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termmore about term

term


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Term  \Term\,  n.  [F.  terme,  L.  termen,  -inis,  terminus,  a 
  boundary  limit,  end  akin  to  Gr  ?,  ?.  See  {Thrum}  a  tuft, 
  and  cf  {Terminus},  {Determine},  {Exterminate}.] 
  1.  That  which  limits  the  extent  of  anything  limit; 
  extremity;  bound;  boundary. 
 
  Corruption  is  a  reciprocal  to  generation,  and  they 
  two  are  as  nature's  two  terms,  or  boundaries. 
  --Bacon. 
 
  2.  The  time  for  which  anything  lasts;  any  limited  time;  as  a 
  term  of  five  years;  the  term  of  life. 
 
  3.  In  universities,  schools,  etc.,  a  definite  continuous 
  period  during  which  instruction  is  regularly  given  to 
  students;  as  the  school  year  is  divided  into  three  terms. 
 
  4.  (Geom.)  A  point,  line  or  superficies,  that  limits;  as  a 
  line  is  the  term  of  a  superficies,  and  a  superficies  is 
  the  term  of  a  solid. 
 
  5.  (Law)  A  fixed  period  of  time;  a  prescribed  duration;  as: 
  a  The  limitation  of  an  estate;  or  rather,  the  whole  time 
  for  which  an  estate  is  granted,  as  for  the  term  of  a 
  life  or  lives,  or  for  a  term  of  years. 
  b  A  space  of  time  granted  to  a  debtor  for  discharging 
  his  obligation. 
  c  The  time  in  which  a  court  is  held  or  is  open  for  the 
  trial  of  causes.  --Bouvier. 
 
  Note:  In  England,  there  were  formerly  four  terms  in  the  year, 
  during  which  the  superior  courts  were  open:  Hilary 
  term,  beginning  on  the  11th  and  ending  on  the  31st  of 
  January;  Easter  term,  beginning  on  the  15th  of  April, 
  and  ending  on  the  8th  of  May  Trinity  term,  beginning 
  on  the  22d  day  of  May  and  ending  on  the  12th  of  June; 
  Michaelmas  term,  beginning  on  the  2d  and  ending  on  the 
  25th  day  of  November.  The  rest  of  the  year  was  called 
  vacation.  But  this  division  has  been  practically 
  abolished  by  the  Judicature  Acts  of  1873,  1875,  which 
  provide  for  the  more  convenient  arrangement  of  the 
  terms  and  vacations.  In  the  United  States,  the  terms  to 
  be  observed  by  the  tribunals  of  justice  are  prescribed 
  by  the  statutes  of  Congress  and  of  the  several  States. 
 
  6.  (Logic)  The  subject  or  the  predicate  of  a  proposition;  one 
  of  the  three  component  parts  of  a  syllogism,  each  one  of 
  which  is  used  twice. 
 
  The  subject  and  predicate  of  a  proposition  are 
  after  Aristotle,  together  called  its  terms  or 
  extremes.  --Sir  W. 
  Hamilton. 
 
  Note:  The  predicate  of  the  conclusion  is  called  the  major 
  term,  because  it  is  the  most  general,  and  the  subject 
  of  the  conclusion  is  called  the  minor  term,  because  it 
  is  less  general.  These  are  called  the  extermes  and  the 
  third  term,  introduced  as  a  common  measure  between 
  them  is  called  the  mean  or  middle  term.  Thus  in  the 
  following  syllogism,  --  Every  vegetable  is  combustible; 
  Every  tree  is  a  vegetable;  Therefore  every  tree  is 
  combustible,  -  combustible,  the  predicate  of  the 
  conclusion,  is  the  major  term;  tree  is  the  minor  term; 
  vegetable  is  the  middle  term. 
 
  7.  A  word  or  expression;  specifically,  one  that  has  a 
  precisely  limited  meaning  in  certain  relations  and  uses, 
  or  is  peculiar  to  a  science,  art,  profession,  or  the  like 
  as  a  technical  term.  ``Terms  quaint  of  law.''  --Chaucer. 
 
  In  painting,  the  greatest  beauties  can  not  always  be 
  expressed  for  want  of  terms.  --Dryden. 
 
  8.  (Arch.)  A  quadrangular  pillar,  adorned  on  the  top  with  the 
  figure  of  a  head,  as  of  a  man,  woman,  or  satyr;  --  called 
  also  {terminal  figure}.  See  {Terminus},  n.,  2  and  3. 
 
  Note:  The  pillar  part  frequently  tapers  downward,  or  is 
  narrowest  at  the  base.  Terms  rudely  carved  were 
  formerly  used  for  landmarks  or  boundaries.  --Gwilt. 
 
  9.  (Alg.)  A  member  of  a  compound  quantity;  as  a  or  b  in  a  + 
  b;  ab  or  cd  in  ab  -  cd 
 
  10.  pl  (Med.)  The  menses. 
 
  11.  pl  (Law)  Propositions  or  promises,  as  in  contracts, 
  which  when  assented  to  or  accepted  by  another,  settle 
  the  contract  and  bind  the  parties;  conditions. 
 
  12.  (Law)  In  Scotland,  the  time  fixed  for  the  payment  of 
  rents. 
 
  Note:  Terms  legal  and  conventional  in  Scotland  correspond  to 
  quarter  days  in  England  and  Ireland.  There  are  two 
  legal  terms  --  Whitsunday,  May  15,  and  Martinmas,  Nov. 
  11;  and  two  conventional  terms  --  Candlemas,  Feb.  2, 
  and  Lammas  day  Aug.  1.  --Mozley  &  W. 
 
  13.  (Naut.)  A  piece  of  carved  work  placed  under  each  end  of 
  the  taffrail.  --J.  Knowels. 
 
  {In  term},  in  set  terms;  in  formal  phrase.  [Obs.] 
 
  I  can  not  speak  in  term.  --Chaucer. 
 
  {Term  fee}  (Law) 
  (a),  a  fee  by  the  term,  chargeable  to  a  suitor,  or  by  law 
  fixed  and  taxable  in  the  costs  of  a  cause  for  each  or 
  any  term  it  is  in  court. 
 
  {Terms  of  a  proportion}  (Math.),  the  four  members  of  which  it 
  is  composed. 
 
  {To  bring  to  terms},  to  compel  one  to  agree,  assent,  or 
  submit;  to  force  one  to  come  to  terms. 
 
  {To  make  terms},  to  come  to  terms;  to  make  an  agreement:  to 
  agree. 
 
  Syn:  Limit;  bound;  boundary;  condition;  stipulation;  word 
  expression. 
 
  Usage:  {Term},  {Word}.  These  are  more  frequently  interchanged 
  than  almost  any  other  vocables  that  occur  of  the 
  language.  There  is  however,  a  difference  between  them 
  which  is  worthy  of  being  kept  in  mind.  Word  is 
  generic;  it  denotes  an  utterance  which  represents  or 
  expresses  our  thoughts  and  feelings.  Term  originally 
  denoted  one  of  the  two  essential  members  of  a 
  proposition  in  logic,  and  hence  signifies  a  word  of 
  specific  meaning,  and  applicable  to  a  definite  class 
  of  objects.  Thus  we  may  speak  of  a  scientific  or  a 
  technical  term,  and  of  stating  things  in  distinct 
  terms.  Thus  we  say  ``the  term  minister  literally 
  denotes  servant;''  ``an  exact  definition  of  terms  is 
  essential  to  clearness  of  thought;''  ``no  term  of 
  reproach  can  sufficiently  express  my  indignation;'' 
  ``every  art  has  its  peculiar  and  distinctive  terms,'' 
  etc  So  also  we  say  ``purity  of  style  depends  on  the 
  choice  of  words  and  precision  of  style  on  a  clear 
  understanding  of  the  terms  used.''  Term  is  chiefly 
  applied  to  verbs,  nouns,  and  adjectives,  these  being 
  capable  of  standing  as  terms  in  a  logical  proposition; 
  while  prepositions  and  conjunctions,  which  can  never 
  be  so  employed,  are  rarely  spoken  of  as  terms,  but 
  simply  as  words 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Term  \Term\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Termed};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Terming}.]  [See  {Term},  n.,  and  cf  {Terminate}.] 
  To  apply  a  term  to  to  name  to  call  to  denominate. 
 
  Men  term  what  is  beyond  the  limits  of  the  universe 
  ``imaginary  space.''  --Locke. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  term 
  n  1:  a  word  or  expression  used  for  some  particular  thing  "he 
  learned  many  medical  terms" 
  2:  a  limited  period  of  time;  "a  prison  term";  "he  left  school 
  before  the  end  of  term" 
  3:  (usually  plural)  a  statement  of  what  is  required  as  part  of 
  an  agreement;  "the  contract  set  out  the  conditons  of  the 
  lease";  "the  terms  of  the  treaty  were  generous"  [syn:  {condition}] 
  4:  any  distinct  quantity  contained  in  a  polynomial;  "the 
  general  term  of  an  algebraic  equation  of  the  n-th  degree" 
  5:  one  of  the  substantive  phrases  in  a  logical  proposition; 
  "the  major  term  of  a  syllogism  must  occur  twice" 
  6:  the  end  of  gestation  or  point  at  which  birth  is  imminent;  "a 
  healthy  baby  born  at  full  term"  [syn:  {full  term}] 
  v  :  name  formally  or  designate  with  a  term 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  TERM 
 
  1.    A  program  by  Michael  O'Reilly 
    for  people  running  {Unix}  who  have 
  {Internet}  access  via  a  {dial-up}  connection,  and  who  don't 
  have  access  to  {SLIP},  or  {PPP},  or  simply  prefer  a  more 
  lightweight  {protocol}.  TERM  does  end-to-end 
  error-correction,  {compression}  and  {mulplexing}  across  serial 
  links.  This  means  you  can  {upload}  and  {download}  files  as 
  the  same  time  you're  reading  your  news  and  can  run  {X} 
  {client}s  on  the  other  side  of  your  {modem}  link,  all  without 
  needing  {SLIP}  or  {PPP}. 
 
  Current  version:  1.15. 
 
  {(ftp://tartarus.uwa.edu.au/pub/oreillym/term/term115.tar.gz)} 
 
  2.    {Technology  Enabled  Relationship  Management}. 
 
  (1999-10-04) 
 
 




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