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lawmore about law

law


  9  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Law  \Law\  (l[add]),  n.  [OE.  lawe,  laghe,  AS  lagu,  from  the  root 
  of  E.  lie:  akin  to  OS  lag,  Icel.  l["o]g,  Sw  lag,  Dan.  lov; 
  cf  L.  lex,  E.  legal.  A  law  is  that  which  is  laid,  set  or 
  fixed;  like  statute,  fr  L.  statuere  to  make  to  stand  See 
  {Lie}  to  be  prostrate.] 
  1.  In  general,  a  rule  of  being  or  of  conduct,  established  by 
  an  authority  able  to  enforce  its  will  a  controlling 
  regulation;  the  mode  or  order  according  to  which  an  agent 
  or  a  power  acts 
 
  Note:  A  law  may  be  universal  or  particular,  written  or 
  unwritten,  published  or  secret.  From  the  nature  of  the 
  highest  laws  a  degree  of  permanency  or  stability  is 
  always  implied;  but  the  power  which  makes  a  law,  or  a 
  superior  power,  may  annul  or  change  it 
 
  These  are  the  statutes  and  judgments  and  law, 
  which  the  Lord  made  --Lev.  xxvi. 
  46. 
 
  The  law  of  thy  God,  and  the  law  of  the  King. 
  --Ezra  vii. 
  26. 
 
  As  if  they  would  confine  the  Interminable  .  .  . 
  Who  made  our  laws  to  bind  us  not  himself. 
  --Milton. 
 
  His  mind  his  kingdom,  and  his  will  his  law. 
  --Cowper. 
 
  2.  In  morals:  The  will  of  God  as  the  rule  for  the  disposition 
  and  conduct  of  all  responsible  beings  toward  him  and 
  toward  each  other  a  rule  of  living,  conformable  to 
  righteousness;  the  rule  of  action  as  obligatory  on  the 
  conscience  or  moral  nature. 
 
  3.  The  Jewish  or  Mosaic  code,  and  that  part  of  Scripture 
  where  it  is  written,  in  distinction  from  the  gospel; 
  hence  also  the  Old  Testament. 
 
  What  things  soever  the  law  saith,  it  saith  to  them 
  who  are  under  the  law  .  .  .  But  now  the 
  righteousness  of  God  without  the  law  is  manifested, 
  being  witnessed  by  the  law  and  the  prophets.  --Rom. 
  iii.  19,  21. 
 
  4.  In  human  government: 
  a  An  organic  rule  as  a  constitution  or  charter, 
  establishing  and  defining  the  conditions  of  the 
  existence  of  a  state  or  other  organized  community. 
  b  Any  edict,  decree,  order  ordinance,  statute, 
  resolution,  judicial,  decision,  usage,  etc.,  or 
  recognized,  and  enforced,  by  the  controlling 
  authority. 
 
  5.  In  philosophy  and  physics:  A  rule  of  being  operation,  or 
  change,  so  certain  and  constant  that  it  is  conceived  of  as 
  imposed  by  the  will  of  God  or  by  some  controlling 
  authority;  as  the  law  of  gravitation;  the  laws  of  motion; 
  the  law  heredity;  the  laws  of  thought;  the  laws  of  cause 
  and  effect;  law  of  self-preservation. 
 
  6.  In  matematics:  The  rule  according  to  which  anything  as 
  the  change  of  value  of  a  variable,  or  the  value  of  the 
  terms  of  a  series,  proceeds;  mode  or  order  of  sequence. 
 
  7.  In  arts,  works  games,  etc.:  The  rules  of  construction,  or 
  of  procedure,  conforming  to  the  conditions  of  success;  a 
  principle,  maxim;  or  usage;  as  the  laws  of  poetry,  of 
  architecture,  of  courtesy,  or  of  whist. 
 
  8.  Collectively,  the  whole  body  of  rules  relating  to  one 
  subject,  or  emanating  from  one  source;  --  including 
  usually  the  writings  pertaining  to  them  and  judicial 
  proceedings  under  them  as  divine  law;  English  law;  Roman 
  law;  the  law  of  real  property;  insurance  law. 
 
  9.  Legal  science;  jurisprudence;  the  principles  of  equity; 
  applied  justice. 
 
  Reason  is  the  life  of  the  law;  nay,  the  common  law 
  itself  is  nothing  else  but  reason.  --Coke. 
 
  Law  is  beneficence  acting  by  rule  --Burke. 
 
  And  sovereign  Law,  that  state's  collected  will  O'er 
  thrones  and  globes  elate,  Sits  empress,  crowning 
  good,  repressing  ill.  --Sir  W. 
  Jones. 
 
  10.  Trial  by  the  laws  of  the  land;  judicial  remedy; 
  litigation;  as  to  go  law. 
 
  When  every  case  in  law  is  right  --Shak. 
 
  He  found  law  dear  and  left  it  cheap.  --Brougham. 
 
  11.  An  oath,  as  in  the  presence  of  a  court.  [Obs.]  See  {Wager 
  of  law},  under  {Wager}. 
 
  {Avogadro's  law}  (Chem.),  a  fundamental  conception,  according 
  to  which  under  similar  conditions  of  temperature  and 
  pressure,  all  gases  and  vapors  contain  in  the  same  volume 
  the  same  number  of  ultimate  molecules;  --  so  named  after 
  Avogadro,  an  Italian  scientist.  Sometimes  called 
  {Amp[`e]re's  law}. 
 
  {Bode's  law}  (Astron.),  an  approximative  empirical  expression 
  of  the  distances  of  the  planets  from  the  sun,  as  follows: 
  --  Mer.  Ven.  Earth.  Mars.  Aste.  Jup.  Sat.  Uran.  Nep.  4  4  4 
  4  4  4  4  4  4  0  3  6  12  24  48  96  192  384  --  --  --  --  --  --  -- 
  ---  ---  4  7  10  16  28  52  100  196  388  5.9  7.3  10  15.2  27.4 
  52  95.4  192  300  where  each  distance  (line  third)  is  the 
  sum  of  4  and  a  multiple  of  3  by  the  series  0,  1,  2,  4,  8, 
  etc.,  the  true  distances  being  given  in  the  lower  line 
 
  {Boyle's  law}  (Physics),  an  expression  of  the  fact  that  when 
  an  elastic  fluid  is  subjected  to  compression,  and  kept  at 
  a  constant  temperature,  the  product  of  the  pressure  and 
  volume  is  a  constant  quantity,  i.  e.,  the  volume  is 
  inversely  proportioned  to  the  pressure;  --  known  also  as 
  {Mariotte's  law},  and  the  {law  of  Boyle  and  Mariotte}. 
 
  {Brehon  laws}.  See  under  {Brehon}. 
 
  {Canon  law},  the  body  of  ecclesiastical  law  adopted  in  the 
  Christian  Church,  certain  portions  of  which  (for  example, 
  the  law  of  marriage  as  existing  before  the  Council  of 
  Tent)  were  brought  to  America  by  the  English  colonists  as 
  part  of  the  common  law  of  the  land.  --Wharton. 
 
  {Civil  law},  a  term  used  by  writers  to  designate  Roman  law, 
  with  modifications  thereof  which  have  been  made  in  the 
  different  countries  into  which  that  law  has  been 
  introduced.  The  civil  law,  instead  of  the  common  law, 
  prevails  in  the  State  of  Louisiana.  --Wharton. 
 
  {Commercial  law}.  See  {Law  merchant}  (below). 
 
  {Common  law}.  See  under  {Common}. 
 
  {Criminal  law},  that  branch  of  jurisprudence  which  relates  to 
  crimes. 
 
  {Ecclesiastical  law}.  See  under  {Ecclesiastical}. 
 
  {Grimm's  law}  (Philol.),  a  statement  (propounded  by  the 
  German  philologist  Jacob  Grimm)  of  certain  regular  changes 
  which  the  primitive  Indo-European  mute  consonants, 
  so-called  (most  plainly  seen  in  Sanskrit  and  with  some 
  changes,  in  Greek  and  Latin),  have  undergone  in  the 
  Teutonic  languages.  Examples:  Skr.  bh[=a]tr,  L.  frater,  E. 
  brother,  G.  bruder;  L.  tres,  E.  three  G.  drei,  Skr.  go 
  E.  cow,  G.  kuh;  Skr.  dh[=a]  to  put  Gr  ti-qe`-nai,  E.  do 
  OHG,  tuon,  G.  thun. 
 
  {Kepler's  laws}  (Astron.),  three  important  laws  or 
  expressions  of  the  order  of  the  planetary  motions, 
  discovered  by  John  Kepler.  They  are  these:  (1)  The  orbit 
  of  a  planet  with  respect  to  the  sun  is  an  ellipse,  the  sun 
  being  in  one  of  the  foci.  (2)  The  areas  swept  over  by  a 
  vector  drawn  from  the  sun  to  a  planet  are  proportioned  to 
  the  times  of  describing  them  (3)  The  squares  of  the  times 
  of  revolution  of  two  planets  are  in  the  ratio  of  the  cubes 
  of  their  mean  distances. 
 
  {Law  binding},  a  plain  style  of  leather  binding,  used  for  law 
  books;  --  called  also  {law  calf}. 
 
  {Law  book},  a  book  containing,  or  treating  of  laws. 
 
  {Law  calf}.  See  {Law  binding}  (above). 
 
  {Law  day}. 
  a  Formerly,  a  day  of  holding  court,  esp.  a  court-leet. 
  b  The  day  named  in  a  mortgage  for  the  payment  of  the 
  money  to  secure  which  it  was  given  [U.  S.] 
 
  {Law  French},  the  dialect  of  Norman,  which  was  used  in 
  judicial  proceedings  and  law  books  in  England  from  the 
  days  of  William  the  Conqueror  to  the  thirty-sixth  year  of 
  Edward  III. 
 
  {Law  language},  the  language  used  in  legal  writings  and 
  forms. 
 
  {Law  Latin}.  See  under  {Latin}. 
 
  {Law  lords},  peers  in  the  British  Parliament  who  have  held 
  high  judicial  office,  or  have  been  noted  in  the  legal 
  profession. 
 
  {Law  merchant},  or  {Commercial  law},  a  system  of  rules  by 
  which  trade  and  commerce  are  regulated;  --  deduced  from 
  the  custom  of  merchants,  and  regulated  by  judicial 
  decisions,  as  also  by  enactments  of  legislatures. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
 
 
  {Law  of  Charles}  (Physics),  the  law  that  the  volume  of  a 
  given  mass  of  gas  increases  or  decreases,  by  a  definite 
  fraction  of  its  value  for  a  given  rise  or  fall  of 
  temperature;  --  sometimes  less  correctly  styled  {Gay 
  Lussac's  law},  or  {Dalton's  law}. 
 
  {Law  of  nations}.  See  {International  law},  under 
  {International}. 
 
  {Law  of  nature}. 
  a  A  broad  generalization  expressive  of  the  constant 
  action  or  effect,  of  natural  conditions;  as  death 
  is  a  law  of  nature;  self-defense  is  a  law  of  nature. 
  See  {Law},  4. 
  b  A  term  denoting  the  standard,  or  system,  of  morality 
  deducible  from  a  study  of  the  nature  and  natural 
  relations  of  human  beings  independent  of  supernatural 
  revelation  or  of  municipal  and  social  usages. 
 
  {Law  of  the  land},  due  process  of  law;  the  general  law  of  the 
  land. 
 
  {Laws  of  honor}.  See  under  {Honor}. 
 
  {Laws  of  motion}  (Physics),  three  laws  defined  by  Sir  Isaac 
  Newton:  (1)  Every  body  perseveres  in  its  state  of  rest  or 
  of  moving  uniformly  in  a  straight  line  except  so  far  as 
  it  is  made  to  change  that  state  by  external  force.  (2) 
  Change  of  motion  is  proportional  to  the  impressed  force, 
  and  takes  place  in  the  direction  in  which  the  force  is 
  impressed.  (3)  Reaction  is  always  equal  and  opposite  to 
  action  that  is  to  say  the  actions  of  two  bodies  upon 
  each  other  are  always  equal  and  in  opposite  directions. 
 
  {Marine  law},  or  {Maritime  law},  the  law  of  the  sea;  a  branch 
  of  the  law  merchant  relating  to  the  affairs  of  the  sea, 
  such  as  seamen,  ships,  shipping,  navigation,  and  the  like 
  --Bouvier. 
 
  {Mariotte's  law}.  See  {Boyle's  law}  (above). 
 
  {Martial  law}.See  under  {Martial}. 
 
  {Military  law},  a  branch  of  the  general  municipal  law, 
  consisting  of  rules  ordained  for  the  government  of  the 
  military  force  of  a  state  in  peace  and  war,  and 
  administered  in  courts  martial.  --Kent.  Warren's 
  Blackstone. 
 
  {Moral  law},the  law  of  duty  as  regards  what  is  right  and 
  wrong  in  the  sight  of  God;  specifically,  the  ten 
  commandments  given  by  Moses.  See  {Law},  2. 
 
  {Mosaic},  or  {Ceremonial},  {law}.  (Script.)  See  {Law},  3. 
 
  {Municipal},  or  {Positive},  {law},  a  rule  prescribed  by  the 
  supreme  power  of  a  state,  declaring  some  right  enforcing 
  some  duty,  or  prohibiting  some  act  --  distinguished  from 
  international  and  constitutional  law.  See  {Law},  1. 
 
  {Periodic  law}.  (Chem.)  See  under  {Periodic}. 
 
  {Roman  law},  the  system  of  principles  and  laws  found  in  the 
  codes  and  treatises  of  the  lawmakers  and  jurists  of 
  ancient  Rome,  and  incorporated  more  or  less  into  the  laws 
  of  the  several  European  countries  and  colonies  founded  by 
  them  See  {Civil  law}  (above). 
 
  {Statute  law},  the  law  as  stated  in  statutes  or  positive 
  enactments  of  the  legislative  body. 
 
  {Sumptuary  law}.  See  under  {Sumptuary}. 
 
  {To  go  to  law},  to  seek  a  settlement  of  any  matter  by 
  bringing  it  before  the  courts  of  law;  to  sue  or  prosecute 
  some  one 
 
  {To}  {take,  or  have},  {the  law  of},  to  bring  the  law  to  bear 
  upon  as  to  take  the  law  of  one's  neighbor.  --Addison. 
 
  {Wager  of  law}.  See  under  {Wager}. 
 
  Syn:  Justice;  equity. 
 
  Usage:  {Law},  {Statute},  {Common  law},  {Regulation},  {Edict}, 
  {Decree}.  Law  is  generic,  and  when  used  with 
  reference  to  or  in  connection  with  the  other  words 
  here  considered,  denotes  whatever  is  commanded  by  one 
  who  has  a  right  to  require  obedience.  A  statute  is  a 
  particular  law  drawn  out  in  form  and  distinctly 
  enacted  and  proclaimed.  Common  law  is  a  rule  of  action 
  founded  on  long  usage  and  the  decisions  of  courts  of 
  justice.  A  regulation  is  a  limited  and  often 
  temporary  law,  intended  to  secure  some  particular  end 
  or  object.  An  edict  is  a  command  or  law  issued  by  a 
  sovereign,  and  is  peculiar  to  a  despotic  government.  A 
  decree  is  a  permanent  order  either  of  a  court  or  of 
  the  executive  government.  See  {Justice}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Law  \Law\,  v.  t. 
  Same  as  {Lawe},  v.  t.  [Obs.] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Law  \Law\,  interj.  [Cf.  {La}.] 
  An  exclamation  of  mild  surprise.  [Archaic  or  Low] 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  law 
  n  1:  the  collection  of  rules  imposed  by  authority;  "civilization 
  presupposes  respect  for  the  law"  [syn:  {jurisprudence}] 
  2:  one  of  a  set  of  rules  governing  a  particular  activity  or  a 
  legal  document  setting  forth  such  a  rule  "there  is  a  law 
  against  kidnapping" 
  3:  a  rule  or  body  of  rules  of  conduct  inherent  in  human  nature 
  and  essential  to  or  binding  upon  human  society  [syn:  {natural 
  law}] 
  4:  a  generalization  based  on  recurring  facts  or  events  (in 
  science  or  mathematics  etc):  "the  laws  of  thermodynamics 
  [syn:  {law  of  nature}] 
  5:  the  branch  of  philosophy  concerned  with  the  law  [syn:  {jurisprudence}, 
  {legal  philosophy}] 
  6:  the  learned  profession  that  is  mastered  by  graduate  study  in 
  a  law  school  and  that  is  responsible  for  the  judicial 
  system;  "he  studied  law  at  Yale"  [syn:  {practice  of  law}] 
  7:  the  force  of  policemen  and  officers;  "the  law  came  looking 
  for  him"  [syn:  {police},  {police  force},  {constabulary}] 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  law 
 
  See  {software  law}. 
 
 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Law 
  a  rule  of  action  (1.)  The  Law  of  Nature  is  the  will  of  God  as 
  to  human  conduct,  founded  on  the  moral  difference  of  things  and 
  discoverable  by  natural  light  (Rom.  1:20;  2:14,  15).  This  law 
  binds  all  men  at  all  times.  It  is  generally  designated  by  the 
  term  conscience,  or  the  capacity  of  being  influenced  by  the 
  moral  relations  of  things 
 
  (2.)  The  Ceremonial  Law  prescribes  under  the  Old  Testament  the 
  rites  and  ceremonies  of  worship.  This  law  was  obligatory  only 
  till  Christ,  of  whom  these  rites  were  typical,  had  finished  his 
  work  (Heb.  7:9,  11;  10:1;  Eph.  2:16).  It  was  fulfilled  rather 
  than  abrogated  by  the  gospel. 
 
  (3.)  The  Judicial  Law,  the  law  which  directed  the  civil  policy 
  of  the  Hebrew  nation. 
 
  (4.)  The  Moral  Law  is  the  revealed  will  of  God  as  to  human 
  conduct,  binding  on  all  men  to  the  end  of  time.  It  was 
  promulgated  at  Sinai.  It  is  perfect  (Ps.  19:7),  perpetual  (Matt. 
  5:17,  18),  holy  (Rom.  7:12),  good,  spiritual  (14),  and  exceeding 
  broad  (Ps.  119:96).  Although  binding  on  all  we  are  not  under  it 
  as  a  covenant  of  works  (Gal.  3:17).  (See  {COMMANDMENTS}.) 
 
  (5.)  Positive  Laws  are  precepts  founded  only  on  the  will  of 
  God.  They  are  right  because  God  commands  them 
 
  (6.)  Moral  positive  laws  are  commanded  by  God  because  they  are 
  right 
 
 
  From  V.E.R.A.  --  Virtual  Entity  of  Relevant  Acronyms  13  March  2001  [vera]: 
 
  LAW 
  Local  Authority  Workstation 
 
 
 
  From  THE  DEVIL'S  DICTIONARY  ((C)1911  Released  April  15  1993)  [devils]: 
 
  LAW,  n. 
 
  Once  Law  was  sitting  on  the  bench, 
  And  Mercy  knelt  a-weeping. 
  "Clear  out!"  he  cried,  "disordered  wench! 
  Nor  come  before  me  creeping. 
  Upon  your  knees  if  you  appear, 
  'Tis  plain  your  have  no  standing  here." 
 
  Then  Justice  came  His  Honor  cried: 
  "_Your_  status?  --  devil  seize  you!" 
  "_Amica  curiae,_"  she  replied  -- 
  "Friend  of  the  court,  so  please  you." 
  "Begone!"  he  shouted  --  "there's  the  door  -- 
  I  never  saw  your  face  before!" 
  G.J. 
 
 




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