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palestinemore about palestine


  3  definitions  found 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
  n  1:  a  British  mandate  on  the  east  coast  of  the  Mediterranean; 
  divided  between  Jordan  and  Israel  in  1948  [syn:  {Palestine}] 
  2:  an  ancient  country  is  southwestern  Asia  on  the  east  coast  of 
  the  Mediterranean;  a  place  of  pilgrimage  for  Christianity 
  and  Islam  and  Judaism  [syn:  {Palestine},  {Canaan},  {Holy 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
  Palestine,  AR  (city,  FIPS  53150) 
  Location:  34.97030  N,  90.90501  W 
  Population  (1990):  711  (278  housing  units) 
  Area:  8.3  sq  km  (land),  0.1  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  72372 
  Palestine,  IL  (village,  FIPS  57277) 
  Location:  39.00217  N,  87.61209  W 
  Population  (1990):  1619  (728  housing  units) 
  Area:  1.9  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  62451 
  Palestine,  OH  (village,  FIPS  59598) 
  Location:  40.05025  N,  84.74446  W 
  Population  (1990):  197  (78  housing  units) 
  Area:  0.3  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Palestine,  TX  (city,  FIPS  54708) 
  Location:  31.75655  N,  95.64650  W 
  Population  (1990):  18042  (7676  housing  units) 
  Area:  44.9  sq  km  (land),  0.5  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  75801 
  Palestine,  WV 
  Zip  code(s):  26160 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
  originally  denoted  only  the  sea-coast  of  the  land  of  Canaan 
  inhabited  by  the  Philistines  (Ex.  15:14;  Isa.  14:29,  31;  Joel 
  3:4),  and  in  this  sense  exclusively  the  Hebrew  name  Pelesheth 
  (rendered  Philistia"  in  Ps  60:8;  83:7;  87:4;  108:9)  occurs  in 
  the  Old  Testament. 
  Not  till  a  late  period  in  Jewish  history  was  this  name  used  to 
  denote  "the  land  of  the  Hebrews"  in  general  (Gen.  40:15).  It  is 
  also  called  "the  holy  land"  (Zech.  2:12),  the  "land  of  Jehovah" 
  (Hos.  9:3;  Ps  85:1),  the  "land  of  promise"  (Heb.  11:9),  because 
  promised  to  Abraham  (Gen.  12:7;  24:7),  the  "land  of  Canaan" 
  (Gen.  12:5),  the  "land  of  Israel"  (1  Sam.  13:19),  and  the  "land 
  of  Judah"  (Isa.  19:17). 
  The  territory  promised  as  an  inheritance  to  the  seed  of 
  Abraham  (Gen.  15:18-21;  Num.  34:1-12)  was  bounded  on  the  east  by 
  the  river  Euphrates,  on  the  west  by  the  Mediterranean,  on  the 
  north  by  the  "entrance  of  Hamath,"  and  on  the  south  by  the 
  "river  of  Egypt."  This  extent  of  territory,  about  60,000  square 
  miles,  was  at  length  conquered  by  David,  and  was  ruled  over  also 
  by  his  son  Solomon  (2  Sam.  8;  1  Chr.  18;  1  Kings  4:1,  21).  This 
  vast  empire  was  the  Promised  Land;  but  Palestine  was  only  a  part 
  of  it  terminating  in  the  north  at  the  southern  extremity  of  the 
  Lebanon  range,  and  in  the  south  in  the  wilderness  of  Paran,  thus 
  extending  in  all  to  about  144  miles  in  length.  Its  average 
  breadth  was  about  60  miles  from  the  Mediterranean  on  the  west  to 
  beyond  the  Jordan.  It  has  fittingly  been  designated  "the  least 
  of  all  lands."  Western  Palestine,  on  the  south  of  Gaza,  is  only 
  about  40  miles  in  breadth  from  the  Mediterranean  to  the  Dead 
  Sea,  narrowing  gradually  toward  the  north,  where  it  is  only  20 
  miles  from  the  sea-coast  to  the  Jordan. 
  Palestine,  "set  in  the  midst"  (Ezek.  5:5)  of  all  other  lands, 
  is  the  most  remarkable  country  on  the  face  of  the  earth.  No 
  single  country  of  such  an  extent  has  so  great  a  variety  of 
  climate,  and  hence  also  of  plant  and  animal  life.  Moses 
  describes  it  as  "a  good  land,  a  land  of  brooks  of  water,  of 
  fountains  and  depths  that  spring  out  of  valleys  and  hills;  a 
  land  of  wheat,  and  barley,  and  vines,  and  fig  trees,  and 
  pomegranates;  a  land  of  oil  olive,  and  honey;  a  land  wherein 
  thou  shalt  not  eat  bread  without  scarceness,  thou  shalt  not  lack 
  any  thing  in  it  a  land  whose  stones  are  iron,  and  out  of  whose 
  hills  thou  mayest  dig  brass"  (Deut.  8:7-9). 
  "In  the  time  of  Christ  the  country  looked  in  all  probability, 
  much  as  now  The  whole  land  consists  of  rounded  limestone  hills, 
  fretted  into  countless  stony  valleys,  offering  but  rarely  level 
  tracts,  of  which  Esdraelon  alone,  below  Nazareth,  is  large 
  enough  to  be  seen  on  the  map.  The  original  woods  had  for  ages 
  disappeared,  though  the  slopes  were  dotted,  as  now  with  figs, 
  olives,  and  other  fruit-trees  where  there  was  any  soil. 
  Permanent  streams  were  even  then  unknown,  the  passing  rush  of 
  winter  torrents  being  all  that  was  seen  among  the  hills.  The 
  autumn  and  spring  rains,  caught  in  deep  cisterns  hewn  out  like 
  huge  underground  jars  in  the  soft  limestone,  with  artificial 
  mud-banked  ponds  still  found  near  all  villages,  furnished  water. 
  Hills  now  bare,  or  at  best  rough  with  stunted  growth,  were  then 
  terraced,  so  as  to  grow  vines,  olives,  and  grain.  To-day  almost 
  desolate,  the  country  then  teemed  with  population.  Wine-presses 
  cut  in  the  rocks,  endless  terraces,  and  the  ruins  of  old 
  vineyard  towers  are  now  found  amidst  solitudes  overgrown  for 
  ages  with  thorns  and  thistles,  or  with  wild  shrubs  and  poor 
  gnarled  scrub"  (Geikie's  Life  of  Christ). 
  From  an  early  period  the  land  was  inhabited  by  the  descendants 
  of  Canaan,  who  retained  possession  of  the  whole  land  "from  Sidon 
  to  Gaza"  till  the  time  of  the  conquest  by  Joshua,  when  it  was 
  occupied  by  the  twelve  tribes.  Two  tribes  and  a  half  had  their 
  allotments  given  them  by  Moses  on  the  east  of  the  Jordan  (Deut. 
  3:12-20;  comp.  Num.  1:17-46;  Josh.  4:12-13).  The  remaining 
  tribes  had  their  portion  on  the  west  of  Jordan. 
  From  the  conquest  till  the  time  of  Saul,  about  four  hundred 
  years,  the  people  were  governed  by  judges.  For  a  period  of  one 
  hundred  and  twenty  years  the  kingdom  retained  its  unity  while  it 
  was  ruled  by  Saul  and  David  and  Solomon.  On  the  death  of 
  Solomon,  his  son  Rehoboam  ascended  the  throne;  but  his  conduct 
  was  such  that  ten  of  the  tribes  revolted,  and  formed  an 
  independent  monarchy,  called  the  kingdom  of  Israel,  or  the 
  northern  kingdom,  the  capital  of  which  was  first  Shechem  and 
  afterwards  Samaria.  This  kingdom  was  destroyed.  The  Israelites 
  were  carried  captive  by  Shalmanezer  king  of  Assyria,  B.C.  722, 
  after  an  independent  existence  of  two  hundred  and  fifty-three 
  years.  The  place  of  the  captives  carried  away  was  supplied  by 
  tribes  brought  from  the  east,  and  thus  was  formed  the  Samaritan 
  nation  (2  Kings  17:24-29). 
  Nebuchadnezzar  came  up  against  the  kingdom  of  the  two  tribes, 
  the  kingdom  of  Judah,  the  capital  of  which  was  Jerusalem,  one 
  hundred  and  thirty-four  years  after  the  overthrow  of  the  kingdom 
  of  Israel.  He  overthrew  the  city,  plundered  the  temple,  and 
  carried  the  people  into  captivity  to  Babylon  (B.C.  587),  where 
  they  remained  seventy  years.  At  the  close  of  the  period  of  the 
  Captivity,  they  returned  to  their  own  land,  under  the  edict  of 
  Cyrus  (Ezra  1:1-4).  They  rebuilt  the  city  and  temple,  and 
  restored  the  old  Jewish  commonwealth. 
  For  a  while  after  the  Restoration  the  Jews  were  ruled  by 
  Zerubbabel,  Ezra,  and  Nehemiah,  and  afterwards  by  the  high 
  priests,  assisted  by  the  Sanhedrin.  After  the  death  of  Alexander 
  the  Great  at  Babylon  (B.C.  323),  his  vast  empire  was  divided 
  between  his  four  generals.  Egypt,  Arabia,  Palestine,  and 
  Coele-Syria  fell  to  the  lot  of  Ptolemy  Lagus.  Ptolemy  took 
  possession  of  Palestine  in  B.C.  320,  and  carried  nearly  one 
  hundred  thousand  of  the  inhabitants  of  Jerusalem  into  Egypt.  He 
  made  Alexandria  the  capital  of  his  kingdom,  and  treated  the  Jews 
  with  consideration,  confirming  them  in  the  enjoyment  of  many 
  After  suffering  persecution  at  the  hands  of  Ptolemy's 
  successors,  the  Jews  threw  off  the  Egyptian  yoke,  and  became 
  subject  to  Antiochus  the  Great,  the  king  of  Syria.  The  cruelty 
  and  opression  of  the  successors  of  Antiochus  at  length  led  to 
  the  revolt  under  the  Maccabees  (B.C.  163),  when  they  threw  off 
  the  Syrian  yoke. 
  In  the  year  B.C.  68,  Palestine  was  reduced  by  Pompey  the  Great 
  to  a  Roman  province.  He  laid  the  walls  of  the  city  in  ruins,  and 
  massacred  some  twelve  thousand  of  the  inhabitants.  He  left  the 
  temple,  however,  unijured.  About  twenty-five  years  after  this 
  the  Jews  revolted  and  cast  off  the  Roman  yoke.  They  were 
  however,  subdued  by  Herod  the  Great  (q.v.).  The  city  and  the 
  temple  were  destroyed,  and  many  of  the  inhabitants  were  put  to 
  death.  About  B.C.  20,  Herod  proceeded  to  rebuild  the  city  and 
  restore  the  ruined  temple,  which  in  about  nine  years  and  a  half 
  was  so  far  completed  that  the  sacred  services  could  be  resumed 
  in  it  (comp.  John  2:20).  He  was  succeeded  by  his  son  Archelaus, 
  who  was  deprived  of  his  power,  however,  by  Augustus,  A.D.  6, 
  when  Palestine  became  a  Roman  province,  ruled  by  Roman  governors 
  or  procurators.  Pontius  Pilate  was  the  fifth  of  these 
  procurators.  He  was  appointed  to  his  office  A.D.  25. 
  Exclusive  of  Idumea,  the  kingdom  of  Herod  the  Great 
  comprehended  the  whole  of  the  country  originally  divided  among 
  the  twelve  tribes,  which  he  divided  into  four  provinces  or 
  districts.  This  division  was  recognized  so  long  as  Palestine  was 
  under  the  Roman  dominion.  These  four  provinces  were  (1)  Judea, 
  the  southern  portion  of  the  country;  (2)  Samaria,  the  middle 
  province,  the  northern  boundary  of  which  ran  along  the  hills  to 
  the  south  of  the  plain  of  Esdraelon;  (3)  Galilee,  the  northern 
  province;  and  (4)  Peraea  (a  Greek  name  meaning  the  "opposite 
  country"),  the  country  lying  east  of  the  Jordan  and  the  Dead 
  Sea.  This  province  was  subdivided  into  these  districts,  (1) 
  Peraea  proper,  lying  between  the  rivers  Arnon  and  Jabbok;  (2) 
  Galaaditis  (Gilead);  (3)  Batanaea  (4)  Gaulonitis  (Jaulan);  (5) 
  Ituraea  or  Auranitis  the  ancient  Bashan;  (6)  Trachonitis;  (7) 
  Abilene;  (8)  Decapolis,  i.e.,  the  region  of  the  ten  cities.  The 
  whole  territory  of  Palestine,  including  the  portions  alloted  to 
  the  trans-Jordan  tribes,  extended  to  about  eleven  thousand 
  square  miles.  Recent  exploration  has  shown  the  territory  on  the 
  west  of  Jordan  alone  to  be  six  thousand  square  miles  in  extent, 
  the  size  of  the  principality  of  Wales. 

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