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earth

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earth


  8  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Earth  \Earth\,  n.  (Elec.) 
  The  connection  of  any  part  an  electric  conductor  with  the 
  ground;  specif.,  the  connection  of  a  telegraph  line  with  the 
  ground  through  a  fault  or  otherwise. 
 
  Note:  When  the  resistance  of  the  earth  connection  is  low  it 
  is  termed  a  good  earth. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Earth  \Earth\,  n.  [AS.  eor?e;  akin  to  OS  ertha  OFries  irthe 
  D.  aarde,  OHG.  erda,  G.  erde,  Icel.  j["o]r?,  Sw  &  Dan.  jord, 
  Goth.  a[=i]rpa,  OHG.  ero,  Gr  ?,  adv.,  to  earth,  and  perh.  to 
  E.  ear  to  plow.] 
  1.  The  globe  or  planet  which  we  inhabit;  the  world,  in 
  distinction  from  the  sun,  moon,  or  stars.  Also  this  world 
  as  the  dwelling  place  of  mortals,  in  distinction  from  the 
  dwelling  place  of  spirits. 
 
  That  law  preserves  the  earth  a  sphere  And  guides  the 
  planets  in  their  course.  --S.  Rogers. 
 
  In  heaven,  or  earth,  or  under  earth,  in  hell. 
  --Milton. 
 
  2.  The  solid  materials  which  make  up  the  globe,  in 
  distinction  from  the  air  or  water;  the  dry  land. 
 
  God  called  the  dry  land  earth.  --Gen.  i.  10. 
 
  He  is  pure  air  and  fire,  and  the  dull  elements  of 
  earth  and  water  never  appear  in  him  --Shak. 
 
  3.  The  softer  inorganic  matter  composing  part  of  the  surface 
  of  the  globe,  in  distinction  from  the  firm  rock;  soil  of 
  all  kinds,  including  gravel,  clay,  loam,  and  the  like 
  sometimes  soil  favorable  to  the  growth  of  plants;  the 
  visible  surface  of  the  globe;  the  ground;  as  loose  earth; 
  rich  earth. 
 
  Give  him  a  little  earth  for  charity.  --Shak. 
 
  4.  A  part  of  this  globe;  a  region;  a  country;  land. 
 
  Would  I  had  never  trod  this  English  earth.  --Shak. 
 
  5.  Worldly  things  as  opposed  to  spiritual  things  the 
  pursuits,  interests,  and  allurements  of  this  life. 
 
  Our  weary  souls  by  earth  beguiled.  --Keble. 
 
  6.  The  people  on  the  globe. 
 
  The  whole  earth  was  of  one  language.  --Gen.  xi  1. 
 
  7.  (Chem.) 
  a  Any  earthy-looking  metallic  oxide,  as  alumina, 
  glucina,  zirconia,  yttria,  and  thoria. 
  b  A  similar  oxide,  having  a  slight  alkaline  reaction,  as 
  lime,  magnesia,  strontia,  baryta. 
 
  8.  A  hole  in  the  ground,  where  an  animal  hides  himself;  as 
  the  earth  of  a  fox.  --Macaulay. 
 
  They  [ferrets]  course  the  poor  conies  out  of  their 
  earths.  --Holland. 
 
  Note:  Earth  is  used  either  adjectively  or  in  combination  to 
  form  compound  words  as  earth  apple  or  earth-apple; 
  earth  metal  or  earth-metal;  earth  closet  or 
  earth-closet. 
 
  {Adamic  earth},  {Bitter  earth},  {Bog  earth},  {Chian  earth}, 
  etc  See  under  {Adamic},  {Bitter},  etc 
 
  {Alkaline  earths}.  See  under  {Alkaline}. 
 
  {Earth  apple}.  (Bot.) 
  a  A  potato. 
  b  A  cucumber. 
 
  {Earth  auger},  a  form  of  auger  for  boring  into  the  ground;  -- 
  called  also  {earth  borer}. 
 
  {Earth  bath},  a  bath  taken  by  immersing  the  naked  body  in 
  earth  for  healing  purposes. 
 
  {Earth  battery}  (Physics),  a  voltaic  battery  the  elements  of 
  which  are  buried  in  the  earth  to  be  acted  on  by  its 
  moisture. 
 
  {Earth  chestnut},  the  pignut. 
 
  {Earth  closet},  a  privy  or  commode  provided  with  dry  earth  or 
  a  similar  substance  for  covering  and  deodorizing  the 
  f[ae]cal  discharges. 
 
  {Earth  dog}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  dog  that  will  dig  in  the  earth,  or 
  enter  holes  of  foxes,  etc 
 
  {Earth  hog},  {Earth  pig}  (Zo["o]l.),  the  aard-vark. 
 
  {Earth  hunger},  an  intense  desire  to  own  land,  or  in  the 
  case  of  nations,  to  extend  their  domain. 
 
  {Earth  light}  (Astron.),  the  light  reflected  by  the  earth,  as 
  upon  the  moon,  and  corresponding  to  moonlight;  --  called 
  also  {earth  shine}.  --Sir  J.  Herschel. 
 
  {Earth  metal}.  See  1st  {Earth},  7.  (Chem.) 
 
  {Earth  oil},  petroleum. 
 
  {Earth  pillars}  or  {pyramids}  (Geol.),  high  pillars  or 
  pyramids  of  earth,  sometimes  capped  with  a  single  stone, 
  found  in  Switzerland.  --Lyell. 
 
  {Earth  pitch}  (Min.),  mineral  tar,  a  kind  of  asphaltum. 
 
  {Earth  quadrant},  a  fourth  of  the  earth's  circumference. 
 
  {Earth  table}  (Arch.),  the  lowest  course  of  stones  visible  in 
  a  building;  the  ground  table. 
 
  {On  earth},  an  intensive  expression,  oftenest  used  in 
  questions  and  exclamations;  as  What  on  earth  shall  I  do? 
  Nothing  on  earth  will  satisfy  him  [Colloq.] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Earth  \Earth\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Earthed};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Earthing}.] 
  1.  To  hide,  or  cause  to  hide,  in  the  earth;  to  chase  into  a 
  burrow  or  den.  ``The  fox  is  earthed.''  --Dryden. 
 
  2.  To  cover  with  earth  or  mold;  to  inter;  to  bury;  -- 
  sometimes  with  up 
 
  The  miser  earths  his  treasure,  and  the  thief, 
  Watching  the  mole,  half  beggars  him  ere  noon. 
  --Young. 
 
  Why  this  in  earthing  up  a  carcass?  --R.  Blair. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Earth  \Earth\,  v.  i. 
  To  burrow.  --Tickell. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Earth  \Earth\,  n.  [From  {Ear}  to  plow.] 
  A  plowing.  [Obs.] 
 
  Such  land  as  ye  break  up  for  barley  to  sow,  Two  earths 
  at  the  least,  ere  ye  sow  it  bestow.  --Tusser. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Earth 
  n  1:  the  3rd  planet  from  the  sun;  the  planet  on  which  we  live; 
  "the  Earth  moves  around  the  sun";  "he  sailed  around  the 
  world"  [syn:  {Earth},  {world},  {globe}] 
  2:  the  loose  soft  material  that  makes  up  a  large  part  of  the 
  surface  of  the  land  surface;  "they  dug  into  the  earth 
  outside  the  church"  [syn:  {ground}] 
  3:  the  solid  part  of  the  earth's  surface;  "the  plane  turned 
  away  from  the  sea  and  moved  back  over  land";  "the  earth 
  shook  for  several  minutes";  "he  dropped  the  logs  on  the 
  ground"  [syn:  {land},  {dry  land},  {ground},  {solid  ground}, 
  {terra  firma}] 
  4:  the  abode  of  mortals  (as  contrasted  with  heaven  or  hell); 
  "it  was  hell  on  earth"  [syn:  {Earth}] 
  5:  (archaic)  once  thought  to  be  one  of  four  elements  composing 
  the  universe 
  6:  the  concerns  of  the  world  as  distinguished  from  heaven  and 
  the  afterlife;  "they  consider  the  church  to  be  independent 
  of  the  world"  [syn:  {worldly  concern},  {earthly  concern}, 
  {world}] 
  7:  a  connection  between  an  electrical  device  and  the  earth 
  (which  is  a  zero  voltage)  [syn:  {ground}] 
  v  1:  hide  in  the  earth,  as  of  a  hunted  fox 
  2:  connect  to  the  earth,  as  of  a  circuit 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Earth,  TX  (city,  FIPS  21928) 
  Location:  34.23349  N,  102.40843  W 
  Population  (1990):  1228  (469  housing  units) 
  Area:  3.1  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  79031 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Earth 
  (1.)  In  the  sense  of  soil  or  ground,  the  translation  of  the  word 
  _adamah'_.  In  Gen.  9:20  husbandman"  is  literally  "man  of  the 
  ground  or  earth."  Altars  were  to  be  built  of  earth  (Ex.  20:24). 
  Naaman  asked  for  two  mules'  burden  of  earth  (2  Kings  5:17), 
  under  the  superstitious  notion  that  Jehovah,  like  the  gods  of 
  the  heathen,  could  be  acceptably  worshipped  only  on  his  own 
  soil. 
 
  (2).  As  the  rendering  of  _'erets_,  it  means  the  whole  world 
  (Gen.  1:2);  the  land  as  opposed  to  the  sea  (1:10).  _Erets_  also 
  denotes  a  country  (21:32);  a  plot  of  ground  (23:15);  the  ground 
  on  which  a  man  stands  (33:3);  the  inhabitants  of  the  earth  (6:1; 
  11:1);  all  the  world  except  Israel  (2  Chr.  13:9).  In  the  New 
  Testament  "the  earth"  denotes  the  land  of  Judea  (Matt.  23:35); 
  also  things  carnal  in  contrast  with  things  heavenly  (John  3:31; 
  Col.  3:1,  2). 
 




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