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hard

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hard


  6  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
 
 
  7.  To  proceed  by  a  mental  operation;  to  pass  in  mind  or  by  an 
  act  of  the  memory  or  imagination;  --  generally  with  over 
  or  through 
 
  By  going  over  all  these  particulars,  you  may  receive 
  some  tolerable  satisfaction  about  this  great 
  subject.  --South. 
 
  8.  To  be  with  young;  to  be  pregnant;  to  gestate. 
 
  The  fruit  she  goes  with  I  pray  for  heartily,  that 
  it  may  find  Good  time,  and  live.  --Shak. 
 
  9.  To  move  from  the  person  speaking,  or  from  the  point  whence 
  the  action  is  contemplated;  to  pass  away  to  leave  to 
  depart;  --  in  opposition  to  stay  and  come 
 
  I  will  let  you  go  that  ye  may  sacrifice  to  the  Lord 
  your  God;  .  .  .  only  ye  shall  not  go  very  far  away 
  --Ex.  viii. 
  28. 
 
  10.  To  pass  away  to  depart  forever;  to  be  lost  or  ruined;  to 
  perish;  to  decline  to  decease;  to  die. 
 
  By  Saint  George,  he's  gone!  That  spear  wound  hath 
  our  master  sped.  --Sir  W. 
  Scott. 
 
  11.  To  reach;  to  extend;  to  lead;  as  a  line  goes  across  the 
  street;  his  land  goes  to  the  river;  this  road  goes  to  New 
  York. 
 
  His  amorous  expressions  go  no  further  than  virtue 
  may  allow  --Dryden. 
 
  12.  To  have  recourse;  to  resort;  as  to  go  to  law. 
 
  Note:  Go  is  used  in  combination  with  many  prepositions  and 
  adverbs,  to  denote  motion  of  the  kind  indicated  by  the 
  preposition  or  adverb,  in  which  and  not  in  the  verb 
  lies  the  principal  force  of  the  expression;  as  to  go 
  against  to  go  into  to  go  out  to  go  aside,  to  go 
  astray,  etc 
 
  {Go  to},  come  move  go  away  --  a  phrase  of  exclamation, 
  serious  or  ironical. 
 
  {To  go  a-begging},  not  to  be  in  demand;  to  be  undesired. 
 
  {To  go  about}. 
  a  To  set  about  to  enter  upon  a  scheme  of  action  to 
  undertake.  ``They  went  about  to  slay  him.''  --Acts 
  ix  29. 
 
  They  never  go  about  .  .  .  to  hide  or  palliate 
  their  vices.  --Swift. 
  b  (Naut.)  To  tack;  to  turn  the  head  of  a  ship;  to  wear. 
 
 
  {To  go  abraod}. 
  a  To  go  to  a  foreign  country. 
  b  To  go  out  of  doors. 
  c  To  become  public;  to  be  published  or  disclosed;  to  be 
  current. 
 
  Then  went  this  saying  abroad  among  the 
  brethren.  --John  xxi. 
  23. 
 
  {To  go  against}. 
  a  To  march  against;  to  attack. 
  b  To  be  in  opposition  to  to  be  disagreeable  to 
 
  {To  go  ahead}. 
  a  To  go  in  advance. 
  b  To  go  on  to  make  progress;  to  proceed. 
 
  {To  go  and  come}.  See  {To  come  and  go},  under  {Come}. 
 
  {To  go  aside}. 
  a  To  withdraw;  to  retire. 
 
  He  .  .  .  went  aside  privately  into  a  desert 
  place  --Luke.  ix 
  10. 
  b  To  go  from  what  is  right  to  err.  --Num.  v.  29. 
 
  {To  go  back  on}. 
  a  To  retrace  (one's  path  or  footsteps). 
  b  To  abandon;  to  turn  against;  to  betray.  [Slang,  U. 
  S.] 
 
  {To  go  below} 
  (Naut),  to  go  below  deck. 
 
  {To  go  between},  to  interpose  or  mediate  between;  to  be  a 
  secret  agent  between  parties;  in  a  bad  sense  to  pander. 
 
 
  {To  go  beyond}.  See  under  {Beyond}. 
 
  {To  go  by},  to  pass  away  unnoticed;  to  omit. 
 
  {To  go  by  the  board}  (Naut.),  to  fall  or  be  carried 
  overboard;  as  the  mast  went  by  the  board. 
 
  {To  go  down}. 
  a  To  descend. 
  b  To  go  below  the  horizon;  as  the  sun  has  gone  down 
  c  To  sink;  to  founder;  --  said  of  ships,  etc 
  d  To  be  swallowed;  --  used  literally  or  figuratively. 
  [Colloq.] 
 
  Nothing  so  ridiculous,  .  .  .  but  it  goes  down 
  whole  with  him  for  truth.  --L'  Estrange. 
 
  {To  go  far}. 
  a  To  go  to  a  distance. 
  b  To  have  much  weight  or  influence. 
 
  {To  go  for}. 
  a  To  go  in  quest  of 
  b  To  represent;  to  pass  for 
  c  To  favor;  to  advocate. 
  d  To  attack;  to  assault.  [Low] 
  e  To  sell  for  to  be  parted  with  for  (a  price). 
 
  {To  go  for  nothing},  to  be  parted  with  for  no  compensation  or 
  result;  to  have  no  value,  efficacy,  or  influence;  to  count 
  for  nothing. 
 
  {To  go  forth}. 
  a  To  depart  from  a  place 
  b  To  be  divulged  or  made  generally  known  to  emanate. 
 
  The  law  shall  go  forth  of  Zion,  and  the  word  of 
  the  Lord  from  Jerusalem.  --Micah  iv  2. 
 
  {To  go  hard  with},  to  trouble,  pain,  or  endanger. 
 
  {To  go  in},  to  engage  in  to  take  part  [Colloq.] 
 
  {To  go  in  and  out},  to  do  the  business  of  life;  to  live;  to 
  have  free  access  --John  x.  9. 
 
  {To  go  in  for}.  [Colloq.] 
  a  To  go  for  to  favor  or  advocate  (a  candidate,  a 
  measure,  etc.). 
  b  To  seek  to  acquire  or  attain  to  (wealth,  honor, 
  preferment,  etc.) 
  c  To  complete  for  (a  reward,  election,  etc.). 
  d  To  make  the  object  of  one's  labors,  studies,  etc 
 
  He  was  as  ready  to  go  in  for  statistics  as  for 
  anything  else.  --Dickens. 
 
 
  {To  go  in  to}  or  {unto}. 
  a  To  enter  the  presence  of  --Esther  iv  16. 
  b  To  have  sexual  intercourse  with  [Script.] 
 
  {To  go  into}. 
  a  To  speak  of  investigate,  or  discuss  (a  question, 
  subject,  etc.). 
  b  To  participate  in  (a  war,  a  business,  etc.). 
 
  {To  go  large}. 
  (Naut)  See  under  {Large}. 
 
  {To  go  off}. 
  a  To  go  away  to  depart. 
 
  The  leaders  .  .  .  will  not  go  off  until  they 
  hear  you  --Shak. 
  b  To  cease;  to  intermit;  as  this  sickness  went  off 
  c  To  die.  --Shak. 
  d  To  explode  or  be  discharged;  --  said  of  gunpowder,  of 
  a  gun,  a  mine,  etc 
  e  To  find  a  purchaser;  to  be  sold  or  disposed  of 
  f  To  pass  off  to  take  place  to  be  accomplished. 
 
  The  wedding  went  off  much  as  such  affairs  do 
  --Mrs. 
  Caskell. 
 
  {To  go  on}. 
  a  To  proceed;  to  advance  further;  to  continue;  as  to 
  go  on  reading. 
  b  To  be  put  or  drawn  on  to  fit  over  as  the  coat  will 
  not  go  on 
 
  {To  go  all  fours},  to  correspond  exactly,  point  for  point. 
 
  It  is  not  easy  to  make  a  simile  go  on  all  fours. 
  --Macaulay. 
 
  {To  go  out}. 
  a  To  issue  forth  from  a  place 
  b  To  go  abroad;  to  make  an  excursion  or  expedition. 
 
  There  are  other  men  fitter  to  go  out  than  I. 
  --Shak. 
 
  What  went  ye  out  for  to  see  ?  --Matt.  xi  7, 
  8,  9. 
  c  To  become  diffused,  divulged,  or  spread  abroad,  as 
  news  fame  etc 
  d  To  expire;  to  die;  to  cease;  to  come  to  an  end  as 
  the  light  has  gone  out 
 
  Life  itself  goes  out  at  thy  displeasure. 
  --Addison. 
 
  {To  go  over}. 
  a  To  traverse;  to  cross,  as  a  river,  boundary,  etc.;  to 
  change  sides. 
 
  I  must  not  go  over  Jordan.  --Deut.  iv 
  22. 
 
  Let  me  go  over  and  see  the  good  land  that  is 
  beyond  Jordan.  --Deut.  iii. 
  25. 
 
  Ishmael  .  .  .  departed  to  go  over  to  the 
  Ammonites.  --Jer.  xli. 
  10. 
  b  To  read,  or  study;  to  examine;  to  review;  as  to  go 
  over  one's  accounts. 
 
  If  we  go  over  the  laws  of  Christianity,  we 
  shall  find  that  .  .  .  they  enjoin  the  same 
  thing  --Tillotson. 
  c  To  transcend;  to  surpass. 
  d  To  be  postponed;  as  the  bill  went  over  for  the 
  session. 
  e  (Chem.)  To  be  converted  (into  a  specified  substance 
  or  material);  as  monoclinic  sulphur  goes  over  into 
  orthorhombic,  by  standing;  sucrose  goes  over  into 
  dextrose  and  levulose. 
 
  {To  go  through}. 
  a  To  accomplish;  as  to  go  through  a  work 
  b  To  suffer;  to  endure  to  the  end  as  to  go  through  a 
  surgical  operation  or  a  tedious  illness. 
  c  To  spend  completely;  to  exhaust,  as  a  fortune. 
  d  To  strip  or  despoil  one  of  his  property.  [Slang] 
  e  To  botch  or  bungle  a  business.  [Scot.] 
 
  {To  go  through  with},  to  perform,  as  a  calculation,  to  the 
  end  to  complete. 
 
  {To  go  to  ground}. 
  a  To  escape  into  a  hole;  --  said  of  a  hunted  fox. 
  b  To  fall  in  battle. 
 
  {To  go  to  naught}  (Colloq.),  to  prove  abortive,  or 
  unavailling. 
 
  {To  go  under}. 
  a  To  set  --  said  of  the  sun. 
  b  To  be  known  or  recognized  by  (a  name  title,  etc.). 
  c  To  be  overwhelmed,  submerged,  or  defeated;  to  perish; 
  to  succumb. 
 
  {To  go  up},  to  come  to  nothing;  to  prove  abortive;  to  fail 
  [Slang] 
 
  {To  go  upon},  to  act  upon  as  a  foundation  or  hypothesis. 
 
  {To  go  with}. 
  a  To  accompany. 
  b  To  coincide  or  agree  with 
  c  To  suit;  to  harmonize  with 
 
  {To  go}  ( 
 
  {well}, 
 
  {ill},  or 
 
  {hard}) 
 
  {with},  to  affect  one  in  such  manner. 
 
  {To  go  without},  to  be  or  to  remain,  destitute  of 
 
  {To  go  wrong}. 
  a  To  take  a  wrong  road  or  direction;  to  wander  or 
  stray. 
  b  To  depart  from  virtue. 
  c  To  happen  unfortunately. 
  d  To  miss  success. 
 
  {To  let  go},  to  allow  to  depart;  to  quit  one's  hold  to 
  release. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Hard  \Hard\,  a.  [Compar.  {Harder};  superl.  {Hardest}.]  [{OE}. 
  heard,  AS  heard;  akin  to  OS  &  D.  heard,  G.  hart,  OHG. 
  harti,  Icel.  har?r,  Dan.  haard,  Sw  h[*a]rd,  Goth.  hardus, 
  Gr.?  strong,  ?,  ?,  strength,  and  also  to  E.  -ard,  as  in 
  coward,  drunkard,  -crat,  -cracy  in  autocrat,  democracy;  cf 
  Skr.  kratu  strength,  ?  to  do  make  Cf  {Hardy}.] 
  1.  Not  easily  penetrated,  cut,  or  separated  into  parts  not 
  yielding  to  pressure;  firm;  solid;  compact;  --  applied  to 
  material  bodies,  and  opposed  to  soft;  as  hard  wood;  hard 
  flesh;  a  hard  apple. 
 
  2.  Difficult,  mentally  or  judicially;  not  easily  apprehended, 
  decided,  or  resolved;  as  a  hard  problem. 
 
  The  hard  causes  they  brought  unto  Moses.  --Ex. 
  xviii.  26. 
 
  In  which  are  some  things  hard  to  be  understood.  --2 
  Peter  iii.  16. 
 
  3.  Difficult  to  accomplish;  full  of  obstacles;  laborious; 
  fatiguing;  arduous;  as  a  hard  task;  a  disease  hard  to 
  cure. 
 
  4.  Difficult  to  resist  or  control;  powerful. 
 
  The  stag  was  too  hard  for  the  horse.  --L'Estrange. 
 
  A  power  which  will  be  always  too  hard  for  them 
  --Addison. 
 
  5.  Difficult  to  bear  or  endure;  not  easy  to  put  up  with  or 
  consent  to  hence  severe;  rigorous;  oppressive; 
  distressing;  unjust;  grasping;  as  a  hard  lot  hard  times; 
  hard  fare;  a  hard  winter;  hard  conditions  or  terms. 
 
  I  never  could  drive  a  hard  bargain.  --Burke. 
 
  6.  Difficult  to  please  or  influence;  stern;  unyielding; 
  obdurate;  unsympathetic;  unfeeling;  cruel;  as  a  hard 
  master;  a  hard  heart;  hard  words  a  hard  character. 
 
  7.  Not  easy  or  agreeable  to  the  taste;  stiff;  rigid; 
  ungraceful;  repelling;  as  a  hard  style. 
 
  Figures  harder  than  even  the  marble  itself 
  --Dryden. 
 
  8.  Rough;  acid;  sour,  as  liquors;  as  hard  cider. 
 
  9.  (Pron.)  Abrupt  or  explosive  in  utterance;  not  aspirated, 
  sibilated,  or  pronounced  with  a  gradual  change  of  the 
  organs  from  one  position  to  another;  --  said  of  certain 
  consonants,  as  c  in  came  and  g  in  go  as  distinguished 
  from  the  same  letters  in  center,  general,  etc 
 
  10.  Wanting  softness  or  smoothness  of  utterance;  harsh;  as  a 
  hard  tone. 
 
  11.  (Painting) 
  a  Rigid  in  the  drawing  or  distribution  of  the  figures; 
  formal;  lacking  grace  of  composition. 
  b  Having  disagreeable  and  abrupt  contrasts  in  the 
  coloring  or  light  and  shade. 
 
  {Hard  cancer},  {Hard  case},  etc  See  under  {Cancer},  {Case}, 
  etc 
 
  {Hard  clam},  or  {Hard-shelled  clam}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  guahog. 
 
 
  {Hard  coal},  anthracite,  as  distinguished  from  bituminous  or 
  soft  coal. 
 
  {Hard  and  fast}.  (Naut.)  See  under  {Fast}. 
 
  {Hard  finish}  (Arch.),  a  smooth  finishing  coat  of  hard  fine 
  plaster  applied  to  the  surface  of  rough  plastering. 
 
  {Hard  lines},  hardship;  difficult  conditions. 
 
  {Hard  money},  coin  or  specie,  as  distinguished  from  paper 
  money. 
 
  {Hard  oyster}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  northern  native  oyster.  [Local, 
  U.  S.] 
 
  {Hard  pan},  the  hard  stratum  of  earth  lying  beneath  the  soil; 
  hence  figuratively,  the  firm,  substantial,  fundamental 
  part  or  quality  of  anything  as  the  hard  pan  of 
  character,  of  a  matter  in  dispute,  etc  See  {Pan}. 
 
  {Hard  rubber}.  See  under  {Rubber}. 
 
  {Hard  solder}.  See  under  {Solder}. 
 
  {Hard  water},  water,  which  contains  lime  or  some  mineral 
  substance  rendering  it  unfit  for  washing.  See  {Hardness}, 
  3. 
 
  {Hard  wood},  wood  of  a  solid  or  hard  texture;  as  walnut,  oak, 
  ash,  box,  and  the  like  in  distinction  from  pine,  poplar, 
  hemlock,  etc 
 
  {In  hard  condition},  in  excellent  condition  for  racing; 
  having  firm  muscles;-said  of  race  horses. 
 
  Syn:  Solid;  arduous;  powerful;  trying;  unyielding;  stubborn; 
  stern;  flinty;  unfeeling;  harsh;  difficult;  severe; 
  obdurate;  rigid.  See  {Solid},  and  {Arduous}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Hard  \Hard\,  adv  [OE.  harde,  AS  hearde.] 
  1.  With  pressure;  with  urgency;  hence  diligently;  earnestly. 
 
  And  prayed  so  hard  for  mercy  from  the  prince. 
  --Dryden. 
 
  My  father  Is  hard  at  study;  pray  now  rest  yourself 
  --Shak. 
 
  2.  With  difficulty;  as  the  vehicle  moves  hard. 
 
  3.  Uneasily;  vexatiously;  slowly.  --Shak. 
 
  4.  So  as  to  raise  difficulties.  ``  The  guestion  is  hard 
  set''.  --Sir  T.  Browne. 
 
  5.  With  tension  or  strain  of  the  powers;  violently;  with 
  force;  tempestuously;  vehemently;  vigorously; 
  energetically;  as  to  press,  to  blow,  to  rain  hard;  hence 
  rapidly;  as  to  run  hard. 
 
  6.  Close  or  near 
 
  Whose  house  joined  hard  to  the  synagogue.  --Acts 
  xviii.7. 
 
  {Hard  by},  {near  by};  close  at  hand;  not  far  off  ``Hard  by  a 
  cottage  chimney  smokes.''  --Milton. 
 
  {Hard  pushed},  {Hard  run},  greatly  pressed;  as  he  was  hard 
  pushed  or  hard  run  for  time,  money,  etc  [Colloq.] 
 
  {Hard  up},  closely  pressed  by  want  or  necessity;  without 
  money  or  resources;  as  hard  up  for  amusements.  [Slang] 
 
  Note:  Hard  in  nautical  language  is  often  joined  to  words  of 
  command  to  the  helmsman,  denoting  that  the  order  should 
  be  carried  out  with  the  utmost  energy,  or  that  the  helm 
  should  be  put  in  the  direction  indicated,  to  the 
  extreme  limit,  as  Hard  aport!  Hard  astarboard!  Hard 
  alee!  Hard  aweather  up!  Hard  is  also  often  used  in 
  composition  with  a  participle;  as  hard-baked; 
  hard-earned;  hard-working;  hard-won. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Hard  \Hard\,  v.  t. 
  To  harden;  to  make  hard.  [Obs.]  --Chaucer. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Hard  \Hard\,  n. 
  A  ford  or  passage  across  a  river  or  swamp. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  hard 
  adj  1:  not  easy;  requiring  great  physical  or  mental  effort  to 
  accomplish  or  comprehend  or  endure;  "a  difficult 
  task";  "nesting  places  on  the  cliffs  are  difficult  of 
  access";  "difficult  times";  "a  difficult  child"; 
  "found  himself  in  a  difficult  situation";  "why  is  it 
  so  hard  for  you  to  keep  a  secret?"  [syn:  {difficult}] 
  [ant:  {easy}] 
  2:  metaphorically  hard;  "a  hard  fate";  "took  a  hard  look";  "a 
  hard  bargainer";  "a  hard  climb"  [ant:  {soft}] 
  3:  not  yielding  to  pressure  or  easily  penetrated;  "hard  as 
  rock"  [ant:  {soft}] 
  4:  very  strong  or  vigorous;  "strong  winds";  "a  hard  left  to  the 
  chin";  "a  knockout  punch";  "a  severe  blow"  [syn:  {knockout}, 
  {severe}] 
  5:  characterized  by  toilsome  effort  to  the  point  of  exhaustion; 
  especially  physical  effort;  "worked  their  arduous  way  up 
  the  mining  valley";  "a  grueling  campaign";  "hard  labor"; 
  "heavy  work";  "heavy  going";  "spent  many  laborious  hours 
  on  the  project";  "set  a  punishing  pace"  [syn:  {arduous},  {backbreaking}, 
  {grueling},  {gruelling},  {heavy},  {laborious},  {labourious}, 
  {punishing},  {toilsome}] 
  6:  of  speech  sounds  [ant:  {soft}] 
  7:  of  a  drinker  or  drinking;  indulging  intemperately;  "does  a 
  lot  of  hard  drinking";  "a  heavy  drinker"  [syn:  {hard(a)}, 
  {heavy}] 
  8:  having  undergone  fermentation;  "hard  cider"  [syn:  {fermented}] 
  9:  having  a  high  alcoholic  content;  "hard  liquor"  [syn:  {strong}] 
  10:  unfortunate  or  hard  to  bear;  "had  hard  luck";  "a  tough 
  break"  [syn:  {tough}] 
  11:  dried  out  "hard  dry  rolls  left  over  from  the  day  before" 
  adv  1:  with  effort  or  force  or  vigor;  "the  team  played  hard"; 
  "worked  hard  all  day";  "pressed  hard  on  the  lever"; 
  "hit  the  ball  hard";  "slammed  the  door  hard" 
  2:  with  firmness;  "held  hard  to  the  railing"  [syn:  {firmly}] 
  3:  earnestly  or  intently;  "thought  hard  about  it";  "stared  hard 
  at  the  accused" 
  4:  causing  great  damage  or  hardship;  "industries  hit  hard  by 
  the  depression";  "she  was  severely  affected  by  the  bank's 
  failure"  [syn:  {severely}] 
  5:  slowly  and  with  difficulty;  "prejudices  die  hard" 
  6:  indulging  excessively;  "he  drank  heavily"  [syn:  {heavily},  {intemperately}] 
  [ant:  {lightly}] 
  7:  into  a  solid  condition;  "concrete  that  sets  hard  within  a 
  few  hours" 
  8:  very  near  or  close  in  space  or  time;  "it  stands  hard  by  the 
  railroad  tracks";  "they  were  hard  on  his  heels";  "a  strike 
  followed  hard  upon  the  plant's  opening" 
  9:  with  pain  or  distress  or  bitterness;  "he  took  the  rejection 
  very  hard" 
  10:  to  the  full  extent  possible;  all  the  way  "hard  alee";  "the 
  ship  went  hard  astern";  "swung  the  wheel  hard  left" 




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