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quantity


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Square  \Square\,  a. 
  1.  (Geom.)  Having  four  equal  sides  and  four  right  angles;  as 
  a  square  figure. 
 
  2.  Forming  a  right  angle;  as  a  square  corner. 
 
  3.  Having  a  shape  broad  for  the  height,  with  rectilineal  and 
  angular  rather  than  curving  outlines;  as  a  man  of  a 
  square  frame. 
 
  4.  Exactly  suitable  or  correspondent;  true;  just 
 
  She's  a  most  truimphant  lady,  if  report  be  square  to 
  her  --Shak. 
 
  5.  Rendering  equal  justice;  exact;  fair;  honest,  as  square 
  dealing. 
 
  6.  Even  leaving  no  balance;  as  to  make  or  leave  the 
  accounts  square. 
 
  7.  Leaving  nothing;  hearty;  vigorous. 
 
  By  Heaven,  square  eaters.  More  meat,  I  say  --Beau. 
  &  Fl 
 
  8.  (Naut.)  At  right  angles  with  the  mast  or  the  keel,  and 
  parallel  to  the  horizon;  --  said  of  the  yards  of  a 
  square-rigged  vessel  when  they  are  so  braced. 
 
  Note:  Square  is  often  used  in  self-explaining  compounds  or 
  combination,  as  in  square-built,  square-cornered, 
  square-cut,  square-nosed,  etc 
 
  {Square  foot},  an  area  equal  to  that  of  a  square  the  sides  of 
  which  are  twelwe  inches;  144  square  inches. 
 
  {Square  knot},  a  knot  in  which  the  terminal  and  standing 
  parts  are  parallel  to  each  other  a  reef  knot.  See  Illust. 
  under  {Knot}. 
 
  {Square  measure},  the  measure  of  a  superficies  or  surface 
  which  depends  on  the  length  and  breadth  taken  conjointly. 
  The  units  of  square  measure  are  squares  whose  sides  are 
  the  linear  measures;  as  square  inches,  square  feet, 
  square  meters,  etc 
 
  {Square  number}.  See  {square},  n.,  6. 
 
  {Square  root  of  a  number}  or  {quantity}  (Math.),  that  number 
  or  quantity  which  multiplied  by  itself  produces  the  given 
  number  or  quantity. 
 
  {Square  sail}  (Naut.),  a  four-sided  sail  extended  upon  a  yard 
  suspended  by  the  middle;  sometimes  the  foresail  of  a 
  schooner  set  upon  a  yard;  also  a  cutter's  or  sloop's  sail 
  boomed  out  See  Illust.  of  {Sail}. 
 
  {Square  stern}  (Naut.),  a  stern  having  a  transom  and  joining 
  the  counter  timbers  at  an  angle,  as  distinguished  from  a 
  round  stern,  which  has  no  transom. 
 
  {Three-square},  {Five-square},  etc.,  having  three  five 
  etc.,  equal  sides;  as  a  three-square  file. 
 
  {To  get  square  with},  to  get  even  with  to  pay  off  [Colloq.] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Quantity  \Quan"ti*ty\,  v.  t.  [L.  quantus  now  much  +  -fy.] 
  To  modify  or  qualify  with  respect  to  quantity;  to  fix  or 
  express  the  quantity  of  to  rate. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Quantity  \Quan"ti*ty\,  n.;  pl  {Quantities}.  [F.  quantite,  L. 
  quantitas  fr  quantus  bow  great,  how  much  akin  to  quam  bow, 
  E.  how  who  See  {Who}.] 
  1.  The  attribute  of  being  so  much  and  not  more  or  less  the 
  property  of  being  measurable,  or  capable  of  increase  and 
  decrease,  multiplication  and  division;  greatness;  and  more 
  concretely,  that  which  answers  the  question  ``How  much?''; 
  measure  in  regard  to  bulk  or  amount;  determinate  or 
  comparative  dimensions;  measure;  amount;  bulk;  extent; 
  size.  Hence  in  specific  uses: 
  a  (Logic)  The  extent  or  extension  of  a  general 
  conception,  that  is  the  number  of  species  or 
  individuals  to  which  it  may  be  applied;  also  its 
  content  or  comprehension,  that  is  the  number  of  its 
  constituent  qualities,  attributes,  or  relations. 
  b  (Gram.)  The  measure  of  a  syllable;  that  which 
  determines  the  time  in  which  it  is  pronounced;  as  the 
  long  or  short  quantity  of  a  vowel  or  syllable. 
  c  (Mus.)  The  relative  duration  of  a  tone. 
 
  2.  That  which  can  be  increased,  diminished,  or  measured; 
  especially  (Math.),  anything  to  which  mathematical 
  processes  are  applicable. 
 
  Note:  Quantity  is  discrete  when  it  is  applied  to  separate 
  objects,  as  in  number;  continuous,  when  the  parts  are 
  connected,  either  in  succession,  as  in  time,  motion, 
  etc.,  or  in  extension,  as  by  the  dimensions  of  space, 
  viz.,  length,  breadth,  and  thickness. 
 
  3.  A  determinate  or  estimated  amount;  a  sum  or  bulk;  a 
  certain  portion  or  part  sometimes  a  considerable  amount; 
  a  large  portion,  bulk,  or  sum;  as  a  medicine  taken  in 
  quantities,  that  is  in  large  quantities. 
 
  The  quantity  of  extensive  and  curious  information 
  which  he  had  picked  up  during  many  months  of 
  desultory,  but  not  unprofitable,  study.  --Macaulay. 
 
  {Quantity  of  estate}  (Law),  its  time  of  continuance,  or 
  degree  of  interest,  as  in  fee,  for  life,  or  for  years. 
  --Wharton  (Law  Dict.  ) 
 
  {Quantity  of  matter},  in  a  body,  its  mass,  as  determined  by 
  its  weight,  or  by  its  momentum  under  a  given  velocity. 
 
  {Quantity  of  motion}  (Mech.),  in  a  body,  the  relative  amount 
  of  its  motion,  as  measured  by  its  momentum,  varying  as  the 
  product  of  mass  and  velocity. 
 
  {Known  quantities}  (Math.),  quantities  whose  values  are 
  given 
 
  {Unknown  quantities}  (Math.),  quantities  whose  values  are 
  sought. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Imaginary  \Im*ag"i*na*ry\,  a.  [L.  imaginarius:  cf  F. 
  imaginaire.] 
  Existing  only  in  imagination  or  fancy;  not  real;  fancied; 
  visionary;  ideal. 
 
  Wilt  thou  add  to  all  the  griefs  I  suffer  Imaginary  ills 
  and  fancied  tortures?  --Addison. 
 
  {Imaginary  calculus}  See  under  {Calculus}. 
 
  {Imaginary  expression}  or  {quantity}  (Alg.),  an  algebraic 
  expression  which  involves  the  impossible  operation  of 
  taking  the  square  root  of  a  negative  quantity;  as 
  [root]-9,  a  +  b  [root]-1. 
 
  {Imaginary  points},  {lines},  {surfaces},  etc  (Geom.), 
  points,  lines,  surfaces,  etc.,  imagined  to  exist,  although 
  by  reason  of  certain  changes  of  a  figure  they  have  in  fact 
  ceased  to  have  a  real  existence. 
 
  Syn:  Ideal;  fanciful;  chimerical;  visionary;  fancied;  unreal; 
  illusive. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  quantity 
  n  1:  how  much  there  is  of  something  that  you  can  measure  [syn:  {measure}, 
  {amount},  {quantum}] 
  2:  an  adequate  or  large  amount;  "he  had  a  quantity  of 
  ammunition" 
  3:  something  that  has  a  magnitude  and  can  be  represented  in 
  mathematical  expressions  by  a  constant  or  a  variable 




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