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isaiah

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isaiah


  2  definitions  found 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Isaiah 
  (Heb.  Yesh'yahu,  i.e.,  "the  salvation  of  Jehovah").  (1.)  The  son 
  of  Amoz  (Isa.  1:1;  2:1),  who  was  apparently  a  man  of  humble 
  rank.  His  wife  was  called  "the  prophetess"  (8:3),  either  because 
  she  was  endowed  with  the  prophetic  gift,  like  Deborah  (Judg. 
  4:4)  and  Huldah  (2  Kings  22:14-20),  or  simply  because  she  was 
  the  wife  of  "the  prophet"  (Isa.  38:1).  He  had  two  sons,  who  bore 
  symbolical  names 
 
  He  exercised  the  functions  of  his  office  during  the  reigns  of 
  Uzziah  (or  Azariah),  Jotham,  Ahaz,  and  Hezekiah  (1:1).  Uzziah 
  reigned  fifty-two  years  (B.C.  810-759),  and  Isaiah  must  have 
  begun  his  career  a  few  years  before  Uzziah's  death,  probably 
  B.C.  762.  He  lived  till  the  fourteenth  year  of  Hezekiah,  and  in 
  all  likelihood  outlived  that  monarch  (who  died  B.C.  698),  and 
  may  have  been  contemporary  for  some  years  with  Manasseh.  Thus 
  Isaiah  may  have  prophesied  for  the  long  period  of  at  least 
  sixty-four  years. 
 
  His  first  call  to  the  prophetical  office  is  not  recorded.  A 
  second  call  came  to  him  "in  the  year  that  King  Uzziah  died" 
  (Isa.  6:1).  He  exercised  his  ministry  in  a  spirit  of 
  uncompromising  firmness  and  boldness  in  regard  to  all  that  bore 
  on  the  interests  of  religion.  He  conceals  nothing  and  keeps 
  nothing  back  from  fear  of  man.  He  was  also  noted  for  his 
  spirituality  and  for  his  deep-toned  reverence  toward  "the  holy 
  One  of  Israel." 
 
  In  early  youth  Isaiah  must  have  been  moved  by  the  invasion  of 
  Israel  by  the  Assyrian  monarch  Pul  (q.v.),  2  Kings  15:19;  and 
  again  twenty  years  later  when  he  had  already  entered  on  his 
  office,  by  the  invasion  of  Tiglath-pileser  and  his  career  of 
  conquest.  Ahaz,  king  of  Judah,  at  this  crisis  refused  to 
  co-operate  with  the  kings  of  Israel  and  Syria  in  opposition  to 
  the  Assyrians,  and  was  on  that  account  attacked  and  defeated  by 
  Rezin  of  Damascus  and  Pekah  of  Samaria  (2  Kings  16:5;  2  Chr. 
  28:5,  6).  Ahaz,  thus  humbled,  sided  with  Assyria,  and  sought  the 
  aid  of  Tiglath-pileser  against  Israel  and  Syria.  The  consequence 
  was  that  Rezin  and  Pekah  were  conquered  and  many  of  the  people 
  carried  captive  to  Assyria  (2  Kings  15:29;  16:9;  1  Chr.  5:26). 
  Soon  after  this  Shalmaneser  determined  wholly  to  subdue  the 
  kingdom  of  Israel.  Samaria  was  taken  and  destroyed  (B.C.  722). 
  So  long  as  Ahaz  reigned,  the  kingdom  of  Judah  was  unmolested  by 
  the  Assyrian  power;  but  on  his  accession  to  the  throne,  Hezekiah 
  (B.C.  726),  who  "rebelled  against  the  king  of  Assyria"  (2  Kings 
  18:7),  in  which  he  was  encouraged  by  Isaiah,  who  exhorted  the 
  people  to  place  all  their  dependence  on  Jehovah  (Isa.  10:24; 
  37:6),  entered  into  an  alliance  with  the  king  of  Egypt  (Isa. 
  30:2-4).  This  led  the  king  of  Assyria  to  threaten  the  king  of 
  Judah,  and  at  length  to  invade  the  land.  Sennacherib  (B.C.  701) 
  led  a  powerful  army  into  Palestine.  Hezekiah  was  reduced  to 
  despair,  and  submitted  to  the  Assyrians  (2  Kings  18:14-16).  But 
  after  a  brief  interval  war  broke  out  again  and  again 
  Sennacherib  (q.v.)  led  an  army  into  Palestine,  one  detachment  of 
  which  threatened  Jerusalem  (Isa.  36:2-22;  37:8).  Isaiah  on  that 
  occasion  encouraged  Hezekiah  to  resist  the  Assyrians  (37:1-7), 
  whereupon  Sennacherib  sent  a  threatening  letter  to  Hezekiah, 
  which  he  "spread  before  the  Lord"  (37:14).  The  judgement  of  God 
  now  fell  on  the  Assyrian  host.  "Like  Xerxes  in  Greece, 
  Sennacherib  never  recovered  from  the  shock  of  the  disaster  in 
  Judah.  He  made  no  more  expeditions  against  either  Southern 
  Palestine  or  Egypt."  The  remaining  years  of  Hezekiah's  reign 
  were  peaceful  (2  Chr.  32:23,  27-29).  Isaiah  probably  lived  to 
  its  close  and  possibly  into  the  reign  of  Manasseh,  but  the  time 
  and  manner  of  his  death  are  unknown.  There  is  a  tradition  that 
  he  suffered  martyrdom  in  the  heathen  reaction  in  the  time  of 
  Manasseh  (q.v.). 
 
  (2.)  One  of  the  heads  of  the  singers  in  the  time  of  David  (1 
  Chr.  25:3,15,  "Jeshaiah"). 
 
  (3.)  A  Levite  (1  Chr.  26:25). 
 
  (4.)  Ezra  8:7. 
 
  (5.)  Neh.  11:7. 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Isaiah,  the  salvation  of  the  Lord 
 




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