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standardmore about standard

standard


  6  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sheth  \Sheth\,  n. 
  The  part  of  a  plow  which  projects  downward  beneath  the  beam, 
  for  holding  the  share  and  other  working  parts  --  also  called 
  {standard},  or  {post}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Standard  \Stand"ard\,  n.  [OF.  estendart  F.  ['e]tendard, 
  probably  fr  L.  extendere  to  spread  out  extend,  but 
  influenced  by  E.  stand  See  {Extend}.] 
  1.  A  flag;  colors;  a  banner;  especially,  a  national  or  other 
  ensign. 
 
  His  armies,  in  the  following  day  On  those  fair 
  plains  their  standards  proud  display.  --Fairfax. 
 
  2.  That  which  is  established  by  authority  as  a  rule  for  the 
  measure  of  quantity,  extent,  value,  or  quality;  esp.,  the 
  original  specimen  weight  or  measure  sanctioned  by 
  government,  as  the  standard  pound,  gallon,  or  yard. 
 
  3.  That  which  is  established  as  a  rule  or  model  by  authority, 
  custom,  or  general  consent;  criterion;  test. 
 
  The  court,  which  used  to  be  the  standard  of  property 
  and  correctness  of  speech.  --Swift. 
 
  A  disposition  to  preserve,  and  an  ability  to 
  improve,  taken  together,  would  be  my  standard  of  a 
  statesman.  --Burke. 
 
  4.  (Coinage)  The  proportion  of  weights  of  fine  metal  and 
  alloy  established  by  authority. 
 
  By  the  present  standard  of  the  coinage,  sixty-two 
  shillings  is  coined  out  of  one  pound  weight  of 
  silver.  --Arbuthnot. 
 
  5.  (Hort.)  A  tree  of  natural  size  supported  by  its  own  stem, 
  and  not  dwarfed  by  grafting  on  the  stock  of  a  smaller 
  species  nor  trained  upon  a  wall  or  trellis. 
 
  In  France  part  of  their  gardens  is  laid  out  for 
  flowers,  others  for  fruits;  some  standards,  some 
  against  walls.  --Sir  W. 
  Temple. 
 
  6.  (Bot.)  The  upper  petal  or  banner  of  a  papilionaceous 
  corolla. 
 
  7.  (Mech.  &  Carp.)  An  upright  support,  as  one  of  the  poles  of 
  a  scaffold;  any  upright  in  framing. 
 
  8.  (Shipbuilding)  An  inverted  knee  timber  placed  upon  the 
  deck  instead  of  beneath  it  with  its  vertical  branch 
  turned  upward  from  that  which  lies  horizontally. 
 
  9.  The  sheth  of  a  plow. 
 
  10.  A  large  drinking  cup.  --Greene. 
 
  {Standard  bearer},  an  officer  of  an  army,  company,  or  troop, 
  who  bears  a  standard;  --  commonly  called  color  sergeantor 
  color  bearer;  hence  the  leader  of  any  organization;  as 
  the  standard  bearer  of  a  political  party. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Standard  \Stand"ard\,  a. 
  1.  Being  affording,  or  according  with  a  standard  for 
  comparison  and  judgment;  as  standard  time;  standard 
  weights  and  measures;  a  standard  authority  as  to  nautical 
  terms;  standard  gold  or  silver. 
 
  2.  Hence:  Having  a  recognized  and  permanent  value;  as 
  standard  works  in  history;  standard  authors. 
 
  3.  (Hort.) 
  a  Not  supported  by  or  fastened  to  a  wall;  as  standard 
  fruit  trees. 
  b  Not  of  the  dwarf  kind  as  a  standard  pear  tree. 
 
  {Standard  candle},  {Standard  gauge}.  See  under  {Candle},  and 
  {Gauge}. 
 
  {Standard  solution}.  (Chem.)  See  {Standardized  solution}, 
  under  {Solution}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  standard 
  adj  1:  conforming  to  or  constituting  a  standard  of  measurement  or 
  value;  or  of  the  usual  or  regularized  or  accepted 
  kind  "windows  of  standard  width";  "standard  sizes"; 
  "the  standard  fixtures";  "standard  brands";  "standard 
  operating  procedure"  [ant:  {nonstandard}] 
  2:  commonly  used  or  supplied;  "standard  procedure";  "standard 
  car  equipment" 
  3:  established  or  widely  recognized  as  a  model  of  authority  or 
  excellence;  "a  standard  reference  work"  [ant:  {nonstandard}] 
  4:  (linguistics)  conforming  to  the  established  language  usage 
  of  educated  native  speakers;  "standard  English" 
  (American);  "received  standard  English  is  sometimes  called 
  the  King's  English"  (British)  [syn:  {received}]  [ant:  {nonstandard}] 
  5:  regularly  and  widely  used  or  sold;  "a  standard  size";  "a 
  stock  item"  [syn:  {stock}] 
  n  1:  a  basis  for  comparison;  a  reference  point  against  which 
  other  things  can  be  evaluated;  "they  set  the  measure  for 
  all  subsequent  work"  [syn:  {criterion},  {measure},  {touchstone}] 
  2:  the  ideal  in  terms  of  which  something  can  be  judged;  "they 
  live  by  the  standards  of  their  community"  [syn:  {criterion}] 
  3:  a  board  measure  =  1980  board  feet 
  4:  the  value  behind  the  money  in  a  monetary  system  [syn:  {monetary 
  standard}] 
  5:  an  upright  pole  (especially  one  used  as  a  support) 
  6:  any  distinctive  flag 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Standard,  IL  (village,  FIPS  72221) 
  Location:  41.25640  N,  89.18032  W 
  Population  (1990):  260  (117  housing  units) 
  Area:  1.5  sq  km  (land),  0.0  sq  km  (water) 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  standard 
 
    Standards  are  necessary  for  {interworking}, 
  {portability},  and  {reusability}.  They  may  be  {de  facto 
  standards}  for  various  communities,  or  officially  recognised 
  national  or  international  standards. 
 
  {Andrew  Tanenbaum},  in  his  Computer  Networks  book,  once  said 
  "The  nice  thing  about  standards  is  that  there  are  so  many  of 
  them  to  choose  from",  a  reference  to  the  fact  that  competing 
  standards  become  a  source  of  confusion,  division, 
  obsolescence,  and  duplication  of  effort  instead  of  an 
  enhancement  to  the  usefulness  of  products. 
 
  Some  bodies  concerned  in  one  way  or  another  with  computing 
  standards  are  {IAB}  ({RFC}  and  {STD}),  {ISO},  {ANSI},  {DoD}, 
  {ECMA},  {IEEE},  {IETF},  {OSF},  {W3C}. 
 
  (1999-07-06) 
 
 




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