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science


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Science  \Sci"ence\,  n.  [F.,  fr  L.  scientia,  fr  sciens,  -entis, 
  p.  pr  of  scire  to  know  Cf  {Conscience},  {Conscious}, 
  {Nice}.] 
  1.  Knowledge;  knowledge  of  principles  and  causes;  ascertained 
  truth  of  facts. 
 
  If  we  conceive  God's  sight  or  science,  before  the 
  creation,  to  be  extended  to  all  and  every  part  of 
  the  world,  seeing  everything  as  it  is  .  .  .  his 
  science  or  sight  from  all  eternity  lays  no  necessity 
  on  anything  to  come  to  pass.  --Hammond. 
 
  Shakespeare's  deep  and  accurate  science  in  mental 
  philosophy.  --Coleridge. 
 
  2.  Accumulated  and  established  knowledge,  which  has  been 
  systematized  and  formulated  with  reference  to  the 
  discovery  of  general  truths  or  the  operation  of  general 
  laws;  knowledge  classified  and  made  available  in  work 
  life,  or  the  search  for  truth;  comprehensive,  profound,  or 
  philosophical  knowledge. 
 
  All  this  new  science  that  men  lere  [teach]. 
  --Chaucer. 
 
  Science  is  .  .  .  a  complement  of  cognitions,  having 
  in  point  of  form  the  character  of  logical 
  perfection,  and  in  point  of  matter,  the  character  of 
  real  truth.  --Sir  W. 
  Hamilton. 
 
  3.  Especially,  such  knowledge  when  it  relates  to  the  physical 
  world  and  its  phenomena,  the  nature,  constitution,  and 
  forces  of  matter,  the  qualities  and  functions  of  living 
  tissues,  etc.;  --  called  also  {natural  science},  and 
  {physical  science}. 
 
  Voltaire  hardly  left  a  single  corner  of  the  field 
  entirely  unexplored  in  science,  poetry,  history, 
  philosophy.  --J.  Morley. 
 
  4.  Any  branch  or  department  of  systematized  knowledge 
  considered  as  a  distinct  field  of  investigation  or  object 
  of  study;  as  the  science  of  astronomy,  of  chemistry,  or 
  of  mind. 
 
  Note:  The  ancients  reckoned  seven  sciences,  namely,  grammar, 
  rhetoric,  logic,  arithmetic,  music,  geometry,  and 
  astronomy;  --  the  first  three  being  included  in  the 
  Trivium,  the  remaining  four  in  the  Quadrivium. 
 
  Good  sense  which  only  is  the  gift  of  Heaven,  And 
  though  no  science,  fairly  worth  the  seven 
  --Pope. 
 
  5.  Art,  skill,  or  expertness,  regarded  as  the  result  of 
  knowledge  of  laws  and  principles. 
 
  His  science,  coolness,  and  great  strength.  --G.  A. 
  Lawrence. 
 
  Note:  Science  is  applied  or  pure.  Applied  science  is  a 
  knowledge  of  facts,  events,  or  phenomena,  as  explained, 
  accounted  for  or  produced,  by  means  of  powers,  causes, 
  or  laws.  Pure  science  is  the  knowledge  of  these  powers, 
  causes,  or  laws,  considered  apart,  or  as  pure  from  all 
  applications.  Both  these  terms  have  a  similar  and 
  special  signification  when  applied  to  the  science  of 
  quantity;  as  the  applied  and  pure  mathematics.  Exact 
  science  is  knowledge  so  systematized  that  prediction 
  and  verification,  by  measurement,  experiment, 
  observation,  etc.,  are  possible.  The  mathematical  and 
  physical  sciences  are  called  the  exact  sciences. 
 
  {Comparative  sciences},  {Inductive  sciences}.  See  under 
  {Comparative},  and  {Inductive}. 
 
  Syn:  Literature;  art;  knowledge. 
 
  Usage:  {Science},  {Literature},  {Art}.  Science  is  literally 
  knowledge,  but  more  usually  denotes  a  systematic  and 
  orderly  arrangement  of  knowledge.  In  a  more 
  distinctive  sense  science  embraces  those  branches  of 
  knowledge  of  which  the  subject-matter  is  either 
  ultimate  principles,  or  facts  as  explained  by 
  principles  or  laws  thus  arranged  in  natural  order  The 
  term  literature  sometimes  denotes  all  compositions  not 
  embraced  under  science,  but  usually  confined  to  the 
  belles-lettres.  [See  {Literature}.]  Art  is  that  which 
  depends  on  practice  and  skill  in  performance.  ``In 
  science,  scimus  ut  sciamus  in  art,  scimus  ut 
  producamus  And  therefore,  science  and  art  may  be 
  said  to  be  investigations  of  truth;  but  one  science, 
  inquires  for  the  sake  of  knowledge;  the  other  art, 
  for  the  sake  of  production;  and  hence  science  is  more 
  concerned  with  the  higher  truths,  art  with  the  lower; 
  and  science  never  is  engaged,  as  art  is  in  productive 
  application.  And  the  most  perfect  state  of  science, 
  therefore,  will  be  the  most  high  and  accurate  inquiry; 
  the  perfection  of  art  will  be  the  most  apt  and 
  efficient  system  of  rules  art  always  throwing  itself 
  into  the  form  of  rules.''  --Karslake. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Science  \Sci"ence\,  v.  t. 
  To  cause  to  become  versed  in  science;  to  make  skilled;  to 
  instruct.  [R.]  --Francis. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  science 
  n  1:  any  domain  of  knowledge  accumulated  by  systematic  study  and 
  organized  by  general  principles;  "mathematics  is 
  important  for  science"  [syn:  {scientific  knowledge}] 
  2:  a  particular  branch  of  scientific  knowledge;  "the  science  of 
  genetics"  [syn:  {scientific  discipline}] 
  3:  ability  to  produce  solutions  in  some  problem  domain;  "the 
  skill  of  a  well-trained  boxer";  "the  science  of  pugilism" 
  [syn:  {skill}] 




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