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systemmore about system

system


  6  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Cascade  system  \Cascade  system\  (Elec.) 
  A  system  or  method  of  connecting  and  operating  two  induction 
  motors  so  that  the  primary  circuit  of  one  is  connected  to  the 
  secondary  circuit  of  the  other  the  primary  circuit  of  the 
  latter  being  connected  to  the  source  of  supply;  also  a 
  system  of  electric  traction  in  which  motors  so  connected  are 
  employed.  The  cascade  system  is  also  called 
 
  {tandem,  or  concatenated},  {system};  the  connection  a 
 
  {cascade,  tandem,  or  concatenated},  {connection},  or 
 
  {a  concatenation};  and  the  control  of  the  motors  so  obtained 
  a 
 
  {tandem,  or  concatenation},  {control}. 
 
  Note:  In  the  cascade  system  of  traction  the  cascade 
  connection  is  used  for  starting  and  for  low  speeds  up 
  to  half  speed.  For  full  speed  the  short-circuited  motor 
  is  cut  loose  from  the  other  motor  and  is  either  left 
  idle  or  (commonly)  connected  direct  to  the  line 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
 
 
  9.  A  body  of  persons  having  some  common  honorary  distinction 
  or  rule  of  obligation;  esp.,  a  body  of  religious  persons 
  or  aggregate  of  convents  living  under  a  common  rule  as 
  the  Order  of  the  Bath;  the  Franciscan  order 
 
  Find  a  barefoot  brother  out  One  of  our  order  to 
  associate  me  --Shak. 
 
  The  venerable  order  of  the  Knights  Templars.  --Sir 
  W.  Scott. 
 
  10.  An  ecclesiastical  grade  or  rank,  as  of  deacon,  priest,  or 
  bishop;  the  office  of  the  Christian  ministry;  --  often 
  used  in  the  plural;  as  to  take  orders  or  to  take  holy 
  orders  that  is  to  enter  some  grade  of  the  ministry. 
 
  11.  (Arch.)  The  disposition  of  a  column  and  its  component 
  parts  and  of  the  entablature  resting  upon  it  in 
  classical  architecture;  hence  (as  the  column  and 
  entablature  are  the  characteristic  features  of  classical 
  architecture)  a  style  or  manner  of  architectural 
  designing. 
 
  Note:  The  Greeks  used  three  different  orders  easy  to 
  distinguish,  Doric,  Ionic,  and  Corinthian.  The  Romans 
  added  the  Tuscan,  and  changed  the  Doric  so  that  it  is 
  hardly  recognizable,  and  also  used  a  modified 
  Corinthian  called  Composite.  The  Renaissance  writers  on 
  architecture  recognized  five  orders  as  orthodox  or 
  classical,  --  Doric  (the  Roman  sort),  Ionic,  Tuscan, 
  Corinthian,  and  Composite.  See  Illust.  of  {Capital}. 
 
  12.  (Nat.  Hist.)  An  assemblage  of  genera  having  certain 
  important  characters  in  common;  as  the  Carnivora  and 
  Insectivora  are  orders  of  Mammalia. 
 
  Note:  The  Linn[ae]an  artificial  orders  of  plants  rested 
  mainly  on  identity  in  the  numer  of  pistils,  or 
  agreement  in  some  one  character.  Natural  orders  are 
  groups  of  genera  agreeing  in  the  fundamental  plan  of 
  their  flowers  and  fruit.  A  natural  order  is  usually  (in 
  botany)  equivalent  to  a  family,  and  may  include  several 
  tribes. 
 
  13.  (Rhet.)  The  placing  of  words  and  members  in  a  sentence  in 
  such  a  manner  as  to  contribute  to  force  and  beauty  or 
  clearness  of  expression. 
 
  14.  (Math.)  Rank;  degree;  thus  the  order  of  a  curve  or 
  surface  is  the  same  as  the  degree  of  its  equation. 
 
  {Artificial  order}  or  {system}.  See  {Artificial 
  classification},  under  {Artificial},  and  Note  to  def.  12 
  above. 
 
  {Close  order}  (Mil.),  the  arrangement  of  the  ranks  with  a 
  distance  of  about  half  a  pace  between  them  with  a 
  distance  of  about  three  yards  the  ranks  are  in  {open 
  order}. 
 
  {The  four  Orders},  {The  Orders  four},  the  four  orders  of 
  mendicant  friars.  See  {Friar}.  --Chaucer. 
 
  {General  orders}  (Mil.),  orders  issued  which  concern  the 
  whole  command,  or  the  troops  generally,  in  distinction 
  from  special  orders 
 
  {Holy  orders}. 
  a  (Eccl.)  The  different  grades  of  the  Christian 
  ministry;  ordination  to  the  ministry.  See  def.  10 
  above. 
  b  (R.  C.  Ch.)  A  sacrament  for  the  purpose  of  conferring 
  a  special  grace  on  those  ordained. 
 
  {In  order  to},  for  the  purpose  of  to  the  end  as  means  to 
 
  The  best  knowledge  is  that  which  is  of  greatest  use 
  in  order  to  our  eternal  happiness.  --Tillotson. 
 
  {Minor  orders}  (R.  C.  Ch.),  orders  beneath  the  diaconate  in 
  sacramental  dignity,  as  acolyte,  exorcist,  reader, 
  doorkeeper. 
 
  {Money  order}.  See  under  {Money}. 
 
  {Natural  order}.  (Bot.)  See  def.  12,  Note. 
 
  {Order  book}. 
  a  A  merchant's  book  in  which  orders  are  entered. 
  b  (Mil.)  A  book  kept  at  headquarters,  in  which  all 
  orders  are  recorded  for  the  information  of  officers 
  and  men. 
  c  A  book  in  the  House  of  Commons  in  which  proposed 
  orders  must  be  entered.  [Eng.] 
 
  {Order  in  Council},  a  royal  order  issued  with  and  by  the 
  advice  of  the  Privy  Council.  [Great  Britain] 
 
  {Order  of  battle}  (Mil.),  the  particular  disposition  given  to 
  the  troops  of  an  army  on  the  field  of  battle. 
 
  {Order  of  the  day},  in  legislative  bodies,  the  special 
  business  appointed  for  a  specified  day 
 
  {Order  of  a  differential  equation}  (Math.),  the  greatest 
  index  of  differentiation  in  the  equation. 
 
  {Sailing  orders}  (Naut.),  the  final  instructions  given  to  the 
  commander  of  a  ship  of  war  before  a  cruise. 
 
  {Sealed  orders},  orders  sealed,  and  not  to  be  opened  until  a 
  certain  time,  or  arrival  at  a  certain  place  as  after  a 
  ship  is  at  sea. 
 
  {Standing  order}. 
  a  A  continuing  regulation  for  the  conduct  of 
  parliamentary  business. 
  b  (Mil.)  An  order  not  subject  to  change  by  an  officer 
  temporarily  in  command. 
 
  {To  give  order},  to  give  command  or  directions.  --Shak. 
 
  {To  take  order  for},  to  take  charge  of  to  make  arrangements 
  concerning. 
 
  Whiles  I  take  order  for  mine  own  affairs.  --Shak. 
 
  Syn:  Arrangement;  management.  See  {Direction}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  System  \Sys"tem\,  n.  [L.  systema,  Gr  ?,  fr  ?  to  place 
  together;  sy`n  with  +  ?  to  place:  cf  F.  syst[`e]me.  See 
  {Stand}.] 
  1.  An  assemblage  of  objects  arranged  in  regular 
  subordination,  or  after  some  distinct  method,  usually 
  logical  or  scientific;  a  complete  whole  of  objects  related 
  by  some  common  law,  principle,  or  end  a  complete 
  exhibition  of  essential  principles  or  facts,  arranged  in  a 
  rational  dependence  or  connection;  a  regular  union  of 
  principles  or  parts  forming  one  entire  thing  as  a  system 
  of  philosophy;  a  system  of  government;  a  system  of 
  divinity;  a  system  of  botany  or  chemistry;  a  military 
  system;  the  solar  system. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  system 
  n  1:  a  group  of  independent  but  interrelated  elements  comprising 
  a  unified  whole;  "a  vast  system  of  production  and 
  distribution  and  consumption  keep  the  country  going" 
  2:  a  combination  of  interrelated  interacting  artifacts  designed 
  to  work  as  a  coherent  entity;  "he  bought  a  new  stereo 
  system";  "the  unit  consists  of  a  motor  and  a  small 
  computer"  [syn:  {unit}] 
  3:  a  complex  of  methods  or  rules  governing  behavior;  "they  have 
  to  operate  under  a  system  they  oppose";  "that  language  has 
  a  complex  system  for  indicating  gender"  [syn:  {system  of 
  rules}] 
  4:  a  procedure  or  process  for  obtaining  an  objective;  "they  had 
  to  devise  a  system  that  did  not  depend  on  cooperation" 
  5:  a  group  of  physiologically  or  anatomically  related  organs  or 
  parts  "the  body  has  a  system  of  organs  for  digestion" 
  6:  an  organized  structure  for  arranging  or  classifying;  "he 
  changed  the  arrangement  of  the  topics";  "the  facts  were 
  familiar  but  it  was  in  the  organization  of  them  that  he 
  was  original";  "he  tried  to  understand  their  system  of 
  classification"  [syn:  {arrangement},  {organization},  {organisation}] 
  7:  (physical  chemistry)  a  sample  of  matter  in  which  substances 
  in  different  phases  are  in  equilibrium;  "in  a  static 
  system  oil  cannot  be  replaced  by  water  on  a  surface";  "a 
  system  generating  hydrogen  peroxide" 
  8:  the  living  body  considered  as  made  up  of  interdependent 
  components  forming  a  unified  whole;  "exercise  helped  him 
  get  the  alcohol  out  of  his  system" 
  9:  an  ordered  manner;  orderliness  by  virtue  of  being  methodical 
  and  well  organized;  "his  compulsive  organization  was  not 
  an  endearing  quality";  "we  can't  do  it  unless  we  establish 
  some  system  around  here"  [syn:  {organization},  {organisation}] 
 
  From  Jargon  File  (4.2.3,  23  NOV  2000)  [jargon]: 
 
  system  n.  1.  The  supervisor  program  or  OS  on  a  computer.  2. 
  The  entire  computer  system,  including  input/output  devices,  the  supervisor 
  program  or  OS  and  possibly  other  software.  3.  Any  large-scale  program. 
  4.  Any  method  or  algorithm.  5.  `System  hacker':  one  who  hacks  the  system 
  (in  senses  1  and  2  only;  for  sense  3  one  mentions  the  particular  program: 
  e.g.,  `LISP  hacker') 
 
 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  system 
 
  1.  The  {supervisor}  program  or  {operating  system}  on  a 
  computer. 
 
  2.  The  entire  computer  system,  including  input/output  devices, 
  the  {supervisor}  program  or  {operating  system}  and  possibly 
  other  {software}. 
 
  3.  Any  large  program. 
 
  4.  Any  method  or  {algorithm}. 
 
  [{Jargon  File}] 
 
 




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