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denmark

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denmark


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Denmark 
  n  :  a  constitutional  monarchy  in  northern  Europe  [syn:  {Denmark}, 
  {Danmark}] 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Denmark,  IA 
  Zip  code(s):  52624 
  Denmark,  ME 
  Zip  code(s):  04022 
  Denmark,  SC  (city,  FIPS  19105) 
  Location:  33.31874  N,  81.13851  W 
  Population  (1990):  3762  (1535  housing  units) 
  Area:  7.9  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  29042 
  Denmark,  TN 
  Zip  code(s):  38391 
  Denmark,  WI  (village,  FIPS  19700) 
  Location:  44.34831  N,  87.82961  W 
  Population  (1990):  1612  (650  housing  units) 
  Area:  3.8  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  54208 
 
  From  The  CIA  World  Factbook  (1995)  [world95]: 
 
  Denmark 
 
  Denmark:Geography 
 
  Location:  Northern  Europe,  bordering  the  Baltic  Sea  and  the  North  Sea, 
  on  a  peninsula  north  of  Germany 
 
  Map  references:  Europe 
 
  Area: 
  total  area:  43,070  sq  km 
  land  area:  42,370  sq  km 
  comparative  area:  slightly  more  than  twice  the  size  of  Massachusetts 
  note:  includes  the  island  of  Bornholm  in  the  Baltic  Sea  and  the  rest 
  of  metropolitan  Denmark,  but  excludes  the  Faroe  Islands  and  Greenland 
 
  Land  boundaries:  total  68  km  Germany  68  km 
 
  Coastline:  3,379  km 
 
  Maritime  claims: 
  contiguous  zone:  4  nm 
  continental  shelf:  200-m  depth  or  to  the  depth  of  exploitation 
  exclusive  fishing  zone:  200  nm 
  territorial  sea:  3  nm 
 
  International  disputes:  Rockall  continental  shelf  dispute  involving 
  Iceland,  Ireland,  and  the  UK  (Ireland  and  the  UK  have  signed  a 
  boundary  agreement  in  the  Rockall  area) 
 
  Climate:  temperate;  humid  and  overcast;  mild,  windy  winters  and  cool 
  summers 
 
  Terrain:  low  and  flat  to  gently  rolling  plains 
 
  Natural  resources:  petroleum,  natural  gas,  fish,  salt,  limestone 
 
  Land  use: 
  arable  land:  61% 
  permanent  crops:  0% 
  meadows  and  pastures:  6% 
  forest  and  woodland:  12% 
  other:  21% 
 
  Irrigated  land:  4,300  sq  km  (1989  est.) 
 
  Environment: 
  current  issues:  air  pollution,  principally  from  vehicle  emissions; 
  nitrogen  and  phosphorus  pollution  of  the  North  Sea;  drinking  and 
  surface  water  becoming  polluted  from  animal  wastes 
  natural  hazards:  flooding  is  a  threat  in  some  areas  of  the  country 
  (e.g.,  parts  of  Jutland,  along  the  southern  coast  of  the  island  of 
  Lolland)  that  are  protected  from  the  sea  by  a  system  of  dikes 
  international  agreements:  party  to  -  Air  Pollution,  Air 
  Pollution-Nitrogen  Oxides,  Air  Pollution-Sulphur  85,  Antarctic  Treaty, 
  Biodiversity,  Climate  Change,  Endangered  Species,  Environmental 
  Modification,  Hazardous  Wastes,  Marine  Dumping,  Marine  Life 
  Conservation,  Nuclear  Test  Ban,  Ozone  Layer  Protection,  Ship 
  Pollution,  Tropical  Timber  83,  Wetlands,  Whaling;  signed,  but  not 
  ratified  -  Air  Pollution-Sulphur  94,  Air  Pollution-Volatile  Organic 
  Compounds,  Antarctic-Environmental  Protocol,  Desertification  Law  of 
  the  Sea 
 
  Note:  controls  Danish  Straits  linking  Baltic  and  North  Seas;  about 
  one-quarter  of  the  population  lives  in  Copenhagen 
 
  Denmark:People 
 
  Population:  5,199,437  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Age  structure: 
  0-14  years:  17%  (female  430,598;  male  451,993) 
  15-64  years:  68%  (female  1,731,531;  male  1,780,083) 
  65  years  and  over:  15%  (female  473,537;  male  331,695)  (July  1995  est.) 
 
  Population  growth  rate:  0.22%  (1995  est.) 
 
  Birth  rate:  12.38  births/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Death  rate:  11.14  deaths/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Net  migration  rate:  0.96  migrant(s)/1,000  population  (1995  est.) 
 
  Infant  mortality  rate:  6.8  deaths/1,000  live  births  (1995  est.) 
 
  Life  expectancy  at  birth: 
  total  population:  76.11  years 
  male:  73.23  years 
  female:  79.16  years  (1995  est.) 
 
  Total  fertility  rate:  1.69  children  born/woman  (1995  est.) 
 
  Nationality: 
  noun:  Dane(s) 
  adjective:  Danish 
 
  Ethnic  divisions:  Scandinavian,  Eskimo,  Faroese,  German 
 
  Religions:  Evangelical  Lutheran  91%,  other  Protestant  and  Roman 
  Catholic  2%,  other  7%  (1988) 
 
  Languages:  Danish,  Faroese,  Greenlandic  (an  Eskimo  dialect),  German 
  (small  minority) 
 
  Literacy:  age  15  and  over  can  read  and  write  (1980  est.) 
  total  population:  99% 
 
  Labor  force:  2,553,900 
  by  occupation:  private  services  37.1%,  government  services  30.4%, 
  manufacturing  and  mining  20%,  construction  6.3%,  agriculture, 
  forestry,  and  fishing  5.6%,  electricity/gas/water  0.6%  (1991) 
 
  Denmark:Government 
 
  Names: 
  conventional  long  form:  Kingdom  of  Denmark 
  conventional  short  form:  Denmark 
  local  long  form:  Kongeriget  Danmark 
  local  short  form:  Danmark 
 
  Digraph:  DA 
 
  Type:  constitutional  monarchy 
 
  Capital:  Copenhagen 
 
  Administrative  divisions:  metropolitan  Denmark  -  14  counties  (amter, 
  singular  -  amt)  and  1  city*  (stad);  Arhus,  Bornholm  Frederiksborg 
  Fyn,  Kbenhavn,  Nordjylland  Ribe,  Ringkbing  Roskilde  Snderjylland 
  Staden  Kbenhavn*,  Storstrm  Vejle,  Vestsjaelland  Viborg 
  note:  see  separate  entries  for  the  Faroe  Islands  and  Greenland,  which 
  are  part  of  the  Danish  realm  and  self-governing  administrative 
  divisions 
 
  Independence:  1849  (became  a  constitutional  monarchy) 
 
  National  holiday:  Birthday  of  the  Queen,  16  April  (1940) 
 
  Constitution:  5  June  1953 
 
  Legal  system:  civil  law  system;  judicial  review  of  legislative  acts 
  accepts  compulsory  ICJ  jurisdiction,  with  reservations 
 
  Suffrage:  18  years  of  age;  universal 
 
  Executive  branch: 
  chief  of  state:  Queen  MARGRETHE  II  (since  NA  January  1972);  Heir 
  Apparent  Crown  Prince  FREDERIK,  elder  son  of  the  Queen  (born  26  May 
  1968) 
  head  of  government:  Prime  Minister  Poul  Nyrup  RASMUSSEN  (since  NA 
  January  1993) 
  cabinet:  Cabinet;  appointed  by  the  monarch 
 
  Legislative  branch:  unicameral 
  Parliament  (Folketing):  elections  last  held  21  September  1994  (next  to 
  be  held  by  December  1998);  results  -  Social  Democrats  34.6%,  Liberals 
  23.3%,  Conservatives  15.0%,  Social  People's  Party  7.3%,  Progress  Party 
  6.4%,  Radical  Liberals  4.6%,  Unity  Party  3.1%,  Center  Democrats  2.8%, 
  Christian  People's  Party  1.8%;  seats  -  (179  total)  Social  Democrats 
  63,  Liberals  44,  Conservatives  28,  Social  People's  Party  13,  Progress 
  Party  11,  Radical  Liberals  8,  Unity  Party  6,  Center  Democrats  5, 
  independent  1 
 
  Judicial  branch:  Supreme  Court 
 
  Political  parties  and  leaders:  Social  Democratic  Party,  Poul  Nyrup 
  RASMUSSEN;  Conservative  Party,  Hans  ENGELL;  Liberal  Party,  Uffe 
  ELLEMANN-JENSEN;  Socialist  People's  Party,  Holger  K.  NIELSEN  Progress 
  Party,  Group  Chairman  Kim  BEHNKE  and  Policy  Spokesman  Jan  Kopke 
  CHRISTENSEN  Center  Democratic  Party,  Mimi  Stilling  JAKOBSEN  Radical 
  Liberal  Party,  Marianne  JELVED;  Christian  People's  Party,  Jann 
  SJURSEN  Common  Course,  Preben  Moller  HANSEN;  Danish  Workers'  Party; 
  Unity  Party 
 
  Member  of:  AfDB  AG  (observer),  AsDB  Australia  Group  BIS,  CBSS,  CCC, 
  CE  CERN,  EBRD,  EC  ECE,  EIB,  ESA,  FAO,  G-  9,  GATT,  IADB,  IAEA,  IBRD, 
  ICAO,  ICC,  ICFTU  ICRM,  IDA,  IEA,  IFAD,  IFC,  IFRCS  ILO,  IMF,  IMO, 
  INMARSAT  INTELSAT,  INTERPOL,  IOC,  IOM,  ISO,  ITU,  MTCR,  NACC,  NATO, 
  NC  NEA,  NIB,  NSG,  OECD  OSCE,  PCA,  UN  UNCTAD  UNESCO,  UNFICYP 
  UNHCR  UNIDO  UNIKOM  UNMOGIP  UNOMIG  UNPROFOR  UNTSO  UPU,  WEU, 
  WFTU  WHO  WIPO,  WMO,  ZC 
 
  Diplomatic  representation  in  US: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Peter  Pedersen  DYVIG  (Knud-Erik  TYGESEN 
  is  Ambassador  Elect  for  1995) 
  chancery:  3200  Whitehaven  Street  NW  Washington,  DC  20008 
  telephone:  [1]  (202)  234-4300 
  FAX:  [1]  (202)  328-1470 
  consulate(s)  general:  Chicago,  Los  Angeles,  and  New  York 
 
  US  diplomatic  representation: 
  chief  of  mission:  Ambassador  Edward  E.  ELSON 
  embassy:  Dag  Hammarskjolds  Alle  24,  2100  Copenhagen  O 
  mailing  address:  APO  AE  09716 
  telephone:  [45]  (31)  42  31  44 
  FAX:  [45]  (35)  43  02  23 
 
  Flag:  red  with  a  white  cross  that  extends  to  the  edges  of  the  flag; 
  the  vertical  part  of  the  cross  is  shifted  to  the  hoist  side  and  that 
  design  element  of  the  DANNEBROG  (Danish  flag)  was  subsequently  adopted 
  by  the  other  Nordic  countries  of  Finland,  Iceland,  Norway,  and  Sweden 
 
  Economy 
 
  Overview:  This  thoroughly  modern  economy  features  high-tech 
  agriculture,  up-to-date  small-scale  and  corporate  industry,  extensive 
  government  welfare  measures,  comfortable  living  standards,  and  high 
  dependence  on  foreign  trade  Denmark  is  self-sufficient  in  food 
  production.  The  new  center-left  coalition  government  will  concentrate 
  on  reducing  the  persistent  high  unemployment  rate  and  the  budget 
  deficit  as  well  as  following  the  previous  government's  policies  of 
  maintaining  low  inflation  and  a  current  account  surplus.  In  the  face 
  of  recent  international  market  pressure  on  the  Danish  krone,  the 
  coalition  has  also  vowed  to  maintain  a  stable  currency.  The  coalition 
  hopes  to  lower  marginal  income  taxes  while  maintaining  overall  tax 
  revenues;  boost  industrial  competitiveness  through  labor  market  and 
  tax  reforms  and  increased  research  and  development  funds;  and  improve 
  welfare  services  for  the  neediest  while  cutting  paperwork  and  delays. 
  Prime  Minister  RASMUSSEN's  reforms  will  focus  on  adapting  Denmark  to 
  the  criteria  for  European  integration  by  1999;  although  Copenhagen  has 
  won  from  the  European  Union  EU  the  right  to  opt  out  of  the  European 
  Monetary  Union  (EMU)  if  a  national  referendum  rejects  it  Denmark  is 
  in  fact  one  of  the  few  EU  countries  likely  to  fit  into  the  EMU  on 
  time.  Denmark  is  weathering  the  current  worldwide  slump  better  than 
  many  West  European  countries.  After  posting  4.5%  real  GDP  growth  in 
  1994,  Copenhagen  is  predicting  a  continued  strong  showing  in  1995, 
  with  real  GDP  up  by  3.2%.  The  government  expects  an  upswing  in 
  business  investment  in  1995  to  drive  economic  growth.  Although 
  unemployment  is  high,  it  remains  stable  compared  to  most  European 
  countries. 
 
  National  product:  GDP  -  purchasing  power  parity  -  $103  billion  (1994 
  est.) 
 
  National  product  real  growth  rate:  4.5%  (1994  est.) 
 
  National  product  per  capita:  $19,860  (1994  est.) 
 
  Inflation  rate  (consumer  prices):  2%  (1994  est.) 
 
  Unemployment  rate:  12.3%  (1994  est.) 
 
  Budget: 
  revenues:  $56.5  billion 
  expenditures:  $64.4  billion,  including  capital  expenditures  of  $NA 
  (1994  est.) 
 
  Exports:  $42.9  billion  (f.o.b.,  1994) 
  commodities:  meat  and  meat  products,  dairy  products,  transport 
  equipment  (shipbuilding),  fish,  chemicals,  industrial  machinery 
  partners:  EC  54.3%  (Germany  23.6%,  UK  10.1%,  France  5.7%),  Sweden 
  10.5%,  Norway  5.8%,  US  4.9%,  Japan  3.6%  (1992) 
 
  Imports:  $37.1  billion  (c.i.f.,  1994  est.) 
  commodities:  petroleum,  machinery  and  equipment,  chemicals,  grain  and 
  foodstuffs,  textiles,  paper 
  partners:  EC  53.4%  (Germany  23.1%,  UK  8.2%,  France  5.6%),  Sweden 
  10.8%,  Norway  5.4%,  US  5.7%,  Japan  4.1%  (1992) 
 
  External  debt:  $40.9  billion  (1994  est.) 
 
  Industrial  production:  growth  rate  -2.5%  (1993  est.) 
 
  Electricity: 
  capacity:  10,030,000  kW 
  production:  32  billion  kWh 
  consumption  per  capita:  5,835  kWh  (1993) 
 
  Industries:  food  processing,  machinery  and  equipment,  textiles  and 
  clothing,  chemical  products,  electronics,  construction,  furniture,  and 
  other  wood  products,  shipbuilding 
 
  Agriculture:  accounts  for  4%  of  GDP;  principal  products  -  meat,  dairy, 
  grain,  potatoes,  rape,  sugar  beets,  fish 
 
  Economic  aid: 
  donor:  ODA  and  OOF  commitments  (1970-89),  $5.9  billion 
 
  Currency:  1  Danish  krone  (DKr)  =  100  oere 
 
  Exchange  rates:  Danish  kroner  (DKr)  per  US$1  -  6.034  (January  1995), 
  6.361  (1994),  6.484  (1993),  6.036  (1992),  6.396  (1991),  6.189  (1990) 
 
  Fiscal  year:  calendar  year 
 
  Denmark:Transportation 
 
  Railroads: 
  total:  2,838  km  (494  km  privately  owned  and  operated) 
  standard  gauge:  2,838  km  1.435-m  gauge  (440  km  electrified;  760  km 
  double  track)  (1994) 
 
  Highways: 
  total:  71,042  km 
  paved:  concrete,  asphalt,  stone  block  71,042  km  (696  km  of 
  expressways) 
 
  Inland  waterways:  417  km 
 
  Pipelines:  crude  oil  110  km  petroleum  products  578  km  natural  gas 
  700  km 
 
  Ports:  Alborg,  Arhus,  Copenhagen,  Esbjerg  Fredericia,  Grenaa,  Koge, 
  Odense,  Struer 
 
  Merchant  marine: 
  total:  345  ships  (1,000  GRT  or  over)  totaling  5,005,470  GRT/6,974,750 
  DWT 
  ships  by  type:  bulk  17,  cargo  109,  chemical  tanker  24,  combination 
  bulk  1,  container  61,  liquefied  gas  tanker  32,  livestock  carrier  4, 
  oil  tanker  32,  railcar  carrier  1,  refrigerated  cargo  18, 
  roll-on/roll-off  cargo  35,  short-sea  passenger  11 
  note:  Denmark  has  created  its  own  internal  register,  called  the  Danish 
  International  Ship  register  (DIS);  DIS  ships  do  not  have  to  meet 
  Danish  manning  regulations,  and  they  amount  to  a  flag  of  convenience 
  within  the  Danish  register 
 
  Airports: 
  total:  118 
  with  paved  runways  over  3,047  m:  2 
  with  paved  runways  2,438  to  3,047  m:  7 
  with  paved  runways  1,524  to  2,437  m:  3 
  with  paved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  13 
  with  paved  runways  under  914  m:  85 
  with  unpaved  runways  1,524  to  2,438  m:  1 
  with  unpaved  runways  914  to  1,523  m:  7 
 
  Denmark:Communications 
 
  Telephone  system:  4,509,000  telephones;  excellent  telephone  and 
  telegraph  services;  buried  and  submarine  cables  and  microwave  radio 
  relay  support  trunk  network 
  local:  NA 
  intercity:  microwave  radio  relay 
  international:  19  submarine  coaxial  cables;  7  INTELSAT,  EUTELSAT  and 
  INMARSAT  earth  stations 
 
  Radio: 
  broadcast  stations:  AM  3,  FM  2,  shortwave  0 
  radios:  NA 
 
  Television: 
  broadcast  stations:  50 
  televisions:  NA 
 
  Denmark:Defense  Forces 
 
  Branches:  Royal  Danish  Army,  Royal  Danish  Navy,  Royal  Danish  Air 
  Force,  Home  Guard 
 
  Manpower  availability:  males  age  15-49  1,347,774;  males  fit  for 
  military  service  1,158,223;  males  reach  military  age  (20)  annually 
  36,191  (1995  est.) 
 
  Defense  expenditures:  exchange  rate  conversion  -  $2.7  billion,  1.9%  of 
  GDP  (1994) 
 
 
 




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