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arduous

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arduous


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Arduous  \Ar"du*ous\  (?;  135),  a.  [L.  arduus  steep,  high;  akin  to 
  Ir  ard  high,  height.] 
  1.  Steep  and  lofty,  in  a  literal  sense  hard  to  climb. 
 
  Those  arduous  paths  they  trod.  --Pope. 
 
  2.  Attended  with  great  labor,  like  the  ascending  of 
  acclivities;  difficult;  laborious;  as  an  arduous 
  employment,  task,  or  enterprise. 
 
  Syn:  Difficult;  trying;  laborious;  painful;  exhausting. 
 
  Usage:  {Arduous},  {Hard},  {Difficult}.  Hard  is  simpler, 
  blunter,  and  more  general  in  sense  than  difficult;  as 
  a  hard  duty  to  perform,  hard  work  a  hard  task,  one 
  which  requires  much  bodily  effort  and  perseverance  to 
  do  Difficult  commonly  implies  more  skill  and  sagacity 
  than  hard,  as  when  there  is  disproportion  between  the 
  means  and  the  end  A  work  may  be  hard  but  not 
  difficult.  We  call  a  thing  arduous  when  it  requires 
  strenuous  and  persevering  exertion,  like  that  of  one 
  who  is  climbing  a  precipice;  as  an  arduous  task,  an 
  arduous  duty.  ``It  is  often  difficult  to  control  our 
  feelings;  it  is  still  harder  to  subdue  our  will  but 
  it  is  an  arduous  undertaking  to  control  the  unruly  and 
  contending  will  of  others.'' 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  arduous 
  adj  1:  characterized  by  toilsome  effort  to  the  point  of  exhaustion; 
  especially  physical  effort;  "worked  their  arduous  way 
  up  the  mining  valley";  "a  grueling  campaign";  "hard 
  labor";  "heavy  work";  "heavy  going";  "spent  many 
  laborious  hours  on  the  project";  "set  a  punishing 
  pace"  [syn:  {backbreaking},  {grueling},  {gruelling},  {hard}, 
  {heavy},  {laborious},  {labourious},  {punishing},  {toilsome}] 
  2:  taxing  to  the  utmost;  testing  powers  of  endurance;  "his 
  final,  straining  burst  of  speed";  "a  strenuous  task"; 
  "your  willingness  after  these  six  arduous  days  to  remain 
  here"-  F.D.Roosevelt  [syn:  {straining},  {strenuous}] 
  3:  difficult  to  accomplish;  demanding  considerable  mental 
  effort  and  skill;  "the  arduous  work  of  preparing  a 
  dictionary" 




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