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cyrus

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cyrus


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Cyrus,  MN  (city,  FIPS  14446) 
  Location:  45.61514  N,  95.73698  W 
  Population  (1990):  328  (162  housing  units) 
  Area:  0.8  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  56323 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Cyrus 
  (Heb.  Ko'resh),  the  celebrated  "King  of  Persia"  (Elam)  who  was 
  conqueror  of  Babylon,  and  issued  the  decree  of  liberation  to  the 
  Jews  (Ezra  1:1,  2).  He  was  the  son  of  Cambyses  the  prince  of 
  Persia,  and  was  born  about  B.C.  599.  In  the  year  B.C.  559  he 
  became  king  of  Persia,  the  kingdom  of  Media  being  added  to  it 
  partly  by  conquest.  Cyrus  was  a  great  military  leader,  bent  on 
  universal  conquest.  Babylon  fell  before  his  army  (B.C.  538)  on 
  the  night  of  Belshazzar's  feast  (Dan.  5:30),  and  then  the 
  ancient  dominion  of  Assyria  was  also  added  to  his  empire  (cf., 
  "Go  up  O  Elam",  Isa.21:2). 
 
  Hitherto  the  great  kings  of  the  earth  had  only  oppressed  the 
  Jews.  Cyrus  was  to  them  as  a  shepherd"  (Isa.  44:28;  45:1).  God 
  employed  him  in  doing  service  to  his  ancient  people.  He  may 
  posibly  have  gained,  through  contact  with  the  Jews,  some 
  knowledge  of  their  religion. 
 
  The  "first  year  of  Cyrus"  (Ezra  1:1)  is  not  the  year  of  his 
  elevation  to  power  over  the  Medes,  nor  over  the  Persians,  nor 
  the  year  of  the  fall  of  Babylon,  but  the  year  succeeding  the  two 
  years  during  which  "Darius  the  Mede"  was  viceroy  in  Babylon 
  after  its  fall.  At  this  time  only  (B.C.  536)  Cyrus  became  actual 
  king  over  Palestine,  which  became  a  part  of  his  Babylonian 
  empire.  The  edict  of  Cyrus  for  the  rebuilding  of  Jerusalem 
  marked  a  great  epoch  in  the  history  of  the  Jewish  people  (2  Chr. 
  36:22,  23;  Ezra  1:1-4;  4:3;  5:13-17;  6:3-5). 
 
  This  decree  was  discovered  "at  Achmetha  [R.V.  marg., 
  "Ecbatana"],  in  the  palace  that  is  in  the  province  of  the  Medes" 
  (Ezra  6:2).  A  chronicle  drawn  up  just  after  the  conquest  of 
  Babylonia  by  Cyrus,  gives  the  history  of  the  reign  of  Nabonidus 
  (Nabunahid),  the  last  king  of  Babylon,  and  of  the  fall  of  the 
  Babylonian  empire.  In  B.C.  538  there  was  a  revolt  in  Southern 
  Babylonia,  while  the  army  of  Cyrus  entered  the  country  from  the 
  north.  In  June  the  Babylonian  army  was  completely  defeated  at 
  Opis,  and  immediately  afterwards  Sippara  opened  its  gates  to  the 
  conqueror.  Gobryas  (Ugbaru),  the  governor  of  Kurdistan  was  then 
  sent  to  Babylon,  which  surrendered  "without  fighting,"  and  the 
  daily  services  in  the  temples  continued  without  a  break.  In 
  October,  Cyrus  himself  arrived,  and  proclaimed  a  general 
  amnesty,  which  was  communicated  by  Gobryas  to  "all  the  province 
  of  Babylon,"  of  which  he  had  been  made  governor.  Meanwhile, 
  Nabonidus  who  had  concealed  himself,  was  captured,  but  treated 
  honourably;  and  when  his  wife  died,  Cambyses  the  son  of  Cyrus, 
  conducted  the  funeral.  Cyrus  now  assumed  the  title  of  "king  of 
  Babylon,"  claimed  to  be  the  descendant  of  the  ancient  kings,  and 
  made  rich  offerings  to  the  temples.  At  the  same  time  he  allowed 
  the  foreign  populations  who  had  been  deported  to  Babylonia  to 
  return  to  their  old  homes,  carrying  with  them  the  images  of 
  their  gods.  Among  these  populations  were  the  Jews,  who  as  they 
  had  no  images,  took  with  them  the  sacred  vessels  of  the  temple. 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Cyrus,  as  miserable;  as  heir 
 




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