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mass


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Mass  \Mass\,  v.  i.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Massed};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Massing}.] 
  To  celebrate  Mass.  [Obs.]  --Hooker. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Mass  \Mass\,  n.  [OE.  masse,  F.  masse,  L.  massa;  akin  to  Gr  ?  a 
  barley  cake,  fr  ?  to  knead.  Cf  {Macerate}.] 
  1.  A  quantity  of  matter  cohering  together  so  as  to  make  one 
  body,  or  an  aggregation  of  particles  or  things  which 
  collectively  make  one  body  or  quantity,  usually  of 
  considerable  size;  as  a  mass  of  ore,  metal,  sand,  or 
  water. 
 
  If  it  were  not  for  these  principles,  the  bodies  of 
  the  earth,  planets,  comets,  sun,  and  all  things  in 
  them  would  grow  cold  and  freeze,  and  become 
  inactive  masses.  --Sir  I. 
  Newton. 
 
  A  deep  mass  of  continual  sea  is  slower  stirred  To 
  rage.  --Savile. 
 
  2.  (Phar.)  A  medicinal  substance  made  into  a  cohesive, 
  homogeneous  lump,  of  consistency  suitable  for  making 
  pills;  as  blue  mass. 
 
  3.  A  large  quantity;  a  sum. 
 
  All  the  mass  of  gold  that  comes  into  Spain.  --Sir  W. 
  Raleigh. 
 
  He  had  spent  a  huge  mass  of  treasure.  --Sir  J. 
  Davies. 
 
  4.  Bulk;  magnitude;  body;  size. 
 
  This  army  of  such  mass  and  charge.  --Shak. 
 
  5.  The  principal  part  the  main  body. 
 
  Night  closed  upon  the  pursuit,  and  aided  the  mass  of 
  the  fugitives  in  their  escape.  --Jowett 
  (Thucyd.). 
 
  6.  (Physics)  The  quantity  of  matter  which  a  body  contains, 
  irrespective  of  its  bulk  or  volume. 
 
  Note:  Mass  and  weight  are  often  used  in  a  general  way  as 
  interchangeable  terms,  since  the  weight  of  a  body  is 
  proportional  to  its  mass  (under  the  same  or  equal 
  gravitative  forces),  and  the  mass  is  usually 
  ascertained  from  the  weight.  Yet  the  two  ideas,  mass 
  and  weight,  are  quite  distinct.  Mass  is  the  quantity  of 
  matter  in  a  body;  weight  is  the  comparative  force  with 
  which  it  tends  towards  the  center  of  the  earth.  A  mass 
  of  sugar  and  a  mass  of  lead  are  assumed  to  be  equal 
  when  they  show  an  equal  weight  by  balancing  each  other 
  in  the  scales. 
 
  {Blue  mass}.  See  under  {Blue}. 
 
  {Mass  center}  (Geom.),  the  center  of  gravity  of  a  triangle. 
 
 
  {Mass  copper},  native  copper  in  a  large  mass. 
 
  {Mass  meeting},  a  large  or  general  assembly  of  people, 
  usually  a  meeting  having  some  relation  to  politics. 
 
  {The  masses},  the  great  body  of  the  people,  as  contrasted 
  with  the  higher  classes;  the  populace. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Mass  \Mass\,  n.  [OE.  masse,  messe,  AS  m[ae]sse.  LL  missa,  from 
  L.  mittere  missum,  to  send  dismiss:  cf  F.  messe.  In  the 
  ancient  churches,  the  public  services  at  which  the 
  catechumens  were  permitted  to  be  present  were  called  missa 
  catechumenorum  ending  with  the  reading  of  the  Gospel.  Then 
  they  were  dismissed  with  these  words  :  ``Ite,  missa  est'' 
  [sc.  ecclesia],  the  congregation  is  dismissed.  After  that  the 
  sacrifice  proper  began.  At  its  close  the  same  words  were  said 
  to  those  who  remained.  So  the  word  gave  the  name  of  Mass  to 
  the  sacrifice  in  the  Catholic  Church.  See  {Missile},  and  cf 
  {Christmas},  {Lammas},  {Mess}  a  dish,  {Missal}.] 
  1.  (R.  C.  Ch.)  The  sacrifice  in  the  sacrament  of  the 
  Eucharist,  or  the  consecration  and  oblation  of  the  host. 
 
  2.  (Mus.)  The  portions  of  the  Mass  usually  set  to  music, 
  considered  as  a  musical  composition;  --  namely,  the  Kyrie, 
  the  Gloria,  the  Credo,  the  Sanctus,  and  the  Agnus  Dei, 
  besides  sometimes  an  Offertory  and  the  Benedictus. 
 
  {Canon  of  the  Mass}.  See  {Canon}. 
 
  {High  Mass},  Mass  with  incense,  music,  the  assistance  of  a 
  deacon,  subdeacon,  etc 
 
  {Low  Mass},  Mass  which  is  said  by  the  priest  through-out, 
  without  music. 
 
  {Mass  bell},  the  sanctus  bell.  See  {Sanctus}. 
 
  {Mass  book},  the  missal  or  Roman  Catholic  service  book. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Mass  \Mass\,  v.  t. 
  To  form  or  collect  into  a  mass;  to  form  into  a  collective 
  body;  to  bring  together  into  masses;  to  assemble. 
 
  But  mass  them  together  and  they  are  terrible  indeed. 
  --Coleridge. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  mass 
  adj  1:  occurring  widely  (as  to  many  people);  "mass  destruction" 
  [syn:  {large-scale}] 
  2:  gathered  or  tending  to  gather  into  a  mass  or  whole;  "the 
  aggregate  amount  of  indebtedness"  [syn:  {aggregate},  {aggregative}] 
  n  1:  the  property  of  a  body  that  causes  it  to  have  weight  in  a 
  gravitational  field 
  2:  (often  followed  by  `of')  a  large  number  or  amount  or  extent: 
  "a  batch  of  letters";  "a  deal  of  trouble";  "a  lot  of 
  money";  "it  must  have  cost  plenty"  [syn:  {batch},  {deal}, 
  {flock},  {good  deal},  {great  deal},  {hatful},  {heap},  {lot}, 
  {mess},  {mickle},  {mint},  {muckle},  {peck},  {pile},  {plenty}, 
  {pot},  {quite  a  little},  {raft},  {sight},  {slew},  {spate}, 
  {stack},  {tidy  sum},  {wad},  {whole  lot},  {whole  slew}] 
  3:  an  ill-structured  collection  of  similar  things  (objects  or 
  people) 
  4:  the  celebration  of  the  Eucharist  (in  the  Roman  Catholic 
  Church  and  some  Protestant  Churches)  [syn:  {Mass}] 
  5:  a  large  body  of  matter  without  definite  shape;  "a  huge  ice 
  mass" 
  6:  the  common  people  generally;  "separate  the  warriors  from  the 
  mass";  "power  to  the  people"  [syn:  {multitude},  {masses}, 
  {hoi  polloi},  {people}] 
  7:  the  property  of  something  that  is  great  in  magnitude;  "it  is 
  cheaper  to  buy  it  in  bulk";  "he  received  a  mass  of 
  correspondence";  "the  volume  of  exports"  [syn:  {bulk},  {volume}] 
  8:  a  musical  setting  for  a  Mass  [syn:  {Mass}] 
  v  :  join  together  into  a  mass;  collect  or  form  a  mass;  of  crowds 
  of  people;  "Crowds  were  massing  outside  the  palace" 




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