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ireland


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Ireland 
  n  1:  a  republic  occupying  most  of  the  island  of  Ireland  [syn:  {Ireland}, 
  {Republic  of  Ireland},  {Irish  Republic},  {Eire},  {Irish 
  Free  State}] 
  2:  an  island  comprising  the  Republic  of  Ireland  and  Northern 
  Ireland  [syn:  {Ireland},  {Hibernia},  {Emerald  Isle}] 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Ireland 
 
  Ireland:Geography 
 
  Location:  Western  Europe,  occupying  five-sixths  of  the  island  of 
  Ireland  in  the  North  Atlantic  Ocean,  west  of  Great  Britain 
 
  Map  references:  Europe 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  70,280  sq  km 
  land  area:  68,890  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  larger  than  West  Virginia 
 
  Land  boundaries:  total  360  km  UK  360  km 
 
  Coastline:  1,448  km 
 
  Maritime  claims: 
  continental  shelf:  not  specified 
  exclusive  fishing  zone:  200  nm 
  territorial  sea:  12  nm 
 
  International  disputes:  Northern  Ireland  question  with  the  UK  Rockall 
  continental  shelf  dispute  involving  Denmark,  Iceland,  and  the  UK 
  (Ireland  and  the  UK  have  signed  a  boundary  agreement  in  the  Rockall 
  area) 
 
  Climate:  temperate  maritime;  modified  by  North  Atlantic  Current;  mild 
  winters,  cool  summers;  consistently  humid;  overcast  about  half  the 
  time 
 
  Terrain:  mostly  level  to  rolling  interior  plain  surrounded  by  rugged 
  hills  and  low  mountains;  sea  cliffs  on  west  coast 
 
  Natural  resources:  zinc,  lead,  natural  gas,  petroleum,  barite,  copper, 
  gypsum,  limestone,  dolomite,  peat,  silver 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  14% 
  permanent  crops:  0% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  71% 
  forest  and  woodland:  5% 
  other:  10% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  NA  sq  km 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  water  pollution,  especially  of  lakes,  from 
  agricultural  runoff 
  natural  hazards:  NA 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Air  Pollution,  Air 
  Pollution-Nitrogen  Oxides,  Climate  Change,  Environmental  Modification, 
  Hazardous  Wastes,  Marine  Dumping,  Nuclear  Test  Ban,  Ozone  Layer 
  Protection,  Tropical  Timber  83,  Wetlands,  Whaling;  signed,  but  not 
  ratified  -  Air  Pollution-Sulphur  94,  Biodiversity,  Desertification 
  Endangered  Species,  Law  of  the  Sea,  Marine  Life  Conservation 
 
  Note:  strategic  location  on  major  air  and  sea  routes  between  North 
  America  and  northern  Europe;  over  40%  of  the  population  resides  within 
  60  miles  of  Dublin 
 
  Ireland:People 
 
  Population:  3,550,448  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  24%  (female  415,640;  male  440,468) 
  15-64  years:  64%  (female  1,125,638;  male  1,155,823) 
  65  years  and  over:  12%  (female  237,098;  male  175,781)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  0.33%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  14.04  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  8.48  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  -2.22  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  7.2  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  75.99  years 
  male:  73.15  years 
  female:  79  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  1.95  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Irishman(men),  Irishwoman(men),  Irish  (collective  plural) 
  adjective:  Irish 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Celtic,  English 
 
  Religions:  Roman  Catholic  93%,  Anglican  3%,  none  1%,  unknown  2%,  other 
  1%  (1981) 
 
  Languages:  Irish  (Gaelic),  spoken  mainly  in  areas  located  along  the 
  western  seaboard,  English  is  the  language  generally  used 
 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1981  est.) 
  total  population:  98% 
 
  Labor  force:  1.37  million 
  by  occupation:  services  57.0%,  manufacturing  and  construction  28%, 
  agriculture,  forestry,  and  fishing  13.5%,  energy  and  mining  1.5% 
  (1992) 
 
  Ireland:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  none 
  conventional  short  form:  Ireland 
 
  Digraph:  EI 
 
  Type:  republic 
 
  Capital:  Dublin 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  26  counties;  Carlow,  Cavan,  Clare,  Cork, 
  Donegal,  Dublin,  Galway,  Kerry,  Kildare,  Kilkenny,  Laois,  Leitrim 
  Limerick,  Longford,  Louth,  Mayo,  Meath,  Monaghan  Offaly,  Roscommon, 
  Sligo,  Tipperary  Waterford,  Westmeath  Wexford,  Wicklow 
 
  Independence:  6  December  1921  (from  UK) 
 
  National  holiday:  Saint  Patrick's  Day  17  March 
 
  Constitution:  29  December  1937;  adopted  1  July  1937  by  plebescite 
 
  Legal  system:  based  on  English  common  law,  substantially  modified  by 
  indigenous  concepts;  judicial  review  of  legislative  acts  in  Supreme 
  Court;  has  not  accepted  compulsory  ICJ  jurisdiction 
 
  Suffrage:  18  years  of  age;  universal 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state:  President  Mary  Bourke  ROBINSON  (since  9  November 
  1990);  election  last  held  9  November  1990  (next  to  be  held  November 
  1997);  results  -  Mary  Bourke  ROBINSON  52.8%,  Brian  LENIHAN  47.2% 
  head  of  government:  Prime  Minister  John  BRUTON  (since  15  December 
  1994) 
  cabinet:  Cabinet;  appointed  by  president  with  previous  nomination  of 
  the  prime  minister  and  approval  of  the  House  of  Representatives 
 
  Legislative  branch:  bicameral  Parliament  (Oireachtas) 
  Senate  (Seanad  Eireann):  elections  last  held  NA  February  1992  (next  to 
  be  held  NA  February  1997);  results  -  percent  of  vote  by  party  NA 
  seats  -  (60  total,  49  elected)  Fianna  Fail  26,  Fine  Gael  16,  Labor  9, 
  Progressive  Democrats  2,  Democratic  Left  1,  independents  6 
  House  of  Representatives  (Dail  Eireann):  elections  last  held  on  25 
  November  1992  (next  to  be  held  by  November  1997);  results  -  Fianna 
  Fail  39.1%,  Fine  Gael  24.5%,  Labor  Party  19.3%,  Progressive  Democrats 
  4.7%,  Democratic  Left  2.8%,  Sinn  Fein  1.6%,  Workers'  Party  0.7%, 
  independents  5.9%;  seats  -  (166  total)  Fianna  Fail  68,  Fine  Gael  45, 
  Labor  Party  33,  Progressive  Democrats  10  Democratic  Left  4,  Greens  1, 
  independents  5 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Supreme  Court 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  Democratic  Left  Proinsias  DE  ROSSA; 
  Fianna  Fail  Bertie  AHERN;  Labor  Party,  Richard  SPRING;  Fine  Gael, 
  John  BRUTON;  Communist  Party  of  Ireland,  Michael  O'RIORDAN;  Sinn  Fein, 
  Gerry  ADAMS;  Progressive  Democrats,  Desmond  O'MALLEY;  The  Workers' 
  Party,  Marion  DONNELLY;  Green  Alliance,  Bronwen  MAHER 
  note:  Prime  Minister  BRUTON  heads  a  three-party  coalition  consisting 
  of  the  Fine  Gael,  the  Labor  Party,  and  the  Democratic  Left 
 
  Member  of:  Australia  Group  BIS,  CCC,  CE  EBRD,  EC  ECE,  EIB,  ESA, 
  FAO,  GATT,  IAEA,  IBRD,  ICAO,  ICC,  ICRM,  IDA,  IEA,  IFAD,  IFC,  IFRCS 
  ILO,  IMF,  IMO,  INTELSAT,  INTERPOL,  IOC,  ISO,  ITU,  MINURSO  MTCR,  NEA, 
  NSG,  OECD  ONUSAL  OSCE,  UN  UNCTAD  UNESCO,  UNFICYP  UNIDO  UNIFIL, 
  UNIKOM  UNOMOZ  UNOSOM  UNPROFOR  UNTSO  UPU,  WEU  (observer),  WHO 
  WIPO,  WMO,  ZC 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Dermot  A.  GALLAGHER 
  chancery:  2234  Massachusetts  Avenue  NW  Washington,  DC  20008 
  telephone:  [1]  (202)  462-3939 
  consulate(s)  general:  Boston,  Chicago,  New  York,  and  San  Francisco 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Jean  Kennedy  SMITH 
  embassy:  42  Elgin  Road,  Ballsbridge  Dublin 
  mailing  address:  use  embassy  street  address 
  telephone:  [353]  (1)  6687122 
  FAX:  [353]  (1)  6689946 
 
  Flag:  three  equal  vertical  bands  of  green  (hoist  side),  white,  and 
  orange;  similar  to  the  flag  of  the  Cote  d'Ivoire,  which  is  shorter  and 
  has  the  colors  reversed  -  orange  (hoist  side),  white,  and  green;  also 
  similar  to  the  flag  of  Italy,  which  is  shorter  and  has  colors  of  green 
  (hoist  side),  white,  and  red 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  The  economy  is  small  and  trade  dependent.  Agriculture,  once 
  the  most  important  sector,  is  now  dwarfed  by  industry,  which  accounts 
  for  37%  of  GDP,  about  80%  of  exports,  and  employs  28%  of  the  labor 
  force.  Although  exports  remain  the  primary  engine  for  Ireland's  robust 
  growth,  the  economy  is  also  benefiting  from  a  rise  in  consumer 
  spending  and  recovery  in  both  construction  and  business  investment. 
  Ireland  has  substantially  reduced  its  external  debt  since  1987,  to  40% 
  of  GDP  in  1994.  Over  the  same  period,  inflation  has  fallen  sharply  and 
  chronic  trade  deficits  have  been  transformed  into  annual  surpluses. 
  Unemployment  remains  a  serious  problem,  however,  and  job  creation  is 
  the  main  focus  of  government  policy.  To  ease  unemployment,  Dublin 
  aggressively  courts  foreign  investors  and  recently  created  a  new 
  industrial  development  agency  to  aid  small  indigenous  firms. 
  Government  assistance  is  constrained  by  Dublin's  continuing  deficit 
  reduction  measures. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $49.8  billion  (1994 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  5.5%  (1994  est.) 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $14,060  (1994  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  2.7%  (1994  est.) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  16%  (1994  est.) 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $16  billion 
  expenditures:  $16.6  billion,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $NA 
  (1994) 
 
  Exports:  $28  billion  (f.o.b.,  1994  est.) 
  commodities:  chemicals,  data  processing  equipment,  industrial 
  machinery,  live  animals,  animal  products 
  partners:  EU  75%  (UK  32%,  Germany  13%,  France  10%),  US  9% 
 
  Imports:  $26  billion  (c.i.f.,  1994  est.) 
  commodities:  food,  animal  feed,  data  processing  equipment,  petroleum 
  and  petroleum  products,  machinery,  textiles,  clothing 
  partners:  EU  66%  (UK  41%,  Germany  8%,  France  4%),  US  15% 
 
  External  debt:  $20  billion  (1994  est.) 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  8.5%  (1994  est.);  accounts  for  37% 
  of  GDP 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  3,930,000  kW 
  production:  14.9  billion  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  3,938  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  food  products,  brewing,  textiles,  clothing,  chemicals, 
  pharmaceuticals,  machinery,  transportation  equipment,  glass  and 
  crystal 
 
  Agriculture:  accounts  for  10%  of  GDP;  principal  crops  -  turnips, 
  barley,  potatoes,  sugar  beets,  wheat;  livestock  -  meat  and  dairy 
  products;  85%  self-sufficient  in  food;  food  shortages  include  bread 
  grain,  fruits,  vegetables 
 
  Illicit  drugs:  transshipment  point  for  hashish  from  North  Africa  to 
  the  UK  and  Netherlands 
 
  Economic  aid: 
  donor:  ODA  commitments  (1980-89),  $90  million 
 
  Currency:  1  Irish  pound  (#Ir)  =  100  pence 
 
  Exchange  rates:  Irish  pounds  (#Ir)  per  US$1  -  0.6420  (January  1995), 
  0.6676  (1994),  0.6816  (1993),  0.5864  (1992),  0.6190  (1991),  0.6030 
  (1990) 
 
  Fiscal  year:  calendar  year 
 
  Ireland:Transportation 
 
  Railroads: 
  total:  1,947  km 
  broad  gauge:  1,947  km  1.600-m  gauge  (36  km  electrified;  485  km  double 
  track) 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  92,327  km 
  paved:  86,787  km  (32  km  of  expressways) 
  unpaved:  gravel,  crushed  stone  5,540  km  (1992) 
 
  Inland  waterways:  limited  for  commercial  traffic 
 
  Pipelines:  natural  gas  225  km 
 
  Ports:  Arklow  Cork,  Drogheda,  Dublin,  Foynes  Galway,  Limerick,  New 
  Ross,  Waterford 
 
  Merchant  marine: 
  total:  47  ships  (1,000  GRT  or  over)  totaling  129,996  GRT/160,419  DWT 
  ships  by  type:  bulk  4,  cargo  33,  chemical  tanker  2,  container  2,  oil 
  tanker  1,  short-sea  passenger  3,  specialized  tanker  2 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  44 
  with  paved  runways  over  3,047  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  1 
  with  paved  runways  1,524  to  2,437  m:  4 
  with  paved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  2 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  32 
  with  unpaved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  4 
 
  Ireland:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  900,000  telephones;  modern  digital  system  using 
  cable  and  microwave  radio  relay 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  microwave  radio  relay 
  international:  1  INTELSAT  (Atlantic  Ocean)  earth  station 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  9,  FM  45,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  86 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Ireland:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches:  Army  (includes  Naval  Service  and  Air  Corps),  National  Police 
  (Garda  Siochana) 
 
  Manpower  availability:  males  age  15-49  926,831;  males  fit  for  military 
  service  749,646;  males  reach  military  age  (17)  annually  34,215  (1995 
  est.) 
 
  Defense  expenditures:  exchange  rate  conversion  -  $500  million,  1.3%  of 
  GDP  (1994) 
 
 
 




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