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oil


  7  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Candlenut  \Can"dle*nut`\,  n. 
  1.  The  fruit  of  a  euphorbiaceous  tree  or  shrub  ({Aleurites 
  moluccana}),  native  of  some  of  the  Pacific  islands.  It  is 
  used  by  the  natives  as  a  candle.  The  oil  from  the  nut  ( 
 
  {candlenut,  or  kekune},  {oil})  has  many  uses. 
 
  2.  The  tree  itself 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Oil  \Oil\  (oil),  n.  [OE.  oile,  OF  oile,  F.  huile,  fr  L.  oleum; 
  akin  to  Gr  ?.  Cf  {Olive}.] 
  Any  one  of  a  great  variety  of  unctuous  combustible 
  substances,  not  miscible  with  water;  as  olive  oil,  whale 
  oil,  rock  oil,  etc  They  are  of  animal,  vegetable,  or  mineral 
  origin  and  of  varied  composition,  and  they  are  variously  used 
  for  food,  for  solvents,  for  anointing,  lubrication, 
  illumination,  etc  By  extension,  any  substance  of  an  oily 
  consistency;  as  oil  of  vitriol. 
 
  Note:  The  mineral  oils  are  varieties  of  petroleum.  See 
  {Petroleum}.  The  vegetable  oils  are  of  two  classes, 
  {essential  oils}  (see  under  {Essential}),  and  {natural 
  oils}  which  in  general  resemble  the  animal  oils  and 
  fats.  Most  of  the  natural  oils  and  the  animal  oils  and 
  fats  consist  of  ethereal  salts  of  glycerin,  with  a 
  large  number  of  organic  acids,  principally  stearic, 
  oleic,  and  palmitic,  forming  respectively  stearin, 
  olein,  and  palmitin.  Stearin  and  palmitin  prevail  in 
  the  solid  oils  and  fats,  and  olein  in  the  liquid  oils. 
  Mutton  tallow,  beef  tallow,  and  lard  are  rich  in 
  stearin,  human  fat  and  palm  oil  in  palmitin,  and  sperm 
  and  cod-liver  oils  in  olein.  In  making  soaps,  the  acids 
  leave  the  glycerin  and  unite  with  the  soda  or  potash. 
 
  {Animal  oil},  {Bone  oil},  {Dipple's  oil},  etc  (Old  Chem.),  a 
  complex  oil  obtained  by  the  distillation  of  animal 
  substances,  as  bones.  See  {Bone  oil},  under  {Bone}. 
 
  {Drying  oils},  {Essential  oils}.  (Chem.)  See  under  {Drying}, 
  and  {Essential}. 
 
  {Ethereal  oil  of  wine},  {Heavy  oil  of  wine}.  (Chem.)  See 
  under  {Ethereal}. 
 
  {Fixed  oil}.  (Chem.)  See  under  {Fixed}. 
 
  {Oil  bag}  (Zo["o]l.),  a  bag,  cyst,  or  gland  in  animals, 
  containing  oil. 
 
  {Oil  beetle}  (Zo["o]l.),  any  beetle  of  the  genus  {Meloe}  and 
  allied  genera.  When  disturbed  they  emit  from  the  joints  of 
  the  legs  a  yellowish  oily  liquor.  Some  species  possess 
  vesicating  properties,  and  are  used  instead  of 
  cantharides. 
 
  {Oil  box},  or  {Oil  cellar}  (Mach.),  a  fixed  box  or  reservoir, 
  for  lubricating  a  bearing;  esp.,  the  box  for  oil  beneath 
  the  journal  of  a  railway-car  axle. 
 
  {Oil  cake}.  See  under  {Cake}. 
 
  {Oil  cock},  a  stopcock  connected  with  an  oil  cup.  See  {Oil 
  cup}. 
 
  {Oil  color}. 
  a  A  paint  made  by  grinding  a  coloring  substance  in  oil. 
  b  Such  paints,  taken  in  a  general  sense 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Oil  \Oil\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Oiled};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Oiling}.] 
  To  smear  or  rub  over  with  oil;  to  lubricate  with  oil;  to 
  anoint  with  oil. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  oil 
  n  1:  a  slippery  or  viscous  liquid  or  liquefiable  substance  not 
  miscible  with  water 
  2:  paint  used  by  an  artist  [syn:  {oil  color}] 
  v  1:  cover  with  oil,  as  if  by  rubbing;  "oil  the  wooden  surface" 
  2:  apply  lubricants  to'  "lubricate  my  car  engine"  [syn:  {lubricate}, 
  {lube}] 
  3:  administer  a  sacred  oil  or  ointment  to  in  a  religious 
  ceremony  of  blessing  [syn:  {anoint},  {anele},  {ambrocate}] 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  OIL 
 
  1.  ["The  Architecture  of  the  FAIM-1  Symbolic  Multiprocessing 
  System",  A.  Davis  et  al  9th  Intl  Joint  Conf  in  Artif  Intell, 
  1985,  pp.32-38]. 
 
  2.  Operator  Identification  Language.  Used  for  {overloading} 
  resolution  by  the  {Eli}  compiler-writing  system. 
 
 
 
  From  Easton's  1897  Bible  Dictionary  [easton]: 
 
  Oil 
  Only  olive  oil  seems  to  have  been  used  among  the  Hebrews.  It  was 
  used  for  many  purposes:  for  anointing  the  body  or  the  hair  (Ex. 
  29:7;  2  Sam.  14:2;  Ps  23:5;  92:10;  104:15;  Luke  7:46);  in  some 
  of  the  offerings  (Ex.  29:40;  Lev.  7:12;  Num.  6:15;  15:4),  but 
  was  excluded  from  the  sin-offering  (Lev.  5:11)  and  the 
  jealousy-offering  (Num.  5:15);  for  burning  in  lamps  (Ex.  25:6; 
  27:20;  Matt.  25:3);  for  medicinal  purposes  (Isa.  1:6;  Luke 
  10:34;  James  5:14);  and  for  anointing  the  dead  (Matt.  26:12; 
  Luke  23:56). 
 
  It  was  one  of  the  most  valuable  products  of  the  country  (Deut. 
  32:13;  Ezek.  16:13),  and  formed  an  article  of  extensive  commerce 
  with  Tyre  (27:17). 
 
  The  use  of  it  was  a  sign  of  gladness  (Ps.  92:10;  Isa.  61:3), 
  and  its  omission  a  token  of  sorrow  (2  Sam.  14:2;  Matt.  6:17).  It 
  was  very  abundant  in  Galilee.  (See  {OLIVE}.) 
 
 
  From  V.E.R.A.  --  Virtual  Entity  of  Relevant  Acronyms  13  March  2001  [vera]: 
 
  OIL 
  Operator  Identification  Language  (ELI) 
 
 




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