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watermore about water

water


  5  definitions  found 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Water  \Wa"ter\  (w[add]"t[~e]r),  n.  [AS.  w[ae]ter;  akin  to  OS 
  watar,  OFries  wetir,  weter,  LG  &  D.  water,  G.  wasser,  OHG. 
  wazzar  Icel.  vatn,  Sw  vatten,  Dan.  vand,  Goth.  wat[=o],  O. 
  Slav.  &  Russ.  voda,  Gr  'y`dwr,  Skr.  udan  water,  ud  to  wet, 
  and  perhaps  to  L.  unda  wave.  [root]137.  Cf  {Dropsy}, 
  {Hydra},  {Otter},  {Wet},  {Whisky}.] 
  1.  The  fluid  which  descends  from  the  clouds  in  rain,  and 
  which  forms  rivers,  lakes,  seas,  etc  ``We  will  drink 
  water.''  --Shak.  ``Powers  of  fire,  air,  water,  and 
  earth.''  --Milton. 
 
  Note:  Pure  water  consists  of  hydrogen  and  oxygen,  {H2O},  and 
  is  a  colorless,  odorless,  tasteless,  transparent 
  liquid,  which  is  very  slightly  compressible.  At  its 
  maximum  density,  39[deg]  Fahr.  or  4[deg]  C.,  it  is  the 
  standard  for  specific  gravities,  one  cubic  centimeter 
  weighing  one  gram.  It  freezes  at  32[deg]  Fahr.  or 
  0[deg]  C.  and  boils  at  212[deg]  Fahr.  or  100[deg]  C. 
  (see  {Ice},  {Steam}).  It  is  the  most  important  natural 
  solvent,  and  is  frequently  impregnated  with  foreign 
  matter  which  is  mostly  removed  by  distillation;  hence 
  rain  water  is  nearly  pure.  It  is  an  important 
  ingredient  in  the  tissue  of  animals  and  plants,  the 
  human  body  containing  about  two  thirds  its  weight  of 
  water. 
 
  2.  A  body  of  water,  standing  or  flowing;  a  lake,  river,  or 
  other  collection  of  water. 
 
  Remembering  he  had  passed  over  a  small  water  a  poor 
  scholar  when  first  coming  to  the  university,  he 
  kneeled.  --Fuller. 
 
  3.  Any  liquid  secretion,  humor,  or  the  like  resembling 
  water;  esp.,  the  urine. 
 
  4.  (Pharm.)  A  solution  in  water  of  a  gaseous  or  readily 
  volatile  substance;  as  ammonia  water.  --U.  S.  Pharm. 
 
  5.  The  limpidity  and  luster  of  a  precious  stone,  especially  a 
  diamond;  as  a  diamond  of  the  first  water,  that  is 
  perfectly  pure  and  transparent.  Hence  of  the  first  water, 
  that  is  of  the  first  excellence. 
 
  6.  A  wavy,  lustrous  pattern  or  decoration  such  as  is  imparted 
  to  linen,  silk,  metals,  etc  See  {Water},  v.  t.,  3, 
  {Damask},  v.  t.,  and  {Damaskeen}. 
 
  7.  An  addition  to  the  shares  representing  the  capital  of  a 
  stock  company  so  that  the  aggregate  par  value  of  the 
  shares  is  increased  while  their  value  for  investment  is 
  diminished,  or  ``diluted.''  [Brokers'  Cant] 
 
  Note:  Water  is  often  used  adjectively  and  in  the  formation  of 
  many  self-explaining  compounds;  as  water  drainage; 
  water  gauge,  or  water-gauge;  waterfowl,  water-fowl,  or 
  water  fowl;  water-beaten;  water-borne,  water-circled, 
  water-girdled,  water-rocked,  etc 
 
  {Hard  water}.  See  under  {Hard}. 
 
  {Inch  of  water},  a  unit  of  measure  of  quantity  of  water, 
  being  the  quantity  which  will  flow  through  an  orifice  one 
  inch  square,  or  a  circular  orifice  one  inch  in  diameter, 
  in  a  vertical  surface,  under  a  stated  constant  head;  also 
  called  {miner's  inch},  and  {water  inch}.  The  shape  of  the 
  orifice  and  the  head  vary  in  different  localities.  In  the 
  Western  United  States,  for  hydraulic  mining,  the  standard 
  aperture  is  square  and  the  head  from  4  to  9  inches  above 
  its  center.  In  Europe,  for  experimental  hydraulics,  the 
  orifice  is  usually  round  and  the  head  from  1/2  of  an  inch 
  to  1  inch  above  its  top 
 
  {Mineral  water},  waters  which  are  so  impregnated  with  foreign 
  ingredients,  such  as  gaseous,  sulphureous,  and  saline 
  substances,  as  to  give  them  medicinal  properties,  or  a 
  particular  flavor  or  temperature. 
 
  {Soft  water},  water  not  impregnated  with  lime  or  mineral 
  salts. 
 
  {To  hold  water}.  See  under  {Hold},  v.  t. 
 
  {To  keep  one's  head  above  water},  to  keep  afloat;  fig.,  to 
  avoid  failure  or  sinking  in  the  struggles  of  life. 
  [Colloq.] 
 
  {To  make  water}. 
  a  To  pass  urine.  --Swift. 
  b  (Naut.)  To  admit  water;  to  leak. 
 
  {Water  of  crystallization}  (Chem.),  the  water  combined  with 
  many  salts  in  their  crystalline  form  This  water  is 
  loosely,  but  nevertheless,  chemically,  combined,  for  it 
  is  held  in  fixed  and  definite  amount  for  each  substance 
  containing  it  Thus  while  pure  copper  sulphate,  {CuSO4}, 
  is  a  white  amorphous  substance,  blue  vitriol,  the 
  crystallized  form  {CuSO4.5H2O},  contains  five  molecules 
  of  water  of  crystallization. 
 
  {Water  on  the  brain}  (Med.),  hydrocephalus. 
 
  {Water  on  the  chest}  (Med.),  hydrothorax. 
 
  Note:  Other  phrases,  in  which  water  occurs  as  the  first 
  element,  will  be  found  in  alphabetical  order  in  the 
  Vocabulary. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Water  \Wa"ter\,  v.  i. 
  1.  To  shed,  secrete,  or  fill  with  water  or  liquid  matter; 
  as  his  eyes  began  to  water. 
 
  If  thine  eyes  can  water  for  his  death.  --Shak. 
 
  2.  To  get  or  take  in  water;  as  the  ship  put  into  port  to 
  water. 
 
  {The  mouth  waters},  a  phrase  denoting  that  a  person  or  animal 
  has  a  longing  desire  for  something  since  the  sight  of 
  food  often  causes  one  who  is  hungry  to  have  an  increased 
  flow  of  saliva. 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Water  \Wa"ter\,  v.  t.  [imp.  &  p.  p.  {Watered};  p.  pr  &  vb  n. 
  {Watering}.]  [AS.  w[ae]terian,  gew[ae]terian.] 
  1.  To  wet  or  supply  with  water;  to  moisten;  to  overflow  with 
  water;  to  irrigate;  as  to  water  land;  to  water  flowers. 
 
  With  tears  watering  the  ground.  --Milton. 
 
  Men  whose  lives  gilded  on  like  rivers  that  water  the 
  woodlands.  --Longfellow. 
 
  2.  To  supply  with  water  for  drink;  to  cause  or  allow  to 
  drink;  as  to  water  cattle  and  horses. 
 
  3.  To  wet  and  calender,  as  cloth,  so  as  to  impart  to  it  a 
  lustrous  appearance  in  wavy  lines;  to  diversify  with 
  wavelike  lines;  as  to  water  silk.  Cf  {Water},  n.,  6. 
 
  4.  To  add  water  to  (anything),  thereby  extending  the  quantity 
  or  bulk  while  reducing  the  strength  or  quality;  to  extend; 
  to  dilute;  to  weaken. 
 
  {To  water  stock},  to  increase  the  capital  stock  of  a  company 
  by  issuing  new  stock,  thus  diminishing  the  value  of  the 
  individual  shares.  Cf  {Water},  n.,  7.  [Brokers'  Cant] 
 
  From  Webster's  Revised  Unabridged  Dictionary  (1913)  [web1913]: 
 
  Pennywort  \Pen"ny*wort`\,  n.  (Bot.) 
  A  European  trailing  herb  ({Linaria  Cymbalaria})  with 
  roundish,  reniform  leaves.  It  is  often  cultivated  in  hanging 
  baskets. 
 
  {March},  or  {Water},  {pennywort}.  (Bot.)  See  under  {March}. 
 
  From  WordNet  r  1.6  [wn]: 
 
  water 
  n  1:  a  clear  colorless  odorless  tasteless  liquid;  "he  asked  for  a 
  drink  of  water"  [syn:  {H2O}] 
  2:  the  part  of  the  earth's  surface  covered  with  water;  "they 
  invaded  our  territorial  waters"  [syn:  {body  of  water}] 
  3:  source  of  water;  "the  town  debated  the  purification  of  the 
  water  supply";  "first  you  have  to  cut  off  the  water"  [syn: 
  {water  system},  {water  supply}] 
  4:  (archaic)  once  thought  to  be  one  of  four  elements  composing 
  the  universe 
  5:  salty  fluid  secreted  by  sweat  glands;  "sweat  poured  off  his 
  brow"  [syn:  {perspiration},  {sweat},  {diaphoresis},  {sudor}, 
  {hidrosis}] 
  6:  liquid  excretory  product;  "there  was  blood  in  his  urine"; 
  "the  child  had  to  make  water"  [syn:  {urine},  {piss},  {pee}, 
  {piddle},  {weewee}] 
  7:  saline  fluid  secreted  by  lacrimal  glands;  lubricates  the 
  surface  of  the  eyeball  [syn:  {lacrimal  secretion},  {lachrymal 
  secretion}] 
  v  1:  pour  water  on  "Water  the  lawn"  [syn:  {irrigate}] 
  2:  provide  with  water:  "We  watered  the  buffalo" 
  3:  secrete  or  form  water,  as  tears  or  saliva:  "My  mouth  watered 
  at  the  prospect  of  a  good  dinner";  "His  eyes  watered" 
  4:  fill  with  tears;  "His  eyes  were  watering" 




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