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sound


  13  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sound  \Sound\,  n.  [AS.  sund  a  swimming,  akin  to  E.  swim.  See 
  {Swim}.] 
  The  air  bladder  of  a  fish;  as  cod  sounds  are  an  esteemed 
  article  of  food. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sound  \Sound\,  n.  (Zo["o]l.) 
  A  cuttlefish.  [Obs.]  --Ainsworth. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sound  \Sound\,  a.  [Compar.  {Sounder};  superl.  {Soundest}.]  [OE. 
  sound,  AS  sund;  akin  to  D.  gezond  G.  gesund,  OHG.  gisunt 
  Dan.  &  Sw  sund,  and  perhaps  to  L.  sanus.  Cf  {Sane}.] 
  1.  Whole;  unbroken;  unharmed;  free  from  flaw,  defect,  or 
  decay;  perfect  of  the  kind  as  sound  timber;  sound  fruit; 
  a  sound  tooth;  a  sound  ship. 
 
  2.  Healthy;  not  diseased;  not  being  in  a  morbid  state;  -- 
  said  of  body  or  mind;  as  a  sound  body;  a  sound 
  constitution;  a  sound  understanding. 
 
  3.  Firm;  strong;  safe. 
 
  The  brasswork  here  how  rich  it  is  in  beams,  And 
  how  besides,  it  makes  the  whole  house  sound. 
  --Chapman. 
 
  4.  Free  from  error;  correct;  right  honest;  true;  faithful; 
  orthodox;  --  said  of  persons;  as  a  sound  lawyer;  a  sound 
  thinker. 
 
  Do  not  I  know  you  a  favorer  Of  this  new  seat?  Ye  are 
  nor  sound.  --Shak. 
 
  5.  Founded  in  truth  or  right  supported  by  justice;  not  to  be 
  overthrown  on  refuted;  not  fallacious;  as  sound  argument 
  or  reasoning;  a  sound  objection;  sound  doctrine;  sound 
  principles. 
 
  Hold  fast  the  form  of  sound  words  which  thou  hast 
  heard  of  me  --2  Tim.  i. 
  13. 
 
  6.  heavy;  laid  on  with  force;  as  a  sound  beating. 
 
  7.  Undisturbed;  deep;  profound;  as  sound  sleep. 
 
  8.  Founded  in  law;  legal;  valid;  not  defective;  as  a  sound 
  title  to  land. 
 
  Note:  Sound  is  sometimes  used  in  the  formation  of 
  self-explaining  compounds;  as  sound-headed, 
  sound-hearted,  sound-timbered,  etc 
 
  {Sound  currency}  (Com.),  a  currency  whose  actual  value  is  the 
  same  as  its  nominal  value;  a  currency  which  does  not 
  deteriorate  or  depreciate  or  fluctuate  in  comparision  with 
  the  standard  of  values. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sound  \Sound\,  v.  i. 
  To  ascertain  the  depth  of  water  with  a  sounding  line  or  other 
  device. 
 
  I  sound  as  a  shipman  soundeth  in  the  sea  with  his 
  plummet  to  know  the  depth  of  sea.  --Palsgrave. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sound  \Sound\,  adv 
  Soundly. 
 
  So  sound  he  slept  that  naught  might  him  awake. 
  --Spenser. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sound  \Sound\,  n.  [AS.  sund  a  narrow  sea  or  strait;  akin  to 
  Icel.,  Sw.,  Dan.  &  G.  sund,  probably  so  named  because  it 
  could  be  swum  across  See  {Swim}.]  (Geog.) 
  A  narrow  passage  of  water,  or  a  strait  between  the  mainland 
  and  an  island;  also  a  strait  connecting  two  seas,  or 
  connecting  a  sea  or  lake  with  the  ocean;  as  the  Sound 
  between  the  Baltic  and  the  german  Ocean;  Long  Island  Sound. 
 
  The  Sound  of  Denmark,  where  ships  pay  toll.  --Camden. 
 
  {Sound  dues},  tolls  formerly  imposed  by  Denmark  on  vessels 
  passing  through  the  Baltic  Sound. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sound  \Sound\,  n.  [F.  sonde.  See  {Sound}  to  fathom.]  (Med.) 
  Any  elongated  instrument  or  probe,  usually  metallic,  by  which 
  cavities  of  the  body  are  sounded  or  explored,  especially  the 
  bladder  for  stone,  or  the  urethra  for  a  stricture. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sound  \Sound\,  n.  [OE.  soun,  OF  son,  sun,  F.  son,  fr  L.  sonus 
  akin  to  Skr.  svana  sound,  svan  to  sound,  and  perh.  to  E. 
  swan.  Cf  {Assonant},  {Consonant},  {Person},  {Sonata}, 
  {Sonnet},  {Sonorous},  {Swan}.] 
  1.  The  peceived  object  occasioned  by  the  impulse  or  vibration 
  of  a  material  substance  affecting  the  ear;  a  sensation  or 
  perception  of  the  mind  received  through  the  ear,  and 
  produced  by  the  impulse  or  vibration  of  the  air  or  other 
  medium  with  which  the  ear  is  in  contact  the  effect  of  an 
  impression  made  on  the  organs  of  hearing  by  an  impulse  or 
  vibration  of  the  air  caused  by  a  collision  of  bodies,  or 
  by  other  means  noise;  report;  as  the  sound  of  a  drum; 
  the  sound  of  the  human  voice;  a  horrid  sound;  a  charming 
  sound;  a  sharp,  high,  or  shrill  sound. 
 
  The  warlike  sound  Of  trumpets  loud  and  clarions. 
  --Milton. 
 
  2.  The  occasion  of  sound;  the  impulse  or  vibration  which 
  would  occasion  sound  to  a  percipient  if  present  with 
  unimpaired;  hence  the  theory  of  vibrations  in  elastic 
  media  such  cause  sound;  as  a  treatise  on  sound. 
 
  Note:  In  this  sense  sounds  are  spoken  of  as  audible  and 
  inaudible. 
 
  3.  Noise  without  signification;  empty  noise;  noise  and 
  nothing  else. 
 
  Sense  and  not  sound  .  .  .  must  be  the  principle. 
  --Locke. 
 
  {Sound  boarding},  boards  for  holding  pugging,  placed  in 
  partitions  of  under  floors  in  order  to  deaden  sounds. 
 
  {Sound  bow},  in  a  series  of  transverse  sections  of  a  bell, 
  that  segment  against  which  the  clapper  strikes,  being  the 
  part  which  is  most  efficacious  in  producing  the  sound.  See 
  Illust.  of  {Bell}. 
 
  {Sound  post}.  (Mus.)  See  {Sounding  post},  under  {Sounding}. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sound  \Sound\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Sounded};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Sounding}.]  [F.  sonder;  cf  AS  sundgyrd  a  sounding  rod, 
  sundline  a  sounding  line  (see  {Sound}  a  narrow  passage  of 
  water).] 
  1.  To  measure  the  depth  of  to  fathom;  especially,  to 
  ascertain  the  depth  of  by  means  of  a  line  and  plummet. 
 
  2.  Fig.:  To  ascertain,  or  try  to  ascertain,  the  thoughts, 
  motives,  and  purposes  of  (a  person);  to  examine;  to  try 
  to  test;  to  probe. 
 
  I  was  in  jest,  And  by  that  offer  meant  to  sound  your 
  breast.  --Dryden. 
 
  I've  sounded  my  Numidians  man  by  man.  --Addison. 
 
  3.  (Med.)  To  explore,  as  the  bladder  or  urethra,  with  a 
  sound;  to  examine  with  a  sound;  also  to  examine  by 
  auscultation  or  percussion;  as  to  sound  a  patient. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sound  \Sound\,  v.  i.  [OE.  sounen,  sownen,  OF  soner,  suner,  F. 
  sonner,  from  L.  sonare.  See  {Sound}  a  noise.] 
  1.  To  make  a  noise;  to  utter  a  voice;  to  make  an  impulse  of 
  the  air  that  shall  strike  the  organs  of  hearing  with  a 
  perceptible  effect.  ``And  first  taught  speaking  trumpets 
  how  to  sound.''  --Dryden. 
 
  How  silver-sweet  sound  lovers'  tongues!  --Shak. 
 
  2.  To  be  conveyed  in  sound;  to  be  spread  or  published;  to 
  convey  intelligence  by  sound. 
 
  From  you  sounded  out  the  word  of  the  Lord.  --1 
  Thess.  i.  8. 
 
  3.  To  make  or  convey  a  certain  impression,  or  to  have  a 
  certain  import,  when  heard;  hence  to  seem;  to  appear;  as 
  this  reproof  sounds  harsh;  the  story  sounds  like  an 
  invention. 
 
  Good  sir,  why  do  you  start  and  seem  to  fear  Things 
  that  do  sound  so  fair?  --Shak. 
 
  {To  sound  in}  or  {into},  to  tend  to  to  partake  of  the  nature 
  of  to  be  consonant  with  [Obs.,  except  in  the  phrase  To 
  sound  in  damages,  below.] 
 
  Soun[d]ing  in  moral  virtue  was  his  speech. 
  --Chaucer. 
 
  {To  sound  in  damages}  (Law),  to  have  the  essential  quality  of 
  damages.  This  is  said  of  an  action  brought,  not  for  the 
  recovery  of  a  specific  thing  as  replevin,  etc.,  but  for 
  damages  only,  as  trespass,  and  the  like 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Sound  \Sound\,  v.  t. 
  1.  To  causse  to  make  a  noise;  to  play  on  as  to  sound  a 
  trumpet  or  a  horn. 
 
  A  bagpipe  well  could  he  play  and  soun[d].  --Chaucer. 
 
  2.  To  cause  to  exit  as  a  sound;  as  to  sound  a  note  with  the 
  voice,  or  on  an  instrument. 
 
  3.  To  order  direct,  indicate,  or  proclain  by  a  sound,  or 
  sounds;  to  give  a  signal  for  by  a  certain  sound;  as  to 
  sound  a  retreat;  to  sound  a  parley. 
 
  The  clock  sounded  the  hour  of  noon.  --G.  H.  Lewes. 
 
  4.  To  celebrate  or  honor  by  sounds;  to  cause  to  be  reported; 
  to  publish  or  proclaim;  as  to  sound  the  praises  of  fame 
  of  a  great  man  or  a  great  exploit. 
 
  5.  To  examine  the  condition  of  anything  by  causing  the  same 
  to  emit  sounds  and  noting  their  character;  as  to  sound  a 
  piece  of  timber;  to  sound  a  vase;  to  sound  the  lungs  of  a 
  patient. 
 
  6.  To  signify;  to  import;  to  denote.  [Obs.]  --Milton. 
 
  Soun[d]ing  alway  the  increase  of  his  winning. 
  --Chaucer. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  sound 
  adj  1:  financially  secure  and  safe;  "sound  investments";  "a  sound 
  economy"  [ant:  {unsound}] 
  2:  exercising  or  showing  good  judgment;  "healthy  scepticism"; 
  "a  healthy  fear  of  rattlesnakes";  "the  healthy  attitude  of 
  French  laws";  "healthy  relations  between  labor  and 
  management";  "an  intelligent  solution";  "a  sound  approach 
  to  the  problem";"sound  advice";  "no  reasonable  explanation 
  for  his  decision"  [syn:  {healthy},  {intelligent},  {levelheaded}] 
  3:  in  good  condition;  free  from  defect  or  damage  or  decay;  "a 
  sound  timber";  "the  wall  is  sound";  "a  sound  foundation" 
  [ant:  {unsound}] 
  4:  (of  film)  having  spoken  dialogue;  "early  talking  pictures 
  were  known  as  `talkies'"  [syn:  {talking},  {sound(a)}] 
  [ant:  {silent}] 
  5:  in  excellent  physical  condition;  "good  teeth";  "I  still  have 
  one  good  leg";  "a  sound  mind  in  a  sound  body"  [syn:  {good}] 
  6:  reflects  weight  of  sound  argument  or  evidence;  "a  sound 
  argument"  [syn:  {reasoned},  {well-grounded}] 
  7:  having  legal  efficacy  or  force;  "a  sound  title  to  the 
  property"  [syn:  {legal}] 
  8:  free  from  moral  defect;  "a  man  of  sound  character" 
  9:  (of  sleep)  deep  and  complete;  "a  heavy  sleep";  "fell  into  a 
  profound  sleep";  "a  sound  sleeper";  "deep  wakeless  sleep" 
  [syn:  {heavy},  {profound},  {wakeless}] 
  10:  thorough;  "a  sound  thrashing" 
  n  1:  the  particular  auditory  effect  produced  by  a  given  cause 
  "the  sound  of  rain  on  the  roof"  or  "the  beautiful  sound 
  of  music"  [ant:  {silence}] 
  2:  the  subjective  sensation  of  hearing  something  "he  strained 
  to  hear  the  faint  sounds"  [syn:  {auditory  sensation}] 
  3:  mechanical  vibrations  transmitted  by  an  elastic  medium; 
  "falling  trees  make  a  sound  in  the  forest  even  when  no  one 
  is  there  to  hear  them" 
  4:  the  sudden  occurrence  of  an  audible  event;  "the  sound 
  awakened  them" 
  5:  the  audible  part  of  a  transmitted  signal;  "they  always  raise 
  the  audio  for  commercials"  [syn:  {audio}] 
  6:  (linguistics)  an  individual  sound  unit  of  speech  without 
  concern  as  to  whether  or  not  it  is  a  phoneme  of  some 
  language  [syn:  {phone},  {speech  sound}] 
  7:  a  relatively  narrow  body  of  water  linking  two  larger  bodies; 
  "the  ship  went  aground  in  the  channel"  [syn:  {channel}] 
  8:  a  large  ocean  inlet  or  deep  bay;  "the  main  body  of  the  sound 
  ran  parallel  to  the  coast" 
  adv  :  deeply  or  completely;  "slept  soundly  through  the  storm";  "is 
  sound  asleep"  [syn:  {soundly}] 
  v  1:  appear  in  a  certain  way  "This  sounds  interesting" 
  2:  make  a  certain  noise  or  sound;  "She  went  `Mmmmm'";  "The  gun 
  went  `bang'"  [syn:  {go}] 
  3:  give  off  a  certain  sound  or  sounds:  "This  record  sounds 
  scratchy" 
  4:  announce  by  means  of  a  sound;  "sound  the  alarm" 
  5:  utter  with  vibrating  vocal  chords  [syn:  {voice},  {vocalize}] 
  [ant:  {devoice}] 
  6:  cause  to  sound;  "sound  the  bell" 
  7:  measure  depths  with  a  sounding  line  as  of  a  body  of  water 
  [syn:  {fathom}] 
 
  From  The  Free  On-line  Dictionary  of  Computing  (13  Mar  01)  [foldoc]: 
 
  sound 
 
  1.  {audio}. 
 
  2.    An  {inference  system}  A  is  sound  with  respect  to 
  another  system  B  if  A  can  only  reach  conclusions  which  are 
  true  in  B.  A  {type  inference}  system  is  considered  sound  with 
  respect  to  a  {semantics}  if  the  type  inferred  for  an 
  expression  is  the  same  as  the  type  inferred  for  the  meaning  of 
  that  expression  under  the  semantics. 
 
  The  dual  to  soundness  is  {complete}ness. 
 
  (1995-03-01) 
 
 




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