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cross

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cross


  11  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cross  \Cross\,  v.  t. 
 
  {To  cross  a  check}  (Eng.  Banking),  to  draw  two  parallel 
  transverse  lines  across  the  face  of  a  check,  with  or 
  without  adding  between  them  the  words  ``and  company'', 
  with  or  without  the  words  ``not  negotiable'',  or  to  draw 
  the  transverse  lines  simply,  with  or  without  the  words 
  ``not  negotiable''  (the  check  in  any  of  these  cases  being 
  crossed  generally).  Also  to  write  or  print  across  the 
  face  of  a  check  the  name  of  a  banker,  with  or  without  the 
  words  ``not  negotiable''  (the  check  being  then  crossed 
  specially).  A  check  crossed  generally  is  payable  only  when 
  presented  through  a  bank;  one  crossed  specially,  only  when 
  presented  through  the  bank  mentioned.  Cross-buttock 
  \Cross"-but`tock\,  n.  (Wrestling) 
  A  throw  in  which  the  wrestler  turns  his  left  side  to  his 
  opponent,  places  his  left  leg  across  both  legs  of  his 
  opponent,  and  pulls  him  forward  over  his  hip;  hence  an 
  unexpected  defeat  or  repulse. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cross  \Cross\  (kr[o^]s;  115),  n.  [OE.  crois,  croys,  cros;  the 
  former  fr  OF  crois,  croiz,  F.  croix,  fr  L.  crux;  the 
  second  is  perh.  directly  fr  Prov.  cros,  crotz.  fr  the  same 
  L.  crux;  cf  Icel.  kross.  Cf  {Crucial},  {Crusade},  {Cruise}, 
  {Crux}.] 
  1.  A  gibbet,  consisting  of  two  pieces  of  timber  placed 
  transversely  upon  one  another,  in  various  forms,  as  a  T, 
  or  +,  with  the  horizontal  piece  below  the  upper  end  of  the 
  upright,  or  as  an  X.  It  was  anciently  used  in  the 
  execution  of  criminals. 
 
  Nailed  to  the  cross  By  his  own  nation.  --Milton. 
 
  2.  The  sign  or  mark  of  the  cross,  made  with  the  finger,  or  in 
  ink,  etc.,  or  actually  represented  in  some  material;  the 
  symbol  of  Christ's  death;  the  ensign  and  chosen  symbol  of 
  Christianity,  of  a  Christian  people,  and  of  Christendom. 
 
  The  custom  of  making  the  sign  of  the  cross  with  the 
  hand  or  finger,  as  a  means  of  conferring  blessing  or 
  preserving  from  evil,  is  very  old  --Schaff-Herzog 
  Encyc. 
 
  Before  the  cross  has  waned  the  crescent's  ray.  --Sir 
  W.  Scott. 
 
  Tis  where  the  cross  is  preached.  --Cowper. 
 
  3.  Affiction  regarded  as  a  test  of  patience  or  virtue;  trial; 
  disappointment;  opposition;  misfortune. 
 
  Heaven  prepares  a  good  man  with  crosses.  --B. 
  Jonson 
 
  4.  A  piece  of  money  stamped  with  the  figure  of  a  cross,  also 
  that  side  of  such  a  piece  on  which  the  cross  is  stamped; 
  hence  money  in  general. 
 
  I  should  bear  no  cross  if  I  did  bear  you  for  I 
  think  you  have  no  money  in  your  purse.  --Shak. 
 
  5.  An  appendage  or  ornament  or  anything  in  the  form  of  a 
  cross;  a  badge  or  ornamental  device  of  the  general  shape 
  of  a  cross;  hence  such  an  ornament,  even  when  varying 
  considerably  from  that  form  thus  the  Cross  of  the 
  British  Order  of  St  George  and  St  Michael  consists  of  a 
  central  medallion  with  seven  arms  radiating  from  it 
 
  6.  (Arch.)  A  monument  in  the  form  of  a  cross,  or  surmounted 
  by  a  cross,  set  up  in  a  public  place  as  a  market  cross; 
  a  boundary  cross;  Charing  Cross  in  London. 
 
  Dun-Edin's  Cross,  a  pillared  stone,  Rose  on  a  turret 
  octagon.  --Sir  W. 
  Scott. 
 
  7.  (Her.)  A  common  heraldic  bearing,  of  which  there  are  many 
  varieties.  See  the  Illustration,  above. 
 
  8.  The  crosslike  mark  or  symbol  used  instead  of  a  signature 
  by  those  unable  to  write. 
 
  Five  Kentish  abbesses  .  .  .  .subscribed  their  names 
  and  crosses.  --Fuller. 
 
  9.  Church  lands.  [Ireland]  [Obs.]  --Sir  J.  Davies. 
 
  10.  A  line  drawn  across  or  through  another  line 
 
  11.  Hence:  A  mixing  of  breeds  or  stock,  especially  in  cattle 
  breeding;  or  the  product  of  such  intermixture;  a  hybrid 
  of  any  kind 
 
  Toning  down  the  ancient  Viking  into  a  sort  of  a 
  cross  between  Paul  Jones  and  Jeremy  Diddler.  --Lord 
  Dufferin 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
 
 
  12.  (Surveying)  An  instrument  for  laying  of  offsets 
  perpendicular  to  the  main  course. 
 
  13.  (Mech.)  A  pipe-fitting  with  four  branches  the  axes  of 
  which  usually  form's  right  angle. 
 
  {Cross  and  pile},  a  game  with  money,  at  which  it  is  put  to 
  chance  whether  a  coin  shall  fall  with  that  side  up  which 
  bears  the  cross,  or  the  other  which  is  called  pile,  or 
  reverse;  the  game  called  heads  or  tails. 
 
  {Cross} 
 
  {bottony  or  botton['e]}.  See  under  {Bottony}. 
 
  {Cross  estoil['e]}  (Her.).  a  cross,  each  of  whose  arms  is 
  pointed  like  the  ray  of  a  star;  that  is  a  star  having 
  four  long  points  only. 
 
  {Cross  of  Calvary}.  See  {Calvary},  3. 
 
  {Southern  cross}.  (Astron.)  See  under  {Southern}. 
 
  {To  do  a  thing  on  the  cross},  to  act  dishonestly;  --  opposed 
  to  acting  on  the  square.  [Slang] 
 
  {To  take  up  the  cross},  to  bear  troubles  and  afflictions  with 
  patience  from  love  to  Christ. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cross  \Cross\  (kr[o^]s),  a. 
  1.  Not  parallel;  lying  or  falling  athwart;  transverse; 
  oblique;  intersecting. 
 
  The  cross  refraction  of  the  second  prism.  --Sir  I. 
  Newton. 
 
  2.  Not  accordant  with  what  is  wished  or  expected; 
  interrupting;  adverse;  contrary;  thwarting;  perverse.  ``A 
  cross  fortune.''  --Jer.  Taylor. 
 
  The  cross  and  unlucky  issue  of  my  design. 
  --Glanvill. 
 
  The  article  of  the  resurrection  seems  to  lie 
  marvelously  cross  to  the  common  experience  of 
  mankind.  --South. 
 
  We  are  both  love's  captives,  but  with  fates  so 
  cross,  One  must  be  happy  by  the  other's  loss 
  --Dryden. 
 
  3.  Characterized  by  or  in  a  state  of  peevishness, 
  fretfulness,  or  ill  humor;  as  a  cross  man  or  woman. 
 
  He  had  received  a  cross  answer  from  his  mistress. 
  --Jer.  Taylor. 
 
  4.  Made  in  an  opposite  direction,  or  an  inverse  relation; 
  mutually  inverse;  interchanged;  as  cross  interrogatories; 
  cross  marriages,  as  when  a  brother  and  sister  marry 
  persons  standing  in  the  same  relation  to  each  other 
 
  {Cross  action}  (Law),  an  action  brought  by  a  party  who  is 
  sued  against  the  person  who  has  sued  him  upon  the  same 
  subject  matter,  as  upon  the  same  contract.  --Burrill. 
 
  {Cross  aisle}  (Arch.),  a  transept;  the  lateral  divisions  of  a 
  cruciform  church. 
 
  {Cross  axle}. 
  a  (Mach.)  A  shaft,  windlass,  or  roller,  worked  by  levers 
  at  opposite  ends  as  in  the  copperplate  printing 
  press. 
  b  A  driving  axle,  with  cranks  set  at  an  angle  of  90[deg] 
  with  each  other 
 
  {Cross  bedding}  (Geol.),  oblique  lamination  of  horizontal 
  beds. 
 
  {Cross  bill}.  See  in  the  Vocabulary. 
 
  {Cross  bitt}.  Same  as  {Crosspiece}. 
 
  {Cross  bond},  a  form  of  bricklaying,  in  which  the  joints  of 
  one  stretcher  course  come  midway  between  those  of  the 
  stretcher  courses  above  and  below,  a  course  of  headers  and 
  stretchers  intervening.  See  {Bond},  n.,  8. 
 
  {Cross  breed}.  See  in  the  Vocabulary. 
 
  {Cross  breeding}.  See  under  {Breeding}. 
 
  {Cross  buttock},  a  particular  throw  in  wrestling;  hence  an 
  unexpected  defeat  or  repulse.  --Smollet. 
 
  {Cross  country},  across  the  country;  not  by  the  road.  ``The 
  cross-country  ride.''  --Cowper. 
 
  {Cross  fertilization},  the  fertilization  of  the  female 
  products  of  one  physiological  individual  by  the  male 
  products  of  another,  --  as  the  fertilization  of  the  ovules 
  of  one  plant  by  pollen  from  another.  See  {Fertilization}. 
 
 
  {Cross  file},  a  double  convex  file,  used  in  dressing  out  the 
  arms  or  crosses  of  fine  wheels. 
 
  {Cross  fire}  (Mil.),  lines  of  fire,  from  two  or  more  points 
  or  places,  crossing  each  other 
 
  {Cross  forked}.  (Her.)  See  under  {Forked}. 
 
  {Cross  frog}.  See  under  {Frog}. 
 
  {Cross  furrow},  a  furrow  or  trench  cut  across  other  furrows 
  to  receive  the  water  running  in  them  and  conduct  it  to  the 
  side  of  the  field. 
 
  {Cross  handle},  a  handle  attached  transversely  to  the  axis  of 
  a  tool,  as  in  the  augur.  --Knight. 
 
  {Cross  lode}  (Mining),  a  vein  intersecting  the  true  or 
  principal  lode. 
 
  {Cross  purpose}.  See  {Cross-purpose},  in  the  Vocabulary. 
 
  {Cross  reference},  a  reference  made  from  one  part  of  a  book 
  or  register  to  another  part  where  the  same  or  an  allied 
  subject  is  treated  of 
 
  {Cross  sea}  (Naut.),  a  chopping  sea,  in  which  the  waves  run 
  in  contrary  directions. 
 
  {Cross  stroke},  a  line  or  stroke  across  something  as  across 
  the  letter  t. 
 
  {Cross  wind},  a  side  wind;  an  unfavorable  wind. 
 
  {Cross  wires},  fine  wires  made  to  traverse  the  field  of  view 
  in  a  telescope,  and  moved  by  a  screw  with  a  graduated 
  head,  used  for  delicate  astronomical  observations;  spider 
  lines.  Fixed  cross  wires  are  also  used  in  microscopes, 
  etc 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cross  \Cross\,  prep. 
  Athwart;  across  [Archaic  or  Colloq.] 
 
  A  fox  was  taking  a  walk  one  night  cross  a  village. 
  --L'Estrange. 
 
  {To  go  cross  lots},  to  go  across  the  fields;  to  take  a  short 
  cut.  [Colloq.] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cross  \Cross\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Crossed}  (kr?st;  115);  p. 
  pr  &  vb  n.  {Crossing}.] 
  1.  To  put  across  or  athwart;  to  cause  to  intersect;  as  to 
  cross  the  arms. 
 
  2.  To  lay  or  draw  something  as  a  line  across  as  to  cross 
  the  letter  t. 
 
  3.  To  pass  from  one  side  to  the  other  of  to  pass  or  move 
  over  to  traverse;  as  to  cross  a  stream. 
 
  A  hunted  hare  .  .  .  crosses  and  confounds  her  former 
  track.  --  I.  Watts. 
 
  4.  To  pass,  as  objects  going  in  an  opposite  direction  at  the 
  same  time.  ``Your  kind  letter  crossed  mine.''  --J.  D. 
  Forbes. 
 
  5.  To  run  counter  to  to  thwart;  to  obstruct;  to  hinder;  to 
  clash  or  interfere  with 
 
  In  each  thing  give  him  way  cross  him  in  nothing. 
  --Shak. 
 
  An  oyster  may  be  crossed  in  love.  --  Sheridan. 
 
  6.  To  interfere  and  cut  off  to  debar.  [Obs.] 
 
  To  cross  me  from  the  golden  time  I  look  for  --Shak. 
 
  7.  To  make  the  sign  of  the  cross  upon  --  followed  by  the 
  reflexive  pronoun;  as  he  crossed  himself. 
 
  8.  To  cancel  by  marking  crosses  on  or  over  or  drawing  a  line 
  across  to  erase;  --  usually  with  out  off  or  over  as 
  to  cross  out  a  name 
 
  9.  To  cause  to  interbreed;  --  said  of  different  stocks  or 
  races;  to  mix  the  breed  of 
 
  {To  cross  one's  path},  to  oppose  one's  plans.  --Macaulay. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cross  \Cross\,  v.  i. 
  1.  To  lie  or  be  athwart. 
 
  2.  To  move  or  pass  from  one  side  to  the  other  or  from  place 
  to  place  to  make  a  transit;  as  to  cross  from  New  York  to 
  Liverpool. 
 
  3.  To  be  inconsistent.  [Obs.] 
 
  Men's  actions  do  not  always  cross  with  reason.  --Sir 
  P.  Sidney. 
 
  4.  To  interbreed,  as  races;  to  mix  distinct  breeds. 
 
  If  two  individuals  of  distinct  races  cross,  a  third 
  is  invariably  produced  different  from  either 
  --Coleridge. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  cross 
  adj  1:  extending  or  lying  across  in  a  crosswise  direction;  "cross 
  members  should  be  all  steel";  "from  the  transverse 
  hall  the  stairway  ascends  gracefully";  "transversal 
  vibrations"  [syn:  {cross(a)},  {crossing(a)},  {transverse}, 
  {transversal},  {thwartwise}] 
  2:  perversely  irritable  [syn:  {crabbed},  {crabby},  {fussy},  {grouchy}, 
  {grumpy},  {bad-tempered},  {ill-tempered}] 
  n  1:  a  wooden  structure  consisting  of  an  upright  post  with  a 
  transverse  piece 
  2:  marking  consisting  of  crossing  lines  [syn:  {crisscross},  {mark}] 
  3:  a  cross  as  an  emblem  of  Christianity;  used  in  heraldry 
  4:  any  affliction  that  causes  great  suffering;  "that  is  his 
  cross  to  bear";  "he  bears  his  afflictions  like  a  crown  of 
  thorns"  [syn:  {crown  of  thorns}] 
  5:  the  act  of  mixing  different  breeds  of  animals  [syn:  {hybridization}, 
  {hybridisation},  {crossbreeding},  {crossing},  {interbreeding}, 
  {hybridizing}] 
  v  1:  travel  across  or  pass  over  "The  caravan  covered  almost  100 
  miles  each  day"  [syn:  {traverse},  {track},  {cover},  {pass 
  over},  {get  over},  {get  across},  {cut  through},  {cut 
  across}] 
  2:  meet  at  a  point  [syn:  {intersect}] 
  3:  to  hinder  or  prevent  (the  efforts,  plans,  or  desires)  of: 
  "What  ultimately  frustrated  every  challenger  was  Ruth's 
  amazing  September  surge."  [syn:  {thwart},  {queer},  {spoil}, 
  {scotch},  {foil},  {frustrate},  {baffle},  {bilk}] 
  4:  fold  so  as  to  resemble  a  cross;  "she  crossed  her  legs"  [ant: 
  {uncross}] 
  5:  to  cover  a  wide  area;  "Rivers  traverse  the  valley  floor", 
  "The  parking  lot  spans  3  acres"  [syn:  {traverse},  {span}, 
  {sweep}] 
  6:  meet  and  pass;  "the  trains  crossed" 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Cross,  SC 
  Zip  code(s):  29436 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Cross 
  in  the  New  Testament  the  instrument  of  crucifixion,  and  hence 
  used  for  the  crucifixion  of  Christ  itself  (Eph.  2:16;  Heb.  12:2; 
  1  Cor.  1:17,  18;  Gal.  5:11;  6:12,  14;  Phil.  3:18).  The  word  is 
  also  used  to  denote  any  severe  affliction  or  trial  (Matt.  10:38; 
  16:24;  Mark  8:34;  10:21). 
 
  The  forms  in  which  the  cross  is  represented  are  these: 
 
  1.  The  crux  simplex  (I),  a  "single  piece  without  transom." 
 
  2.  The  crux  decussata  (X),  or  St  Andrew's  cross. 
 
  3.  The  crux  commissa  (T),  or  St  Anthony's  cross. 
 
  4.  The  crux  immissa  (t),  or  Latin  cross,  which  was  the  kind  of 
  cross  on  which  our  Saviour  died.  Above  our  Lord's  head,  on  the 
  projecting  beam,  was  placed  the  "title."  (See  {CRUCIFIXION}.) 
 
  After  the  conversion,  so-called,  of  Constantine  the  Great 
  (B.C.  313),  the  cross  first  came  into  use  as  an  emblem  of 
  Christianity.  He  pretended  at  a  critical  moment  that  he  saw  a 
  flaming  cross  in  the  heavens  bearing  the  inscription,  "In  hoc 
  signo  vinces",  i.e.,  By  this  sign  thou  shalt  conquer,  and  that 
  on  the  following  night  Christ  himself  appeared  and  ordered  him 
  to  take  for  his  standard  the  sign  of  this  cross.  In  this  form  a 
  new  standard,  called  the  Labarum,  was  accordingly  made  and 
  borne  by  the  Roman  armies.  It  remained  the  standard  of  the  Roman 
  army  till  the  downfall  of  the  Western  empire.  It  bore  the 
  embroidered  monogram  of  Christ,  i.e.,  the  first  two  Greek 
  letters  of  his  name  X  and  P  (chi  and  rho),  with  the  Alpha  and 
  Omega.  (See  {A}.) 
 
 
  From  THE  DEVIL'S  DICTIONARY  ((C)1911  Released  April  15  1993)  [devils]: 
 
  CROSS,  n.  An  ancient  religious  symbol  erroneously  supposed  to  owe  its 
  significance  to  the  most  solemn  event  in  the  history  of  Christianity, 
  but  really  antedating  it  by  thousands  of  years.  By  many  it  has  been 
  believed  to  be  identical  with  the  _crux  ansata_  of  the  ancient  phallic 
  worship,  but  it  has  been  traced  even  beyond  all  that  we  know  of  that 
  to  the  rites  of  primitive  peoples.  We  have  to-day  the  White  Cross  as 
  a  symbol  of  chastity,  and  the  Red  Cross  as  a  badge  of  benevolent 
  neutrality  in  war.  Having  in  mind  the  former,  the  reverend  Father 
  Gassalasca  Jape  smites  the  lyre  to  the  effect  following: 
 
  "Be  good,  be  good!"  the  sisterhood 
  Cry  out  in  holy  chorus, 
  And  to  dissuade  from  sin,  parade 
  Their  various  charms  before  us 
 
  But  why,  O  why,  has  ne'er  an  eye 
  Seen  her  of  winsome  manner 
  And  youthful  grace  and  pretty  face 
  Flaunting  the  White  Cross  banner? 
 
  Now  where's  the  need  of  speech  and  screed 
  To  better  our  behaving? 
  A  simpler  plan  for  saving  man 
  (But,  first  is  he  worth  saving?) 
 
  Is  dears,  when  he  declines  to  flee 
  From  bad  thoughts  that  beset  him 
  Ignores  the  Law  as  't  were  a  straw, 
  And  wants  to  sin  --  don't  let  him 
 
 




more about cross