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artificial

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artificial


  4  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Person  \Per"son\,  n.  [OE.  persone,  persoun  person,  parson,  OF 
  persone,  F.  personne,  L.  persona  a  mask  (used  by  actors),  a 
  personage,  part  a  person,  fr  personare  to  sound  through 
  per  +  sonare  to  sound.  See  {Per-},  and  cf  {Parson}.] 
  1.  A  character  or  part  as  in  a  play;  a  specific  kind  or 
  manifestation  of  individual  character,  whether  in  real 
  life,  or  in  literary  or  dramatic  representation;  an 
  assumed  character.  [Archaic] 
 
  His  first  appearance  upon  the  stage  in  his  new 
  person  of  a  sycophant  or  juggler.  --Bacon. 
 
  No  man  can  long  put  on  a  person  and  act  a  part 
  --Jer.  Taylor. 
 
  To  bear  rule  which  was  thy  part  And  person,  hadst 
  thou  known  thyself  aright.  --Milton. 
 
  How  different  is  the  same  man  from  himself,  as  he 
  sustains  the  person  of  a  magistrate  and  that  of  a 
  friend!  --South. 
 
  2.  The  bodily  form  of  a  human  being  body;  outward 
  appearance;  as  of  comely  person. 
 
  A  fair  persone,  and  strong,  and  young  of  age. 
  --Chaucer. 
 
  If  it  assume  my  noble  father's  person.  --Shak. 
 
  Love,  sweetness,  goodness,  in  her  person  shined. 
  --Milton. 
 
  3.  A  living,  self-conscious  being  as  distinct  from  an  animal 
  or  a  thing  a  moral  agent;  a  human  being  a  man,  woman,  or 
  child. 
 
  Consider  what  person  stands  for  which  I  think,  is 
  a  thinking,  intelligent  being  that  has  reason  and 
  reflection.  --Locke. 
 
  4.  A  human  being  spoken  of  indefinitely;  one  a  man;  as  any 
  person  present. 
 
  5.  A  parson;  the  parish  priest.  [Obs.]  --Chaucer. 
 
  6.  (Theol.)  Among  Trinitarians,  one  of  the  three  subdivisions 
  of  the  Godhead  (the  Father,  the  Son,  and  the  Holy  Ghost); 
  an  hypostasis.  ``Three  persons  and  one  God.''  --Bk.  of 
  Com.  Prayer. 
 
  7.  (Gram.)  One  of  three  relations  or  conditions  (that  of 
  speaking,  that  of  being  spoken  to  and  that  of  being 
  spoken  of)  pertaining  to  a  noun  or  a  pronoun,  and  thence 
  also  to  the  verb  of  which  it  may  be  the  subject. 
 
  Note:  A  noun  or  pronoun,  when  representing  the  speaker,  is 
  said  to  be  in  the  first  person;  when  representing  what 
  is  spoken  to  in  the  second  person;  when  representing 
  what  is  spoken  of  in  the  third  person. 
 
  8.  (Biol.)  A  shoot  or  bud  of  a  plant;  a  polyp  or  zooid  of  the 
  compound  Hydrozoa  Anthozoa,  etc.;  also  an  individual,  in 
  the  narrowest  sense  among  the  higher  animals.  --Haeckel. 
 
  True  corms,  composed  of  united  person[ae]  .  .  . 
  usually  arise  by  gemmation,  .  .  .  yet  in  sponges  and 
  corals  occasionally  by  fusion  of  several  originally 
  distinct  persons.  --Encyc.  Brit. 
 
  {Artificial},  or  {Fictitious},  {person}  (Law),  a  corporation 
  or  body  politic.  --blackstone. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Tangent  \Tan"gent\,  n.  [L.  tangens,  -entis,  p.  pr  of  tangere  to 
  touch;  akin  to  Gr  ?  having  seized:  cf  F.  tangente.  Cf 
  {Attain},  {Contaminate},  {Contingent},  {Entire},  {Tact}, 
  {Taste},  {Tax},  v.  t.]  (Geom.) 
  A  tangent  line  curve,  or  surface;  specifically,  that  portion 
  of  the  straight  line  tangent  to  a  curve  that  is  between  the 
  point  of  tangency  and  a  given  line  the  given  line  being  for 
  example,  the  axis  of  abscissas,  or  a  radius  of  a  circle 
  produced.  See  {Trigonometrical  function},  under  {Function}. 
 
  {Artificial},  or  {Logarithmic},  {tangent},  the  logarithm  of 
  the  natural  tangent  of  an  arc. 
 
  {Natural  tangent},  a  decimal  expressing  the  length  of  the 
  tangent  of  an  arc,  the  radius  being  reckoned  unity. 
 
  {Tangent  galvanometer}  (Elec.),  a  form  of  galvanometer  having 
  a  circular  coil  and  a  short  needle,  in  which  the  tangent 
  of  the  angle  of  deflection  of  the  needle  is  proportional 
  to  the  strength  of  the  current. 
 
  {Tangent  of  an  angle},  the  natural  tangent  of  the  arc 
  subtending  or  measuring  the  angle. 
 
  {Tangent  of  an  arc},  a  right  line  as  ta  touching  the  arc  of 
  a  circle  at  one  extremity  a,  and  terminated  by  a  line  ct 
  passing  from  the  center  through  the  other  extremity  o. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Artificial  \Ar`ti*fi"cial\,  a.  [L.  artificialis  fr  artificium: 
  cf  F.  artificiel  See  {Artifice}.] 
  1.  Made  or  contrived  by  art;  produced  or  modified  by  human 
  skill  and  labor,  in  opposition  to  natural;  as  artificial 
  heat  or  light,  gems,  salts,  minerals,  fountains,  flowers. 
 
  Artificial  strife  Lives  in  these  touches,  livelier 
  than  life.  --Shak. 
 
  2.  Feigned;  fictitious;  assumed;  affected;  not  genuine. 
  ``Artificial  tears.''  --Shak. 
 
  3.  Artful;  cunning;  crafty.  [Obs.]  --Shak. 
 
  4.  Cultivated;  not  indigenous;  not  of  spontaneous  growth;  as 
  artificial  grasses.  --Gibbon. 
 
  {Artificial  arguments}  (Rhet.),  arguments  invented  by  the 
  speaker,  in  distinction  from  laws,  authorities,  and  the 
  like  which  are  called  inartificial  arguments  or  proofs. 
  --Johnson. 
 
  {Artificial  classification}  (Science),  an  arrangement  based 
  on  superficial  characters,  and  not  expressing  the  true 
  natural  relations  species;  as  ``the  artificial  system'' 
  in  botany,  which  is  the  same  as  the  Linn[ae]an  system. 
 
  {Artificial  horizon}.  See  under  {Horizon}. 
 
  {Artificial  light},  any  light  other  than  that  which  proceeds 
  from  the  heavenly  bodies. 
 
  {Artificial  lines},  lines  on  a  sector  or  scale,  so  contrived 
  as  to  represent  the  logarithmic  sines  and  tangents,  which 
  by  the  help  of  the  line  of  numbers,  solve,  with  tolerable 
  exactness,  questions  in  trigonometry,  navigation,  etc 
 
  {Artificial  numbers},  logarithms. 
 
  {Artificial  person}  (Law).  See  under  {Person}. 
 
  {Artificial  sines},  {tangents},  etc.,  the  same  as  logarithms 
  of  the  natural  sines,  tangents,  etc  --Hutton. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  artificial 
  adj  1:  contrived  by  art  rather  than  nature;  "artificial  flowers"; 
  "artificial  flavoring";  "an  artificial  economic  boom"; 
  "artificial  fibers"  [syn:  {unreal}]  [ant:  {natural}] 
  2:  artificially  formal;  "that  artificial  humility  that  her 
  husband  hated";  "contrived  coyness";  "a  stilted  letter  of 
  acknowledgment";  "when  people  try  to  correct  their  speech 
  they  develop  a  stilted  pronunciation"  [syn:  {contrived},  {stilted}] 
  3:  not  arising  from  natural  growth  or  characterized  by  vital 
  processes 




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