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properties


  1  definition  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Property  \Prop"er*ty\,  n.;  pl  {Properties}.  [OE.  proprete  OF 
  propret['e]  property,  F.  propret['e]  neatness,  cleanliness, 
  propri['e]t['e]  property,  fr  L.  proprietas  See  {Proper}, 
  a.,  and  cf  {Propriety}.] 
  1.  That  which  is  proper  to  anything  a  peculiar  quality  of  a 
  thing  that  which  is  inherent  in  a  subject,  or  naturally 
  essential  to  it  an  attribute;  as  sweetness  is  a  property 
  of  sugar. 
 
  Property  is  correctly  a  synonym  for  peculiar 
  quality;  but  it  is  frequently  used  as  coextensive 
  with  quality  in  general.  --Sir  W. 
  Hamilton. 
 
  Note:  In  physical  science,  the  properties  of  matter  are 
  distinguished  to  the  three  following  classes:  1. 
  Physical  properties,  or  those  which  result  from  the 
  relations  of  bodies  to  the  physical  agents,  light, 
  heat,  electricity,  gravitation,  cohesion,  adhesion, 
  etc.,  and  which  are  exhibited  without  a  change  in  the 
  composition  or  kind  of  matter  acted  on  They  are  color, 
  luster,  opacity,  transparency,  hardness,  sonorousness, 
  density,  crystalline  form  solubility,  capability  of 
  osmotic  diffusion,  vaporization,  boiling,  fusion,  etc 
  2.  Chemical  properties,  or  those  which  are  conditioned 
  by  affinity  and  composition;  thus  combustion, 
  explosion,  and  certain  solutions  are  reactions 
  occasioned  by  chemical  properties.  Chemical  properties 
  are  identical  when  there  is  identity  of  composition  and 
  structure,  and  change  according  as  the  composition 
  changes.  3.  Organoleptic  properties,  or  those  forming  a 
  class  which  can  not  be  included  in  either  of  the  other 
  two  divisions.  They  manifest  themselves  in  the  contact 
  of  substances  with  the  organs  of  taste,  touch,  and 
  smell,  or  otherwise  affect  the  living  organism,  as  in 
  the  manner  of  medicines  and  poisons. 
 
  2.  An  acquired  or  artificial  quality;  that  which  is  given  by 
  art,  or  bestowed  by  man;  as  the  poem  has  the  properties 
  which  constitute  excellence. 
 
  3.  The  exclusive  right  of  possessing,  enjoying,  and  disposing 
  of  a  thing  ownership;  title. 
 
  Here  I  disclaim  all  my  paternal  care  Propinquity 
  and  property  of  blood.  --Shak. 
 
  Shall  man  assume  a  property  in  man?  --Wordsworth. 




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