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cylinder

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cylinder


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
 
 
  {Pattern  box},  {chain},  or  {cylinder}  (Figure  Weaving), 
  devices,  in  a  loom,  for  presenting  several  shuttles  to  the 
  picker  in  the  proper  succession  for  forming  the  figure. 
 
  {Pattern  card}. 
  a  A  set  of  samples  on  a  card. 
  b  (Weaving)  One  of  the  perforated  cards  in  a  Jacquard 
  apparatus. 
 
  {Pattern  reader},  one  who  arranges  textile  patterns. 
 
  {Pattern  wheel}  (Horology),  a  count-wheel. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cylinder  \Cyl"in*der\  (s?l"?n-d?r),  n.  [F.  cylindre,  OF 
  cilindre  L.  cylindrus  fr  Gr  ky`lindros,  fr  kyli`ndein, 
  kyli`ein,  to  roll.  Cf  {Calender}  the  machine.] 
  1.  (Geom.) 
  a  A  solid  body  which  may  be  generated  by  the  rotation  of 
  a  parallelogram  round  one  its  sides;  or  a  body  of 
  rollerlike  form  of  which  the  longitudinal  section  is 
  oblong,  and  the  cross  section  is  circular. 
  b  The  space  inclosed  by  any  cylindrical  surface.  The 
  space  may  be  limited  or  unlimited  in  length. 
 
  2.  Any  hollow  body  of  cylindrical  form  as: 
  a  The  chamber  of  a  steam  engine  in  which  the  piston  is 
  moved  by  the  force  of  steam. 
  b  The  barrel  of  an  air  or  other  pump. 
  c  (Print.)  The  revolving  platen  or  bed  which  produces 
  the  impression  or  carries  the  type  in  a  cylinder 
  press. 
  d  The  bore  of  a  gun;  the  turning  chambered  breech  of  a 
  revolver. 
 
  3.  The  revolving  square  prism  carrying  the  cards  in  a 
  Jacquard  loom. 
 
  {Cylinder  axis}.  (Anat.)  See  {Axis  cylinder},  under  {Axis}. 
 
 
  {Cylinder  engine}  (Paper  Making),  a  machine  in  which  a 
  cylinder  takes  up  the  pulp  and  delivers  it  in  a  continuous 
  sheet  to  the  dryers. 
 
  {Cylinder  escapement}.  See  {Escapement}. 
 
  {Cylinder  glass}.  See  {Glass}. 
 
  {Cylinder  mill}.  See  {Roller  mill}. 
 
  {Cylinder  press}.  See  {Press}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  cylinder 
  n  1:  a  solid  bounded  by  a  cylindrical  surface  and  two  parallel 
  planes  (the  bases) 
  2:  a  surface  generated  by  rotating  a  parallel  line  around  a 
  fixed  line 
  3:  within  which  piston  moves  [syn:  {piston  chamber}] 
  4:  a  cylindrical  container  for  oxygen  or  compressed  air 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Cylinder,  IA  (city,  FIPS  17985) 
  Location:  43.09041  N,  94.55126  W 
  Population  (1990):  112  (53  housing  units) 
  Area:  0.2  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
  Zip  code(s):  50528 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  cylinder 
 
    The  set  of  {tracks}  on  a  multi-headed  {disk}  that 
  may  be  accessed  without  head  movement.  That  is  the 
  collection  of  disk  tracks  which  are  the  same  distance  from  the 
  spindle  about  which  the  disks  rotate.  Each  such  group  forms 
  the  shape  of  a  cylinder.  Placing  data  that  are  likely  to  be 
  accessed  together  in  cylinders  reduces  the  access 
  significantly  as  head  movement  ({seeking})  is  slow  compared  to 
  disk  rotation  and  switching  between  heads. 
 
  (1997-07-15) 
 
 




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