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case

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case


  10  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Brain  \Brain\,  n.  [OE.  brain,  brein,  AS  bragen,  br[ae]gen;  akin 
  to  LG  br["a]gen,  bregen,  D.  brein,  and  perh.  to  Gr  ?,  the 
  upper  part  of  head,  if  ?  =?.  [root]95.] 
  1.  (Anat.)  The  whitish  mass  of  soft  matter  (the  center  of  the 
  nervous  system,  and  the  seat  of  consciousness  and 
  volition)  which  is  inclosed  in  the  cartilaginous  or  bony 
  cranium  of  vertebrate  animals.  It  is  simply  the  anterior 
  termination  of  the  spinal  cord,  and  is  developed  from 
  three  embryonic  vesicles,  whose  cavities  are  connected 
  with  the  central  canal  of  the  cord;  the  cavities  of  the 
  vesicles  become  the  central  cavities,  or  ventricles,  and 
  the  walls  thicken  unequally  and  become  the  three  segments, 
  the  fore-,  mid-,  and  hind-brain. 
 
  Note:  In  the  brain  of  man  the  cerebral  lobes,  or  largest  part 
  of  the  forebrain,  are  enormously  developed  so  as  to 
  overhang  the  cerebellum,  the  great  lobe  of  the 
  hindbrain,  and  completely  cover  the  lobes  of  the 
  midbrain.  The  surface  of  the  cerebrum  is  divided  into 
  irregular  ridges,  or  convolutions,  separated  by  grooves 
  (the  so-called  fissures  and  sulci),  and  the  two 
  hemispheres  are  connected  at  the  bottom  of  the 
  longitudinal  fissure  by  a  great  transverse  band  of 
  nervous  matter,  the  corpus  callosum,  while  the  two 
  halves  of  the  cerebellum  are  connected  on  the  under 
  side  of  the  brain  by  the  bridge,  or  pons  Varolii 
 
  2.  (Zo["o]l.)  The  anterior  or  cephalic  ganglion  in  insects 
  and  other  invertebrates. 
 
  3.  The  organ  or  seat  of  intellect;  hence  the  understanding. 
  ``  My  brain  is  too  dull.''  --Sir  W.  Scott. 
 
  Note:  In  this  sense  often  used  in  the  plural. 
 
  4.  The  affections;  fancy;  imagination.  [R.]  --Shak. 
 
  {To  have  on  the  brain},  to  have  constantly  in  one's  thoughts, 
  as  a  sort  of  monomania.  [Low] 
 
  {Brain  box}  or  {case},  the  bony  on  cartilaginous  case 
  inclosing  the  brain. 
 
  {Brain  coral},  {Brain  stone  coral}  (Zo["o]l),  a  massive 
  reef-building  coral  having  the  surface  covered  by  ridges 
  separated  by  furrows  so  as  to  resemble  somewhat  the 
  surface  of  the  brain,  esp.  such  corals  of  the  genera 
  {M[ae]andrina}  and  {Diploria}. 
 
  {Brain  fag}  (Med.),  brain  weariness.  See  {Cerebropathy}. 
 
  {Brain  fever}  (Med.),  fever  in  which  the  brain  is  specially 
  affected;  any  acute  cerebral  affection  attended  by  fever. 
 
 
  {Brain  sand},  calcareous  matter  found  in  the  pineal  gland. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Case  \Case\  (k[=a]s),  n.  [OF.  casse,  F.  caisse  (cf.  It  cassa), 
  fr  L.  capsa  chest,  box,  case,  fr  capere  to  take  hold  See 
  {Capacious},  and  cf  4th  {Chase},  {Cash},  {Enchase},  3d 
  {Sash}.] 
  1.  A  box,  sheath,  or  covering;  as  a  case  for  holding  goods; 
  a  case  for  spectacles;  the  case  of  a  watch;  the  case 
  (capsule)  of  a  cartridge;  a  case  (cover)  for  a  book. 
 
  2.  A  box  and  its  contents;  the  quantity  contained  in  a  box; 
  as  a  case  of  goods;  a  case  of  instruments. 
 
  3.  (Print.)  A  shallow  tray  divided  into  compartments  or 
  ``boxes''  for  holding  type 
 
  Note:  Cases  for  type  are  usually  arranged  in  sets  of  two 
  called  respectively  the  upper  and  the  lower  case.  The 
  {upper  case}  contains  capitals,  small  capitals, 
  accented  and  marked  letters,  fractions,  and  marks  of 
  reference:  the  {lower  case}  contains  the  small  letters, 
  figures,  marks  of  punctuation,  quadrats,  and  spaces. 
 
  4.  An  inclosing  frame;  a  casing;  as  a  door  case;  a  window 
  case. 
 
  5.  (Mining)  A  small  fissure  which  admits  water  to  the 
  workings.  --Knight. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Case  \Case\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Cased};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Casing}.] 
  1.  To  cover  or  protect  with  or  as  with  a  case;  to  inclose. 
 
  The  man  who  cased  in  steel,  had  passed  whole  days 
  and  nights  in  the  saddle.  --Prescott. 
 
  2.  To  strip  the  skin  from  as  to  case  a  box.  [Obs.] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Case  \Case\,  n.  [F.  cas,  fr  L.  casus,  fr  cadere  to  fall,  to 
  happen.  Cf  {Chance}.] 
  1.  Chance;  accident;  hap;  opportunity.  [Obs.] 
 
  By  aventure,  or  sort,  or  cas.  --Chaucer. 
 
  2.  That  which  befalls,  comes  or  happens;  an  event;  an 
  instance;  a  circumstance,  or  all  the  circumstances; 
  condition;  state  of  things  affair;  as  a  strange  case;  a 
  case  of  injustice;  the  case  of  the  Indian  tribes. 
 
  In  any  case  thou  shalt  deliver  him  the  pledge. 
  --Deut.  xxiv. 
  13. 
 
  If  the  case  of  the  man  be  so  with  his  wife.  --Matt. 
  xix.  10. 
 
  And  when  a  lady's  in  the  case  You  know  all  other 
  things  give  place  --Gay. 
 
  You  think  this  madness  but  a  common  case.  --Pope. 
 
  I  am  in  case  to  justle  a  constable,  --Shak. 
 
  3.  (Med.  &  Surg.)  A  patient  under  treatment;  an  instance  of 
  sickness  or  injury;  as  ten  cases  of  fever;  also  the 
  history  of  a  disease  or  injury. 
 
  A  proper  remedy  in  hypochondriacal  cases. 
  --Arbuthnot. 
 
  4.  (Law)  The  matters  of  fact  or  conditions  involved  in  a 
  suit,  as  distinguished  from  the  questions  of  law;  a  suit 
  or  action  at  law;  a  cause 
 
  Let  us  consider  the  reason  of  the  case,  for  nothing 
  is  law  that  is  not  reason.  --Sir  John 
  Powell. 
 
  Not  one  case  in  the  reports  of  our  courts.  --Steele. 
 
  5.  (Gram.)  One  of  the  forms,  or  the  inflections  or  changes  of 
  form  of  a  noun  pronoun,  or  adjective,  which  indicate  its 
  relation  to  other  words  and  in  the  aggregate  constitute 
  its  declension;  the  relation  which  a  noun  or  pronoun 
  sustains  to  some  other  word 
 
  Case  is  properly  a  falling  off  from  the  nominative 
  or  first  state  of  word  the  name  for  which  however, 
  is  now  by  extension  of  its  signification,  applied 
  also  to  the  nominative.  --J.  W.  Gibbs. 
 
  Note:  Cases  other  than  the  nominative  are  oblique  cases.  Case 
  endings  are  terminations  by  which  certain  cases  are 
  distinguished.  In  old  English,  as  in  Latin,  nouns  had 
  several  cases  distinguished  by  case  endings,  but  in 
  modern  English  only  that  of  the  possessive  case  is 
  retained. 
 
  {Action  on  the  case}  (Law),  according  to  the  old 
  classification  (now  obsolete),  was  an  action  for  redress 
  of  wrongs  or  injuries  to  person  or  property  not  specially 
  provided  against  by  law,  in  which  the  whole  cause  of 
  complaint  was  set  out  in  the  writ;  --  called  also 
  {trespass  on  the  case},  or  simply  {case}. 
 
  {All  a  case},  a  matter  of  indifference.  [Obs.]  ``It  is  all  a 
  case  to  me.''  --L'Estrange. 
 
  {Case  at  bar}.  See  under  {Bar},  n. 
 
  {Case  divinity},  casuistry. 
 
  {Case  lawyer},  one  versed  in  the  reports  of  cases  rather  than 
  in  the  science  of  the  law. 
 
  {Case}  {stated  or  agreed  on}  (Law),  a  statement  in  writing  of 
  facts  agreed  on  and  submitted  to  the  court  for  a  decision 
  of  the  legal  points  arising  on  them 
 
  {A  hard  case},  an  abandoned  or  incorrigible  person.  [Colloq.] 
 
 
  {In  any  case},  whatever  may  be  the  state  of  affairs;  anyhow. 
 
 
  {In  case},  or  {In  case  that},  if  supposing  that  in  the 
  event  or  contingency;  if  it  should  happen  that  ``In  case 
  we  are  surprised,  keep  by  me.''  --W.  Irving. 
 
  {In  good  case},  in  good  condition,  health,  or  state  of  body. 
 
 
  {To  put  a  case},  to  suppose  a  hypothetical  or  illustrative 
  case. 
 
  Syn:  Situation,  condition,  state;  circumstances;  plight; 
  predicament;  occurrence;  contingency;  accident;  event; 
  conjuncture;  cause  action  suit. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Case  \Case\,  v.  i. 
  To  propose  hypothetical  cases.  [Obs.]  ``Casing  upon  the 
  matter.''  --L'Estrange. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  case 
  n  1:  (law)  a  comprehensive  term  for  any  proceeding  in  a  court  of 
  law  whereby  an  individual  seeks  a  legal  remedy;  "the 
  family  brought  suit  against  the  landlord"  [syn:  {lawsuit}, 
  {suit},  {cause},  {causa}] 
  2:  an  occurrence  of  something  "it  was  a  case  of  bad  judgment"; 
  "another  instance  occurred  yesterday";  "but  there  is 
  always  the  famous  example  of  the  Smiths"  [syn:  {instance}, 
  {example}] 
  3:  a  special  set  of  circumstances;  "in  that  event,  the  first 
  possibility  is  excluded";  "it  may  rain  in  which  case  the 
  picnic  will  be  canceled"  [syn:  {event}] 
  4:  a  problem  requiring  investigation;  "Perry  Mason  solved  the 
  case  of  the  missing  heir" 
  5:  the  actual  state  of  things  "that  was  not  the  case" 
  6:  a  statement  of  facts  and  reasons  used  to  support  an 
  argument;  "he  stated  his  case  clearly" 
  7:  a  portable  container  for  carrying  several  objects;  "the 
  musicians  left  their  instrument  cases  backstage" 
  8:  a  person  who  is  subjected  to  experimental  or  other 
  observational  procedures;  someone  who  is  an  object  of 
  investigation;  "the  subjects  for  this  investigation  were 
  selected  randomly";  "the  cases  that  we  studied  were  drawn 
  from  two  different  communities"  [syn:  {subject},  {guinea 
  pig}] 
  9:  a  person  requiring  professional  services;  "a  typical  case 
  was  the  suburban  housewife  described  by  a  marriage 
  counselor" 
  10:  the  quantity  contained  in  a  case  [syn:  {caseful}] 
  11:  a  glass  container  used  to  store  and  display  items  in  a  shop 
  or  museum  or  home  [syn:  {display  case},  {showcase}] 
  12:  nouns  or  pronouns  or  adjectives  (often  marked  by  inflection) 
  related  in  some  way  to  other  words  in  a  sentence  [syn:  {grammatical 
  case}] 
  13:  the  outer  covering  or  housing  of  something  "the  clock  has  a 
  walnut  case"  [syn:  {shell},  {casing}] 
  14:  a  person  of  a  specified  kind  (usually  with  many 
  eccentricities);  "a  strange  character";  "a  friendly 
  eccentric";  "the  capable  type";  "a  mental  case"  [syn:  {character}, 
  {eccentric},  {type}] 
  15:  a  specific  state  of  mind  that  is  temporary;  "a  case  of  the 
  jitters" 
  16:  an  enveloping  structure  or  covering  enclosing  an  animal  or 
  plant  organ  or  part  [syn:  {sheath}] 
  17:  the  enclosing  frame  around  a  door  or  window  opening;  "the 
  casings  had  rotted  away  and  had  to  be  replaced"  [syn:  {casing}] 
  18:  a  cover  for  a  pillow;  "the  burglar  carried  his  loot  in  a 
  pillowcase"  [syn:  {pillowcase},  {slip},  {pillow  slip}] 
  v  1:  look  over  usually  with  the  intention  to  rob;  "They  men 
  cased  the  housed" 
  2:  enclose  in  or  as  if  in  a  case  "my  feet  were  encased  in 
  mud."  [syn:  {encase}] 
  3:  put  into  a  case  [syn:  {encase}] 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  CASE 
 
  1.  {Computer  Aided  Software  Engineering}. 
 
  2.  {Common  Application  Service  Element}. 
 
 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  case 
 
  1.    {switch  statement}. 
 
  2.    Whether  a  character  is  a  capital  letter  ("upper 
  case"  -  ABC..Z)  or  a  small  letter  ("lower  case"  -  abc..z). 
 
  The  term  case  comes  from  the  printing  trade  when  the  use  of 
  moving  type  was  invented  in  the  early  Middle  Ages  (Caxton  or 
  Gutenberg?)  and  the  letters  for  each  {font}  were  stored  in  a 
  box  with  two  sections  (or  "cases"),  the  upper  case  was  for  the 
  capital  letters  and  the  lower  case  was  for  the  small  letters. 
  The  Oxford  Universal  Dictionary  of  Historical  Principles  (Feb 
  1993,  reprinted  1952)  indicates  that  this  usage  of  case"  (as 
  the  box  or  frame  used  by  a  compositor  in  the  printing  trade) 
  was  first  used  in  1588. 
 
  (1996-03-01) 
 
 
 
  From  V.E.R.A.  --  Virtual  Entity  of  Relevant  Acronyms  13  March  2001  [vera]: 
 
  CASE 
  Common  Application  Service  Element  (ISO,  OSI) 
 
 
 
  From  V.E.R.A.  --  Virtual  Entity  of  Relevant  Acronyms  13  March  2001  [vera]: 
 
  CASE 
  Computer  Aided  Software  Engineering 
 
 




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