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bible

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bible


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Bible  \Bi"ble\  (b[imac]"b'l),  n.  [F.  bible,  L.  biblia  pl.,  fr 
  Gr  bibli`a,  pl  of  bibli`on,  dim.  of  bi`blos,  by`blos,  book, 
  prop.  Egyptian  papyrus.] 
  1.  A  book.  [Obs.]  --Chaucer. 
 
  2.  {The  Book}  by  way  of  eminence,  --  that  is  the  book  which 
  is  made  up  of  the  writings  accepted  by  Christians  as  of 
  divine  origin  and  authority,  whether  such  writings  be  in 
  the  original  language,  or  translated;  the  Scriptures  of 
  the  Old  and  New  Testaments;  --  sometimes  in  a  restricted 
  sense  the  Old  Testament;  as  King  James's  Bible;  Douay 
  Bible;  Luther's  Bible.  Also  the  book  which  is  made  up  of 
  writings  similarly  accepted  by  the  Jews;  as  a  rabbinical 
  Bible. 
 
  3.  A  book  containing  the  sacred  writings  belonging  to  any 
  religion;  as  the  Koran  is  often  called  the  Mohammedan 
  Bible. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  Bible 
  n  1:  the  sacred  writings  of  the  Christian  religion;  "he  went  to 
  carry  the  Word  to  the  heathen"  [syn:  {Bible},  {Good  Book}, 
  {Holy  Scripture},  {Holy  Writ},  {Scripture},  {Word  of 
  God},  {Word}] 
  2:  a  book  regarded  as  authoritative  in  its  field 
 
  From  Jargon  File  (4.2.3,  23  NOV  2000)  [jargon]: 
 
  bible  n.  1.  One  of  a  small  number  of  fundamental  source  books 
  such  as  {Knuth},  {K&R},  or  the  {Camel  Book}.  2.  The  most  detailed  and 
  authoritative  reference  for  a  particular  language,  operating  system, 
  or  other  complex  software  system. 
 
 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  bible 
 
    The  most  detailed  and  authoritative  reference 
  for  a  particular  language,  {operating  system}  or  other  complex 
  software  system.  It  is  also  used  to  denote  one  of  a  small 
  number  of  such  books  such  as  {Knuth}  and  {K&R}. 
 
  [{Jargon  File}] 
 
  (1996-12-03) 
 
 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Bible 
  Bible,  the  English  form  of  the  Greek  name  _Biblia_,  meaning 
  "books,"  the  name  which  in  the  fifth  century  began  to  be  given 
  to  the  entire  collection  of  sacred  books,  the  "Library  of  Divine 
  Revelation."  The  name  Bible  was  adopted  by  Wickliffe,  and  came 
  gradually  into  use  in  our  English  language.  The  Bible  consists 
  of  sixty-six  different  books,  composed  by  many  different 
  writers,  in  three  different  languages,  under  different 
  circumstances;  writers  of  almost  every  social  rank,  statesmen 
  and  peasants,  kings,  herdsmen,  fishermen,  priests, 
  tax-gatherers,  tentmakers;  educated  and  uneducated,  Jews  and 
  Gentiles;  most  of  them  unknown  to  each  other  and  writing  at 
  various  periods  during  the  space  of  about  1600  years:  and  yet 
  after  all  it  is  only  one  book  dealing  with  only  one  subject  in 
  its  numberless  aspects  and  relations,  the  subject  of  man's 
  redemption. 
 
  It  is  divided  into  the  Old  Testament,  containing  thirty-nine 
  books,  and  the  New  Testament,  containing  twenty-seven  books.  The 
  names  given  to  the  Old  in  the  writings  of  the  New  are  "the 
  scriptures"  (Matt.  21:42),  scripture"  (2  Pet.  1:20),  "the  holy 
  scriptures"  (Rom.  1:2),  "the  law"  (John  12:34),  "the  law  of 
  Moses,  the  prophets,  and  the  psalms"  (Luke  24:44),  "the  law  and 
  the  prophets"  (Matt.  5:17),  "the  old  covenant"  (2  Cor.  3:14, 
  R.V.).  There  is  a  break  of  400  years  between  the  Old  Testament 
  and  the  New  (See  {APOCRYPHA}.) 
 
  The  Old  Testament  is  divided  into  three  parts:,  1.  The  Law 
  (Torah),  consisting  of  the  Pentateuch,  or  five  books  of  Moses. 
  2.  The  Prophets,  consisting  of  (1)  the  former,  namely,  Joshua, 
  Judges,  the  Books  of  Samuel,  and  the  Books  of  Kings;  (2)  the 
  latter,  namely,  the  greater  prophets,  Isaiah,  Jeremiah,  and 
  Ezekiel,  and  the  twelve  minor  prophets.  3.  The  Hagiographa,  or 
  holy  writings,  including  the  rest  of  the  books.  These  were 
  ranked  in  three  divisions:,  (1)  The  Psalms,  Proverbs,  and  Job, 
  distinguished  by  the  Hebrew  name  a  word  formed  of  the  initial 
  letters  of  these  books,  _emeth_,  meaning  truth.  (2)  Canticles, 
  Ruth,  Lamentations,  Ecclesiastes,  and  Esther,  called  the  five 
  rolls,  as  being  written  for  the  synagogue  use  on  five  separate 
  rolls.  (3)  Daniel,  Ezra,  Nehemiah,  and  1  and  2  Chronicles. 
  Between  the  Old  and  the  New  Testament  no  addition  was  made  to 
  the  revelation  God  had  already  given  The  period  of  New 
  Testament  revelation,  extending  over  a  century,  began  with  the 
  appearance  of  John  the  Baptist. 
 
  The  New  Testament  consists  of  (1)  the  historical  books,  viz., 
  the  Gospels,  and  the  Acts  of  the  Apostles;  (2)  the  Epistles;  and 
  (3)  the  book  of  prophecy,  the  Revelation. 
 
  The  division  of  the  Bible  into  chapters  and  verses  is 
  altogether  of  human  invention,  designed  to  facilitate  reference 
  to  it  The  ancient  Jews  divided  the  Old  Testament  into  certain 
  sections  for  use  in  the  synagogue  service,  and  then  at  a  later 
  period,  in  the  ninth  century  A.D.,  into  verses.  Our  modern 
  system  of  chapters  for  all  the  books  of  the  Bible  was  introduced 
  by  Cardinal  Hugo  about  the  middle  of  the  thirteenth  century  (he 
  died  1263).  The  system  of  verses  for  the  New  Testament  was 
  introduced  by  Stephens  in  1551,  and  generally  adopted,  although 
  neither  Tyndale's  nor  Coverdale's  English  translation  of  the 
  Bible  has  verses.  The  division  is  not  always  wisely  made  yet  it 
  is  very  useful.  (See  {VERSION}.) 
 




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