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aaron

more about aaron

aaron


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  U.S.  Gazetteer  (1990)  [gazetteer]: 
 
  Aaron,  KY 
  Zip  code(s):  42601 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Aaron 
  the  eldest  son  of  Amram  and  Jochebed,  a  daughter  of  Levi  (Ex. 
  6:20).  Some  explain  the  name  as  meaning  mountaineer,  others 
  mountain  of  strength,  illuminator.  He  was  born  in  Egypt  three 
  years  before  his  brother  Moses,  and  a  number  of  years  after  his 
  sister  Miriam  (2:1,4;  7:7).  He  married  Elisheba,  the  daughter  of 
  Amminadab  of  the  house  of  Judah  (6:23;  1  Chr.  2:10),  by  whom  he 
  had  four  sons,  Nadab  and  Abihu,  Eleazar  and  Ithamar.  When  the 
  time  for  the  deliverance  of  Isarael  out  of  Egypt  drew  nigh,  he 
  was  sent  by  God  (Ex.  4:14,27-30)  to  meet  his  long-absent 
  brother,  that  he  might  co-operate  with  him  in  all  that  they  were 
  required  to  do  in  bringing  about  the  Exodus.  He  was  to  be  the 
  mouth"  or  prophet"  of  Moses,  i.e.,  was  to  speak  for  him 
  because  he  was  a  man  of  a  ready  utterance  (7:1,2,9,10,19).  He 
  was  faithful  to  his  trust,  and  stood  by  Moses  in  all  his 
  interviews  with  Pharaoh. 
 
  When  the  ransomed  tribes  fought  their  first  battle  with  Amalek 
  in  Rephidim,  Moses  stood  on  a  hill  overlooking  the  scene  of  the 
  conflict  with  the  rod  of  God  in  his  outstretched  hand.  On  this 
  occasion  he  was  attended  by  Aaron  and  Hur,  his  sister's  husband, 
  who  held  up  his  wearied  hands  till  Joshua  and  the  chosen 
  warriors  of  Israel  gained  the  victory  (17:8-13). 
 
  Afterwards,  when  encamped  before  Sinai,  and  when  Moses  at  the 
  command  of  God  ascended  the  mount  to  receive  the  tables  of  the 
  law,  Aaron  and  his  two  sons,  Nadab  and  Abihu,  along  with  seventy 
  of  the  elders  of  Israel,  were  permitted  to  accompany  him  part  of 
  the  way  and  to  behold  afar  off  the  manifestation  of  the  glory 
  of  Israel's  God  (Ex.  19:24;  24:9-11).  While  Moses  remained  on 
  the  mountain  with  God,  Aaron  returned  unto  the  people;  and 
  yielding  through  fear,  or  ignorance,  or  instability  of 
  character,  to  their  clamour,  made  unto  them  a  golden  calf,  and 
  set  it  up  as  an  object  of  worship  (Ex.  32:4;  Ps  106:19).  On  the 
  return  of  Moses  to  the  camp,  Aaron  was  sternly  rebuked  by  him 
  for  the  part  he  had  acted  in  this  matter;  but  he  interceded  for 
  him  before  God,  who  forgave  his  sin  (Deut.  9:20). 
 
  On  the  mount,  Moses  received  instructions  regarding  the  system 
  of  worship  which  was  to  be  set  up  among  the  people;  and  in 
  accordance  therewith  Aaron  and  his  sons  were  consecrated  to  the 
  priest's  office  (Lev.  8;  9).  Aaron,  as  high  priest,  held 
  henceforth  the  prominent  place  appertaining  to  that  office. 
 
  When  Israel  had  reached  Hazeroth,  in  "the  wilderness  of 
  Paran,"  Aaron  joined  with  his  sister  Miriam  in  murmuring  against 
  Moses,  "because  of  the  Ethiopian  woman  whom  he  had  married," 
  probably  after  the  death  of  Zipporah.  But  the  Lord  vindicated 
  his  servant  Moses,  and  punished  Miriam  with  leprosy  (Num.  12). 
  Aaron  acknowledged  his  own  and  his  sister's  guilt,  and  at  the 
  intercession  of  Moses  they  were  forgiven. 
 
  Twenty  years  after  this  when  the  children  of  Israel  were 
  encamped  in  the  wilderness  of  Paran,  Korah,  Dathan,  and  Abiram 
  conspired  against  Aaron  and  his  sons;  but  a  fearful  judgment 
  from  God  fell  upon  them  and  they  were  destroyed,  and  the  next 
  day  thousands  of  the  people  also  perished  by  a  fierce 
  pestilence,  the  ravages  of  which  were  only  stayed  by  the 
  interposition  of  Aaron  (Num.  16).  That  there  might  be  further 
  evidence  of  the  divine  appointment  of  Aaron  to  the  priestly 
  office,  the  chiefs  of  the  tribes  were  each  required  to  bring  to 
  Moses  a  rod  bearing  on  it  the  name  of  his  tribe.  And  these 
  along  with  the  rod  of  Aaron  for  the  tribe  of  Levi,  were  laid  up 
  overnight  in  the  tabernacle,  and  in  the  morning  it  was  found 
  that  while  the  other  rods  remained  unchanged,  that  of  Aaron  "for 
  the  house  of  Levi"  budded,  blossomed,  and  yielded  almonds  (Num. 
  17:1-10).  This  rod  was  afterwards  preserved  in  the  tabernacle 
  (Heb.  9:4)  as  a  memorial  of  the  divine  attestation  of  his 
  appointment  to  the  priesthood. 
 
  Aaron  was  implicated  in  the  sin  of  his  brother  at  Meribah 
  (Num.  20:8-13),  and  on  that  account  was  not  permitted  to  enter 
  the  Promised  Land.  When  the  tribes  arrived  at  Mount  Hor,  "in  the 
  edge  of  the  land  of  Edom,"  at  the  command  of  God  Moses  led  Aaron 
  and  his  son  Eleazar  to  the  top  of  that  mountain,  in  the  sight  of 
  all  the  people.  There  he  stripped  Aaron  of  his  priestly 
  vestments,  and  put  them  upon  Eleazar;  and  there  Aaron  died  on 
  the  top  of  the  mount,  being  123  years  old  (Num.  20:23-29.  Comp. 
  Deut.  10:6;  32:50),  and  was  "gathered  unto  his  people."  The 
  people,  "even  all  the  house  of  Israel,"  mourned  for  him  thirty 
  days.  Of  Aaron's  sons  two  survived  him  Eleazar,  whose  family 
  held  the  high-priesthood  till  the  time  of  Eli;  and  Ithamar,  in 
  whose  family,  beginning  with  Eli,  the  high-priesthood  was  held 
  till  the  time  of  Solomon.  Aaron's  other  two  sons  had  been  struck 
  dead  (Lev.  10:1,2)  for  the  daring  impiety  of  offering  "strange 
  fire"  on  the  alter  of  incense. 
 
  The  Arabs  still  show  with  veneration  the  traditionary  site  of 
  Aaron's  grave  on  one  of  the  two  summits  of  Mount  Hor,  which  is 
  marked  by  a  Mohammedan  chapel.  His  name  is  mentioned  in  the 
  Koran,  and  there  are  found  in  the  writings  of  the  rabbins  many 
  fabulous  stories  regarding  him 
 
  He  was  the  first  anointed  priest.  His  descendants,  "the  house 
  of  Aaron,"  constituted  the  priesthood  in  general.  In  the  time  of 
  David  they  were  very  numerous  (1  Chr.  12:27).  The  other  branches 
  of  the  tribe  of  Levi  held  subordinate  positions  in  connection 
  with  the  sacred  office.  Aaron  was  a  type  of  Christ  in  his 
  official  character  as  the  high  priest.  His  priesthood  was  a 
  "shadow  of  heavenly  things,"  and  was  intended  to  lead  the  people 
  of  Israel  to  look  forward  to  the  time  when  "another  priest" 
  would  arise  "after  the  order  of  Melchizedek"  (Heb.  6:20).  (See  {MOSES}.) 
 
 
  From  Hitchcock's  Bible  Names  Dictionary  (late  1800's)  [hitchcock]: 
 
  Aaron,  a  teacher;  lofty;  mountain  of  strength 
 




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