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priestmore about priest

priest


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Priest  \Priest\,  n.  [OE.  prest,  preost,  AS  pre['o]st,  fr  L. 
  presbyter,  Gr  ?  elder,  older,  n.,  an  elder,  compar.  of  ?  an 
  old  man,  the  first  syllable  of  which  is  probably  akin  to  L. 
  pristinus  Cf  {Pristine},  {Presbyter}.] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Priest  \Priest\,  v.  t. 
  To  ordain  as  priest. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Presbyter  \Pres"by*ter\,  n.  [L.  an  elder,  fr  Gr  ?.  See 
  {Priest}.] 
  1.  An  elder  in  the  early  Christian  church.  See  2d  Citation 
  under  {Bishop},  n.,  1. 
 
  2.  (Ch.  of  Eng.  &  Prot.  Epis.  Ch.)  One  ordained  to  the  second 
  order  in  the  ministry;  --  called  also  {priest}. 
 
  I  rather  term  the  one  sort  presbyter  than  priest. 
  --Hooker. 
 
  New  presbyter  is  but  old  priest  writ  large 
  --Milton. 
 
  3.  (Presbyterian  Ch.)  A  member  of  a  presbytery  whether  lay  or 
  clerical. 
 
  4.  A  Presbyterian.  [Obs.]  --Hudibras. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  priest 
  n  1:  a  clergyman  in  many  Christian  churches  who  has  the  authority 
  to  perform  or  administer  various  religious  rites 
  2:  a  spiritual  leader  in  a  non-Christian  religion  [syn:  {non-Christian 
  priest}] 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Priest 
  The  Heb.  kohen  Gr  hierus  Lat.  sacerdos  always  denote  one  who 
  offers  sacrifices. 
 
  At  first  every  man  was  his  own  priest,  and  presented  his  own 
  sacrifices  before  God.  Afterwards  that  office  devolved  on  the 
  head  of  the  family,  as  in  the  cases  of  Noah  (Gen.  8:20),  Abraham 
  (12:7;  13:4),  Isaac  (26:25),  Jacob  (31:54),  and  Job  (Job  1:5). 
 
  The  name  first  occurs  as  applied  to  Melchizedek  (Gen.  14:18). 
  Under  the  Levitical  arrangements  the  office  of  the  priesthood 
  was  limited  to  the  tribe  of  Levi,  and  to  only  one  family  of  that 
  tribe,  the  family  of  Aaron.  Certain  laws  respecting  the 
  qualifications  of  priests  are  given  in  Lev.  21:16-23.  There  are 
  ordinances  also  regarding  the  priests'  dress  (Ex.  28:40-43)  and 
  the  manner  of  their  consecration  to  the  office  (29:1-37). 
 
  Their  duties  were  manifold  (Ex.  27:20,  21;  29:38-44;  Lev. 
  6:12;  10:11;  24:8;  Num.  10:1-10;  Deut.  17:8-13;  33:10;  Mal. 
  2:7).  They  represented  the  people  before  God,  and  offered  the 
  various  sacrifices  prescribed  in  the  law. 
 
  In  the  time  of  David  the  priests  were  divided  into  twenty-four 
  courses  or  classes  (1  Chr.  24:7-18).  This  number  was  retained 
  after  the  Captivity  (Ezra  2:36-39;  Neh.  7:39-42). 
 
  "The  priests  were  not  distributed  over  the  country,  but  lived 
  together  in  certain  cities  [forty-eight  in  number,  of  which  six 
  were  cities  of  refuge,  q.v.],  which  had  been  assigned  to  their 
  use  From  thence  they  went  up  by  turns  to  minister  in  the  temple 
  at  Jerusalem.  Thus  the  religious  instruction  of  the  people  in 
  the  country  generally  was  left  to  the  heads  of  families,  until 
  the  establishment  of  synagogues,  an  event  which  did  not  take 
  place  till  the  return  from  the  Captivity,  and  which  was  the  main 
  source  of  the  freedom  from  idolatry  that  became  as  marked  a 
  feature  of  the  Jewish  people  thenceforward  as  its  practice  had 
  been  hitherto  their  great  national  sin." 
 
  The  whole  priestly  system  of  the  Jews  was  typical.  It  was  a 
  shadow  of  which  the  body  is  Christ.  The  priests  all  prefigured 
  the  great  Priest  who  offered  "one  sacrifice  for  sins"  "once  for 
  all"  (Heb.  10:10,  12).  There  is  now  no  human  priesthood.  (See 
  Epistle  to  the  Hebrews  throughout.)  The  term  priest"  is  indeed 
  applied  to  believers  (1  Pet.  2:9;  Rev.  1:6),  but  in  these  cases 
  it  implies  no  sacerdotal  functions.  All  true  believers  are  now 
  "kings  and  priests  unto  God."  As  priests  they  have  free  access 
  into  the  holiest  of  all  and  offer  up  the  sacrifices  of  praise 
  and  thanksgiving,  and  the  sacrifices  of  grateful  service  from 
  day  to  day 
 




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