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heaven

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heaven


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Heaven  \Heav"en\  (h[e^]v"'n),  n.  [OE.  heven,  hefen,  heofen  AS 
  heofon  akin  to  OS  hevan,  LG  heben,  heven,  Icel.  hifinn  of 
  uncertain  origin,  cf  D.  hemel,  G.  himmel,  Icel.  himmin 
  Goth.  himins  perh.  akin  to  or  influenced  by  the  root  of  E. 
  heave,  or  from  a  root  signifying  to  cover,  cf  Goth. 
  gaham[=o]n  to  put  on  clothe  one's  self  G.  hemd  shirt,  and 
  perh.  E.  chemise.] 
  1.  The  expanse  of  space  surrounding  the  earth;  esp.,  that 
  which  seems  to  be  over  the  earth  like  a  great  arch  or 
  dome;  the  firmament;  the  sky;  the  place  where  the  sun, 
  moon,  and  stars  appear;  --  often  used  in  the  plural  in 
  this  sense 
 
  I  never  saw  the  heavens  so  dim  by  day  --Shak. 
 
  When  my  eyes  shall  be  turned  to  behold  for  the  last 
  time  the  sun  in  heaven.  --D.  Webster. 
 
  2.  The  dwelling  place  of  the  Deity;  the  abode  of  bliss;  the 
  place  or  state  of  the  blessed  after  death. 
 
  Unto  the  God  of  love,  high  heaven's  King.  --Spenser. 
 
  It  is  a  knell  That  summons  thee  to  heaven  or  to 
  hell.  --Shak. 
 
  New  thoughts  of  God,  new  hopes  of  Heaven.  --Keble. 
 
  Note:  In  this  general  sense  heaven  and  its  corresponding 
  words  in  other  languages  have  as  various  definite 
  interpretations  as  there  are  phases  of  religious 
  belief. 
 
  3.  The  sovereign  of  heaven;  God;  also  the  assembly  of  the 
  blessed,  collectively;  --  used  variously  in  this  sense  as 
  in  No  2. 
 
  Her  prayers,  whom  Heaven  delights  to  hear.  --Shak. 
 
  The  will  And  high  permission  of  all-ruling  Heaven. 
  --Milton. 
 
  4.  Any  place  of  supreme  happiness  or  great  comfort;  perfect 
  felicity;  bliss;  a  sublime  or  exalted  condition;  as  a 
  heaven  of  delight.  ``A  heaven  of  beauty.''  --Shak.  ``The 
  brightest  heaven  of  invention.''  --Shak. 
 
  O  bed!  bed!  delicious  bed!  That  heaven  upon  earth  to 
  the  weary  head!  --Hood. 
 
  Note:  Heaven  is  very  often  used  esp.  with  participles,  in 
  forming  compound  words  most  of  which  need  no  special 
  explanation;  as  heaven-appeasing,  heaven-aspiring, 
  heaven-begot,  heaven-born,  heaven-bred, 
  heaven-conducted,  heaven-descended,  heaven-directed, 
  heaven-exalted,  heaven-given,  heaven-guided, 
  heaven-inflicted,  heaven-inspired,  heaven-instructed, 
  heaven-kissing,  heaven-loved,  heaven-moving, 
  heaven-protected,  heaven-taught,  heaven-warring,  and 
  the  like 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Heaven  \Heav"en\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Heavened};  p.  pr  &  vb 
  n.  {Heavening}.] 
  To  place  in  happiness  or  bliss,  as  if  in  heaven;  to  beatify. 
  [R.] 
 
  We  are  happy  as  the  bird  whose  nest  Is  heavened  in  the 
  hush  of  purple  hills.  --G.  Massey. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Heaven 
  n  1:  the  abode  of  God  and  the  angels  and  the  souls  of  those  who 
  have  gained  salvation  [syn:  {Heaven}]  [ant:  {Hell}] 
  2:  any  place  of  complete  bliss  and  delight  and  peace  [syn:  {eden}, 
  {paradise},  {nirvana},  {promised  land},  {Shangri-la}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Heaven 
  (1.)  Definitions.  The  phrase  "heaven  and  earth"  is  used  to 
  indicate  the  whole  universe  (Gen.  1:1;  Jer.  23:24;  Acts  17:24). 
  According  to  the  Jewish  notion  there  were  three  heavens, 
 
  a  The  firmament,  as  "fowls  of  the  heaven"  (Gen.  2:19;  7:3, 
  23;  Ps  8:8,  etc.),  "the  eagles  of  heaven"  (Lam.  4:19),  etc 
 
  b  The  starry  heavens  (Deut.  17:3;  Jer.  8:2;  Matt.  24:29). 
 
  c  "The  heaven  of  heavens,"  or  "the  third  heaven"  (Deut. 
  10:14;  1  Kings  8:27;  Ps  115:16;  148:4;  2  Cor.  12:2). 
 
  (2.)  Meaning  of  words  in  the  original, 
 
  a  The  usual  Hebrew  word  for  heavens"  is  _shamayim_,  a 
  plural  form  meaning  "heights,"  elevations"  (Gen.  1:1;  2:1). 
 
  b  The  Hebrew  word  _marom_  is  also  used  (Ps.  68:18;  93:4; 
  102:19,  etc.)  as  equivalent  to  _shamayim_,  "high  places," 
  "heights." 
 
  c  Heb.  galgal,  literally  a  "wheel,"  is  rendered  heaven"  in 
  Ps  77:18  (R.V.,  "whirlwind"). 
 
  d  Heb.  shahak,  rendered  sky"  (Deut.  33:26;  Job  37:18;  Ps 
  18:11),  plural  clouds"  (Job  35:5;  36:28;  Ps  68:34,  marg. 
  "heavens"),  means  probably  the  firmament. 
 
  e  Heb.  rakia  is  closely  connected  with  (d),  and  is  rendered 
  firmamentum"  in  the  Vulgate,  whence  our  firmament"  (Gen.  1:6; 
  Deut.  33:26,  etc.),  regarded  as  a  solid  expanse. 
 
  (3.)  Metaphorical  meaning  of  term.  Isa.  14:13,  14;  "doors  of 
  heaven"  (Ps.  78:23);  heaven  shut"  (1  Kings  8:35);  opened" 
  (Ezek.  1:1).  (See  1  Chr.  21:16.) 
 
  (4.)  Spiritual  meaning.  The  place  of  the  everlasting 
  blessedness  of  the  righteous;  the  abode  of  departed  spirits. 
 
  a  Christ  calls  it  his  "Father's  house"  (John  14:2). 
 
  b  It  is  called  paradise"  (Luke  23:43;  2  Cor.  12:4;  Rev. 
  2:7). 
 
  c  "The  heavenly  Jerusalem"  (Gal.  4:  26;  Heb.  12:22;  Rev. 
  3:12). 
 
  d  The  "kingdom  of  heaven"  (Matt.  25:1;  James  2:5). 
 
  e  The  "eternal  kingdom"  (2  Pet.  1:11). 
 
  f  The  "eternal  inheritance"  (1  Pet.  1:4;  Heb.  9:15). 
 
  g  The  "better  country"  (Heb.  11:14,  16). 
 
  h  The  blessed  are  said  to  "sit  down  with  Abraham,  Isaac,  and 
  Jacob,"  and  to  be  "in  Abraham's  bosom"  (Luke  16:22;  Matt.  8:11); 
  to  "reign  with  Christ"  (2  Tim.  2:12);  and  to  enjoy  rest"  (Heb. 
  4:10,  11). 
 
  In  heaven  the  blessedness  of  the  righteous  consists  in  the 
  possession  of  "life  everlasting,"  "an  eternal  weight  of  glory" 
  (2  Cor.  4:17),  an  exemption  from  all  sufferings  for  ever,  a 
  deliverance  from  all  evils  (2  Cor.  5:1,  2)  and  from  the  society 
  of  the  wicked  (2  Tim.  4:18),  bliss  without  termination,  the 
  "fulness  of  joy"  for  ever  (Luke  20:36;  2  Cor.  4:16,  18;  1  Pet. 
  1:4;  5:10;  1  John  3:2).  The  believer's  heaven  is  not  only  a 
  state  of  everlasting  blessedness,  but  also  a  "place",  a  place 
  prepared"  for  them  (John  14:2). 
 
 
  From  THE  DEVIL'S  DICTIONARY  ((C)1911  Released  April  15  1993)  [devils]: 
 
  HEAVEN,  n.  A  place  where  the  wicked  cease  from  troubling  you  with 
  talk  of  their  personal  affairs,  and  the  good  listen  with  attention 
  while  you  expound  your  own 
 
 




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