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guard

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guard


  6  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Guard  \Guard\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Guarded};  p.  pr  &,  vb  n. 
  {Gurding}.]  [OF.  guarder,  garder,  warder,  F.  garder,  fr  OHG. 
  wart?n  to  be  on  the  watch,  await,  G.  marten.  See  {Ward},  v.  & 
  n.,  and  cf  {Guard},  n.] 
  1.  To  protect  from  danger;  to  secure  against  surprise, 
  attack,  or  injury;  to  keep  in  safety;  to  defend;  to 
  shelter;  to  shield  from  surprise  or  attack;  to  protect  by 
  attendance;  to  accompany  for  protection;  to  care  for 
 
  For  Heaven  still  guards  the  right  --Shak. 
 
  2.  To  keep  watch  over  in  order  to  prevent  escape  or  restrain 
  from  acts  of  violence,  or  the  like 
 
  3.  To  protect  the  edge  of  esp.  with  an  ornamental  border; 
  hence  to  face  or  ornament  with  lists,  laces,  etc 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Guard  \Guard\  (g[aum]rd),  v.  i. 
  To  watch  by  way  of  caution  or  defense;  to  be  caution;  to  be 
  in  a  state  or  position  of  defense  or  safety;  as  careful 
  persons  guard  against  mistakes. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Guard  \Guard\,  n.  [OF.  guarde,  F.  garde;  of  German  origin;  cf 
  OHG.  wart,  marto,  one  who  watches,  mata  a  watching,  Goth. 
  wardja  watchman.  See  {Guard},  v.  t.] 
  1.  One  who  or  that  which  guards  from  injury,  danger, 
  exposure,  or  attack;  defense;  protection. 
 
  His  greatness  was  no  guard  to  bar  heaven's  shaft. 
  --Shak. 
 
  2.  A  man,  or  body  of  men,  stationed  to  protect  or  control  a 
  person  or  position;  a  watch;  a  sentinel. 
 
  The  guard  which  kept  the  door  of  the  king's  house. 
  --Kings  xiv. 
  27. 
 
  3.  One  who  has  charge  of  a  mail  coach  or  a  railway  train;  a 
  conductor.  [Eng.] 
 
  4.  Any  fixture  or  attachment  designed  to  protect  or  secure 
  against  injury,  soiling,  or  defacement,  theft  or  loss  as: 
  a  That  part  of  a  sword  hilt  which  protects  the  hand. 
  b  Ornamental  lace  or  hem  protecting  the  edge  of  a 
  garment. 
  c  A  chain  or  cord  for  fastening  a  watch  to  one's  person 
  or  dress. 
  d  A  fence  or  rail  to  prevent  falling  from  the  deck  of  a 
  vessel. 
  e  An  extension  of  the  deck  of  a  vessel  beyond  the  hull; 
  esp.,  in  side-wheel  steam  vessels,  the  framework  of 
  strong  timbers,  which  curves  out  on  each  side  beyond 
  the  paddle  wheel,  and  protects  it  and  the  shaft 
  against  collision. 
  f  A  plate  of  metal,  beneath  the  stock,  or  the  lock 
  frame,  of  a  gun  or  pistol,  having  a  loop,  called  a 
  bow,  to  protect  the  trigger. 
  g  (Bookbinding)  An  interleaved  strip  at  the  back  as  in 
  a  scrap  book,  to  guard  against  its  breaking  when 
  filled. 
 
  5.  A  posture  of  defense  in  fencing,  and  in  bayonet  and  saber 
  exercise. 
 
  6.  An  expression  or  admission  intended  to  secure  against 
  objections  or  censure. 
 
  They  have  expressed  themselves  with  as  few  guards 
  and  restrictions  as  I.  --Atterbury. 
 
  7.  Watch;  heed;  care  attention;  as  to  keep  guard. 
 
  8.  (Zo["o]l.)  The  fibrous  sheath  which  covers  the  phragmacone 
  of  the  Belemnites. 
 
  Note:  Guard  is  often  used  adjectively  or  in  combination;  as 
  guard  boat  or  guardboat  guardroom  or  guard  room  guard 
  duty. 
 
  {Advanced  guard},  {Coast  guard},  etc  See  under  {Advanced}, 
  {Coast},  etc 
 
  {Grand  guard}  (Mil.),  one  of  the  posts  of  the  second  line 
  belonging  to  a  system  of  advance  posts  of  an  army. 
  --Mahan. 
 
  {Guard  boat}. 
  a  A  boat  appointed  to  row  the  rounds  among  ships  of  war 
  in  a  harbor,  to  see  that  their  officers  keep  a  good 
  lookout. 
  b  A  boat  used  by  harbor  authorities  to  enforce  the 
  observance  of  quarantine  regulations. 
 
  {Guard  cells}  (Bot.),  the  bordering  cells  of  stomates;  they 
  are  crescent-shaped  and  contain  chlorophyll. 
 
  {Guard  chamber},  a  guardroom. 
 
  {Guard  detail}  (Mil.),  men  from  a  company  regiment  etc., 
  detailed  for  guard  duty. 
 
  {Guard  duty}  (Mil.),  the  duty  of  watching  patrolling,  etc., 
  performed  by  a  sentinel  or  sentinels. 
 
  {Guard  lock}  (Engin.),  a  tide  lock  at  the  mouth  of  a  dock  or 
  basin. 
 
  {Guard  of  honor}  (Mil.),  a  guard  appointed  to  receive  or  to 
  accompany  eminent  persons. 
 
  {Guard  rail}  (Railroads),  a  rail  placed  on  the  inside  of  a 
  main  rail,  on  bridges,  at  switches,  etc.,  as  a  safeguard 
  against  derailment. 
 
  {Guard  ship},  a  war  vessel  appointed  to  superintend  the 
  marine  affairs  in  a  harbor,  and  also  in  the  English 
  service,  to  receive  seamen  till  they  can  be  distributed 
  among  their  respective  ships. 
 
  {Life  guard}  (Mil.),  a  body  of  select  troops  attending  the 
  person  of  a  prince  or  high  officer. 
 
  {Off  one's  guard},  in  a  careless  state;  inattentive; 
  unsuspicious  of  danger. 
 
  {On  guard},  serving  in  the  capacity  of  a  guard;  doing  duty  as 
  a  guard  or  sentinel;  watching. 
 
  {On  one's  guard},  in  a  watchful  state;  alert;  vigilant. 
 
  {To  mount  guard}  (Mil.),  to  go  on  duty  as  a  guard  or 
  sentinel. 
 
  {To  run  the  guard},  to  pass  the  watch  or  sentinel  without 
  leave 
 
  Syn:  Defense;  shield;  protection;  safeguard;  convoy;  escort; 
  care  attention;  watch;  heed. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  guard 
  n  1:  a  person  who  keeps  watch  over  something  or  someone 
  2:  the  person  who  plays  that  position  on  a  football  team;  "the 
  left  guard  was  injured  on  the  play" 
  3:  a  device  designed  to  prevent  injury  [syn:  {safety}] 
  4:  a  posture  of  defence  in  boxing  or  fencing;  "keep  your  guard 
  up" 
  5:  the  person  who  plays  the  position  of  guard  on  a  basketball 
  team 
  6:  a  group  of  men  who  escort  and  protect  some  important  person 
  [syn:  {bodyguard}] 
  7:  the  duty  of  serving  as  a  sentry;  "he  was  on  guard  that 
  night"  [syn:  {guard  duty},  {sentry  duty},  {sentry  go}] 
  8:  a  position  on  the  line  of  scrimmage;  "guards  must  be  good 
  blockers" 
  9:  a  position  on  a  basketball  team 
  v  1:  to  keep  watch  over:  "there  would  be  men  guarding  the 
  horses." 
  2:  watch  over  or  shield  from  danger  or  harm;  protect;  "guard  my 
  possessions  while  I'm  away"  [syn:  {ward}] 
  3:  protect  against  a  challenge  or  attack:  "Hold  that  position 
  behind  the  trees!"  "Hold  the  bridge  against  the  enemy's 
  attacks"  [syn:  {defend},  {hold}] 
  4:  take  precautions  in  order  to  avoid  some  unwanted 
  consequence;  "guard  against  becoming  too  friendly  with  the 
  staff";  "guard  against  infection" 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  guard 
 
    1.  In  {functional  programming},  a  {Boolean} 
  expression  attached  to  a  function  definition  specifying  when 
  (for  what  arguments)  that  definition  is  appropriate. 
 
  2.  In  (parallel)  {logic  programming},  a  Boolean  expression 
  which  is  used  to  select  a  {clause}  from  several  alternative 
  matching  clauses. 
 
  See  {Guarded  Horn  Clauses}. 
 
  3.  In  {parallel}  languages,  a  {Boolean}  expression  which 
  specifies  when  an  message  may  be  sent  or  received. 
 
  (1995-05-09) 
 
 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Guard 
  (1.)  Heb.  tabbah  (properly  a  "cook,"  and  in  a  secondary  sense 
  "executioner,"  because  this  office  fell  to  the  lot  of  the  cook 
  in  Eastern  countries),  the  bodyguard  of  the  kings  of  Egypt  (Gen. 
  37:36)  and  Babylon  (2  Kings  25:8;  Jer.  40:1;  Dan.  2:14). 
 
  (2.)  Heb.  rats,  properly  a  "courier,"  one  whose  office  was  to 
  run  before  the  king's  chariot  (2  Sam.  15:1;  1  Kings  1:5).  The 
  couriers  were  also  military  guards  (1  Sam.  22:17;  2  Kings 
  10:25).  They  were  probably  the  same  who  under  David  were  called 
  Pelethites  (1  Kings  14:27;  2  Sam.  15:1). 
 
  (3.)  Heb.  mishmereth  one  who  watches  (Neh.  4:22),  or  a 
  watch-station  (7:3;  12:9;  Job  7:12). 
 
  In  the  New  Testament  (Mark  6:27)  the  Authorized  Version 
  renders  the  Greek  _spekulator_  by  "executioner,"  earlier  English 
  versions  by  "hangman,"  the  Revised  Version  by  "soldier  of  his 
  guard."  The  word  properly  means  a  pikeman"  or  "halberdier,"  of 
  whom  the  bodyguard  of  kings  and  princes  was  composed.  In  Matt. 
  27:65,  66;  28:11,  the  Authorized  Version  renders  the  Greek 
  _kustodia_  by  "watch,"  and  the  Revised  Version  by  "guard,"  the 
  Roman  guard,  which  consisted  of  four  soldiers,  who  were  relieved 
  every  three  hours  (Acts  12:4).  The  "captain  of  the  guard" 
  mentioned  Acts  28:16  was  the  commander  of  the  Praetorian  troops, 
  whose  duty  it  was  to  receive  and  take  charge  of  all  prisoners 
  from  the  provinces. 
 




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