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synonymmore about synonym

synonym


  3  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Synonym  \Syn"o*nym\,  n. 
  1.  An  incorrect  or  incorrectly  applied  scientific  name  as  a 
  new  name  applied  to  a  species  or  genus  already  properly 
  named  or  a  specific  name  preoccupied  by  that  of  another 
  species  of  the  same  genus;  --  so  used  in  the  system  of 
  nomenclature  (which  see)  in  which  the  correct  scientific 
  names  of  certain  natural  groups  (usually  genera,  species, 
  and  subspecies)  are  regarded  as  determined  by  priority. 
 
  2.  One  of  two  or  more  words  corresponding  in  meaning  but  of 
  different  languages;  a  heteronym.  [Rare] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Synonym  \Syn"o*nym\  (s[i^]n"[-o]*n[i^]m),  n.;  pl  {Synonyms} 
  (-n[i^]mz).  [F.  synonyme,  L.  synonyma,  pl  of  synonymum  Gr 
  synw`nymon.  See  {Synonymous}.] 
  One  of  two  or  more  words  (commonly  words  of  the  same 
  language)  which  are  equivalents  of  each  other  one  of  two  or 
  more  words  which  have  very  nearly  the  same  signification,  and 
  therefore  may  often  be  used  interchangeably.  See  under 
  {Synonymous}.  [Written  also  {synonyme}.] 
 
  All  languages  tend  to  clear  themselves  of  synonyms  as 
  intellectual  culture  advances,  the  superfluous  words 
  being  taken  up  and  appropriated  by  new  shades  and 
  combinations  of  thought  evolved  in  the  progress  of 
  society.  --De  Quincey. 
 
  His  name  has  thus  become  throughout  all  civilized 
  countries,  a  synonym  for  probity  and  philanthropy. 
  --Macaulay. 
 
  In  popular  literary  acceptation,  and  as  employed  in 
  special  dictionaries  of  such  words  synonyms  are  words 
  sufficiently  alike  in  general  signification  to  be 
  liable  to  be  confounded,  but  yet  so  different  in 
  special  definition  as  to  require  to  be  distinguished. 
  --G.  P.  Marsh. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  synonym 
  n  :  two  words  that  can  be  interchanged  in  a  context  are  said  to 
  be  synonymous  relative  to  that  context  [syn:  {equivalent 
  word}] 




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