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governor

more about governor

governor


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Governor  \Gov"ern*or\,  n.  [OE.  governor,  governour,  OF 
  governeor,  F.  gouverneur,  fr  L.  gubernator  steersman,  ruler, 
  governor.  See  {Govern}.] 
  1.  One  who  governs;  especially,  one  who  is  invested  with  the 
  supreme  executive  authority  in  a  State;  a  chief  ruler  or 
  magistrate;  as  the  governor  of  Pennsylvania.  ``The 
  governor  of  the  town.''  --Shak. 
 
  2.  One  who  has  the  care  or  guardianship  of  a  young  man;  a 
  tutor;  a  guardian. 
 
  3.  (Naut.)  A  pilot;  a  steersman.  [R.] 
 
  4.  (Mach.)  A  contrivance  applied  to  steam  engines,  water 
  wheels,  and  other  machinery,  to  maintain  nearly  uniform 
  speed  when  the  resistances  and  motive  force  are  variable. 
 
  Note:  The  illustration  shows  a  form  of  governor  commonly  used 
  for  steam  engines,  in  wich  a  heavy  sleeve  a  sliding 
  on  a  rapidly  revolving  spindle  (b),  driven  by  the 
  engine,  is  raised  or  lowered,  when  the  speed  varies,  by 
  the  changing  centrifugal  force  of  two  balls  (c  c)  to 
  which  it  is  connected  by  links  (d  d),  the  balls  being 
  attached  to  arms  (e  e)  which  are  jointed  to  the  top  of 
  the  spindle.  The  sleeve  is  connected  with  the  throttle 
  valve  or  cut-off  through  a  lever  (f),  and  its  motion 
  produces  a  greater  supply  of  steam  when  the  engine  runs 
  too  slowly  and  a  less  supply  when  too  fast 
 
  {Governor  cut-off}  (Steam  Engine),  a  variable  cut-off  gear  in 
  which  the  governor  acts  in  such  a  way  as  to  cause  the 
  steam  to  be  cut  off  from  entering  the  cylinder  at  points 
  of  the  stroke  dependent  upon  the  engine's  speed. 
 
  {Hydraulic  governor}  (Mach.),  a  governor  which  is  operated  by 
  the  action  of  a  liquid  in  flowing;  a  cataract. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  governor 
  n  1:  the  head  of  a  state  government 
  2:  a  control  device  that  maintains  a  steady  speed  in  a  machine 
  (as  by  controlling  the  supply  of  fuel)  [syn:  {regulator}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Governor 
  (1.)  Heb.  nagid,  a  prominent,  conspicuous  person,  whatever  his 
  capacity:  as  chief  of  the  royal  palace  (2  Chr.  28:7;  comp.  1 
  Kings  4:6),  chief  of  the  temple  (1  Chr.  9:11;  Jer.  20:1),  the 
  leader  of  the  Aaronites  (1  Chr.  12:27),  keeper  of  the  sacred 
  treasury  (26:24),  captain  of  the  army  (13:1),  the  king  (1  Sam. 
  9:16),  the  Messiah  (Dan.  9:25). 
 
  (2.)  Heb.  nasi,  raised;  exalted.  Used  to  denote  the  chiefs  of 
  families  (Num.  3:24,  30,  32,  35);  also  of  tribes  (2:3;  7:2; 
  3:32).  These  dignities  appear  to  have  been  elective,  not 
  hereditary. 
 
  (3.)  Heb.  pakid,  an  officer  or  magistrate.  It  is  used  of  the 
  delegate  of  the  high  priest  (2  Chr.  24:11),  the  Levites  (Neh. 
  11:22),  a  military  commander  (2  Kings  25:19),  Joseph's  officers 
  in  Egypt  (Gen.  41:34). 
 
  (4.)  Heb.  shallit,  one  who  has  power,  who  rules  (Gen.  42:6; 
  Ezra  4:20;  Eccl.  8:8;  Dan.  2:15;  5:29). 
 
  (5.)  Heb.  aluph,  literally  one  put  over  a  thousand,  i.e.,  a 
  clan  or  a  subdivision  of  a  tribe.  Used  of  the  dukes"  of  Edom 
  (Gen.  36),  and  of  the  Jewish  chiefs  (Zech.  9:7). 
 
  (6.)  Heb.  moshel,  one  who  rules  holds  dominion.  Used  of  many 
  classes  of  rulers  (Gen.  3:16;  24:2;  45:8;  Ps  105:20);  of  the 
  Messiah  (Micah  5:2);  of  God  (1  Chr.  29:12;  Ps  103:19). 
 
  (7.)  Heb.  sar,  a  ruler  or  chief;  a  word  of  very  general  use 
  It  is  used  of  the  chief  baker  of  Pharaoh  (Gen.  40:16);  of  the 
  chief  butler  (40:2,  etc  See  also  Gen.  47:6;  Ex  1:11;  Dan.  1:7; 
  Judg.  10:18;  1  Kings  22:26;  20:15;  2  Kings  1:9;  2  Sam.  24:2).  It 
  is  used  also  of  angels,  guardian  angels  (Dan.  10:13,  20,  21; 
  12:1;  10:13;  8:25). 
 
  (8.)  Pehah,  whence  _pasha_,  i.e.,  friend  of  the  king; 
  adjutant;  governor  of  a  province  (2  Kings  18:24;  Isa.  36:9;  Jer. 
  51:  57;  Ezek.  23:6,  23;  Dan.  3:2;  Esther  3:  12),  or  a  perfect 
  (Neh.  3:7;  5:14;  Ezra  5:3;  Hag.  1:1).  This  is  a  foreign  word 
  Assyrian,  which  was  early  adopted  into  the  Hebrew  idiom  (1  Kings 
  10:15). 
 
  (9.)  The  Chaldean  word  _segan_  is  applied  to  the  governors  of 
  the  Babylonian  satrapies  (Dan.  3:2,  27;  6:7);  the  prefects  over 
  the  Magi  (2:48).  The  corresponding  Hebrew  word  _segan_  is  used 
  of  provincial  rulers  (Jer.  51:23,  28,  57);  also  of  chiefs  and 
  rulers  of  the  people  of  Jerusalem  (Ezra  9:2;  Neh.  2:16;  4:14, 
  19;  5:7,  17;  7:5;  12:40). 
 
  In  the  New  Testament  there  are  also  different  Greek  words 
  rendered  thus 
 
  (1.)  Meaning  an  ethnarch  (2  Cor.  11:32),  which  was  an  office 
  distinct  from  military  command,  with  considerable  latitude  of 
  application. 
 
  (2.)  The  procurator  of  Judea  under  the  Romans  (Matt.  27:2). 
  (Comp.  Luke  2:2,  where  the  verb  from  which  the  Greek  word  so 
  rendered  is  derived  is  used.) 
 
  (3.)  Steward  (Gal.  4:2). 
 
  (4.)  Governor  of  the  feast  (John  2:9),  who  appears  here  to 
  have  been  merely  an  intimate  friend  of  the  bridegroom,  and  to 
  have  presided  at  the  marriage  banquet  in  his  stead. 
 
  (5.)  A  director,  i.e.,  helmsman;  Lat.  gubernator  (James  3:4). 
 




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