 
  Wotton. 
 
  To  move  the  incumbent  load  they  try  --Addison. 
 
  2.  Lying,  resting,  or  imposed,  as  a  duty  or  obligation; 
  obligatory;  always  with  on  or  upon 
 
  All  men,  truly  zealous,  will  perform  those  good 
  works  that  are  incumbent  on  all  Christians.  --Sprat. 
 
  3.  (Bot.)  Leaning  or  resting;  --  said  of  anthers  when  lying 
  on  the  inner  side  of  the  filament,  or  of  cotyledons  when 
  the  radicle  lies  against  the  back  of  one  of  them  --Gray. 
 
  4.  (Zo["o]l.)  Bent  downwards  so  that  the  ends  touch,  or  rest 
  on  something  else;  as  the  incumbent  toe  of  a  bird. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Incumbent  \In*cum"bent\,  n. 
  A  person  who  is  in  present  possession  of  a  benefice  or  of  any 
  office. 
 
  The  incumbent  lieth  at  the  mercy  of  his  patron. 
  --Swift. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  incumbent 
  adj  1:  (geology)  lying  or  leaning  on  something  else;  "an  incumbent 
  geological  formation" 
  2:  currently  holding  an  office;  "the  incumbent  governor" 
  n  :  the  official  who  holds  an  office  [syn:  {officeholder}] 
 
  From  THE  DEVIL'S  DICTIONARY  ((C)1911  Released  April  15  1993)  [devils]: 
 
  INCUMBENT,  n.  A  person  of  the  liveliest  interest  to  the  outcumbents 
 
 




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